China Geography and Climate
The largest country in East Asia is China and this is also the world’s most densely populated country. In fact, in the late 1970s, population growth was considered so alarming that in China a rule was introduced which in some areas claimed that one child was only allowed per family. It is believed today that China has about 1.5 billion inhabitants, but it is difficult to say an exact figure as the rule of one child per family has led to a lot of blackout as many still get more and lie about this. In China, border conflicts are still being faced, both on land and at sea. There is still an active discussion about which borders should apply with countries such as Pakistan, India, Japan, Taiwan, Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam. Conflicts often concern land and lake areas where there are natural resources,
Geography and climate
China’s land borders are with Russia, North Korea, Mongolia, Vietnam, Burma, Laos, Bhutan, India, Pakistan, Nepal, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Kazakhstan. China also has a sea border with the countries North Korea, South Korea, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam and Brunei. China’s surface is almost as large as the whole of Europe’s surface combined and here there is a great variety in terms of nature and wildlife. Most live in the eastern parts of the country and in the west you will find sparsely populated mountain areas, wastelands and deserts. Northeast of China is the Yellow Sea which is a bay, in the east there is the East China Sea and in the southeast the South China Sea. These three parts of the sea are all part of the Pacific Ocean.
According to Bridgat, the southernmost parts of the country are in the tropics, while the northern parts are at the height of northern Germany. In the south, you have a subtropical warm climate, while in the north you have a climate that is cooler and more similar to what we see in northern Europe. In eastern China you have a sea climate, but in most of the country the climate can be described as continental where monsoon winds draw in and temperatures can vary greatly during the year.
Controversial lake areas
China has a lot of disputes with neighboring countries about where to draw borders. When it comes to lake areas, China disputes with Japan about the Senkaku Islands (alternatively the Diaoyu Islands in Chinese) which are located in the East China Sea. During World War II, the United States decided that China would take over the island of Taiwan and that Japan would get the Senkaku Islands. However, this was not something that China agreed to and the discussion about the control of the islands is still relevant. That the islands are of such great interest is of course due to the fact that it is believed that they have gas and oil deposits. China also considers itself entitled to most of the South China Sea. Here it is also believed that there is plenty of natural wealth at the bottom, and other countries that are interested in the right to areas in this sea are Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, Taiwan and the Philippines.
The world’s largest population
Something that is very interesting about China is, of course, the policy one has when it comes to childbirth. Since the end of the 1970s, there is a law that states that each family can only have one child. The rules are a little different depending on where in the country you are. This so-called one-child policy is believed to have worked, but as I said, it can be a little difficult to know exactly how many Chinese there really are as some families circumvent the rules and secretly have more children who are not registered. With around 1.5 billion inhabitants, this is the world’s most populous country. The population consists of different ethnic groups and minorities and here the group He is the largest.