Climate of Venezuela
Where is the country of Venezuela located? Venezuela is a country in the northwest of the continent of South America and borders Colombia to the west, Brazil to the south and Guyana to the east. Its location just above the equator and the many height differences within the country ensure that there is a mix of climates, which varies from a tropical rainforest climate in the northeast to desert climates and sea climates in the southwest. The climate of Venezuela is on the one hand related to the relatively warm Caribbean Sea and a number of mountain areas such as the Highlands of Guyana, the Cordillera de Mérida and the Cordillera de Venezuela.
With a height of 4981 meters recorded in 2006, the Pico Bolívar is the highest point in Venezuela; on the peaks of this mountain there is a permanent snow cover. The structure of this snow is more like ice than snow. The highest peaks of the Pico Bolívar have a high mountain climate, four surrounding mountains in the Cordillera de Mérida also have to deal with eternal snow (the snow line starts at an altitude of between 3800 and 4200 meters). Fresh snow falls here mainly in July and August.
Temperatures in the lowland and coastal areas of Venezuela range between about 25 to 34 degrees during the day and 16 to 24 degrees at night. In the mountains and plateaus it can become (sometimes considerably) cooler with, for example, in the city of Mérida a fairly constant temperature trend from 19-20 degrees in winter to 16-18 degrees in summer. The slightly lower temperature in the period April to November is caused by the decreasing amount of sunshine and the increasing amount of rain. West of the Guyana Highlands, in the locality of Puerto Ayacucho, these differences are more extreme and the temperatures are also a lot higher. In the winter months it can easily reach 34 to 36 degrees, in the cooler summer the mercury remains at 30-31 degrees. Here, the period from April to November is a real rainy season with precipitation averages crossing the 400 mm mark in June and July. Along the coast and on islands such as Isla Margarita, temperatures are uniform throughout the year. On average, tropical values of around or slightly above thirty degrees are reached here.
Venezuela has areas with relatively little precipitation, such as the extreme northeast, where only about four hundred millimeters of precipitation falls annually. The wettest areas are in the northeast in the Orinoco Delta and south and southwest of the Guyana Highlands. Quantities that amply exceed the thousand millimeter limit fall here. Most areas have a rainy season that runs from May or June through October or November. This period is called the rainy season, the wet season or the winter. The name winter here refers to the amount of precipitation within a month and not to the position of the sun in relation to Venezuela. The islands off the coast of Venezuela do not have a real wet or dry period. The climate figures of the popular holiday island of Isla Margarita therefore show a fairly even pattern of precipitation amounts throughout the year, with a slight increase in the months of November, December and January. So the seasons here seem to be almost opposite to those of mainland Venezuela.
The figures below are based on long-term average climate statistics. The temperatures are displayed in degrees Celsius (°C).
|Maximum temperature||Minimum temperature||Hours of sunshine per day||Days of rainfall per month|
Best time to visit Venezuela
Do you want to know when is the best time to travel to Venezuela? You can determine the best time to travel to a destination based on the weather and climate. In addition, there are other factors that are not directly related to the weather and that can influence the best travel periods for a travel destination. Think, for example, of holidays or festive periods, which makes traveling more interesting or not, because daily life comes to a standstill as a result. The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is located in the north of South America. This country stretches from the Caribbean coast in the north to the Amazon region in the south. Its location just above the equator means that a large part of Venezuela has tropical climate types. On the coast there are some areas with a warm desert climate or a warm steppe climate. At higher elevations you see a transition from temperate climates and even the relatively cool tundra climate occurs in the Andes Mountains, which are partly located in the northwest of Venezuela.
Best time to visit
Although Venezuela shows quite a few differences in the climate statistics, there is also a similarity. The first months of the year are drier than the other months. In some places the dry season starts as early as November, in other places as early as early January. The rainy season starts somewhere between late March and early June, depending on the location. The best time to travel for almost all of Venezuela is from January to mid-March. This is the driest period, in which the sun shows itself a lot and the temperatures during the day in the lower areas are around the tropical limit of 30 degrees. At higher altitudes, you can see that the temperatures are lower than elsewhere in Venezuela. For example, the maximum temperatures in the city of Mérida, located at 1500 above sea level, are around 25 degrees Celsius all year round and it is quite pleasant at night with minimums that average around 14 to 18 degrees. On the savannah of Venezuela, which is south of the capital Caracas, you can see that the temperatures in the spring can be higher than elsewhere. In the months of March and April the maximum temperatures are around 35-36 degrees Celsius and peaks towards 40 degrees are possible. As soon as the rainy season starts there at the end of April, temperatures drop to normal values of around 30-32 degrees.
Sun holiday in Venezuela
Venezuela is a great beach destination. You will find beautiful sandy beaches along the Caribbean coast as well as on the island of Isla Margarita and the Los Roques archipelago. Especially the Islas Los Roques, which are located 160 kilometers off the coast of Venezuela, you will find the most fantastic beaches in the Caribbean. Due to its protected status, there is no mass tourism in this archipelago. The best travel time for a beach holiday on the Venezuelan north coast is from November to April. This makes this an excellent winter sun destination. In the east, where the Orinico Delta is located, it is considerably wetter than further west along the coast. The best time to travel to Isla Margarita is from the end of February to May. On this island, the rainy season lasts a little longer, so that the pleasant travel season only comes into play during February. During the best months, the afternoon temperature is around 32 degrees while the sun shines exuberantly. For the Los Roques Islands, the best travel time starts in February and lasts until May. You can count on a lot of sun, an occasional shower and an average maximum temperature of about 28 to 32 degrees Celsius.