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Shopping in Hungary

Shopping in Hungary



The following articles can be imported into Hungary duty-free when entering from non-EU countries:

When entering by land: 40 cigarettes or 20 cigarillos or 10 cigars or 50 g tobacco;

For entry by air: 200 cigarettes or 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars or 250 g tobacco (from people over the age of 17).

1 liter of spirits with an alcohol content of more than 22% or 2 liters of spirits with an alcohol content of not more than 22% or sparkling wine;

4 l table wine;

16 liters of beer (from people older than 17 years);

Gifts / other goods up to a total value of € 430 (air and sea travel) or € 300 (travel by train / car); Children under 15 years of age generally € 150.

Import regulations

Travelers who bring meat and milk products into the EU from outside the European Union must register them. The regulation does not apply to the import of animal products from the EU countries as well as from Andorra, Liechtenstein, Norway, San Marino and Switzerland. Anyone who does not register these products must expect fines or criminal penalties.

Prohibited imports

Animal products that are not canned (e.g. meat, milk and dairy products) (see also import regulations). There is a general import ban on live poultry, meat and meat products from third countries (with the exception of the Faroe Islands, Greenland, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland).

Import / export to the EU

The movement of goods within the EU is unrestricted for travelers, provided that the goods are intended for personal use and not for resale. In addition, the goods must not have been bought in duty-free shops. Proof of personal needs can be requested from travelers. Member States have the right to impose excise duties on spirits or tobacco products when these products are not intended for personal use.

The following maximum quantities apply as personal requirements:
800 cigarettes (people 17 and over);
400 cigarillos (people aged 17+);
200 cigars (people 17+);
1 kg tobacco (people aged 17 and over);
10 liters of high-proof alcoholic beverages (people aged 17 and over);
20 liters of fortified wine (e.g. port or sherry) (people aged 17 and over);
90 liters of wine (including a maximum of 60 liters of sparkling wine) (people aged 17 and over);
110 liters of beer (people aged 17+);
Perfumes and eau de toilette: No restrictions if it can be demonstrated that the amount is for personal consumption.
Medicines: amount according to personal needs during the trip.
Other goods: The movement of goods within the EU is unrestricted for travelers. However, gold alloys and gold plating in the unprocessed state or as a semi-finished product and fuel are excluded from this. Fuel may only be imported from an EC member state exempt from mineral oil tax if it is in the vehicle’s tank or in a reserve container carried with it. A fuel quantity of up to 10 liters in the reserve tank will not be rejected.

If additional quantities of these goods are carried, z. B. a wedding an event with which a bulk purchase could be justified.
Note: There are, however, certain exceptions to the regulation of the unrestricted movement of goods. They particularly concern the purchase of new vehicles and purchases for commercial purposes. (For more information on taxes on motor vehicles, see the European Commission’s guide “Buying goods and services in the internal market”).

Attention: 300 cigarettes (17+) can be imported from Hungary when entering Germany.


Duty-free sales at airports and shipping ports have been abolished for travel within the EU. Only travelers who leave the EU can shop cheaply in the duty-free shop. When importing goods into an EU country that were bought in duty-free shops in another EU country, the same travel allowances and the same travel allowance apply as when entering from non-EU countries.

Shopping in Hungary



Popular souvenirs are embroidered blouses and tablecloths, Herend and Zsolnay porcelain, woodwork and costume dolls. Bargain hunters should try their luck in Budapest at the Ecseri flea market or the so-called ‘Chinese market’ near the Kerepesi cemetery; There is a wide selection of antiques and knickknacks on both markets.

In Hungary you can find numerous foods and drinks that are ideal as souvenirs, such as sausages and spicy salami, tons of peppers, canned food with foie gras, caviar, wine and spirits. The best salami comes from Szeged in the south of the country. Caviar is relatively expensive and comes from Russia rather than Hungary. Paprika is available in seven different degrees of heat from mild to very hot and is offered in special gift boxes, which makes it a good souvenir for those who stayed at home. All of these goodies can be found in the markets in Budapest. The largest selection can be found in the Nagy Vásárcsarnok (Great Market Hall) in the center of Pest, which offers groceries and fresh produce on the ground floor and handicrafts on the upper floor.

Opening hours

Most shops open Mon-Wed, Fri 10 a.m.-6 p.m., Thu 10 a.m.-8 p.m., Sat 10 a.m.-1 p.m., grocery stores usually open Mon-Fri 7 a.m.-7 p.m., Sat 7 a.m.-2 p.m. Shopping centers are open Mon-Sat 10 a.m.-8 p.m.


Tobacco products and spirits are sold in special shops without window displays; minors are not allowed in here.

Getting to Germany

Getting to Germany


Arriving by plane

Germany is served by over 100 international airlines. The national airline Lufthansa (LH) alone (Internet: connects Germany with more than 160 cities worldwide. Thanks to the global route network and coordinated flight schedules of the Star Alliance, travelers from Germany can reach more than 720 destinations worldwide.

From Austria: Lufthansa (LH), Eurowings (EW) and Austrian Airlines (OS)fly to German airports in regular service. From Vienna there are direct connections to Berlin, Munich, Düsseldorf, Hanover, Hamburg, Cologne / Bonn, Leipzig / Halle, Nuremberg, Stuttgart and Frankfurt / M. Additional connections: Linz – Düsseldorf, Salzburg / Linz – Berlin, Graz / Innsbruck / Klagenfurt / Linz / Salzburg – Frankfurt / M. as well as Linz – Leipzig / Halle.

From Switzerland: Lufthansa, Eurowings (EW) and Swiss (LX) offer scheduled flights from Zurich to Berlin, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Munich, Hamburg, Hanover, Cologne / Bonn, Leipzig / Halle, Nuremberg, Stuttgart and Frankfurt / M. at. Additional connections: Basel – Berlin, Basel – Dresden, Basel / Geneva – Frankfurt, Basel / Geneva – Düsseldorf, Basel / Geneva – Munich.

air Berlin flies from various major German cities to Vienna and Zurich, among others.

Flight times

Vienna – Frankfurt: 1 hour 25 minutes Zurich – Frankfurt: 1 hour

Arrival by car

A first-class road network connects Germany with all neighboring countries.

Long-distance bus: Numerous coach companies regularly travel to Germany. Ua Euro Lines (website: and Flixbus (website: drive from Austria and Switzerland to Germany.

Arriving by train

There are excellent rail connections between the Federal Republic of Germany and its European neighbors.

The most important train connections are listed below:

There are fast EuroCity and InterCityExpress connections from Deutsche Bahn (Internet: every 1 or 2 hours to, among others, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Warsaw, Prague, Brussels, Paris, Budapest, Vienna and Zurich.

The French high-speed train TGV (Internet: connects Stuttgart with Paris (journey time: 3 hours 40 minutes) and Frankfurt with Paris (journey time: 3 hours 50 minutes).

ICE -Trains with tilting technology (ICE T) run from Zurich to Munich and Stuttgart.

The Austrian Railjet (Internet: runs five times a day, the ICE-T once a day between Vienna and Munich. The Railjet also connects Munich with Budapest via Vienna.
EuroNight trains run to Vienna, Budapest, Bucharest, Warsaw, Bologna, Florence, Naples, Rome and Paris, among others.

The Nightjet – night trains (website: drive, inter alia, Austria and Switzerland to Germany:

Vienna – Linz – Frankfurt – Cologne – Düsseldorf;

Vienna – Linz – Hanover – Hamburg;

Innsbruck – Munich – Hamburg;

Innsbruck – Munich – Cologne – Düsseldorf;

Vienna – Dresden – Berlin and

Zurich – Basel – Berlin – Hamburg.

Thalys – high-speed trains (website: operate daily between Cologne and Aachen to Liege, Brussels and Paris. There are tiered tariff offers on Thalys trains as well as special offers for senior citizens and young people. There is a Thalys ticket sales point in Cologne Central Station, which also sells tickets for Eurostar, TGV, Lyria, Italo, Renfe and Elipsos trains.

From Brussels and Paris there are connections with the Eurostar (Internet: through the Channel Tunnel to London.

The ICE International Amsterdamconnects Amsterdam (Netherlands) with Frankfurt / M. via Cologne and Amsterdam with Berlin via Hanover up to seven times a day every two hours. The ICE International Brussels connects Brussels (Belgium) with Frankfurt / M three times a day. in 3 hours 30 minutes.

Tickets and discounts for rail travel in Europe:
The most important economy / combination tickets and special offers for rail travel from Germany to other European countries are listed below. Detailed tariff / timetable information is available from the DB information centers.

InterRail: Children (4-11 years), young people (12-25 years) and adults (from 26 years) who have had a permanent residence in Europe, the former Soviet states or Turkey for at least 6 months can use InterRailuse.

The InterRail One-Country Pass is available for travel in almost 30 European countries including Macedonia and Turkey and is valid for 3, 4, 6, 8 days within 1 month in one country. Children aged 4-11 travel at half the adult price.

The InterRail Global Pass enables travel through several countries and is offered with different periods of validity. Either 5 days out of 10 days total validity or 10 out of 22 can be selected. A continuous period of 22 days or 1 month is also possible.

RAILPLUS:As an addition to the BahnCard, RAILPLUS enables a reduction of 25% on cross-border rail travel to 29 European countries, but not on purely domestic transport in the destination country.

SparNight: Limited offer for overnight trips through Germany, Denmark, Italy, Austria and Switzerland. Applies to travel on EuroNight trains.

Eastern Europe saver fare: Under certain conditions, you can travel with this offer to the following Eastern European countries at a discount: Latvia, Lithuania, Kazakhstan, Poland (not on the trains of the Berlin-Warszawa Express), Russian Federation, Ukraine and Belarus. Further information is available at

Motorail trains
A car train will connect Lörrach with Hamburg from May 2017 (Internet:

An ÖBB car train (Internet: runs on the routes

– between Vienna and Hamburg, Düsseldorf and

– between Innsbruck and Hamburg, Düsseldorf.

Arrival by ship

The Danube (Internet: connects Germany with the Danube countries. A wide variety of shipping lines offer regular ferry connections to Germany. The most important of these are:

Bodenseeschifffahrt (Internet: Romanshorn / Switzerland – Friedrichshafen; Bregenz / Austria – Constance.

Color Line (Internet: Oslo / Norway – Kiel.
Krantas Shipping (Internet: Klaipeda / Lithuania – Kiel.

DFDS Seaways (Internet: www.dfdsseaways. Com): Klaipeda / Lithuania – Kiel.

Scandlines(Internet: Rødby / Denmark – Puttgarden / Fehmarn; Gedser / Denmark – Rostock; Trelleborg / Sweden – Rostock; Trelleborg / Sweden – Sassnitz / Rügen; Ventspils / Latvia – Rostock.

Stena Line (Internet: Gothenburg / Sweden – Kiel.
TT-Line (Internet: Trelleborg / Sweden – Rostock; Trelleborg / Sweden – Travemünde.

Finnlines (Internet: Lübeck / Travemünde – Rostock – Gdynia / Poland – Helsinki / Finland).

Further information is available from the Verband der Fährschiffahrt & Fährouristik eV, Esplanade 6, D-20354 Hamburg (Tel: (040) 35 09 72 33.

Getting to Germany

ETA – Euskadi Ta Askatasuna

ETA – Euskadi Ta Askatasuna

Voters betray “ETA party”

The 2001 regional election was a major defeat for Euskal Herritarrok, who won about 10 percent of the vote and lost half of his 14 seats. After the election loss, some of EH’s leaders were replaced, and some veterans who criticized ETA’s methods were said to have left the party. At the same time, the party changed its name to Batasuna ( Unity ). Spanish media interpreted the changes as meaning that the party has now chosen a more radical separatist path.

The Nationalist Party strengthened its position in the election and PNV leader Juan José Ibarretxe was able to remain as the region’s president, now with a minority government supported by a couple of small parties in the Basque parliament. Note: Euskadi Ta Askatasuna is also known as ETA on abbreviationfinder.

The noose is tightened around ETA

When the fight against international terrorism came to the fore after the attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, the Spanish government was given opportunities to intensify the hunt for the country’s own terrorists. Spain was able to use the US electronic electronic interception system Echelon, which helped to trace important ETA cells.

In October, one of the organization’s most notorious support groups, the Donosti Command, was arrested in San Sebastián. In a joint operation in the border areas, Spanish and French police arrested one of ETA’s leading figures. In total, almost 200 ETA members had now been arrested since the ceasefire ended in 1999.

When the EU compiled a list of terrorist organizations after the terrorist attacks in the United States, Spain got through its demand to include ETA as well as some of the movement’s subgroups, including the support group for ETA prisoners, Gestoras Pro Amnistía . The left-wing guerrilla group Grapo was also declared a terrorist group. The decision meant a ban on supporting these groups in any way and it became possible to seize their financial assets.

ETA’s political branch is banned

The Spanish government wanted to go further and in June 2002 passed a bill in the Spanish Parliament banning parties that support terrorism. It was aimed at Batasuna, which was no longer allowed to engage in any open political activity.

The party had never condemned ETA’s acts of violence and the government considered itself to have sufficient evidence that it was in fact a front organization for ETA. The ban made it more difficult for members of Batasuna and other support organizations to raise money for ETA’s activities and to recruit new ETA members through Batasuna’s youth organization. The Supreme Court later decided to seize all of Batasuna’s bank assets after the party refused to comply with a call from the country’s leading investigating judge, Baltasar Garzón, to pay multi-million sums in compensation to the victims of ETA’s violence.

In March 2003, the Spanish Supreme Court decided to completely ban Batasuna as a party. It was the first time since the introduction of democracy that a political party was banned in Spain. Despite the ban on the party, many Batasuna members remained in political positions in several smaller towns and municipalities. The ban sparked protests in the Basque Country and ETA carried out new attacks.

ETA greatly weakened

The Spanish authorities estimated that ETA’s hard core in the years around the turn of the century consisted of only 30 to 40 members. But they, and an approximately equal group of activists closest to the inner core, were significantly decimated in the years 2002-2005. Many young ETA members were caught early in their careers.

At the end of 2003, the Spanish Minister of the Interior declared that ETA was now weaker than ever before. About 170 suspects were arrested in 2003 alone, partly as a result of both Spanish and French agents succeeding in infiltrating the organization.

Demands for a referendum on increased independence

The increasing pressure on the Basque separatists led to stronger nationalist currents in the Basque Country. The PNV-led regional government considered Garzón’s actions aimed at “a majority of the Basque people”. The Great Nationalist Party decided to make more far-reaching demands on Madrid. A main reason may have been that PNV also wanted support from the Basques who used to vote for Batasuna.

In the autumn of 2003, the region’s leader Ibarretxe presented a proposal for a Basque region in a “free union” with Spain, a free state with, among other things, its own legal system where the people have both Basque and Spanish citizenship. In a referendum, the Basques would have their say on the proposal.

The reaction in Madrid was strongly negative as the plan was contrary to the Spanish Constitution and the proposal was rejected by the Spanish Parliament.

The regional election in April 2005, where a yes or no to the Ibarretxe plan was seen as the most important issue, was a setback for PNV, which lost four seats. The newly formed Communist Party of the Basque Country (Ehak) received over 12 percent of the vote, probably from many Batasuna sympathizers.

ETA - Euskadi Ta Askatasuna

OSCE – Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe

OSCE – Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe


The main result of the OSCE’s disarmament work is the CFE Agreement (Agreement on Conventional Forces in Europe; see Progress). This agreement involved the scrapping of 50,000 major weapons systems in Europe. The millennial dream of forging swords into plowshares thus seemed to come true. The agreement did not initially concern all OSCE participating States, but only members of the former Warsaw Pact and NATO. According to abbreviationfinder, OSCE is known as Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe.

The CFE agreement involves a comprehensive exchange of military information and close surveillance of military forces, as well as radical cuts, especially in the former Soviet Union, of five categories of conventional weapons: tanks, artillery, armored vehicles, fighter jets and attack helicopters.

The agreement covers the entire European area from the Atlantic to the Urals. This originally meant that each side, formerly the Warsaw Pact and NATO, was not allowed to have more than 20,000 tanks, 30,000 armored vehicles, 20,000 artillery pieces, 6,800 fighter jets and 2,000 attack helicopters in this area. In addition, Russia must destroy or rework a large number of tanks, armored vehicles and artillery pieces, which the Soviet Union had moved to the area east of the Urals before the CFE agreement was signed. The cuts were completed on 15 November 1995. The CFE Agreement is valid indefinitely and, unlike the OSCE Agreements, is a legally binding treaty. The Treaty was later supplemented by a politically binding agreement, CFE 1a,

The CFE agreement has an efficient control machinery. Thousands of inspectors check that the agreement is complied with. This also gives the parties a significant insight into the other party’s military apparatus and knowledge of his thinking. So far, everyone has followed the demanding provisions of the agreement, with only minor deviations.

There is no doubt that the CFE agreement has made a significant contribution to European security. This benefits not only the parties to the agreement, but also other European countries. It is often said that there is hardly any OSCE State that does not describe the CFE Agreement as a “cornerstone” of European security architecture.

Despite this, various problems with the application of the agreement soon arose. Following the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact and the Soviet Union and later NATO enlargement with new member states from the former Warsaw Pact, the balance sheet thinking that permeated the CFE agreement faltered.

In 1996, it was agreed to revise and make some adjustments to the agreement in order to adapt it to the new security policy situation in Europe. That review was completed in 1999, and a new, adapted CFE agreement could be signed at the Istanbul Summit the same year. Even states that were not part of the original CFE agreement between NATO and the Warsaw Pact were given the opportunity to join if they so wished. However, Sweden is not included in the agreement.

A number of countries, mainly NATO members, never ratified the adapted CFE agreement. They considered that Russia was not fulfilling its commitments from the Istanbul meeting to withdraw Russian troops and military equipment from Moldova. Russia, in turn, suspended its implementation of the adapted CFE agreement in 2007 on the grounds that the agreement had not been ratified by NATO countries.

In March 2015, Russia also suspended its participation in the CFE Joint Consultative Group, a forum for discussing arms control, thus closing a communication channel to the West and completely terminating its commitments under the CFE. The move was seen as a direct result of the conflict between Russia and NATO that erupted after the Russian annexation of the Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea in March 2014 and later Russia’s support for separatists in eastern Ukraine. The events in Ukraine to some extent brought Europe back to the Cold War that prevailed until the early 1990’s.

In 2000, the OSCE Security Forum adopted a document on small arms. The countries have committed themselves to control the manufacture, sale, marking and possession of small arms.

The human dimension

The human dimension is a concept that first began to be used during the two-year Vienna meeting, which began in 1986. The term usually refers to issues relating to human rights, democracy and the rule of law.

The principle of respect for human rights was enshrined in the 1975 Final Act, and over the next two decades Member States adopted additional regulations and developed controls on their compliance. For the revolutionary transition to a democratic system of society in Eastern Europe in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s, the principles of human rights served as a catalyst. Not least important for cooperation in the human dimension is that all OSCE States now accept transparency and interference in each other’s affairs.

During the Vienna Summit, the control of respect for human rights was developed through the so-called Vienna Mechanism, a procedure for exchanging information on the human rights situation in the participating states. This gave one state the right to demand information from another state on human rights issues and the right to request a meeting. The requested state is obliged to respond and to appear at requested meetings. In addition, OSCE States have the right to disseminate information on human rights to other States Parties.

Another of the advances of the Vienna Summit was the decision to hold a conference on the human dimension, which, to the great surprise of the West, was based on a Soviet proposal. The conference on the human dimension was divided into three different meetings: the first in Paris in 1989, the second in Copenhagen in 1990 and the third, finally, in Moscow in 1991.

The Paris meeting was held in a chilly east-west climate and ended without any concrete results.

At the Copenhagen summit, the political situation in Europe had changed radically, and the results were therefore far-reaching. In addition to agreeing on commitments in a number of areas, the states also agreed that future societies would be based on democracy, the rule of law and human rights.

The conference in Moscow took place only a few weeks after the failed coup attempt against the then Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in the autumn of 1991. The meeting sharpened the former Vienna mechanism by introducing the possibility of using experts and reporters. Among other things, it became possible for a Member State to invite an expert group to assist in resolving an issue related to the human dimension. The organization was also given the right to send up to three rapporteurs to a state against its will, if it is considered that there is a serious threat to any of the commitments within the human dimension.

The monitoring of the human dimension also takes place in other forms. The mandate of the field missions often includes some form of monitoring and advice on human rights, the judiciary or democracy. The task of the minority commissioner to identify threatening hotbeds of conflict where minorities are involved is also of central importance.

There is also a special secretariat for democratic institutions and human rights, the ODIHR, which monitors the elections in various OSCE States and is democratic and fair, and which has a certain responsibility to monitor the implementation of the human dimension. During the first years of the 21st century, election observation became a source of controversy, especially between Russia and other member states, as OSCE observers criticized the electoral process in several former Soviet republics. Russia has accused OSCE observers of double standards and attempts to incite political upheaval in Georgia and Ukraine, among others.

The disagreement will concern such fundamental issues as the OSCE’s legitimacy as an organization, its activities and the values ​​on which it will be based.

The disagreement intensified in the following years. Russia, Belarus and several other countries of the former Soviet Union claimed that the ODIHR had a political bias and too quickly came up with accusations of electoral fraud instead of acting as a support for the host country. When Russia, in the run-up to its parliamentary elections in December 2007, only agreed to issue visas to 300 ODIHR election monitors, the organization chose not to send any at all.

Russia has called for a better balance between the OSCE’s three original “dimensions” – security, economic and human.

OSCE - Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe

History of APEC

History of APEC

The then Prime Minister of Australia Bob Hawke took the initiative to form APEC. In 1989, the first ministerial meeting was held in Canberra, Australia. The six then ASEAN countries (see separate chapter on ASEAN) attended the meeting, as did the United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand and Australia.

At the opening speech, Hawke explained with the cape aimed at the European Union, the EU, that one reason for the formation of APEC was to prevent the world from being divided into “defensive trade blocs”. That APEC does not intend to become a new protectionist EU, the members have clarified on several occasions since then.

The need to find more efficient and organized forms of the sharp increase in trade between North America and East Asia over the past two decades drove the organization’s formation. For the United States, it was important to try to remedy the growing deficit in trade, mainly with China and Japan. It also sought to reach agreement on the ongoing negotiations on freer world trade within the Uruguay Round of the GATT (the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, which was replaced in 1995 by the World Trade Organization, WTO). It was hoped that the tough negotiations would be facilitated if the Pacific countries agreed on a common line.

The United States argued early on to link the major Asian economies – China, Taiwan and Hong Kong – to the organization and give it a firmer shape. However, the ASEAN countries were skeptical of attempts to strengthen APEC; they were partly afraid of undermining ASEAN’s position in the region, and partly worried about the idea that the USA would further consolidate its influence.

In an attempt to find a counterpoint to American influence, Malaysia in 1991 took the initiative to form a new economic organization without the United States as well as Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The United States considered that the initiative threatened to split APEC and therefore launched an intensive counter-campaign in which both Japan and South Korea were exposed to strong pressure not to participate. An East Asian Economic Caucus was nevertheless formed in 1994, but it did not become the significant force that Malaysia had envisioned, but stayed with a group within APEC.

When APEC members eventually agreed to allow new members, China, Hong Kong and Taiwan joined the organization. The ministerial meeting in the South Korean capital, Seoul, in 1991 was attended by the three new members. However, Taiwan and Hong Kong (then another British crown colony, returned to China in 1997) did not have the same status as China, which was a prerequisite for the Chinese to approve their presence. Taiwan joins APEC under the name Chinese Taipei, the name of the island in China, and was also only given the right to send lower-ranking officials to APEC ministerial meetings. In 1993, Mexico and Papua New Guinea became members of APEC and in 1994 the membership was further expanded when Chile was also adopted. In 1998, Peru, Russia and Vietnam were also admitted to APEC.

According to shoppingpicks, APEC gained a firmer structure through the decision to set up a permanent secretariat at the 1992 ministerial meeting in Bangkok. However, plans for free trade cooperation progressed at a slower pace. At the Seattle meeting, many of the Asian countries were hesitant about the expert group’s proposal to introduce a free trade area in the Pacific region as early as 1996. But they agreed on a more general wording in which they expressed their desire to work for freer trade in the region. At the 1994 summit in Bogor, Indonesia, the APEC countries decided to form a free trade area by 2020; the more industrialized countries would have liberalized their trade as early as 2010.

At the Osaka ministerial meeting in Japan in 1995, the APEC countries took another step towards a free trade zone after agreeing on an action plan for trade liberalization. However, the negotiations stalled for a long time because the countries had different views, mainly in the field of agriculture. Japan, China, South Korea and Taiwan were reluctant to allow foreign competition into their agricultural markets while large exporters of agricultural products – such as Australia, the United States, Canada and New Zealand – refused to allow exemptions. The lock-in only eased after a compromise was reached, which in short was based on the countries liberalizing at their own pace until a certain end date. However, at the Philippines’ ministerial meeting in November 1996, each member could present an individual action plan.

At the Manila Summit in November 1996, the Ministers of Economy decided that tariffs and other barriers to trade in information technology would be removed from the year 2000. When the Ministers met the following year in Vancouver, Canada, the major topic of discussion was the economic and financial crisis. It was also agreed to speed up the liberalization of trade on a voluntary basis, so-called Early voluntary sectoral liberalization, EVSL, in certain areas, including the fisheries sector, wood products, medical equipment, toys.

At the meeting in the Malaysian capital Kuala Lumpur the following year, Japan refused to agree to reduced tariffs in the forest and fisheries sectors, which caused negotiations on reduced tariffs in the various EVSL areas to stall. It ended with the APEC members handing over the customs negotiations to the World Trade Organization, WTO. The work within the EVSL project was instead concentrated on reducing other types of barriers to trade as well as on economic and technical cooperation.

History of APEC

The 10 top honeymoon destinations

The 10 top honeymoon destinations

A wedding is one of the most beautiful experiences you can have in your life. On this day you marry the love of your life and you promise it eternal loyalty, support and affection. But a wedding must also be planned so that it can be a wonderful day and of course the honeymoon also belongs to the wedding.

In order for the honeymoon to be unforgettable, you should talk to your future spouse as early as possible about what ideas you have about the honeymoon and what wishes you would like to fulfill. Sometimes you have to compromise, because not everyone has the same taste. But which countries or cities are particularly suitable for honeymoons? Would you rather go to the sun and the sea or is a city trip the perfect choice for a honeymoon? Below are the top 10 honeymoon destinations.

Hawaii, Pacific Ocean

The remoteness of this island is the perfect place to start your marriage.

Paris, France

It is not for nothing that Paris is called the city of love, because couples who are in love and newlyweds regularly get lost in this city.

Bali, Indian Ocean

In Bali you can also make yourself comfortable on your honeymoon on the white sandy beaches.

Venice, Italy

Venice is also a very romantic city that is often visited during honeymoons. You can sit in one of the gondolas with your spouse and glide through the canals or take a romantic night stroll through the narrow streets.


Greece has a lot of pages that are ideal for a beautiful honeymoon. You can spend your honeymoon, for example, on islands like Rhodes with their cute white houses and blue shutters, or you can visit a cosmopolitan city with a history like Athens.

Maldives, Indian Ocean

No place is better suited for a dreamlike and heavenly honeymoon than the Maldives.

Rome, Italy

If you read Roma the other way around, it’s called Cupid and that’s why this impressive city is also suitable for a honeymoon.

New York City, United States

If you love the big city flair, New York is the perfect honeymoon destination.


In the Caribbean, you can forget all your worries during your honeymoon and enjoy a few heavenly weeks by the sea.

Las Vegas, United States

Las Vegas is not only useful for a short-term wedding, but also for the subsequent honeymoon, because here you can test your fresh luck directly in a casino.

Las Vegas, United States

The 10 most famous sights in New York

The 10 most famous sights in New York

There is a lot to discover in the city that never sleeps. If you don’t have time to see everything, you can limit yourself to the 10 most famous sights:

  1. New York’s Times Square

Right in the heart of Manhattan’s Broadway is the square named after the famous New York Times newspaper. Imposing neon signs and pure life attract tourists here in droves every day. In addition to the dazzling scenery, Times Square also offers countless leisure activities.

  1. The Empire State Building

New York’s second tallest building (after the One World Trade Center) and one of the tallest in the world was built between 1930 and 1931. From the upper viewing platform, it offers its visitors an unforgettable view of the entire Big Apple.

  1. The Rockefeller Center

The observation deck of the Rockefeller Center – the so-called Top of the Rock – in Manhattan also offers an excellent view of the city, although it is only the 14th tallest building in New York. The impressive building complex has been built and continuously expanded since the 1920s.

  1. The Brooklyn Bridge

This New York landmark connects the Manhattan and Brooklyn neighborhoods and is considered one of the most famous bridges in the world. In fact, it was built in 1883, making it one of the oldest suspension bridges in the United States.

  1. The One World Trade Center

The tallest building in the United States and the fourth tallest in the world today houses mostly offices. It was built between 2006 and 2014 on Ground Zero, the site where the original World Trade Center was destroyed in 2001.

  1. Central Park

Central Park, known from film and television in Manhattan, is the largest park in the city. In the midst of the hustle and bustle, it offers an oasis of peace and nature and is therefore often referred to by the New Yorkers as the “lung of the city”.

  1. Staten Island Ferry

The ferry ride from Manhattan to Staten Island is free – and it offers every visitor to the city a unique view of what is probably the most famous skyline in the world.

  1. Wall Street

A visit, maybe even a tour, through this well-known absolute center of power is definitely worth it. A large part of all important financial transactions in the world are carried out here.

  1. Grand Central Station

The Manhattan train station was inaugurated in 1913. Since then it has been the largest train station in the world. A visit to this building, which can be seen in countless films and series, is always worthwhile.

  1. The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Located in the middle of famous Fifth Avenue is the largest museum in the United States. Over three million works of art from really all eras and corners of the world can be admired here.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art

England Famous Philosophers and Theologians Part II

England Famous Philosophers and Theologians Part II

Wilhelm von Ockham (about 1285-1347)
English philosopher and theologian. Wilhelm von Ockham was born in Ockham around 1285 and trained in the Franciscan order. He studied theology at Oxford University. He left behind writings on natural philosophy and theological as well as works on logic and politics. Von Ockham is considered one of the leading exponents of nominalism.

Matthew Parker (1504-1575)
Archbishop of Canterbury and Reformer of England. Parker was born in Norwich in 1504. He studied at Cambridge and became a deacon, then a priest in 1527 and finally Archbishop of Canterbury in 1559. During his career he was strongly influenced by the so-called Cambridge Reformers, whose chaplain he was appointed after Anne Boleyn was put on the throne. Parker died in Lambeth in 1575.

Nicholas Ridley (c. 1500-1555)
Bishop of Rochester and Anglican martyr. Ridley was born into a distinguished family in Northumberland around 1500 and studied at Cambridge. As a priest-professor he temporarily moved to Paris and a few years after his return became the highest proctor of the University of Cambridge. In 1547, Ridley was ordained Bishop of Rochester. He was executed under Maria I in 1555 – along with Hugh Latimer.

Lord Robert Runcie (1921-2000)
Archbishop of Canterbury 1980-1991. Robert Runcie was born in Liverpool in 1921 as the son of an electrical engineer. He studied Ancient History and Literature at Oxford during World War II and volunteered for combat. Runcie became a priest in the early 1950s. In 1980 Margaret Thatcher named him Archbishop of Canterbury. Runcie wed the Prince of Wales to Lady Diana in 1981.

John of Salisbury (ca.1115-1180)
theologian, scholastic. John of Salisbury was born in England around 1115 and received his training from the famous Pierre Abélard in Paris, who made a significant contribution to making Salisbury one of the most popular theologians of his time. He is also seen as a thought leader in the English Enlightenment. One of his role models was Aristotle. Von Salisbury died in Chartres in 1180.

Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury (1671-1713)
moral philosopher, politician. Anthony Ashley-Cooper was born in London in 1671 and grew up in the famous Exeter House. As a philosopher, he played an enlightening role that contradicted Hobbe’s philosophy of egoism. The essence of harmony was of central importance in his views. Its influence on subsequent generations is enormous, so it was very well received by Leibniz, Herder, Diderot and others. Ashley-Cooper died in Naples in 1713.

David Sheppard (1929-2005)
Bishop of Liverpool. Sheppard was born in Surrey in 1929 and studied in Cambridge. At first he distinguished himself as a cricketer over many years. Sheppard was very active in his church career and was one of the pioneers of “Faith in the City”. In 1998 he received the honorary title of Baron Sheppard of Liverpool. Sheppard died in Liverpool in 2005.

William Tyndale (c. 1448-1536)
priest and scholar, translator of the Bible into English. Tyndale was born in North Nibley around 1448. He studied at Oxford and Cambridge. His translation of the Bible was most widely used to date, due to the invention of the printing press. He introduced entirely new words into his mother tongue. However, the work was banned in England. Tyndale was executed in Vilvoorde in 1536 for his translation.

Chad Varah (1911-2007)
clergyman and founder of the Samaritans (telephone counseling). Varah was born in Barton-upon-Humber in 1911, the first of nine children of a priest. He studied at Keble College in Oxford, among others. In 1953 he set up the Samaritans, a telephone counseling service on a non-clerical basis. Between 1953 and 2003 he was also the church leader of a London congregation. Varah died in Basingstoke in 2007.

Baroness Mary Warnock (born 1924)
philosopher and writer of existentialism. Warnock was born in Winchester in 1924, the youngest of seven children to a wealthy family. She studied at Oxford, then became an honorary member and taught philosophy at the university. In 2008 she was charged with campaigning for euthanasia in people with dementia. She also takes the view that religion cannot be the basis of political decisions.

John Bainbridge Webster (1955)
Anglican theologian. Webster was born in Mansfield in 1955 and studied in Cambridge. He worked as a chaplain and tutor at Durham University, and later as a professor in Oxford and Aberdeen. He writes recognized writings in the field of social, historical and moral theology.

William Wilberforce (1759-1833)
Protestant reformer, front fighter against the slave trade. Wilberforce was born in Kingston upon Hull in 1759 and studied at Cambridge University. He was elected to the British House of Commons. Later he dealt with India, freedom, religion and campaigned vehemently against the slave trade in Great Britain. Wilberforce died in Chelsea in 1833, days after British slavery was abolished after decades of struggle.

Thomas Wolsey (circa 1475-1530)
Cardinal and Archbishop of York and founder of Christ Church College in Oxford. Wolsey was born in Ipswich around 1475 and studied theology at Oxford. This was followed by ordination, doctor of theology, appointment as a Roman Catholic cardinal and finally the post of English Lord Chancellor. For a long time he was considered the most powerful man in England until he was charged with high treason. Wolsey died in Leicester in 1530.

John Wyclif (Wycliffe), (about 1330-1384)
philosopher, theologian and religious reformer. Wycliffe was born in Yorkshire around 1330. He studied at Oxford and later headed Balliol College. In his teachings he took the view “power only through grace” and denied the Pope his claim to political power. The people admired him, the rulers persecuted him. Wyclif died after suffering a stroke in 1284.

John Wyclif

Questions and Answers for Travelling to Morocco

Questions and Answers for Travelling to Morocco

Is it safe to travel to Morocco?

Due to the current circumstances, we strongly recommend that you keep up to date with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ travel instructions in connection with COVID-19. You can read more about how we handle cancellation, travel guarantee and much more in relation to coronavirus right here . Below you will find our general recommendations for the destination.

Yes, it is relatively safe to travel to Morocco. Millions of tourists visit the country every year and crime is relatively low. On the whole, you go a long way in taking your precautions as a tourist and showing respect for local customs.

What is the climate like in Morocco?

According to, the climate in Morocco generally offers sun and heat, but can vary depending on where you are in the country. In the interior as well as the southwestern part of the country, the climate is affected by the Sahara desert, where temperatures can approach 45 degrees in summer and freezing point at night when it is winter. Temperatures along the coasts are lower due to the cooler sea breezes and more reminiscent of a typical Mediterranean climate.

Where to go in Morocco?

There are experiences for all tastes in Morocco. Where you should go depends entirely on the type of experience you want. Are you, for example, trekking in the Sahara on camelback, mountaineering in the Atlas Mountains, or do you want to experience the 1001 night atmosphere at the market square in Marrakech? Finally, contact our travel experts if you want inspiration for your next trip.

Should I apply for a visa to Morocco?

If you have a Danish passport, you are visa-free in Morocco for up to 90 days. Your passport must be valid for at least 3 months in addition to the duration of the trip. We recommend at all times that you stay up to date with the current passport and visa rules for Morocco on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ website .

What currency is used in Morocco?

The currency in Morocco is called the Moroccan Dirham and is abbreviated MAD. It is a good idea to exchange from home, but several places are gradually accepting credit cards, and if you run out of cash, you can find ATMs in most major cities.

What is the time difference between Denmark and Morocco?

The time difference between Denmark and Morocco varies depending on whether it is summer or winter time in Denmark. If you travel during Danish winter time, the time is the same in Morocco. If it is summer time in Denmark, you must set the clock back one hour when you land in Morocco.

Do you need to be vaccinated when you go to Morocco?

Both climate and hygiene conditions in Morocco are different than at home, so therefore you should research what vaccinations you should get before your departure. You can do this either at your own doctor or at the Statens Serum Institut .

What language is spoken in Morocco?

The official language of Morocco is standard Arabic, but a trained ear will hear that it is the Moroccan variant of Arabic, Maghreb that is spoken on the streets and in private homes. Berber, which is the language of the indigenous North African people, is spoken by approx. 40% of the population. In addition, French is the second language of Morocco, as the country is a former French colony.

Can you drink tap water in Morocco?

No, we do not recommend that you do. Buy bottled water instead.

How is the price level in Morocco?

The price level in Morocco is much lower than in Denmark. You get a lot for your money as a tourist, and a good meal food at a restaurant can be obtained for reasonable money. If you go shopping in the nearest souk, be prepared to haggle over the price – nothing has a fixed price here. It is customary for tourists to give tips, which are often given to eg guides, piccoloes and other service staff as well as in bars, cafés and restaurants (approx. 10%).

Can you go to Morocco with children?

Morocco is a suitable destination for the whole family, and a fairytale world with snake tamers, belly dancers and camels is not very far away. There is virtually no time difference, so you avoid jet lag, which can otherwise be disruptive to the smallest sleeping times. In addition, Morocco is a budget-friendly destination, making it an obvious place to go if you are a slightly larger family.

Questions and Answers for Travelling to Morocco

Places to Visit in Morocco

Places to Visit in Morocco

Sahara Desert

On a trip to Morocco, you should not deceive yourself for an overnight stay in the barren desert landscape of the Sahara. Here the blue sky stands in stark contrast to the huge, golden sand dunes that stretch as far as the eye can see.

The world’s largest desert Sahara has a daytime temperature of around 40 degrees. Incredibly, the night hours can offer freezing temperatures. The Sahara is one of the driest places on earth, and the landscape is therefore almost completely devoid of vegetation.

The trip to the Sahara takes place on camelback, so you can have the unique experience of traveling in a caravan through the desert. We travel through a local Bedouin camp and admire the sunset, which bathes the soft sand hills in a beautiful pink glow.

Dades Valley

In the majestic Atlas Mountains is the Todra Gorge, which is created by the Dadès River that runs through the mountains. The Todra gorge is spectacular nature, with the 150 meter high rock walls, which for millennia have been smoothly polished by the river water.

Along the river in the Dadès valley, the terrain is very lush, thanks to the river, which provides good opportunities for plant life. In fact, the valley is known as the ‘Valley of the roses’, as large quantities of roses are grown here for the production of rose water.

The lush landscape along the river stands in stark contrast to the dry and rocky mountain landscape that otherwise characterizes the area. The life-giving Dadès River is to the great delight of both the surrounding fauna, as well as the local people.

Dades Valley


According to, Jebel Toubkal is the highest point in the North African mountain range Atlas Mountains. Here you can trek all the way to the top of the 4,167 meter high mountain. On the way there, there is an unbelievably beautiful view of the Moroccan landscape.

In the winter months from December to April, the summit is covered in snow, which makes the trip to the summit a little more challenging. However, Toubkal is an achievable goal for most, as no special mountaineering equipment is required.

The trip can thus be completed on foot. Along the way you can stay in the small shelters along the route. The trip up the Toubkal is unusually beautiful, and also gives an insight into the local Morocco when we stop in the small villages along the way.

Souken in Marrakech

In many Moroccan cities, one can visit local marketplaces, also called souks, where one can buy everything from ceramics and leather goods to all kinds of foods. The souk in Marrakech in particular is known for its large size and for its abundance of goods. You will find this souk in the center of the old medina.

This is a covered marketplace with characteristic narrow paths and small stalls. Clothes, food, spices, beautiful rugs and much more are sold here. The souk in Marrakech is to that extent an experience for all the senses, due to the many scents, shouts from sellers and the large selection of merchandise.

The Minarets of Marrakech

Marrakech is a city that for centuries has been influenced by the Islamic architectural tradition of magnificent mosques, which are densely populated with colorful handmade tiles.

When looking out over Marrakech, the gaze automatically falls on the city’s minarets, which tower over the city. The Moroccan minarets are tall, often square towers, which are used to call the inhabitants of the city to prayer several times a day.

The minaret of the Koutoubia Mosque in particular has a special significance. Like the mosque, the tower is built of sandstone, and points a full 77 meters into the air. The mosque was completed in the year 1195, and has since called citizens to prayer.

Popular animals you can experience in Morocco

Morocco is a large country with different climate types, which means that the country’s fauna is very diverse. On your holiday to Morocco, for example, you may be lucky enough to meet Berber monkeys who live in the Atlas Mountains. However, the monkeys’ existence is threatened by tree felling, and the species is therefore described as vulnerable.

Dromedaries are among Morocco’s larger animals, which for millennia have been of great importance to the local population as they have been used as a means of transport. Most dromedaries in Morocco are tame and are still used for practical purposes. In addition, the North African country is home to wild boars, hyenas, gazelles and desert foxes, among others.

England Famous Philosophers and Theologians Part I

England Famous Philosophers and Theologians Part I

Francis Bacon (1561-1621)
philosopher, writer, statesman and pioneer of empiricism. Bacon was born in London in 1561, studied various subjects in Cambridge from the age of 14 and lived with his brother Anthony, who later became a spy. He left behind many valuable philosophical and legal writings. The saying “knowledge is power” comes from Bacon. He died in Highgate in 1621.

Roger Bacon (1214-1292 or 1294)
Franciscan monk and philosopher. Bacon was born near Illchester in 1214 and studied at Oxford University, where he also briefly taught. He later went to Paris University to teach in Europe’s intellectual center. In history he is an advocate pioneer of empirical methods. Bacon became a Franciscan monk at an advanced age and eventually died in Oxford. He was called “Doctor Mirabilis” – “wonderful teacher”.

Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832)
philosopher, social reformer, lawyer. Jeremy Bentham was born in Spitalfields in 1748 to a lawyer and studied at Oxford. He was considered a radical and campaigned for women’s suffrage and also for freedom of the press. He also called for the abolition of the penalty for homosexuality and was a spearhead of utilitarianism. Democracy was also very important to him. Bentham, who usually thought far ahead of his time, died in London in 1832.

Lady Anne Conway (1631-1679)
The philosopher was born Anne Fich in London in 1631 and spent her childhood in what is now Kensington Palace. During her short life, she maintained an intensive philosophical exchange with the Platonist Henry More. Jewish Kabbalah, Quakerism and the teachings of Descartes shaped Conway’s views. With her debut and only work called “The Principles of the Most Ancient and Modern Philosophy” she exerted a significant influence on Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. Conway died in her native town in 1679.

Ralph Cudworth (1617-1688)
philosopher and theologian. Ralph Cudworth was born in Somerset in 1617, the son of a minister. After studying in Cambridge, he was given a chair in Hebrew studies and was henceforth titled Regius Professor. Cudworth belonged to the Cambridge Platonists and placed emphasis on human free will in his studies. His epistemology was based on the concept of relation. Cudworth died in Cambridge in 1688.

John Graham (1794-1865)
Bishop of Chester, English academic and tutor to Charles Darwin. Graham was born in Claypath in 1794 and educated at Cambridge. In the university town he was appointed deacon in 1818, later head of Christ College and from 1834 vice chancellor of the university. He was Charles Darwin’s tutor during his studies. In 1848 Graham became Bishop of Chester. He died there in 1865.

John Harvard (1607-1638)
English-American theologian. Harvard was born in London in 1607 and studied at Cambridge. Five years later he moved to America with his wife and became a Doctor of the Church. He died in Massachusetts in 1638 and bequeathed half his fortune and his library to an educational institution. Harvard University was named after him to show its gratitude for the donation, which in turn paved the way for the university system in the USA.

Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)
philosopher and state theorist. Hobbes was born in Westport in 1588, the son of a minister. Recognized as a child prodigy, he studied at Oxford University at the age of 17. Hobbes most famous work is “Leviathan”, which contains his theory of absolutism. He also dealt intensively with egoism and represented it. He died in Hardwick Hall in 1679.

Charles Kingsley (1819-1875)
Anglican clergyman, theologian, and writer. Kingsley was born in Devon in 1819. He studied in London and Cambridge. He later taught at Cambridge, was chaplain to Queen Victoria from 1859 and became a decade later to the canons of Chester and Westminster Abbey (1873). As a writer, he excelled in particular with the children’s book “Die Wasserkinder”. Kingsley died in Hampshire in 1875.

Hugh Latimer (ca.1485/1492-1555)
bishop and Anglican martyr. Latimer was born a farmer’s son in Leicestershire between 1485 and 1492 and later studied at Cambridge for his academic achievements. Latimer was appointed university minister in 1522. He was a radical advocate of the Reformation, supported the planned divorce from Henry VIII and made many enemies. Latimer was made Bishop of Rochester and Worcester, but was eventually executed under Mary I at Oxford in 1555.

JB Lightfoot (1828-1889)
Anglican Bishop of Durham and British theologian. Joseph Barber Lightfoot was born in Liverpool in 1828. He studied at Cambridge and later became a Fellow and Professor at Trinity College. In 1866 he became a Whitehall preacher, in 1871 a canon at St. Paul’s Cathedral in London and finally in 1879 Bishop of Durham. Lightfoot researched the Bible using new methods before he died in Bournemouth in 1889.

John Locke (1632-1704)
philosopher, psychologist, educator, father of liberalism. John Locke was born in Wrington in 1632. His father was a lawyer. Locke studied medicine and philosophy at Oxford and advanced to become one of the trend-setting representatives of empiricism in Great Britain. The member of the London Royal Society left behind several works, including “Two Treatises of Government” (1690) among the most important. Locke, who exerted great influence during his lifetime, including the American Declaration of Independence, died in Oates in 1704.

John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)
philosopher, sociologist, political economist. John Stuart Mill was born in Pentonville in 1806 as a descendant of the philosopher James Mill. Even as a teenager he dealt with a wide variety of doctrines such as logic and metaphysics. In his philosophy, the principle of experience plays the decisive role in gaining knowledge. The term dystopia (as opposed to utopia) also goes back to him. Mill became one of the most influential positivists of his century. Mill died in Avignon in 1873.

Henry More (1614-1687)
philosopher, poet. Henry More was born into a wealthy family in Grantham in 1614 and later studied at Eton. He led the group of the Cambridge Platonists. The core of his philosophy was the immortality of the soul. After intensive correspondence with the philosopher Anne Consway, he dedicated his book “Antidote against Atheism”, which came out in 1653, to her. Many other writings against materialism and atheism were published by him. More died in Cambridge in 1687.

Henry More

Kosovo Social Security

Kosovo Social Security

Proportion of literate adults: 91.9% (2007)

Major religions: Islam, Christianity (Serbian-Orthodox, Roman-Cat.)

Urban population: 38% (2012)

Life expectancy (female / male): 81.6 years (2016)

Gender Inequality Index: –

Birth rate: 2.0 (2018)

Infant mortality: 10.6 per 1000 births (2018)

In 2001, a three-pillar pension system was established in Kosovo under the supervision of the World Bank and USAID introduced. In 2015, the pension expenditure of all pension benefits amounted to 4.5% of GDP. The first pillar comprises a basic pension that covers all persons who are permanently resident in Kosovo and who have reached the retirement age of 65 years. The corresponding pension payments are set at a flat rate of € 75 and therefore do not have any reference to the career history of the pensioners. The so-called wage replacement rate, which is around 17%, can be calculated from the ratio between the basic pension and the average wage. The basic pension is financed from the public budget. In 2018, 127,000 beneficiaries received the basic pension, which corresponds to 7.1% of the total population. The second pillar of the pension system follows the individualized funded principle. This pension system is compulsory for all employees born after 1946 and formally employed. 10% of the earned income (shared equally between employer and employee) is invested in an individual asset account each month, which is dated from Kosovo Pensions Savings Trust is managed. Upon retirement, the accumulated assets are transferred to a pension insurance scheme from which pension benefits are granted once or monthly. The total number of active contributors in this pillar was around 244,000 in 2017. Less than 7% of the special assets that have accrued to date (€ approx. 1,500 million, 2017) will be invested in Kosovo. Between 2002 and 2015, the Kosovo Pensions Saving Trust generated an annual return of 2.17%. The third pillar comprises voluntary, individually made pension payments as well as additional employer-financed pensions. The relevance of these optional pensions is negligible.

According to THESCIENCETUTOR, the law on the status and rights of families of martyrs, invalids and members of the UÇK as well as of civilian victims of war regulates the various benefits in favor of war disabled persons, e.g. B. family, disability or survivors’ pensions, but also tax exemptions, employment benefits or easier access to educational institutions. Pension benefits range from € 40 for civil war invalids to € 534 for families with four or more members who belonged to the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) and are considered missing. 201813,138 relatives of martyrs and invalids received a corresponding rent, in total approx. € 40.8 million and 38,345 war veterans received a veteran’s pension, in total € 70.1 million – together these social expenditures make up 1.7% of GDP. The level of expenditure in this service category has risen sharply in recent years and is likely to continue to rise. The services are almost entirely concentrated on the Albanian majority.

The basic social security law covers two categories of benefit recipients. Category I defines families as beneficiaries in which all family members are temporarily or permanently unavailable for the labor market, e.g. B. Children up to 14 years, young people up to 18 years, if they are integrated into the education system, single parents with at least one child under 15 years, people with severe and permanent disabilities over 18 years, older people over 65 years. Category II comprises those families in which at least one family member is available to the labor market and in which at least one child younger than 5 years or an orphan younger than 15 years is cared for. The benefits from both categories are linked to strict means tests. The monthly benefit varies from € 50 for a single person to a maximum of € 150 for a family with seven or more members, which corresponds to a wage replacement rate of 11.2% (individual). In 2018, around 25,345 families with around 103,409 family members received social assistance, a proportion of the population of 6%. At around € 32.9 million, or a share of 0.5% of GDP, the total expenditure is low. In Kosovo there are two special institutions that specialize in the care of adults with mental illnesses (in Shtime) and in the care of the elderly (in Prishtina). In addition, five municipal facilities for people with intellectual disabilities and facilities for the elderly were recently opened. The institutions in Shtime and Prishtina have been repeated with in the past linked to human rights abuses.

The capacities of institutionally provided social services are very limited. In addition, only a few locally accessible outpatient services have established themselves so far. One of the reasons for this is that the municipalities are financially heavily dependent on transfer payments from the state budget. The demand for care services is significantly lower than elsewhere in Europe due to the specific demographic reality in Kosovo, but also due to the pronounced role of traditional family structures. However, the demand will increase in the medium term, especially against the background of falling birth rates and increasing life expectancy, socio-structural changes, but also with regard to the migration movements in Kosovo.

Kosovo Jashari monument, Prekaz

India Domestic Issues

India Domestic Issues

There are numerous domestic political challenges, the two most important of which have recently been in the Jammu and Kashmir region and building a temple in Ayodhya city:


In early August 2019, the Indian government lifted the special status of the state of Jammu and Kashmir and divided into two union territories with restricted powers: Jammu and Kashmir on one side, Ladakh on the other. The Modi government wants to increase its access to the area that has been disputed between Pakistan and India since 1947. Modi thus implemented an old demand of the BJP. In order to avoid unrest, the new Jammu and Kashmir were also blocked from going out and communicating (e.g. Internet access or visits from domestic and foreign journalists). With this step, Modi allegedly wants to accelerate the economic development of Jammu and Kashmir and fight terrorism there. Pakistan has strongly criticized this move and brought the matter before the United Nations Security Council.


In November 2019, the Supreme Court of India declared in a momentous ruling that a temple in honor of the god Rama may be built in the north Indian city of Ayodhya. The site on which the temple is to be built has long been disputed between Hindus and Muslims. It is said that the 16th century mosque, which was demolished by fanatical Hindus in 1992, stood there on the ruins of an originally existing Rama temple. The ruling is controversial but is expressly welcomed by the Hindu nationalists. The building of a new Rama temple in Ayodhya was also one of Narendra Modi’s central election promises.

According to, there is a risk that violent unrest between Hindu and Muslim religious groups will be fueled by the judgment.


As in many other countries, corruption is widespread in India. In an international comparison, the extent of corruption is at a high level (80th place out of 180 countries in the Corruption Perception Index 2019 by Transparency International) and comes last among the countries in the Asia / Pacific region. Even if the fight against corruption under Prime Minister Narendra Modi is one of the main goals of government work, it has not yet been possible to systematically curb corruption in India.

In autumn 2010, what observers believe was the largest corruption scandal in the history of the Republic of India shook the country. The focus was on the former telecommunications minister A. Raja. Raja is said to have granted telecommunications licenses over the counter, resulting in revenue losses of an estimated 39 billion US dollars for the state. Most recently it became known that the well-known diamond dealer Nirav Modi is said to have defrauded the state-run Punjab National Bank by 1.43 billion dollars.

Regular corruption allegations against politicians from practically all parties show that corruption continues to be a social and highly political issue. The GAN anti-corruption portal offers a good overview of the various forms and the extent of corruption in India.

Human rights

Violent assaults against indigenous people and Dalits, violence against women and unpunished rape, millions of child laborers suffered millions of times, some of whom lead hard and short lives in debt bondage, or numerous attacks by the police are just a few examples of human rights violations, including Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International and the US Department of State report.

Official crime statistics can be found on the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) website.

India Human rights

Press and other public media

Freedom of the press is protected by the Indian Constitution, but journalists risk their lives reporting on politically or economically sensitive issues. Recently there have even been murders of journalists critical of the government, most recently the journalist Gauri Lankesh, who was shot by unknown perpetrators in front of her house in Bangalore in the summer of 2017. Many therefore see press freedom in India at risk. India already ranks 142nd out of 180 countries in terms of press freedom. The Indian press is not free from corruption as there are strong links between the press, politicians and business leaders.

Media: What’s on in India?

In India there is a large number of newspapers, both in English and in the many regional languages, with an overall very large readership. In the meantime, an impressive number of English-language daily and weekly newspapers or political magazines from India appear on the Internet, reporting on current topics.

  • The Hindu
  • The Times of India
  • Hindustan Times
  • The Economic Times offers business news.
  • Frontline
  • Tehelka
  • Outlook India

Of course, there are many other newspapers and magazines in India that report in very different journalistic quality. The Wire is particularly recommended as an online medium.

Broadcasting is of particular importance for mass communication and entertainment. The television medium in particular has become a huge market for employment and advertising.

The number of Internet users is also increasing, to around 451 million per month in 2019, which puts it in second place worldwide behind China. The US news broadcaster CNN is even of the opinion that the future of the Internet lies in India. However, access to the Internet is subject to massive government restrictions. For example, Kashmir was without an internet connection for four months during the explosive political abolition of its special status. In 2018 and 2019, India even tops the list of countries that most frequently block access to the World Wide Web – 138 times in 2018.

5 Attractions in Iceland

5 Attractions in Iceland

In recent years, our Scandinavian neighbor Iceland has become a very popular travel destination, and rightly so. Has this piece of sugar not yet caught your interest? Let me then tempt you with five sights that can turn the tables!

Yes, many of us long to be able to get on a bus, train or plane and get to a better place, without having to be dragged along with all the duties and challenges of everyday life. Sometimes we want to get away even when we can not afford it. While some choose to borrow for travel , others choose to wait to move. If you are going to make the decision to borrow money, it is of course very important to review the terms.

Black beach in Reynisfjära

According to Softwareleverage, Iceland is known for its beautiful landscapes and environments. One of the country’s most famous tourist destinations for those who want a sight to behold is the black beach in Reynisfjära. The coastal area has received a lot of attention around the world and major film productions such as Star Wars and Game of Thrones have been filmed there.

The blue Lagoon

Craving for natural and highly relaxing treatment for the body? The Blue Lagoon is what is called a “geothermal spa” and has become one of Iceland’s most visited tourist destinations. It is located in something as exotic as in a lava field. Next time I go to Iceland I will definitely make a trip there.


No country that attracts tourists for the beautiful views and environments would be complete without a national park? Skaftafell was founded in the autumn of 1967 and consists of almost five thousand square meters of natural beauty. There is also a camping area for those who want to spend more in the park and have time to see everything it has to offer. Perfect for the family as the children do not learn to have a boring time there.


If you, like many others, need to get a little closer to yourself and find inner peace, the Húsey area is right for you. There are great landscapes to walk on and a popular retreat center. It is also possible to ride an Icelandic pony.

Hekla volcano

The volcano is one of the coolest phenomena in the world, but it is very rare that we actually get the chance to see them in real life. In Iceland there are several volcanoes to witness and the coolest is probably Hekla, which is about 1500 meters high and one of the country’s most active. Just do not hope it gets an outbreak when you are there!

There we have it, five sights in Iceland. Do you get the urge to go?

5 Attractions in Iceland

Climate in Madagascar

Climate in Madagascar

When is the best time to visit Madagascar?

It is difficult to determine a single best travel time for Madagascar . Due to the size of the island and the hilly structure, different weather conditions prevail depending on the region. The climate in Madagascar is tropical. But the characteristics are different in the highlands than in the coastal regions. As a result, there are different best travel times for Madagascar for the north , the south , the highlands and the coastal areas . There are no seasons like in this country on the island. A distinction is made between dry and rainy seasons. From January to March there is an increased risk of cyclones on the entire island. Plan her a round trip through Madagascar? The months of April, May, September and October are ideal for this. The high season in Madagascar is between July and October . In order to get cheap accommodation and cheap flights, you have to book well in advance for this period. In this article you will find detailed information about the climate and the best travel time for the individual areas of Madagascar. So you are well prepared for your trip to the island in the Indian Ocean.

Best travel times for Madagascar by region

North April to November
South all year rou
West Coast all year rou
East coast July to November
central highlands April to October

What is the climate like in Madagascar?

While moderate temperatures prevail in the interior, vacationers in the coastal areas can expect a tropical climate . There is a rainy and a dry season in Madagascar . The rainy season lasts from November to April. During these months, tropical cyclones can hit Madagascar. These arise in the north and migrate over the entire island to the south. The dry season in Madagascar is from May to October. A trade wind blows over the east coast all year round. This brings moist air from the Indian Ocean with it. The north and west coasts are influenced by dry easterly winds and monsoon winds. The average temperature on the island is 28 degrees Celsius. The water temperatures are pleasant all year round. With minimum temperatures of 24 degrees Celsius and maximum temperatures of 30 degrees Celsius, the Indian Ocean is always suitable for a beach holiday. The weather on the island differs depending on the region. In general, it rains less in the west, at higher altitudes and in the south than on the coasts and in the northwest. The southwest is the driest region in Madagascar. In the following I will tell you which climatic conditions prevail in the different areas.

Indian Ocean water temperatures

North 28-30 degrees Celsius
East 24-28 degrees Celsius
West 24-30 degrees Celsius
South 24-27 degrees Celsius

Climate in the north

According to shoppingpicks, the mountains in the north of the island weaken the trade winds coming from the east , which means that there is less rainfall in this region than on the rest of the island. The dry and rainy seasons are more pronounced here than in other areas of Madagascar. With the help of the climate of the city of Antsiranana, I will show you what weather awaits you in the north of the island during your trip.

Climate table for Antsiranana

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 31 31.5 32 32 32 31 30 29 30 30.5 31.5 32
Min. Temperature in ° C 24 24 24 24 23 22 21 21 21 22 24 24
Hours of sunshine per day 6 6 7 8.5 9 9 9 9 10 10 9.5 8
Rainy days per month 16 15 12 6 4 3 4 4 2 3 5 10
Precipitation in mm 291 280 192 48 12 17 19 17 9 15 56 145

In the north of Madagascar, vacationers expect warm summer temperatures all year round . The maximum temperatures are on average 29 to 32 degrees Celsius. The minimum values ​​of 21 to 24 degrees are also pleasant. The sun shines 6 to 8 hours a day in winter. In spring it shines for 7 to 9 hours a day. Summer and autumn bring 9 to 10 hours of sunshine with them. Travelers expect the least rainfall in September with 2 rainy days per month. The best time to travel to the north is from April to November. During this time, the least rain falls on 2 to 4 days a month. The highest value with the most precipitation is reached in January.

Climate on the west coast

The west coast of Madagascar has a semi-arid climate. This means that pronounced dry phases alternate with periods of heavy rainfall. The dry season takes six to three quarters of a year. The annual average temperature here is 26 degrees Celsius. Clouds cannot pass the adjacent highlands and therefore do not penetrate to the west coast. This makes the west the driest region on the island. This can also be seen in the vegetation. This part of Madagascar is lined with dry and thorn savannahs. The flora is adapted to the special climatic conditions of the west coast. Resistant succulents, including cacti, grow here. Baobab forests (African baobabs) are also typical of the west coast. During the rainy season, clouds are blown over the high plateau by the stronger east wind. Then here too, nature blooms in lush green. As an example for the climate on the west coast, I provide you with a climate table for the city Morondava available.

Climate table for Morondava

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 32 32 32 31 29 28 27 28 29 30 31 32
Min. Temperature in ° C 24 23.5 23 21 17.5 15 14 16 18 20 22 23
Hours of sunshine per day 9 9 9.5 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 10
Rainy days per month 11 10 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 8
Precipitation in mm 250 211 115 15 6 5 1 1 5 8 24 133

The weather on the west coast is very warm all year round . Temperatures are a minimum of 14 degrees Celsius in July and a maximum of 32 degrees from December to March. Compared to the east coast, there is much less precipitation on the west coast. It rains most frequently during the rainy season from November to March. If you look at the whole island, the dry season is most pronounced on the west coast. Here it rains an average of 1 day a month between April and October. With 9 to 11 hours of sunshine per day, this part of the island state is sunny all year round. Due to the optimal climatic conditions, the west coast is suitable for a vacation all year round. The best travel time for Madagascar’s west coast is therefore from January to December. The beautiful beaches in the west are ideal for a beach holiday. The water is calm and if you are lucky you can see dolphins and whales swim by.

Climate on the east coast

The climate on the east coast is influenced by the trade wind all year round. This brings hot air with it during the summer months. Due to the nearby mountains, it rains more often on the east coast compared to the rest of the island. The trade winds hit the mountains from the southeast and bring rain and hot air with them. Using a climate diagram for the city of Toamasina, I will show you the typical weather conditions on the east coast.

Climate diagram for Toamasina

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 30 30 29 28 27 25 24 24 25 27 28 30
Min. Temperature in ° C 23 23 23 22 20 18 18 17 18 19 21 22
Hours of sunshine per day 7 7 6 6.5 6.5 5.5 5.5 6 7 8 8 8
Rainy days per month 19 17 21 18 17 18 22 20 15 13 14 17
Precipitation in mm 392 390 488 311 253 260 265 210 124 105 175 291

The best travel time for Madagascar’s east coast is from July to November. During these months there are pleasant temperatures of a maximum of 24 to 28 degrees Celsius. The lows are between 17 and 23 degrees Celsius. The number of hours of sunshine varies only minimally and is between 5.5 and 8 hours per day. The climate diagram shows that the highest level of precipitation occurs during the rainy season between December and March. The most rainy days per month are in March, July and August. The months of September, October and November are the driest. The Indian Ocean reaches between 24 and 28 degrees Celsius over the year. A bathing holiday on Madagascar’s white sandy beaches is therefore possible all year round. It is true that the east coast is lined with one fantastic beach after the other. However, you have to note that there is no protective reef here.

The Indian Ocean is therefore rougher on the east coast than on the west coast and sharks swim closer to the shore. You can find safe stretches of beach, for example, at the Bay of Ramena and the Fort Dauphin peninsula. The climate also has a great influence on the flora. The tropical, humid weather favors the cultivation of rice, fruit, vegetables and cassava.

Climate in the central highlands

In the highlands there are pleasant temperatures all year round . The average temperature is 20 degrees Celsius. Compared to the other regions of Madagascar, it is milder during the day in the highlands. Many travelers find this pleasant. However, holidaymakers have to be prepared for cooler temperatures here at night. Due to the altitude, the humidity is also lower. Using a climate table for Antananarivo, I’ll show you what weather you can expect in the highlands of Madagascar. Because Antananarivo is not only the largest city in the island state. It is also the capital of Madagascar and is 1,400 meters high in the island’s mountainous region.

Climate diagram for Antananarivo

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 28 26 25 25 23 21 20 20.5 23 25 26 26
Min. Temperature in ° C 16.5 17 16 15 13 11 10 10 11 13 15 16
Hours of sunshine per day 6 7 6 8 7 7 7 8 8 9 7.5 7
Rainy days per month 18 17 17 9 6 6 8 9 4 8 14 20
Precipitation in mm 270 257 183 50 20 7 11 15 9 67 170 304

Compared to the climate on the east coast, it is only slightly cooler during the day in the highlands. The maximum average temperatures are between 20 and 28 degrees Celsius. The minimum temperatures are on average 10 to 17 degrees Celsius. Most precipitation falls in Antananarivo in the months of December, January and February. It rains a little less in March and November. These two months mark the beginning and the end of the rainy season. The best time to travel to Madagascar’s highlands is from April to October . During these months you will spend a nice holiday on the island with the most optimal climatic conditions. Due to its volcanic origin, the highlands are the most fertile regions the island and is therefore used for the cultivation of coffee, sugar cane and vanilla.

Climate in the south

In the south , the climate is pleasant all year round and therefore easy to travel to every month. This part of Madagascar has very little rain. Even during the rainy season, there is little rainfall. From May to July, travelers expect warm temperatures without heat waves during the day. Temperatures drop at night. The climate table for Tolagnaro shows you the typical weather for the south.

Climate table for Tolagnaro

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 29 29 28 27 25.5 24 24 24 25 26 28 29
Min. Temperature in ° C 22 22 21 20 18 17 16 16 17 18 20 21
Hours of sunshine per day 7 8 6 8 8 7 7 8 8 8 8 8
Rainy days per month 11 12 12 12 11 10 10 8 7 8 11 11
Precipitation in mm 201 166 224 128 132 125 130 103 65 98 105 124

The rainy days per month fluctuate only minimally in the south. It rains on an average of 7 to 12 days. The number of hours of sunshine is also quite balanced. The sun shines between 6 and 8 hours a day in the south of Madagascar. The average temperatures are at maximum values ​​of 24 to 29 degrees Celsius. It gets coldest in July and August with 16 degrees. Due to the constant warm weather, this area is suitable for a holiday all year round. Therefore, the best time to travel to the south of the island is from January to December . Do you want to sail the Onilahy River? Due to the water level, this is only possible from November to February.

The best time to travel to Madagascar differs from region to region. If you look at Madagascar holistically, you can speak of a tropical climate. At higher altitudes, however, the weather conditions are more moderate than on the coast. Madagascar has the rainy season from November to March . This is different. In the east it rains a lot all year round. In comparison, on the west coast there is only half as much precipitation during the rainy season as on the east coast. At the beginning of the year, the cyclone risk is between January and March the highest. Roads can be impassable due to heavy rainfall. Avoid this period so that your trip does not fall into the water. If you want to save money, book your vacation during the rainy season. The optimal travel time for a round trip is in April, May, September and October. During these months there is a pleasant climate all over the island.

Now you know everything about the best time to travel to Madagascar. Book your flight and your hotel and let yourself be enchanted by the second largest island nation on earth. Enjoy the unique flora and fauna. Try the local cuisine and experience the culture of the Madagascans. I promise you: a trip to the multi-faceted island is highly recommended! I wish you good weather and an unforgettable time during your Madagascar vacation.

Madagascar Attractions

Exotic Burma

Exotic Burma

Many Westerners have visited Thailand and other countries in Southeast Asia in recent decades. Few, however, have discovered the exotic Burma, which is without a doubt one of the region’s most interesting destinations. Burma was closed and inaccessible for too long but has now opened up to the outside world. Foreign visitors can now take part in all the fantastic things that were previously so rare. The nature of Burma is spectacularly beautiful, the cultural treasures are endless and the people are extremely welcoming. The Burmese face a brighter future and want to share it with the world around them.

Exotic Burma 2

Although Burma is undergoing political change and ongoing internationalization, much of daily life still seems to be progressing at a slower pace here than elsewhere in Southeast Asia. Quiet curiosity in front of foreign visitors shines strikingly often. There is much that makes Burma the ideal destination for those who want to experience the beautiful and the different.

Burma borders India, China, Thailand and Laos and has since time immemorial absorbed impulses from these neighboring countries into a constant interplay between civilizations. However, there is something that makes Burma completely unique, despite the deposits from the traditions of neighboring countries. Travelers who have visited other Asian countries occasionally recognize themselves – but still do not. Join us on a journey that will take you to Asia’s probably most exciting and exotic country!

This is Burma, and it is very different from all the countries you know.
Rudyard Kipling

Day 1: Flight to Yangon (Yangon)
Flight to Yangon , Myanmar (Burma) largest city. Meals are included on board the long-haul flight.

Day 2: Arrival in Rangoon
We arrive in Yangon. We begin our journey with a city tour and visit, among other things, the Golden Sole Pagoda, the National Museum and the Shwedagon Pagoda – Rangoon’s main landmark and the city’s most famous pagoda. This is one of Burma’s most sacred places that every Burmese person wants to visit at least once in their life. You do not have to be a Buddhist to be filled with wonder at the beauty of the gold-plated pagoda. The rest of the day free time. The rest of the day you can rest after the long flight before we gather in the evening for a welcome dinner . Overnight in Rangoon. (Lunch and dinner.)

Day 3: Rangoon
After breakfast, transfer to the train station to take the local train Circular Train , a ring line that connects central Rangoon with the city’s suburbs. For a few hours we stay on board to experience everyday traffic and the colorful life of the people. We then visit a local tea house . The tea houses are important gathering places for ordinary Burmese and here we get to experience Burmese folk life in a genuine environment. In the afternoon we walk through some of Rangoon’s most picturesque neighborhoods. At Rangoon’s largest market, Bogyoke Aung San, or Scott’s Bazaar , you can shop for everything from precious gemstones such as rubies and sapphires to beautiful and inexpensive cotton clothing such as the traditional longyi hips. Overnight in Rangoon. (Breakfast and lunch)

Day 4: Rangoon – Bagan
Early in the morning we take the domestic flight to Bagan. Between the 11th and 13th centuries, the royal city of Bagan was the region’s foremost seat of learning and religious practice. During this period a very large number of stupas, shrines, temples and monasteries were built here. The ruined city is located on a large plain in a bend of the Irrawwaddy river and together the magnificent ruins with their religious architecture form a fantastic sight. Some of the religious buildings still attract large numbers of Buddhist pilgrims. Today’s highlights include a visit to the shimmering Shwezigon Pagoda , known for its Buddha statues from the heyday of the Bagan Empire. We also visit the lively and colorful morning market in Nyaung U, a market which provides great photo opportunities and also an opportunity to meet and mingle with the locals and see how they feel in their lives. We end the day with a ride by horse and carriage through Bagan’s peaceful surroundings. During the tour we visit the Ananda Temple, known for its Buddha statues and old murals. Ahead of dusk, we finally wait for the moment when the sun sets over Bagan’s pagodas and temple ruins. Overnight in Bagan. (Breakfast and lunch)

Day 5: Mount Popa – Bagan (Pagan)
In the afternoon we take a bus to the Burmese countryside. We visit an interesting monastery complex on top of Popa Taung Kalat (“Pedestal Mountain”)and from here you get a breathtaking view of the surroundings after first walking along a winding covered staircase from the sanctuary at the foot of the mountain (optional walk – there is also a bazaar area at the sanctuary to discover). Overnight in Bagan. (Breakfast and lunch)

Day 6: Irrawaddy river cruise to Mandlay
In the morning we border the express boat that will take us downstream of the Irrawaddy river from Bagan to Mandalay. A journey that takes about 7 hours. During the cruise we get breathtaking views along the river and we meet families in fishing boats that glide by. Overnight in Mandalay. (Breakfast and lunch)

Day 7: Mandalay
Today a full day excursion awaits in Madalay’s surroundings. In Amarapura in the morning we witness the daily distribution of food to thousands of monks from the Mahagandayon Monastery and then continue to Sagaing , the spiritual center of Burma known for its many Buddhist monasteries. We end the day with a stop at the U Bein bridge – probably the world’s oldest and longest teak bridge. Overnight in Mandalay. (Breakfast and lunch)

Day 8: Mandalay
We make a boat trip to Mingun to visit the begun, but never completed construction of Pahtodawgyi – a half-finished brick pagoda from the late 18th century. The construction, if completed, would have become the world’s largest pagoda. Although much of Pahtodawgyi was destroyed during an earthquake in the 19th century, the ruins after the brick construction began on the river are an incredibly impressive sight. We return to Mandalay and arrive at the area at the foot of Mandalay Mountain with its many temple buildings. We see the Mandalay Palace where the last king of an independent Burma resided and the beautiful Shwendandaw Monastery built in teak. Overnight in Mandalay. (Breakfast and lunch)

Day 9: Mandalay – Inlesjön
We fly to the city of Heho. From here, the journey continues by bus to Inlesjön. On the way, we stop at Red Mountain Estate Vineyards & Winery and have the opportunity to taste something as exotic as Burmese wines in a fantastic mountain landscape. We are now in the vast highlands of Burma, which differ from the lowlands in many respects. Here you will find several of Burma’s many minority groups, of which the dominant ethnicity is the Shan people. After the wine tasting go to our hotel. Overnight at Inlesjön . (Breakfast and lunch)

Day 10: Inlesjön
Today a full day excursion by boat awaits on Inlesjön, beautifully framed by the rolling Shanberg Mountains. Here are pole house villages, floating markets and gardens anchored at the bottom with bamboo poles. Along the shores and on the lake you will also find the most exquisite temples and pagodas. During the boat trip, we do a beach break to see local crafts. The population living on Inlesjön consists for the most part of the Intha people who are devout Buddhists whose way of life is adapted to the conditions that the lake offers. Overnight at Inlesjön. (Breakfast and lunch)

Day 11: Inlesjön – Ngapali
We leave Inlesjön and the highlands behind us to travel by air to the coastal strip at the Bay of Bengal. After a short transfer from Thandwe Airport, we arrive at the small seaside resort of Ngapali, known for its wonderful beaches, clean waters and tranquil atmosphere. In addition to sunbathing, swimming, fishing and snorkeling, it is possible to go exploring in the surroundings. There are several restaurants in the hotel and in the village to choose from. Overnight in Ngapali. (Breakfast)

Day 12 -13: Ngapali
Days for sun, swimming and relaxation. Overnight in Ngapali. (Breakfast)

Day 14: Ngapali – Rangoon
Transfer to Thandwe Airport and flight to Rangoon. The rest of the day free time. In the evening we gather for a farewell dinner. Overnight in Rangoon. (B)

Day 15: Rangoon
Transfer to the airport before returning home. Meals are included on the long-haul flight.

Exotic Burma

Round trip in China

Round trip in China

This is the trip for you who want to experience the most and best of China! You visit the capital Beijing and see here the Great Wall of China and the Forbidden City, the imperial city of Xi´an with the famous Terracotta Army, the vibrant world city of Shanghai, the garden cities of Hangzhou and Suzhou, the beautiful Guilin, experiences and places that together create a unique Chinese panorama! Have you planned to travel to China once in a lifetime then this is the trip for you!

Round trip in China 2

Day 1: Travel to China
Flight to Shanghai. Meals are included on board the long-haul flight.

Day 2: Shanghai
You land in the world city of Shanghai. There are more skyscrapers here than in most big cities in the world. It is advisable to start with a trip up one of the tallest skyscrapers, Jin Mao Tower. From the 88th floor you have a glorious view of Pudong and the beautiful promenade the Bund with colonial buildings. In the evening time to try Chinese cuisine. Overnight in Shanghai.

Day 3: Shanghai
Shanghai is only a few hundred years old, but there are still some old buildings and parks. We suggest first visiting Yuyuan Garden, a garden that a wealthy official had planted several hundred years ago. After seeing the Bund from above, it’s nice to walk here and enjoy the views of the Huangpu River and all the skyscrapers on the Pudong Peninsula. Then it’s shopping time for those who like this. Otherwise, it is very enjoyable to just stroll along the impressive pedestrian and shopping street of Nanjing Lu. The day may end with a breathtaking acrobatic performance with one of the famous Shanghai groups. Overnight in Shanghai.

Day 4: Shanghai – Suzhou
Museums are not just boring establishments with rows of objects. At the Shanghai Museum, considered one of the foremost in China, Chinese history and cultural history are served in a very interesting and captivating way. After the museum visit, you get on the bus and go to Suzhou, “Venice of the East”. Suzhou is a paradise for garden lovers. First, walk through the garden of the humble official and get an insight into what the Chinese think a garden should look like. Suzhou is also known for its silk production. During a visit to a silk manufacturing center, you get the opportunity to learn more about the silk’s path from silk butterfly, via cocoon, to finished raw silk. In the evening, a walk through the beautiful Nätmästaren’s garden is suggested and listening to classical Chinese music. Overnight in Suzhou.

Day 5: Suzhou – Hangzhou
In the low-lying landscape around Suzhou, there are plenty of waterways. During the bus journey to the destination Hangzhou, you stop in the small canal town of Tongli, where you take a boat trip, and then walk around among the picturesque houses. Once in Hangzhou, considered one of China’s foremost tea-growing districts, visit Longjing, the “Dragon Fountain,” where one of China’s most exclusive teas is grown. You get information about the background of tea cultivation and can also try different types of tea. Overnight in Hangzhou.

Day 6: Hangzhou – Guilin
In the city of Hangzhou lies the West Lake, praised for its beauty by generations of Chinese poets. A boat trip on the West Lake, and you get the opportunity to judge the poets’ views for yourself, before you fly on to Guilin. Overnight in Guilin.

Day 7: Guilin
In southern China, most of China’s rice is grown. During a full-day excursion to the major agricultural districts, you will get a good insight into the Chinese farmer’s cultivation efforts. At Mount Longsheng, “Dragon’s Backbone”, you can see with reverence how all the winding terrace plantations stretch for miles along the slopes. Here you will also meet several of China’s many minority populations. Overnight in Guilin.

Day 8: Guilin – Yangshuo
Down here in southern China there are also other scenery. During a four-hour boat trip along the Lifloden, we get to enjoy and admire the famous sugar top mountains that line the river during the journey. In the evening, there is an optional opportunity to see a lavish “River Show”, designed by the famous Chinese director Zhang Yimou. He was the one who directed the Olympic inauguration in Beijing in 2008! Overnight in Yangshuo.

Day 9: Yangshuo – Guilin – Xian
In the morning you have time on your own and can therefore take a little longer to eat breakfast. You also have time to explore Yangshuo. In the afternoon you go back to Guilin and on the way visit the famous Pipe Flute Cave with all its strange stalactite and stalagmite formations. In the evening you fly on from Guilin to Xi’an. Overnight in Xi´an.

Day 10: Xi’an
The city of Xi’an has more than six million inhabitants but still feels much smaller. For two thousand years, the city has been a cosmopolitan center. Buddhism is strong here, and there are several great shrines. You should visit the Great Wild Goose Pagoda to get a good insight into how Buddhism came to China. This is how a jade carving is visited, where raw jade stone is treated into exquisite works of art. The afternoon is dedicated to the highlight of the day, the 8,000-strong terracotta army. The first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, Shi Huangdi, had his mausoleum built here, and after his death the tomb is guarded by these terracotta soldiers. In the evening free time. Overnight in Xi´an.

Day 11: Xian – Beijing
After breakfast, you board the new exciting and talked about ‘super train’ that started after Christmas 2012. This high-speed train connects several important cities in China, and you will travel for 4.5 hours from Xi’an to Beijing. The average speed is over 300 km / h! During the trip you can visit the varied Chinese landscape. After arriving in Beijing, a first visit is made to the Temple of Heaven. This impressive park with the large temple was built in the early 15th century. The emperors went here every year to ask for good harvests for the coming year. Overnight in Beijing.

Day 12: Beijing
Start the day with a tour of the world’s largest square, Tiananmen Square, with the surrounding buildings Mao’s mausoleum, the Great Hall of the People, the National Museum and the Gate of Tiananmen. The next stop is the Forbidden City, the world’s largest palace complex and home to the emperors during the Ming and Qing dynasties for nearly 500 years. Then it’s time for a little tour of some of Beijing’s remaining hutons, or old alleys. In the evening, there is a colorful Peking Opera, perhaps a party more for the eye than for the ear! (Optional) Overnight stay in Beijing.

Day 13: Beijing
Today it will be a full day trip in the surroundings of Beijing. You start at a factory for the production of cloisonné, typically Beijing handicrafts. Then you continue to the holy way, the way of the Spirits. Here you walk slowly and are reminded of how an emperor after death would be transported along this road to get his last rest in one of the Ming tombs. As the journey continues, it is noticeable that the mountains rise more and more and the road becomes more winding. At an altitude of 700-800 meters, you will soon get the first glimpses of the Great Wall of China, this remarkable building that was being completed for several hundred years, and which stretches over more than 6,000 kilometers! Overnight in Beijing.

Day 14: Beijing
After breakfast visit the Summer Palace. Afternoon free for own program. Overnight in Beijing.

Day 15: Return from Beijing
Transfer to the airport for return to the destination. Meals are included on board the long-haul flight.

Round trip in China

To Silk Road’s Samarkand

To Silk Road’s Samarkand

Join us on a tour that takes you to the heart of Central Asia and the legendary and magical Samarkand. During the tour we will also visit the Uzbek capital of Tashkent and the fabulous cultural cities of Khiva and Bukhara. You get the opportunity to discover a part of Asia with an exceptionally interesting cultural history, hospitable people and beautiful nature. The vast land area between East Asia and the Far East, which we today call Central Asia, has for more than two millennia served as an important link between East and West and has enabled long-distance transport between different civilizations and high cultures. The cities we visit were all important hubs in the network of caravan routes between China and Europe that is usually called the Silk Road. Long-distance merchants and various conquerors have left traces over the centuries and given rise to a fascinating cultural treasure that more and more travelers have begun to discover. We travel in small groups with Swedish-speaking tour guides.

To Silk Road's Samarkand 2

Day 1: Travel to Tashkent
Meals are included on board the long-haul flight.

Day 2: Tashkent
We arrive early in the morning at Tashkent International Airport. We are met by our local guide and go to the hotel. After lunch, our sightseeing tour of Uzbekistan’s capital begins. We start in the Old Town where we visit the Usaman Quran Museum which houses the world’s oldest Quran (600s). Then we see Tashkent’s famous monument dedicated to the victims of the great earthquake of 1966. The catastrophe hit Tashkent very hard and most of the city had to be rebuilt. We then visit Mustakillik Square (Independence Square) which before Uzbekistan’s independence in 1991 was called Lenin Square. The square is located in the heart of Tashkent and here you will also find the most important government institutions. During the tour, we get to see some of the city’s most famous buildings, including the Navoi Theater, largely built by Japanese prisoners of war in 1942-47, and the Uzbek Arts and Crafts Museum, which is a stunningly beautiful building originally erected as the residence of a wealthy Russian diplomat. We also have time for a visit to one of Tashkent’s impressive metro stations and a walk in the market area at the exciting and exotic Chorsu Bazaar. The bazaar is located under a huge dome-shaped roof that provides shade and contributes to the oriental atmosphere. There is no doubt that you are now in Central Asia! We end the day with a welcome dinner at a local restaurant. Overnight in Tashkent. (Breakfast, lunch and dinner.) We also have time for a visit to one of Tashkent’s impressive metro stations and a walk in the market area at the exciting and exotic Chorsu Bazaar. The bazaar is located under a huge dome-shaped roof that provides shade and contributes to the oriental atmosphere. There is no doubt that you are now in Central Asia! We end the day with a welcome dinner at a local restaurant. Overnight in Tashkent. (Breakfast, lunch and dinner.) We also have time for a visit to one of Tashkent’s impressive metro stations and a walk in the market area at the exciting and exotic Chorsu Bazaar. The bazaar is located under a huge dome-shaped roof that provides shade and contributes to the oriental atmosphere. There is no doubt that you are now in Central Asia! We end the day with a welcome dinner at a local restaurant. Overnight in Tashkent. (Breakfast, lunch and dinner.)

Day 3: Tashkent – Urgench – Khiva
After breakfast we head to the domestic airport before the flight to the city of Urgench in southern Uzbekistan. From here we go to the nearby Khiva with an environment taken from “A Thousand and One Nights”. The city has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990 and one could spend several days here just exploring all the palaces, majestic villas, mosques, minarets, mausoleums and other architectural masterpieces. The city was once an important station along the Silk Road. Here, in Khiva’s older city center, you can really feel the wings of history. Sometimes it is as if they have suddenly been moved centuries back in time. During the day we get to see the minaret Kalta Minor and Muhammad Amin Khan Madrasah, originally a university (madrasah) built in the middle of the 19th century by the prince (khan) who also got to name this amazing building. Since the Soviet era, however, the old university functions as a hotel. We also visit the Djuma Mosque (Friday Mosque), built in the late 18th century on the ruins of an earlier structure. The mosque is known for its ingenious architecture where over two hundred richly decorated wooden pillars support the beautiful wooden roof that allows sunlight to flow freely into the room. Then we visit Kunya Ark Castle, dating from the late 17th century. The castle served as the khan’s private residence and center for the exercise of authority. Within the beautiful palace area you will find, among other things, administrative buildings, harem homes, courtyards and a mosque. We continue to the Pakhlavan Makhmud Mausoleum, which is the Khiva Khans’ last resting place. The tomb monument with its green dome and fantastic mosaics is generally considered to be one of the most beautiful building complexes in the city. Then we visit Khiva’s highest minaret Islam Khodja and then end the day with a visit to Tosh Havli which was once the harem where the khans could meet their official wives and harem ladies. Overnight in Khiva. (Breakfast, lunch and dinner.)

Day 4: Khiva – Bukhara (450 km)
After breakfast we travel by bus to the city of Bukhara through the Kyzylkum desert. For centuries, this barren landscape formed the border area with the endless expanses of the north populated by various nomadic peoples. During the trip you will see Amu-Darja which is one of the most important rivers in Central Asia. We arrive in Bukhara in the afternoon. Jewel Bukhara is one of the oldest cities in Central Asia and houses some of the region’s foremost masterpieces in architecture and is often associated with the greats of past times in science and poetry. Over the centuries, Bukhara developed into one of the most important hubs for culture, education, and religious practice throughout Central Asia. There is a famous saying in Bukhara that reads: “The light shines from Heaven all over the world,

Day 5: Bukhara
After breakfast, a city tour awaits. We start the day by visiting the mausoleum of the Samanids built of brick laid in fantastic geometric patterns and formations. The monument was built in the late ninth century and is one of the oldest Muslim monuments in Central Asia. It is also the only monument from the Persian Samanid dynasty that has survived the test of time. We then visit the religious complex Poikalon known for its beautiful minaret from the 12th century and magnificent mosque from the early 16th century. In the morning we also visit Ulugbek Madrasah, a high seat of education built in the early 15th century on the orders of the enlightened sultan Ulugbek (grandson of the last great Mongol conqueror Timur Lenk). Ulugbek had a great interest in astronomy and mathematics and wanted Bukhara to also become a center of science. In the afternoon we visit one of the most elegant trading places in Bukhara – Tim Abdullakhan. The domed indoor market was built during the latter half of the 16th century and here once long-distance Afghan merchants sold their precious silk and wool. Today, Tim Abdullakhan is known for his sales of Central Asian rugs. We also have time to visit the Maggoki Attori Mosque (today a carpet museum), built in the 10th century on a site where there used to be a Zoroastrian temple. Before the dinner, which consists of local delicacies, we see a traditional music and dance performance in a medieval madrasah. Overnight in Bukhara. (Breakfast, lunch and dinner.)

Day 6: Bukhara
After breakfast we first visit the Chor Minor Madrasah, built in 1807 by the Turkmen merchant Khalif Niyazkul. We then head to Sitorai Mohi Hosa which was the last palace of Emir Alim Khan. The architecture is a playful mix of both Russian and Central Asian elements, typical of the early 20th century. Before lunch we also visit Bukhara’s synagogue (the city still has a small Jewish congregation). The afternoon is open to discover the city on your own or maybe just take it easy. Overnight in Bukhara. (Breakfast, lunch and dinner.)

Day 7: Bukhara – Samarkand (250 km)
After breakfast we take a bus to Samarkand. During the journey there, we visit a potter in the city of Gijduvan who is known for his ceramic production. We are expected to arrive in Samarkand at lunchtime and head to the hotel to check in. We are now in the magical Samarkand. For centuries, the city has been invaded by foreign powers attracted by the city’s wealth. Alexander the Great, Arab conquerors, Mongol chiefs Genghis Khan and Timur Lenk have all left their mark. During today’s tour, we see, among other things, Registan Square, which was the official center of the Timur kingdom. Here you will also find three famous madrasahs – Ulugbek, Sher Dor and Tillya Kari. Overnight in Samarkand. (Breakfast, lunch and dinner.)

Day 8: Samarkand
After breakfast we visit Gur Amir which is the mausoleum of the Timurid dynasty where among others Timur Lenk (the founder of the dynasty) is buried. The monument has a fantastic dome adorned with mosaics in blue tones. The building is built in a unique style where Persian and Mongolian elements are mixed. We also visit the Shahi Zinda complex which consists of more than twenty different mausoleums and tombs from different eras. After lunch, we visit a tissue paper manufacturer that still produces its paper in the traditional way. We end the day with a visit to Ulugbek’s observatory from the early 15th century. The observatory was once considered one of the foremost in the world. Overnight in Samarkand. (Breakfast, lunch and dinner.)

Day 9: Samarkand-Tashkent
After breakfast, we visit the Bibi Khanym Mosque, which is the largest of the buildings Timur Lenk had built in his capital. Then we go to the famous market at Siab Bazaar and get some time for shopping on your own. We then go to the train station to take the high-speed train “Afrosiab” to Tashkent. Farewell dinner in the evening. Overnight in Tashkent. (Breakfast, lunch and dinner.)

Day 10: Tashkent – Sweden
After breakfast transfer to the airport before returning home.

To Silk Road's Samarkand



Federation Square is a popular meeting place

Federation Square is the center of the Melbourne CBD, a spectacular meeting place and a square that encourages carefree hanging out. Federation Square’s modern architecture divides opinions: Melbourneers either love or hate their well-known landmark.

Opened in 2002, the square is worth a visit to watch the hustle and bustle of the city. Federation Square also often hosts a variety of events and programs, and there are also restaurants and cafes on site.

Opposite Federation Square is Melbourne’s second landmark, the Victorian Flinders Street Rail Station.


Queen Victoria Market

Queen Victoria Market is the largest open-air market in the Southern Hemisphere. Fruits and vegetables, meat dishes and seafood can be bought at markets known for their fresh and high-quality ingredients. The square also has an area dedicated to arts, jewelery and handicrafts.

The Suzuki Night Market, the food market held during the Victorian summer months, is held on Wednesday evenings from mid-November to the end of February. The lush food market serves flavors from Italy to India and from Turkey to Senegal. Walk around the stall and sample Belgian waffles and Spanish sangria. Here you are guaranteed not to go hungry!


See the city from the heights

Eureka Skydeck is the highest vantage point in the southern hemisphere open to the public. From the 88th floor of the Eureka, visitors have a spectacular panoramic view over Melbourne. Located at an altitude of 285 meters, the Lookout Point is an impressive place to visit both in daylight and after evening twilight.

The most adventurous is also appealed to by The Edge , a protrusion that stands out from the building itself, where you can really get tested as your head starts to feel dizzy. Eureka Skydeck is centrally located along the River Yarra.

The Royal Botanic Gardens is a lush oasis

Melbourne Botanical Gardens is one of the most popular attractions in the state of Victoria, attracting over a million visitors each year. In the garden you can either relax in your own peace or take part in guided tours. The garden, which covers an area of ​​more than 36 hectares, features more than 50,000 different plant species.

The garden near the center has plenty to do for the whole family, and children are also catered for. You can go on site to learn something new or just take a break from the hustle and bustle of the city and enjoy a cup of coffee.



No direct flights to Australia

The journey to distant Melbourne naturally folds through a bend if any other. Flights booked via Finnair operate to Melbourne via Singapore. The total number of flight hours to the other side of the globe is about 20. The prices of a round-trip flight ticket vary by 1,500 euros on both sides.

According to DigoPaul, Melbourne Airport is also known as Tullamarine Airport. Australia’s second largest airport is just over 20 miles from the city center.

The choice of accommodation is plentiful

Melbourne has a metropolitan range of accommodation – everything from luxury five-star hotels to affordable inns. You can get a mid-priced hotel night for about 100 euros. There are also a huge number of hostels in the city favored by backpackers.

When choosing a place to stay, you should look for your favorite area. St Kilda is the center of Melbourne’s beach life, with not only sandy beaches but also plenty of restaurants, shops and nightlife. The Central Business District of Melbourne, on the other hand, has a metropolitan atmosphere.

It is convenient to move around the big city

The most convenient way to get around Melbourne is by tram, which is a clean and ecological ride. Of course, there are also buses and commuter trains in Melbourne. The city’s public transport network is comprehensive and functional, so for a tourist, car rental is only profitable on trips outside the city. For longer stays in the city, you should buy a Metcard travel card.

You can also rent a bicycle if you wish – filleting is a great way to see the city and its surroundings.

Attractions in the state of Victoria are not limited to Melbourne. It is therefore advisable to rent a car and take a trip to the Great Ocean Road, known for its wonderful natural places. The Yarra Valley and the Mornington Peninsula are popular wine tasting destinations.

Cairns Travel Guide

Cairns Travel Guide

Cairns is the center of the tropical north. The city of Cairns in Australia is the pulsating heart of North Queensland tourism. Tropical Cairns attracts tourists with its year-round warmth and relaxed vibe. The city is a great base for exploring the area’s numerous natural sites.


Escape the Ausswinter north

According to DigoPaul, Cairns, located in the state of Queensland in northeastern Australia, is an absolute destination for many because it is the best base for excursions to the Great Barrier Reef. However, with its vibrant tourism, lush tropical Cairns has become a vibrant city with plenty to do.

The heart of the city’s smaller downtown is the Cairns Esplanade, whose cheerful hustle and bustle of restaurants attract tourists. The nearby Cairns Marina harbor area offers high-end hotels, a casino and the modern shopping mall, The Pier.

The actual beach cannot be found in the center of Cairns. It will be replaced by Cairns Lagoon, a public swimming pool by the sea. There is no entrance fee to the pool area, and both tourists and locals are swimming, grilling and moving around.

Good to know about Cairns

Good to know about Cairns

Everyone in Cairns enjoys whatever their age. Young people gather in backpacker pubs, there is plenty to do and see for families with children, and peaceful Cairns with its stylish restaurants is also suitable for older travelers.

The rainy season in tropical Cairns runs from November to May, so the best time to visit the city is during the Australian winter months from June to September. Tourists flock north to enjoy the sun when winter prevails in more southern Australia. However, monsoon rains may also occur during the high season in Cairns. The temperature usually stays high all year round.

The lively city offers entertainment

Cairns has numerous souvenir shops for tourists, but the most interesting place to buy souvenirs is the night market. In the covered space you can go shopping, enjoy an evening snack or even have a massage. The best place to shop for clothes is the large shopping center on the outskirts of Cairns Central.

In the evenings, the Cairns Esplanade’s restaurants and bars are filled with people and a lively line of speech. You can go either in the casual pubs or even in the stylish casino.

Rainforests and mountains in the tropical north

Flecker Botanic Gardens is Cairns Botanical Gardens, where it’s nice to retreat to relax. On site you can admire the rainforest as well as various plants and flowers. Guided two-hour tours are also organized in the garden.

Sporty tourists should head for a hike to Mount Whitfield, a mountain by the airport lined with rainforest.

An easy day trip from Cairns goes to the idyllic little town of Port Douglas. About an hour’s drive along the boardwalk offers spectacular scenery, and in Port Douglas you will find sandy beaches, high-end boutiques and quality restaurants.



Long flights ahead

The best route from Finland to Australia is through Asia. A direct flight from Helsinki to Singapore can be supplemented with a connecting flight to Cairns. There are also plenty of flights to the city from all the major cities in Australia.

Cairns Airport is located about seven kilometers from the city center. The airport is served by both domestic and international flights and has good public access to Cairns.

Accommodation in all star categories

Cairns has plenty of accommodation options with all kinds of star ratings. Most Cairns hotels are located in the downtown area, next to the Cairns Esplanade and the Marina. More affordable motel-type accommodation can be found on the outskirts of the city center.

Cairns is also a favorite destination for backpackers, and there are several hostels in the city. Many of Cairns ’hostels are built in comfortable Queenslander-style wooden houses.

For working holidaymakers staying longer in Cairns, the Cairns Sharehouse is a good accommodation option.

My feet are doing well

Cairns is a fairly small town with good access to the city center on foot. If necessary, local buses and taxis take you to more distant destinations.

Car hire is a good idea if you want to explore the surrounding area of ​​Cairns. In fact, navigating the city on a bicycle is a more convenient outlet.



Memorable Great Barrier Reef

The Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef in the world. Cairns offers a huge variety of excursions to the Great Barrier Reef: in the scenery of the coral reef, tourists can dive, snorkel or just admire the view from the deck of the ship.

The Great Barrier Reef is one of Australia’s most popular attractions. It is listed both as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and among the seven wonders of the world.

The most famous landmark of the Great Barrier Reef is the heart-shaped coral formation of the Whitsunday Islands. It can even be admired from a helicopter flight.

The Great Barrier Reef has several tropical islands for guided tours. There are also some luxury resorts on the islands that are suitable for an unforgettable honeymoon, for example.

Aboriginal Tjapukai Cultural Park

The center, run by Australian Indigenous peoples, allows tourists to learn about Aboriginal culture. The place’s own theater presents the history and culture of indigenous peoples through drama, music and dance. The program also includes face painting and didgeridoo music. You can buy arts and crafts from the shop in connection with the center.

Tjapukai is Australia’s largest center of Aboriginal culture. The location is outside the city, but Cairns offers excursions both day and night. The bus, on the other hand, runs to the site every hour.

Cairns Tropical Zoo

While Cairns Zoo isn’t very big, you can find all the Australian animal favorites like Koalas, Kangaroos and Vompats. Cairns Tropical Zoo is less than half an hour’s drive from central Cairns. In addition to a rental car, the site can also be reached by bus or excursions organized by travel agencies.

Numerous presentations and performances are organized in the zoo – it is worth listening to the conversation of the animal keepers.

Train route to Kuranda

Cairns has a tourist train to the nearby village of Kuranda. In addition to the stunning scenery, passengers can follow the history of the route on each screen found on the trolley.

Just about 30 km from Cairns, Kuranda is a charming village next to the mountains and rainforest. Admire the shops, markets and natural places of Kuranda to easily spend the day. In Kuranda, it is also possible to experience the Skyrail Rainforest Cableway, a glass cable lift that takes you high above the rainforest.



  • Spend the sun on Cairns Lagoon – everyone else is there
  • Take part in an excursion to the Great Barrier Reef
  • Stroll around Cairns nightlife market
  • Take a day trip to the cozy little town of Port Douglas
  • Travel by rustic scenic train to the village of Kuranda
Shopping in Barcelona

Shopping in Barcelona

According to digopaul, Barcelona is the dream city for the most shopping-loving. The selection of shops is huge, all the well-known brands are represented, and you will also find local designs that can be absolutely phenomenal. Prices are generally somewhat lower than we are used to in Norway, but not necessarily when it comes to the most luxurious brands.

Shopping in Barcelona

Here you will find the best shopping:

  • Passeig de Gracia– This is one of the two most important shopping streets. Passeig de Gracia starts at Placa de Catalunya and goes uphill towards the mountains. Here you will find the most exclusive stores such as Gucci, Dolce & Gabbana, Prada and Jimmy Choo, as well as stores for watches, jewelry and accessories such as Swarovski, Bvlgari, Rolex, and others.
  • Portal del Angel– This shopping street also starts on Placa de Catalunya, and goes in the direction of the port and beaches of Barcelona. Here they go especially in the big chains such as Zara, H&M, Mango and Massimo Dutti, in addition to smaller shoe stores, as well as the occasional store with local design.
  • El Corte Ingles– This is the largest department store in Europe. Located on Placa de Catalunya, El Corte Ingles is set over 9 floors. Each of the floors is divided according to to make shopping easier, such as a separate floor for men’s clothing, one for children’s clothing, one for accessories, and so on. The department store contains not only fashion, although this dominates, but also electronics, furniture, and much more, in addition to one of the city’s largest supermarkets.

Five shopping centers:

  • Maremagnum– shopping center down at the harbor which is open on Sundays. The address is Moll d’Espanya 5.
  • Las Arenas– shopping center in a former bullring. The address is Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes 373.
  • El Triangle– small but good shopping center on Placa de Catalunya 1-4.
  • Diagonal Mar– Shopping center near Mar Bella Beach, and right next to the Hilton hotel. The address is Avinguda Diagonal 3.
  • Centro Comercial Glories– good shopping center if you need fashion clothes. The address is Avinguda Diagonal 208.

Looking for something special?

  • Calle Verdi (in the Gracia district) is the street to shop in if you are looking for local design.
  • Calle Tallers (in the El Raval district) is the street to shop in if you are looking for used and vintage.
  • El Bornis the district you want to go to if you want to go in fancy boutiques.
  • Calle Seneca 28 is the address you want to go to if you are looking for design from Lydia Delgado, Spain’s fashion queen.
  • La Roca Village north of Barcelona (half an hour by taxi, some more by train) is the place for outlet shopping (about 100 shops and brands). Great opportunities to save a lot of money!

Shopped a lot? Get some of your money back

Since we are not full members of the EU, we have the right to get the VAT back when we shop in Spain, among other places. This does not apply to drinks, food, accommodation, tickets and such, but merchandise such as clothing and electronics.

IVA (VAT in Spanish) is currently 21%, and you get it again when you shop in stores with the sticker in the window that says “Tax Free Shopping Service”. You must shop for more than 90 Euros, and the refund form must be completed correctly.

Allow yourself plenty of time at the airport, because that’s where you get your money back. You must first visit a separate counter for customs, and you may be asked to present the goods for which you require a refund. There you will then receive a check that you cash in at the exchange office next door. Remember that it can be long queues.

Five exciting festivals in Barcelona

In this city, it is almost always an exciting festival to join in. Thus, it does not matter when in the year you visit Barcelona. Nevertheless, we have selected five of the most exciting and fun festivals, all in very different genres. Maybe one of them is for you? Remember that both flights, hotels and festival tickets can be picked up quickly, especially if there are several events in the city at the same time. Start planning early!

  • La Mercè– This festival is held in honor of the Mare de Déu de la Mercè, Barcelona’s patron saint. La Mercè is held every year and lasts one week until 24 September. Here you can experience fantastic dancing, costumes and an insane fireworks show.
  • Barcelona Carnival– The Barcelona Carnival is a month-long event that takes place every year from the beginning of February to the beginning of March. The most important parades and parties, however, are the first week. The carnival in the city is a tradition that started as early as 1333.
  • Voll-Damm Festival Internacional de Jazz de Barcelona– The Jazz Festival lasts for a full two months, and is considered one of Europe’s finest of its kind. Here you can hear and see top bands and artists from all over the world, at concerts that take place all over the city. The concerts are often paired with other events, such as food or wine festivals.
  • Sala Montjuic– The film festival, where all the films are shown outdoors, usually lasts from the beginning of July to the beginning of August. The canvases are set up on Montjuic Hill, and everything from classics to indie films are shown. Sit outside in beautiful surroundings, have a drink, and enjoy a good movie after the sun goes down in Barcelona.
  • Festa de Sant Medir– The festival for those who have a sugar tooth! Tons of sweets are given away in the parade that takes place in the Gracia district every year on March 3. When all the candy is consumed, it all ends with fireworks and fun.
Alice Springs Travel Guide

Alice Springs Travel Guide

Alice Springs is the gateway to the red heart of Australia. Located in the heart of Australia, Alice Springs is a wilderness city that serves as a gateway to mystical Uluru. In secluded Alice Springs, the traveler finds a rare backyard atmosphere.


A city of fun raptures

With around 27,000 inhabitants, Alice Springs is the center of Australia’s red heart, with a long journey everywhere. The small town in the Northern Territory is built next to the handsome MacDonnell Ranges. It is worth hiking or sitting there even for a picnic. A memorable way to see red-glowing Central Australia is to take part in a hot air balloon trip.

There are a number of interesting events taking place in Alice Springs. The Alice Desert Festival showcases the rugged beauty of the desert through art and culture. The Beanie Festival, on the other hand, offers beanie shopping, and the city also has its own waterless regatta event on a dried river. In the Camel Cup, camels compete for speed.

Take an excursion to Uluru

Most tourists arriving in Alice Springs are in town because they want to see Uluru, a mystical red rock formation. However, many are surprised to realize that there is still more than 400 kilometers to the red stone from the city. Alice Springs has numerous travel agencies that organize guided tours of Uluru’s scenery.

While Alice Springs itself has no attractions like Uluru or Kata Tjuta, it’s worth spending a few days on a trip to Central Australia to observe this special kind of wilderness city. Interesting personalities and the small town’s way of life make Alice Springs exotic. Here, the tourist is really far from modern Sydney or trendy Melbourne.

Take an excursion to Uluru

Good to know about Alice Springs

Central Australia is an interesting destination for adventure travelers who enjoy cultural history, nature and outdoor activities. Lively resorts on the east coast are better suited for families with children.

The traveler should be aware that it can be very hot in Central Australia. Christmas, January and February are the hottest months of the year, when meter readings can hurt to 40 degrees. It is more pleasant for the tourist to visit the area during the local spring or autumn, although then the largest tourist crowds are on the move.

June and July are the coolest times of the year, when night temperatures may drop near zero. The days are still usually pleasantly warm.

Due to long distances, certain imported goods such as fruits and vegetables are expensive in Central Australia.

In the Aboriginal area

The state of the Northern Territory is traditionally an area inhabited by Aboriginal people, or the indigenous peoples of Australia. As the second largest city in the state, Alice Springs forms a major aboriginal center. It is estimated that nearly twenty percent of the city’s population is Aboriginal.

Alice Springs has several places to learn about Aboriginal culture and history. Art galleries and shops, on the other hand, display Aboriginal art and handicrafts.



Arrive via two stopovers

There is a long way from Finland to Alice Springs – on the other hand, there is a long way to the city from almost everywhere. You can even fly from Helsinki via Singapore to Sydney or Melbourne , and continue your journey to Alice Springs.

Alice Springs Airport is approximately 15 miles outside the city and is served by flights from all major Australian cities. From the airport to the city you can continue either by bus or by rental car.

You can also travel to Alice Springs on buses favored by backpackers. Packages sold by travel agents are popular. Another interesting form of travel is the Ghan train, which runs through Australia from Adelaide to Darwin.

Modest hotel offer

The Alice Springs hotel selection is quite modest. For travelers who want to take in the sights and sounds of Uluru, Ayers Rock Resort is the perfect choice.

There are some hostels in Alice Springs – these affordable accommodations, often favored by backpackers, often include private rooms. For many, camping is a preferred option in Central Australia.

My own ride in the wilderness is a must

Many tourists arrive in Alice Springs on a package tour – in which case transportation is usually included in the price of the tour.

For the self-employed traveler along the distances in Central Australia, the best means of transport is a rental car. It’s worth thinking about what kind of terrain you’re going to drive, as sometimes renting a four-wheel drive truck may be necessary.

Buses serving passengers traveling without a pass. Taxis are expensive in and around Alice Springs.



Ayers Rock aka Uluru

Anyone planning a trip to Central Australia may wonder why they want to travel thousands of miles to see one big rock. From others, Uluru is not seen for this reason.

The skeptic gets his answer when he sees Uluru fluttering in red, which is at its most beautiful at sunrise or sunset. Then all shades of red seem to glow with a huge rock formation surrounded by a mystical atmosphere. For Aboriginal people, Uluru is an important spiritual place.

Tourists can walk around the rock, climb along it, or view it from an airplane. However, climbing to Uluru is worth considering: the route is quite difficult, and the locals are not very supportive of climbing the sacred rock.

Kata Tyuta National Park

Kata Tjuta National Park, also known as Olgas, is located about 50 km from Uluru. Kata Tjuta, consisting of 36 rock formations, is closely associated with the Aboriginal legend alongside Uluru. The highest peak of Kata Tjuta rises higher than Uluruak, and many consider the place to be the most impressive attraction in Central Australia.

There are also various hiking trails on the outskirts of Kata Tjuta.

Watch the stars in the desert

A traveler staring at the sky in the deserts of Central Australia can be downright shocked by the number of stars. The uninhabited areas of Central Australia form a huge unlit area with incomprehensible views of the Milky Way. A traveler vacationing in Alice Springs should head outside the city to admire the star splendor.



What to do in Alice Springs

  1. Enjoy the unique atmosphere of the wilderness city
  2. Hike the MacDonnell Ranges
  3. Take an excursion to Uluru
  4. See Kata Tyuta National Park
  5. Visit Alice Springs Desert Park
Shopping and Eating in Zurich, Switzerland

Shopping and Eating in Zurich, Switzerland

According to DigoPaul, Zurich is one of the largest cities in the country of Switzerland.

Shopping in Zurich

Zurich’s main street is the world-famous shopping avenue Bahnhofstrasse. Here are a mile and a half with exclusive and expensive stores such as Bottega Veneta in No 25, Louis Vuitton in No 30, Chanel in No 39 and Cartier in No 47 in addition to all the chain stores. Here you can look at the price tags on the Rolex watches in the show windows and heaven with the eyes that someone is willing to spend 180000 kroner to pass the time, or you can go in and buy one. The Löwenstrasse parallel street is also one of Zurich’s leading shopping streets.

Most of us will probably feel more at home in the Niederdorf area of ​​Zurich’s Old Town, where there are a number of smaller shops.

Most of these have apparently existed since the 16th century. Niederdorfstrasse and down to Oberdorfstrasse and Limmatquai by the river are mandatory for shopping tourists, but be sure to look through the many side streets too! You can suddenly stumble across a small favorite store tucked away in an alley.

What to buy?

The most typical items tourists buy with them from Switzerland are undoubtedly watches, pocket knives and chocolates. Swiss watches have become synonymous with precision and quality, and there is almost no upper price limit for the most exclusive, such as Rolex and Omega.

Admittedly, you can find cheap wristwatches in Zurich defined by AbbreviationFinder, but if the price is under 40 Swiss francs, or 200 kroner, then it’s probably Asian imports. The most affordable Swiss watches are the well-known Swatch brand, and the M-watch.

The pocket knives, or Swiss Army Knifes as they are called internationally, are also one of Switzerland’s foremost inventions and merchandise. As the name suggests, they were made quite right for the Swiss army in 1891. You can buy these high-quality knives from Riethmüller AG at Bahnhofstrasse 31, or less expensive variants at the tourist shops. And don’t bring it with you in your luggage when you get home!

Swiss chocolate is considered one of the best in the world, and is a top seller in the tourist shops, or at the biggest grocery stores Coop and Migros, which have a huge selection on their chocolate shelves. The best of Swiss chocolate is found at the traditional Confiserie Sprüngli in Bahnhofstrasse 21, which is also Zurich’s oldest bakery. Alternatively, visit Teuscher in Storchengasse 9.

Shopping Centers

On Bahnhofstrasse are two of the city’s largest department stores. The traditional Jelmoli has existed since 1833, but today is in sharp competition with the modern Globus.

However, Zurich’s most popular shopping center is probably Shop Ville under the train station, which is one of the few places that is actually open seven days a week, from 0900 to 2100.


At Bürkliplatz at the south end of Bahnhofstrasse, and at Helvetiaplatz west of the train station, flower and vegetable markets are organized every Friday between 0600 and 1100. On Saturdays there are all kinds of groceries sold at Bürkliplatz from hundreds of small stalls.

Also check out the Arrivals Hall at the train station on Wednesdays, as the gourmet market with Swiss food products is kept in focus.

Generally about shopping in Zurich

The shop opening hours are usually from 0900 to 1830 or 2000 on weekdays, and from 0900 to 1600 or 1700 on Saturdays. On Sundays, most are closed, with the exception being Shop Ville.

Don’t forget that you pay 7.6% VAT and that on all purchases over 400 Swiss francs, or about NOK 2000, you can get a refund of the VAT on departure. Not all stores have a VAT refund scheme, so look for the Tax Free Shopping badge at the entrance to buy expensive products. Remember to bring a completed and stamped form and receipt.

Zurich Eats

Food in Zurich, Switzerland

Many associate Swiss food with fondue. Fondue is usually based on cheese, but is also offered with oil or chocolate. If you want to try this out, we can recommend Adler’s Swiss Chuchi, at Hotel Adler at the intersection of Niederdorfstrasse and Rosengasse. Prices start at around NOK 150 per person. Table reservation is recommended.

But the dish most typical of exactly Zurich is undoubtedly Zürigschnätzlets. This is veal in a sauce of cream and wine. As an accessory, try the roasti, a kind of thick mashed potato pancake. Rösti is also served as a main course, but is often seasoned with cheese, onions and bacon. And of course we should not forget the Swiss cheese, or Emmenthal, which has one of the places of honor in Swiss cuisine.

If you want to try something really local, then find the way to the old classic Rheinfelder Bierhalle in Niederdorfstrasse 76, which really meets all your expectations and prejudices about the Alpine country. Swiss food and cheap beer on the menu, and in the room there are white ceiling lights and long wooden benches that you would like to share with the sideman. So arch-Swiss that you almost expect a gentleman with a Tyrolean hat and the manager’s pants to pop up on the table every now and then.

Please note that this room can be quite smoky, at the time of writing the Swiss have not yet introduced any smoking law.

Another very Swiss but slightly nicer restaurant is Zeughauskeller in Bahnhofstrasse 28a, right on Paradeplatz. In a 15th-century building, this basement restaurant has been serving traditional Swiss food for 85 years, often prepared after centuries-old recipes. Among the city’s most fashionable restaurants is Sein, located in Schützengasse 5, just off the train station. Sein is known for a creative menu and they also have a good selection for vegetarians.
Zurich is also home to Europe’s first vegetarian restaurant. Hiltl opened as early as 1898 and is located at 28 Sihlstrasse.

If you are in the daring corner and want to try something completely out of the ordinary, then choose the restaurant Blindekuh, or at good Norwegian Blindebukk. Here, blind waiters serve you food made by blind cooks, and you sit in the steamy darkness eating something you have no idea what is or what it looks like. What does the interior look like? We have no idea! The address is Mühlbachstrasse 48.

Drink in Zurich

Switzerland may not be the country you first think of when it comes to wine, but there are several wine districts in the country. Most are located in the west of Switzerland, around Geneva and Neuchatel, and in Ticino in the south. You’ve probably never heard of any of the brands because it’s not exported out of the country, but Riesling X Sylvaner is a decent and popular white wine. The red wines aren’t the whole world. Read more about Swiss wine !

The Swiss are also enthusiastic about their Rivella, a locally produced soft drink with carbonated acid, but based on milk products, thus containing lactose.

Also try the chocolate milk drink Ovomaltine, which has a tradition of more than a hundred years in Switzerland and which is ever popular.

The largest brewery in Switzerland is Feldschlösschen, which among other things produces the mild pilsner beer of the same name. At the other end of the scale you have powder barrel Samichlaus, one of the world’s strongest beer brands at 14%. It is produced (fortunately) only for Christmas, hence the name called Santa Claus. We also have the sense of the bright Pilsen Unser Bier from Basel, and Appenzeller’s Natural Pearl.

Shopping and Eating in Zadar, Croatia

Shopping and Eating in Zadar, Croatia

According to DigoPaul, Zadar is one of the largest cities in the country of Croatia.

Shopping in Zadar

Zadar, the capital of Croatia described on Countryaah is a big city by Croatian scale, so this is a place where you can shop most of the time. Of course, Zadar can’t compare to metropolises like London, Milan or Paris, but on the other hand, why not go here if the main goal is shopping of the latest fashion either?

Zadar defined by AbbreviationFinder is a happy summer holiday town, and of course also touristy, so it does not surprise anyone if you find Norwegian or Swedish newspapers in a newsstand. In any case, you can buy newspapers from Italy, Germany and the United Kingdom. Take a trip to Slobodna Dalmacija kiosk on the mainland side of the bridge leading to the Old Town.

What is worth bringing along are local delicacies, such as cheese and ham. Feel free to take a look at Croatian crafts and ancient antiques as well. Very nice to buy and at good prices. Most of the attention is given to the local lace arts. The price may seem high, but these are top-class crafts, and the number of hours behind is many! If you are looking for clothing, shoes or accessories, local brands will be cheap. International brands, on the other hand, have international prices too.

Lace and crafts products in Zadar

Studio Like is found in the street Don Ive Prodana 7 and it is open from 0900 to 1500 and 1800 to 2100 every weekday. Saturdays, only the morning session is held and Sundays are closed. Here you will find traditional lace products from the surrounding area and also other craft products from other places in Croatia, eg. Dubrovnik and Lepoglava. You will also find ceramics and glass noise here.

Antiques in Zadar

For antique shopping, head to the antique market located on the street Jurja Barakovića, in the old town. Open daily between 0900 and 1400, and 1500 to 2100. Here you will find a number of products made in the Dalmatia region, and if you are able to negotiate, you may be able to make a real bargain!

Shopping food and delicacies in Zadar

Pag cheese and Posedarski pršut are something you just have to buy. Pršut ham means just as much to the people of the Dalmatia region as Parma ham means to Italians. Of course you have to buy this with you. You get dry and salted or soft and mild. Whichever type of ham is good! Best enjoyed with olive oil, tomatoes and delicious red wine! Pag is sheep’s milk cheese, and in taste and consistency it may be reminiscent of Parmesan. The cheese is expensive but worth it. Look for outlets with signs that say “Paški sir”.

The Slavonica store is located in the City Gallery shopping center (in Murvička 1 street) and is a must visit for anyone who loves meat, ham and salami. Not least, you will find home-made Slavonic specialties here!

Shopping centers in Zadar

Callegro (We have been told that this center is closed! Please feel free to provide additional information at the bottom of our page).
In the heart of Zadar you will find a modern and quite special shopping center. It is called Callegro and is located on the street Široka ulica 18. Opening hours are 0730 to 2400 week throughout the high season. The inspiration for the Arctic tour is taken from Roman times, but the packaging is hypermodern. There are also dining, cinema and much more, as well as all kinds of shops.

City Gallery
In Murvička 1 street you will find this multicenter where spectacular architecture contains lots of shops and cultural activities. City Gallery is an attraction in itself. Open from 0900 to 2100 Monday to Saturday. Open 0900 to 1400 on Sundays. We could just as well have been in London or Berlin, but without such great beaches nearby! NB On Sundays, the supermarket, cafes, the local (green) market and the cinema are open. Ordinary stores are closed.

Eating in Zadar

Food in Zadar, Croatia

There is plenty of delicious food waiting for you in Zadar and Croatia. Homemade pasta has long traditions. And different areas of Croatia have their own specialties. Such pasta is often combined with lamb. Certainly followed by cherry liqueur, which is also a local specialty in and around Zadar. This drink dates back to the 16th century.

You will also be able to eat a lot of good seafood. Croatia has the Adriatic coast from north to south. Otherwise, a lot of meat is eaten, often pork and bacon.

You do not “have to” give tips in Croatia, but it is common with up to 10% drink in restaurants if you are well satisfied with the service.

Pizza is probably the most popular dish in Croatia as in the Western world otherwise. Why not eat your pizza in Zadar’s oldest Pizza Restaurant. It’s called Tri Bunara and logically located on Trg Tri Bunara, and has kept you going since the 1920s. Open for dinner from 1900 to 2400 every day.

Local food in Zadar

Want local food is a classic in the Zadar restaurant Albin. Albin uses its own olive oil and is more than a little known for its fish soup. The address is Put Dikla 47, and opening hours are 1800 to 2400.

Lamb meat is a specialty on the Dalmatia coast You cannot be on the Dalmatia coast without eating lamb, and then preferably lamb from the island of Pag. A good choice in Zadar is Tamaris in the street Zagrebačka 5. If for some strange reason you do not like lamb, you can of course eat other local food. Positive also that the restaurant has a lot of good wine to offer. The restaurant is open for dinner from 1900 to 2400.

Nightlife in Zadar

There is plenty to do in Zadar after the restaurant visit. There are several nightclubs and discos in the city. And like many holiday resorts, the atmosphere is friendly and characterized by people of all ages using the establishments. The Old Town is popular to visit in the evening, as are nightlife options at Borik and Diklo. To enjoy the wonderful sunset in Zadar, a tip is to visit the Mango bar located about 5 km outside the city center, north of the city along the coast. The address is Krešimirova obala 12, by Diklo. The place is popular and is open from 2000 until 0400.

If you are the type of combination pub and disco then try Maya Pubin Liburnska obala 6. Here is a little Ibiza style with Shiva figure on the wall and terrace with sea view. At night, this becomes a very cool club. There are often live bands, often local artists. Open from 1900 to 0300.

The most beautiful is perhaps The Garden, started by the former drummer in the band UB40. The address is Bedemi zadarskih pobuna bb at the top of the Venetian fortress wall. The Garden hosts the festival in early July. Many claim this is the best lounge on the Adriatic coast. At least on the east coast of the Adriatic.

Shopping and Eating in Wroclaw, Poland

Shopping and Eating in Wroclaw, Poland

According to DigoPaul, Wroclaw is one of the largest cities in the country of Poland.

Shopping in Wroclaw

There is a nice price level in Poland, and this benefit you bring with you as a tourist in Wroclaw defined by AbbreviationFinder. But you do not come here to shop well-known western brands. Not that you won’t find everything from Armani to Donna Karan here, but it’s not much cheaper than home.

On the other hand, it is much cheaper to find when it comes to locally produced products, whether it is food and drink, craft products, clothing and jewelry, or antiques.

The most expensive shops can be found in the streets of Odrzanska and Mikolaja. Here are boutiques you might as well find in Paris or Milan. Another such street is Kielbasnicza. By the way, this is a street those of us who like to look in cozy antique shops also go to.

Most tourists probably shop no matter more in the area around the square in the center of Old Town, and especially in the streets of ulica Swidnicka and ulica Olawska. Here it is formally packed with all kinds of shops, and the whole family will probably find something that suits their own style and wallet.

Markets in Wroclaw

Not far from the train station you will find Wroclaw’s largest market. It’s called the Zielinskiego Market and it’s located at Plac Zielinskiego, which you will find at the corner of Piaskowa and Sw. Ducha. This is an attraction you should bring even if you are not primarily in Wroclaw to shop. Here you get everything! Open all days except Sundays. Weekdays from 0700 to 1800 and Saturdays from 0700 to 1500.

You can find another market in the street ul. Piaskowa 17. It is called Hala Targowa and was once the leading market in Wroclaw. Today, the selection is still very good, although it is probably a little less popular than the Zielinskiego market. Open from 0800 to 1830 every weekday, and Saturdays from 0900 to 1500. Closed Sundays.

Shopping centers in Wroclaw

There are many great shopping centers in Wroclaw, but the fact is you basically only need to know about one of them. It’s called Magnolia Park and it’s the biggest and best. Almost as an adventure center to count. You can just take a taxi to Magnolia Park since it is located in ul. Legnicka 58, a little outside the city center.

If you do not want to leave the city center, you have Arkady Wroclawskie in the street
ul. Powstanców Slaskich 2-4, not far from the train station. Here are more than 100 well-known brand stores including H&M and Benetton in addition to restaurants and cafes. Aquariums and other children’s entertainment are also on site.

Souvenirs in Wroclaw

If you are one of those who consider postcards, plastic clocks or a cup with the Wroclaw City Hall on, as a souvenir, then know that “junkies” selling such are everywhere. But do not think that it is a Polish product you buy. Most likely, the cup is from China.

Of other more “real” souvenir products, it is primarily amber, and then in the form of jewelry, which is most popular. And amber jewelry can be really beautiful. Just make sure you bring a real one. For example, go to Galeria Art Amber in the street ul. Szewska 68 / 1a to avoid being fooled. Galeria Art Amber is well known outside Wroclaw.

Alternatively, beverages are a decent souvenir. Poland is the real homeland of Vodka, and not Russia as you might have assumed? Buy with a bottle of Chopin. Or how about a bottle of Goldwasser ? You know the liqueur with 22 to 23 carat leaf-gold in!

Eating in Wroclaw

Like many other cities, Wroclaw is heavily influenced by its history in terms of food and nightlife. With its German history you will find several beautiful beer gardens and beer halls in the city, not least Bierhalle Zwizki. This happy tourist trap can be found in the street Ratusz 24-27. Here are beers in large glasses, waitresses in colorful uniforms with big rings, and German-inspired food. And all at nice prices.

Wroclaw also has Jewish restaurants as a result of the city’s historically strong Jewish enclave. One of the best Jewish restaurants is Sarah in the street ul. Wlodkowica 5, not far from the synagogue, west of the old town. And they have more to offer than kosher food. Open from 1200 to 2200.

You can also eat international food in Wroclaw. Good restaurants with cuisine from Italy, Greece, India or Mexico are just as common here, as in well-known cities in the West. Unfortunately, or perhaps fortunately, there are also the same fast food chains here that you also know from other big cities, e.g. TGF or “Fridays” as it is now referred to as in daily speech.

So-called green restaurants are also spreading, and Vega Bar Weganski is probably the oldest vegan variety in Wroclaw with its start in 1987. The food is made from scratch, and you also get fresh fruits, vegetables, soups, nuts, herbs and you name it.

Vega Bar Weganski is open from 0800 to 2000 (2100 Fridays and Saturdays) every day. The address is Rynek 27a.

Polish food has no reputation for being the best in the world in terms of haute cuisine, but the portions are large, the drink strong and the influence of Germany and Austria palpable. It is certainly pleasant to spend an evening at a Polish restaurant, and the food is better than you think.

Some select restaurants in Wroclaw

Food in Wroclaw, Poland

The restaurant Cesarsko-Królewska in the street Rynek 19 tries to recreate the grandeur of the past in cities like Vienna. The restaurant has several magnificent dining rooms, literally, and the menu consists of delicious game dishes as well as other classic European cuisine. You will also have the opportunity to taste delicious vodka here.

This Italian trattoria offers pasta and other well-known Italian dishes, and is just as good as a restaurant in Italy. Opening hours are from 1200 to 2400. The address is ul. Wiezienna 21 in the old town.

Gallo Nero
Take the trip to Pl. Teatralna 4, in the basement of Teatr Lalek, you will find (yet another) Italian restaurant that gets good feedback. Previously, this was the very special restaurant Restauracja Teatralna where the world was literally turned upside down.

There is still something unique about eating in these premises. Both exclusive and popular at once.

Nightlife in Wroclaw

In Poland, it is often the case that the bars only close when the last customer leaves the scene, and it is no different in Wroclaw. At least around the market square in the old town.

You will also find good night spots west of the main square, ie in ul. Ruska and ul. Wlodkowica. The former street is the youth’s favorite with many clubs and bars. Many travelers and residents alike make the trip to the old train station at Plac Orlat Lwowskich.

Itinerary Tips!

What should we do, we who enjoyed the very cozy music bar / restaurant Ragtime? Well we suggest the bar right next door, more specifically at Pl. Solny 11. The place is called Cocktail bar by Incognito and it is a good old fashioned cocktail bar which offers first class drinks in a safe and relaxed environment. What more could one want?

Shopping and Eating in Washington DC

Shopping and Eating in Washington DC

According to AbbreviationFinder, Washington DC is one of the largest cities in the country of United States.

Shopping in Washington DC

Washington DC’s premier shopping district is located in the northwest, more specifically in Georgetown. There are shops around M Street and Wisconsin Avenue, scattered on both sides of the many pedestrian streets. In addition to expensive designer outlets such as Versace, Gucci and Dior and small specialist stores, you will also find several large shopping centers with all the well-known store chains. Americans love their malls, and they are, like most things in the United States, gigantic.


You might expect to find most and largest stores in Downtown and around the National Mall, but here are mostly just souvenir shops. In contrast, the city has an exceptionally good selection of these, from the tourist shops with myriad variants of t-shirts, cups and bags with a picture of the Capitol and White House and rubber masks by the presidents, to the slightly more exclusive gift shops most museums have their areas.

But there are some exceptions. Just east of the White House, at 1201 G Street NW, is the branch of one of America’s largest department stores, Macy’s. In the quarter below, you’ll find the small National Place shopping center at 1331 Pennsylvania Avenue, and close by, at 529 14th Street, is the city branch of Filene’s Basement. This is a Boston-based concept with a large selection of surplus brand clothing, where you can find designer products or wedding dresses at a fraction of the price. Both clothes and shoes for men, women and children.

At Capitol Hill, take a look at Union Station, which is not only a train station, but also a large and modern indoor shopping center, with hundreds of shops, restaurants, eateries and a cinema complex. If you are a stamp collector, just head to the National Postal Museum, which will be a treasure trove for avid philatelists.

A block away from Union Station is several more bohemian Eastern Market, which has its roots back to 1873. South Hall still sells fresh vegetables, fish and shellfish, fruits and flowers, dairy products and meats, while outdoor arts and crafts are organized on weekends. craft fair on Saturdays and flea market on Sundays.

Most major shops and shopping centers are open from 1000 to 2000 or 2100 on all weekdays, and from 1100 to 1800 on Sundays.

Washington DC, the capital of USA described on Countryaah has a 5.75% sales tax plus all items when you pay. But there is no effective system for refunding this tax upon departure.

Eating in Washington

Food in Washington DC

Washington DC residents are among the youngest and most buoyant in the United States, and few eat at a restaurant more often than them. And the selection matches demand, here it is teeming with eateries in all price ranges with kitchens from all over the world. If you want to eat Vietnamese, Peruvian, Italian, Indian, Polish, Lebanese or Argentine, then you can find it in Washington DC.

Most restaurants are in the area around Dupont Circle, Georgetown and Adams Morgan. In recent years, suburban Alexandria, which is actually located in Virginia and not in DC, has also established itself as a reputable restaurant area. Washington DC residents are increasingly heading south to test out some of Alexandria’s increasingly trendy eateries.

Here is a list of the top ten restaurants in Washington DC!

As of this writing, this list is topped by the elegant French restaurant Michel Richard Citronelle, located in the Latham Hotel at 3000 M Street NW, Georgetown. It’s not cheap, but here your food is made by one of the country’s most renowned managers, and the service is probably always outstanding ! Reservation is required.

Georgetown’s premier restaurant streets are M Street and Wisconsin Avenue. One of the classic eateries here is the seafood restaurant Sequoia, which also has an outdoor terrace overlooking the Potomac River.

More affordable and centrally located is the modern Asian restaurant TenPenh, which is named after the address on the corner of Tenth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue. We were very pleased with our food and really enjoyed the room, which is decorated with objects and art from China and Thailand.

Important about nightlife and restaurants in the US and Washington

Don’t forget that waiters and waiters, etc. work on tip-based pay, and 15% of the bill is a minimum you should consider if the service has been good. Anything below this will probably lead to dissatisfied murmurings about stingers. If you are very satisfied with the service, you should add 20-25%.

Despite Monty Python forever and ever giving American beer a reputation for being thin and tasteless, (“Like making love in a canoe; it’s f ****** close to water…..”) You have a lot of tasty in store for the capital’s pubs. Here you will find an overview of the district’s breweries, pubs and beer specialists.

Shopping and Eating in Warsaw, Poland

Shopping and Eating in Warsaw, Poland

According to DigoPaul, Warsaw is one of the largest cities in the country of Poland.

Shopping in Warsaw

Poland, after its membership in the EU, has noticed that prices have increased, but you still get very good value for money in Warsaw, the capital of Poland described on Countryaah. Imported goods are of course not particularly cheaper than at home, but all of the locally produced goods have generally very reasonable prices.

Like almost everywhere else in Eastern Europe, amber jewelry and crystal products are the most common souvenirs that tourists come home with. You will find these in hundreds of street stalls virtually everywhere in Warsaw defined by AbbreviationFinder.

The main shopping streets are Nowy Swiat and the Chmielna cross street, where you will find everything from shoes, music, clothes and books.

Shopping malls and outdoor markets in Warsaw

There are plenty of great shopping centers and department stores in Warsaw. The largest and most central is the Galeria Center in Marszalkowska in the center. Further north, in Muranow, is the equally large Arcadia in Jana Pawla II 82, and not far away in Okopowa 58/72 is the Klif shopping center.

Those who thrive in markets have something to look forward to when they come to Warsaw. And this despite the huge “Russian market” that has long been located at the Dziesieciolecia Stadium in Praga is now gone.

This once was an endless maze of stalls selling obscure items such as pirated CDs, DVDs, clothing, shoes, vodka, software, fishing rods, cosmetics, cigarettes and books, and also Russian uniforms, statues of Hitler, Iron Cross and infrared binoculars, has been removed by the authority. If you asked the right seller, you could probably have bought plutonium, panda bears, Munch paintings, crocodiles or a bazooka here as well. Where all these sellers have now taken the road is the question everyone asks.

Kolo Bazar in Warsaw

Kolo Bazar is a great option for those who love to go in search of “fleas” and rarities. With opening hours from 0600 to 1800 every weekday and to 1600 Saturdays and Sundays this is an accessible market where you can buy all sorts of weird products. Here, of course, you do not pay the retail price, but negotiate as best you can. The address is ul. Obozowa 99.

Tax Free Shopping in Warsaw

Do not forget that you pay VAT and that on all purchases over 200 zloty you can get refunded VAT on departure. Not all stores have a VAT refund scheme, so look for the Tax Free Shopping badge at the entrance to buy expensive products. Remember to bring a completed and stamped form and receipt.

Eating in Warsaw

Food in Warsaw, Poland

Few of us have any exact associations with the term “Polish food”, but if you have been to the Czech Republic, you have some idea of ​​what awaits you. Like the rest of Eastern Europe, traditional Polish food is based on ingredients such as pork, bacon, sausages, sauerkraut potatoes, and thick, brown sauces. In addition to all the soups. The food is usually served in large, saturating portions.

An archetypal Polish dinner will usually consist of the appetizer smalec (fried kebab with bread) or the soup Zurek (a sour rye soup with potatoes and sausage) followed by the unofficial national dish bigos. This is a hunter’s garden consisting of meat, onions and sauerkraut that has stood and “compensated” for a few days, and it is probably only the country’s own residents who supply themselves twice. For dessert, the cheesecake is often served sernik. Everything is washed down with bare vodka or beer. Na zdrowie!

Warsaw is far from the coastline, so fish and other seafood are not as common here as it is further north in the country, even though the Vistula River flows through the center.

Some select restaurants in Warsaw

You will find many restaurants in the center of Warsaw serving traditional Polish cuisine, such as the Honoratka Cafe in Miodowa 14. This is one of the city’s oldest eateries, and Frederic Chopin, who lived in Warsaw for 20 years, was a regular guest here. The venue is in a medieval cellar, and the menu matches, with dishes such as wild boar in juniper sauce with mead to drink. Afterwards you have a short distance to the many nightlife in the Old Town.

Taxis in Warsaw have a starting price of 6 zloty, and then about 10 kroner per kilometer in the evening / night time, so you are not ruined by spending a taxi home to the hotel afterwards.

Also Restaurant Przy Zamku serves Polish cuisine and is very popular with tourists, not least because of its location vis a vis the castle. The address is plac Zamkowy 15/19.

For a coffee or lunch, try the semi-legendary Blikle Cafe on Nowy Swiat 33.

If you want to try something more fun, we can suggest Kompania Piwna in Podwale 25, just west of the Barbican. This is actually a large beer hall, but they serve large dining areas with thick beer additives, and there is a generally cheerful atmosphere here and in the garden outside. The place is suitable for both families and couples. Afterwards you have a short way down to the Old Town nightlife.

If you prefer to eat Japanese, Indian, French, Italian, Mexican, Brazilian or Chinese, there are plenty of options for that as well.

Nightlife in Warsaw

Vodka can be considered the national drink in Poland, and the Poles claim that it was they who invented it. Here, the vodka should be drunk bar in small glasses, and preferably swallowed in one sip. However, there is no tradition of wine in Poland, and no wines are produced here either. Wine is of course available at restaurants and shops, and the Hungarian wines are considerably less expensive than Western European ones.

Beer, on the other hand, drinks a lot of poles, but beer is not necessarily served cold as with us. The most popular are the bright pillar brands Zywiec, Okocim and Duitsie. Try the microbrewery at Bierhalle in Nowy Swiat 2. A pint usually costs about 25 kroner at a pub or cafe.

Shopping and Eating in Vilnius, Lithuania

Shopping and Eating in Vilnius, Lithuania

According to DigoPaul, Vilnius is one of the largest cities in the country of Lithuania.

Shopping in Vilnius

You do not go to Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania described on Countryaah primarily for shopping. Granted, the prices are low, but the selection is not very different than in Norway when it comes to shoes and clothes.

But you will still have fun by visiting some of the many craft and souvenir shops. The most typical souvenir you can take home from Vilnius is undoubtedly amber jewelry. You will find plenty of market stalls selling this along the Pilies Gatve pedestrian street in the Old Town, and in Vilnius’ oldest street, Ausros Vartu Gatve. Here you can also buy crafts such as religious statues, wooden dolls and toys, woven baskets and the classic eggs with one grandmother (or Russian president) after another inside each other.

In many places you can also come across objects from the Soviet era, so if you wanted a Red Army hat, Soviet banknotes and coins, framed Stalin pictures or a small hammer-and-sickle to the fireplace shelf, you have come to the right city.

Gedimino Prospectus – the shopping street in Vilnius

The main shopping street in Vilnius is without doubt the new and beautiful Gedimino Prospectus. Here you will find most fashionable clothing chains such as Zara and Marks & Spencer.

Markets in Vilnius

You can also have great fun by visiting the morning market in Kalvarijos, in the district of Snipiskes north of Neris. Here it is high tempo and an equally high noise level, while vegetables, fruits, fish, meat and flowers are sold over hundreds of dishes.

Shopping centers in Vilnius

If you prefer shopping centers, you have the Europa Tower in Snipiskees just north of Neris and the Old Town, and a few kilometers further north is the Baltic’s largest shopping and entertainment center, the Acropolis, where you will also find cinemas, bowling alley and ice skating rink. The designer shops selling Armani, Dior and Escada can be found in front of Vilnius City Hall.

In general about shopping in Vilnius

Most shops in Vilnius defined by AbbreviationFinder are open from 8am. 1000 to 1800 on weekdays, and to 1500 on Saturdays. Sundays are mostly closed everywhere, except for the most persistent souvenir shops. Don’t forget to pay VAT, and on all purchases over 200 litas, or approx. 500 NOK, you can get a refund of the VAT on departure. Not every business practices this scheme, so look for the Tax Free Shopping badge at the entrance if you are going to buy some more expensive items and bring a completed and stamped form and receipt.

Eating in Vilnius

Food in Vilnius, Lithuania

Like the rest of Eastern Europe, traditional food in Lithuania is characterized by meat and potatoes, cabbage and fatty, brown sauces. It should be honestly admitted that Vilnius’ restaurants are not world class in terms of food or service. But the quality is decent enough, while your wallet comes out relatively well from the meeting, even at the best restaurants in town.

A main course at a good restaurant is around a hundred pieces. As tourism grows, ethnic restaurants have of course emerged, so you have plenty of options if you prefer to eat Indian, Argentine, Chinese, Turkish or Swedish.

If you intend to take a bar-to-bar lap in Vilnius, at least you will not wear out your shoe soles until it is time to go home. The dining places are close to the Old Town, and you do not have to go far, no matter where in the city you are when the thirst begins. Beer is the main drink in Lithuania, with vodka notched in the heel.

The beer is often served with bars of deep-fried garlic bread, while the vodka is served bar. Wine has no tradition in Lithuania. Of course, you can buy wine at most restaurants and bars, but it is always imported and relatively expensive compared to the options.

Of the restaurants in Vilnius, the itinerary of personal experience can recommend these:

Sue’s Indian Raja
Odminiu 3.
This Indian restaurant with an outdoor table by the cathedral square has a sister restaurant in Riga that was recently named one of Europe’s best.

Stikliu str 8.
In a basement room in the Jewish quarters is this atmospheric medieval restaurant where you can choose boats, beaver, wild boar and bear from the menu. The less ambitious can choose fish or bird. Entrance via a steep and very narrow stone staircase.

El Gaucho Sano
Pilies gatve 10.
In the Old Town’s main street, this Argentine restaurant is at the heart of the Atrium Hotel room. The specialty is tender, juicy steaks, served on planks with lots of accessories.

Shopping and Eating in Vienna, Austria

Shopping and Eating in Vienna, Austria

According to DigoPaul, Vienna is one of the largest cities in the country of Austria.

Shopping in Vienna

Vienna, the capital of Austria described on Countryaah is not a cheap shopping city. Historically it has always been expensive in Vienna, not least because of the wealth of aristocracy and its demand for the exclusive and refined. However, you will find flea markets and street markets where you can make discoveries. In addition, Vienna offers top quality handicraft products and of course, trendy clothes and jewelry.

There are always many people shopping between the Opera House and St. Stephen’s Cathedral, and the most exclusive shopping areas can be found around Kärtner Strasse, Graben and Kohlmarkt. Around the last two streets there is a lot of good when it comes to antique shops and art galleries. If you see stores labeled KUK, this stands for Kaiserlich Und Königlich, which means that the store is the official court supplier. You can also assume that the goods in the store are expensive.

If you are looking for cheaper products, try the shopping centers in the south of Vienna or the shops around Favoritenstrasse and Meidlinger Hauptstrasse.

Window shopping in Vienna

Window shopping in Vienna defined by AbbreviationFinder is very nice. Strolling around the narrow and charming streets of the city center (Inner Stadt) and looking at the range of designer shops and providers of arts and crafts is an experience in itself.

Vienna’s longest shopping street is probably Mariahilferstraße (see picture first in the article). Here you will find a rich variety of shops, not least the Gerngross shopping center, which is known for value-for-money items. Gerngross is on five floors and also has restaurants if the hunger turns up. The address is Mariahilfer Straße 38-40. You will find the street in District 6, southwest of District 1.

Markets in Vienna

One of the most famous markets in Vienna is the Naschmarkt. This market has a large selection of fresh vegetables and fruits in addition to a lot of specialty foods. The market opens at 0600 in the morning and does not close until 1800 on weekdays and 1700 on Saturdays. The market is located just off Karlsplatz.

One market for those looking for rarities and spin-offs is the Alt Wiener Flohmarkt, located in Kettenbrückengasse. The flea market is open from sunrise to 7 p.m. 1700 on Saturdays. Here you will find everything!

At Christmas, Vienna has several Christmas markets. The most famous one is right next to the town hall and is called Christkindlmarkt.

Tax free shopping in Vienna

A tip for happy visitors from outside the EU: You can claim a refund of 20% VAT. on values ​​exceeding 75 euros. You can do this at the airport when you go home. The person who purchases (or demands the money refunded) must be over 18 years of age and purchases are counted per day. That means you have to shop for at least 75 Euro in one day.

Eating in Vienna

Food in Vienna, Austria

Over the past 30 years, Vienna’s eateries have had a real boom. Generally, a lot of beer is drank in Austria, and besides, good wine is produced. In particular, Austrian white wine is of high quality. You will find many good cafés and local restaurants in Vienna, as well as a growing number of Asian and Indian restaurants.

The local food is naturally influenced by countries such as Hungary, Italy, Turkey and Germany. The fish food is rarely of the highest brand, naturally enough since the country does not have its own coastline. Of course, you must try the Wienerschnitzel while in Vienna. There is breaded veal with lemon. There are many sausage stalls, and they have good supper. These stalls are called Wurstelstand.

We must also mention Vienna’s many pastries that are worth trying. Relax with a coffee and Austrian apple cake and you will feel like the world is good. There are also many fine coffee houses. Try the Cafe Museum which opened in 1889 and is located in Friedrichstraße 6 / Operngasse 7 near Karlplatz.

The local bars, where you can also dine, are called Beisels and are everywhere. These are usually family owned restaurants where the owner even pours beer and prepares the food.

Some recommended eateries in Vienna

Figlmüller in the street Wollzeile 5 at Stephansplatz is the flagship restaurant of Figlmüller. Here you will find Vienna’s largest Vienna schnitzel. Figlmüller is usually open from 1100 to 2330 every day of the week.

Schweizerhaus in the street Strasse on 1 May 116 (2nd district) is a typical Viennese restaurant. The restaurant also has a garden and the prices are pleasantly low.

The Swiss House offers typical German / Austrian cuisine and atmosphere. Here, of course, we talk a lot of beer, not only in glass, but also in food. We think, for example. at Biersuppe and Budweiser Bierkraut. Otherwise, a lot goes into meat. Try Hintere Schweinsstelze or Krautfleisch Nach art des hauses.

Schweizerhaus is mostly open from 1100 to 2300. NB! Reasonable prices considering large portions of food.

Pizzeria Osteria da Giovanni
In Sigmundsgasse 14 you will find one of several good Italian restaurants in Vienna. Like Italian restaurants it is informal and has nice prices. The menu offers traditional Italian dishes such as pizza, but also some specialties. Good wine selection.

NB! Not open for lunch on weekdays. Opens 1600 and closes approximately 2300.

Cafes and patisseries

Patisseries and cafes must be tried several times while in Vienna. And not just brown varieties. Many of the cafés and patisseries in Vienna are architectural masterpieces. And there are also the pastries here too. And we should not hide that you can also have a lot of fun drinking. A local specialty of the coffee houses is Mocha sprinkled. It’s black coffee with brandy!

Cafe Central in Vienna

Cafe Central is located in Herrengasse 14 in ” Inner Stadt “, and then you understand that you are in District 1. Cafe Central is located in Palais Ferstel and opened as early as 1876.

Cafe Central quickly became a meeting place for the intellectuals in Vienna and here both Freud, Stalin, Hitler and Trotsky have eaten, drunk and discussed. In the premises of Central, revolutions have been planned and scientific theories have been produced, discussed and rejected.

Cafe Central is popularly known as the “chess school” since the 2nd floor has often been used for board games. Cafe Central is as good and bad as a tourist attraction like a Café these days, but it’s hard to avoid a visit here during your trip to Vienna.

Also visit……

Old Bakehouse is the patisserie / cafe which is also a museum. The address is Lange Gasse 34 (District 8). Alternatively, try Zartl in Rasumofskygasse 7 (District 3). Here, there are often concerts and poetry reading in the evenings. Café Zartl is usually open from 0700 to 2200.

Demel is one of the best pastry shops in Vienna and is located in Kohlmarkt 14 (1st district). Here you will find everything even calories.

Shopping and Eating in Venice, Italy

Shopping and Eating in Venice, Italy

According to DigoPaul, Venice is one of the largest cities in the country of Italy.

Shopping in Venice

Shopping in Venice defined by AbbreviationFinder can be a costly affair. After all, this is Italy’s most expensive city. Venice offers quality and exclusivity that is not left behind for Paris and Milan. The fashion conscious will find products from all the major designers like Armani, Versace and Prada in the shops around St. Mark’s Square.

The best shoe and clothing stores are located in Torre dell Orologio, the street that leads from St. Mark’s Square to the Rialto Bridge. Here are also some antique shops, another Venice specialty, although the few tourists have a holiday budget that makes shopping possible.

Venetian specialties

Many tourists tend to end up with typical Venice souvenirs such as small wooden or plastic gondola models that street vendors have put on them. Rather focus on real Venetian glass art. You can buy it directly from the factory outlets on the island of Murano, where the glass factories were located after a city fire in the 13th century.

In Murano, you can watch as the glass artist picks up a red-hot lump from the stove and with some quick grips with pliers pulls out four legs, one head, one tail, and flip: a stealing glass horse! Be sure to pack your purchases well for the return trip!

Lace is another local specialty. On the colorful island of Burano, the art is kept alive at its own lace school, which produces the island’s most important export item. It is incredibly fascinating to look at black-clad old wives who sit silently in the doorway and conjure up the most intricate details of their craft.

Carnival masks are perhaps the most archetypal you can bring home. They are most often made in cardboard masks and are available in all sizes, shapes and colors, from refrigerator magnets to heavy feathers and head ornaments. Look for this in the markets of San Polo right across the Rialto Bridge.

Those who prefer large shopping malls and arcades should probably (fortunately) find themselves on a trip to the mainland. Nearest town is Mestre.

In general about shopping in Venice

The stores are usually open from 10am. From 0930 to 1330 and from. 1530 to 2000, but this varies. Most shops are closed on Sundays, although there are exceptions.

Tax Free Shopping in Venice

Don’t forget that you pay 20% VAT and on all purchases over approx. You can get a refund of NOK 1500 on departure. Not all businesses have this scheme on their sale, so look for the Tax Free Shopping badge at the entrance if you are going to buy some more expensive items and bring a completed and stamped form and receipt.

NB! It might be tempting to buy a copy of a brand from one of the many African illegal immigrants that you are sure to come across. But be aware that in many places Italian police have given up trying and fining the sellers, as they often have neither money nor ID papers. But it has YOU.

Civilian-clad policemen are therefore keeping a close eye on street vendors, and if they see that you are buying a pirate copy of, for example. a Louis Vutton case or Rolex watch at a fraction of the price, you should expect to receive a staggering fine of the order of $ 25,000-30000.

Eating in Venice

Food in Venice, Italy

In Venice, there are hundreds of restaurants serving typical Italian food such as pasta and pizza. Beyond these dishes is the seafood that dominates the menus. As elsewhere in Italy, the pasta is relatively inexpensive, while the seafood varies in price.

You can get cheap fish at a simple restaurant or specially made squid for astronomical bucks. If you want to eat quality food, we recommend leaving the most touristy San Marco area and looking for eateries further into the city center of Venice.

Most eateries have both lunch menus and tourist menus that are less expensive than evening meals, but they are rarely as satisfying.

Featured restaurants in Venice

Da Fiore
One of the most exclusive and most expensive restaurants with a very good reputation is Da Fiore in Calle dei Scaleter. The specialty is traditional Venetian seafood. Pre-booking is absolutely necessary. Here you can have lunch or dinner from 1900 to 2230. Closed Sundays and Mondays.

Le Bistrot de Venise
Le Bistrot de Venise at St. Mark’s Square is another highly special restaurant based on local seafood, but with recipes from the 14th to the 17th century. A wide menu provides good food regardless of your taste. The address is Calle dei Fabbri and opening hours are 1200 – 1500 for lunch and 1900 to 2400 all seven days of the week.

Trattoria Alla Madonna
In the street Calle della Madonna, 594, just off the Rialto Bridge, you will find a pleasant and charming restaurant. Trattoria Alla Madonna serves both lunch and dinner. Opening hours are 1200 to 1500 and 1845 to 2245. Closed Wednesdays.

It is a traditional Italian restaurant with a wide menu. There is a lot of good seafood here too. Near the Rialto Bridge are many overpriced tourist traps. So not with Trattoria Alla Madonna. It is not cheap, but neither is “open street robbery” as is often the case around Venice.

Taverna la Fenice
Not far from St. Mark’s Square you will find Taverna la Fenice. The address is Campiello Fenice, 1939. It’s not cheap to eat here either, but the food is often mentioned with great words and positive adjectives. And the restaurant itself is lovely. Also, the location is in the middle of the buttery eye and you can watch people sipping a drink.

NB! Sometimes things take time at this restaurant. So remember; the one waiting for something good… etc Open from 1200 to 2400 every day.

Hard Rock Cafe Venice
Yes, Venice has both McDonald’s and the other fast food chains. It’s just that it feels so unnecessary to visit them here. The exception is (perhaps) the Hard Rock Cafe which you will find at St. Mark’s Square (Bacino Orseolo). Only Hard Rock Cafe where you see gondolas “parked” outside.

Hard Rock Cafe Venice is open from approximately 1130 to 0030 every day of the week.

Algiubagio Restaurant
Among the travel plan’s favorite restaurants, we recommend Algiubagio Restaurant, located at Fondamente Nove in Cannaregio, right at the vaporetto stop that brings you over to Murano. Here you will receive excellent service from knowledgeable waiters, and not least some of the most tasty food we have tasted in all of Italy.

Nightlife in Venice

Although the Italian Peroni beer is light and tasty, we still prefer the Italian wines for the food in Venice. And here is so much quality to choose from that we refrain from recommending one brand ahead of another. As mentioned, Venice’s nightlife is not much to boast about unless you know where to go. There are minimal nightclubs or discos here, but in the Dorsoduro district there is at least a good selection of wine bars and cafes that are open until late at night.

If you find Campo Santa Margerita you will also find a pleasant night out!

Harry’s Bar, which was Hemingway’s favorite place and birthplace of the Bellini drink, is world-renowned, but reports say that the quality of food and service in recent years has been at par with the price level.

Anyway, this is a tourist trap that you just have to fall into, if only for a Bellini drink. The address is Calle Vallaresso 1323, south-east of St. Mark’s Square and down by the sea. Open from 1030 to 2300 throughout the week.

The celebrities opt out of Harry’s Bar and rather go to the Dorsoduro restaurant Antica Locanda Mondin, in Fondamente Eremite 1147. Among the celebrities who have eaten here we can bring up David Bowie, Jimmy Carter, Modigliani, Brad Pitt, Peggy Guggenheimer, Mick Jagger, Yoko Ono and Robert DeNiro.

Caffé Bar Ai Artisti
Ready for a prosecco or maybe a panini? Caffé Bar Ai Artisti in Calle Lunga S. Barnaba is a safe choice. Nice place that provides value for money. Caffé Bar Ai Artisti is usually open from early to 2200 every day of the week.

Caffé Florian
At Piazza San Marco 57 (St. Mark’s Square) you will find perhaps Venice’s most famous café. Caffé Florian goes for being the world’s oldest café. Caffé Florian was established in 1570 and has an interior that you will not easily forget.

Devil’s Forest Pub
On the street Calle dei Stagneri O de la Fava you will find one of the few “genuine” pubs in Venice. Right on the east side of the Rialto Bridge you can enjoy a small pub with selected beers, wine or drinks. It is also possible to get something easy to eat at Devil’s Forest Pub. Open from 1100 to midnight every day of the week.