Guangzhou City Overview

Guangzhou City Overview

Guangzhou is a city in the south of the People’s Republic of China, capital of the province of Canton The so population is of 3,152,825 inhabitants in the urban area, algamanding the 13 080 500 inhabitants in tola metropolitan area (2014). Anguaño is the largest conurbation on Earth, with 46 900 000 inhabitants, si #cuntar at the foot of the so metropolitan area, to the suburbs of the Perlles River Delta area. It has an international airport and communicates with neighboring Ḥong Kong (120 km away) by trains, buses and a ferry service.

Guangzhou is the third largest city in China, behind Beijing and Shanghai. It has a sub-provincial administrative status and is one of the six national central cities of China. Guangzhou is considered a global city and in recent years the number of foreign residents and illegal immigrants from the Middle East, Eastern Europe and Southeast Asia, as well as Africa, has increased rapidly . This led to the city being known as the Capital of the Third World. The migrant population from other Chinese provinces in Guangzhou was 40 percent of the city’s total population in 2008. Most of them are rural migrants who speak only Mandarin and took over many jobs that local citizens They were not willing to do anything.

The city was, for some time, the only Chinese port open to most foreign merchants. Canton fell to British hands and was opened by the First Opium War. It lost importance in trade compared to other national ports such as Hong Kong and Shanghai, but continued to serve as an important entrepôt . In modern trade, Guangzhou is best known for its Canton Fair, the oldest, highest-level, largest and most comprehensive fair in China. For three consecutive years (2013-2015), Forbes ranked Guangzhou as the best commercial city on the Chinese mainland. Another of its most characteristic elements is its local cuisine, since Cantonese is one of the most famous and popular regional cuisines in China throughout the world.


Guangzhou, which is more than 2000 years old, is one of the 24 cities with rich history in China. According to legends, it was Founded in 862 during the reign of the Han Dynasty, Chinese pirates took Chinese goods from this port. During the Han and Qing dynasties, the development of naval shipbuilding and shipping allowed for the development of inland shipyards where our competitors were created.

For many years, Guangzhou was the beginning of the Silk Road. BC In Dynasty II, he was named “Pānyú” (番禺 Pānyú) and was the head of the Sino-Vietnamese state.

Since the Tang Dynasty conquered the south of China, Guangzhou has been the capital of every country in its history. During the Southern Song dynasty, Guangzhou became the industrial center of the empire, while Hangzhou became the political center of the empire.

At the same time, it became a gathering place for those who resisted various Austrian rulers. The most famous of them are Sun Yat-sen, Deng Xiaoping and others. This is where rebellions against the leadership in Beijing began to flare up.

By the 1840s, Guangzhou was a major Chinese port for European trade. This is how the military operations of the British army in Berence opium colony in 1840-1842 began with the capture of this port.


According to, the city is recognized as the country’s largest and most developed industrial, financial, transport and tourism center. Two economic and technological “growth zones” are being created right after Guangzhou was declared “in a hurry”. Their focus is to gather industrial enterprises in Guangzhou-Nansha, and in the free trade zone there are customs and customs offices. It includes nearly a hundred coal markets, various commodity supply hubs, and hundreds of thousands of industrial enterprises, factories, and factories. They produce various types of ships and boats, automobiles, industrial and electronic equipment, household appliances, bicycles and other sports equipment, wheels, porcelain, cement and various chemicals, newsprint, refined sugar and other products. Guangzhou is also a world-renowned center of light industry, where silk, cotton, jute and bamboo are produced. So far, traditional and folk craft items (urinary dies, waxing of elephant trunks, various jade items, necklaces, etc.) have become widespread. China’s other industrially developed provinces often suffer from permanent power outages, especially during the summer months. Fishing is good.

Canton Fair (CECF, Canton Fair) is held twice a year. It is recognized as one of the most important events in the world’s production and dairy industry, and it is considered to be one of the fastest growing industries in the world due to the number of contracts signed. At the same time, Guangzhou-Hong Kong became the most important hub for dairy products.


Located in the southern part of mainland China, Guangzhou has a subtropical climate. Because the weather is wet and humid, there is a lot of noise. In addition to being a world-recognized cultural and historical site, it is also a major maritime and economic center and seaport of South China.

It is located north of the Zhujiang River Delta, which flows from Guangzhou, at 110 degrees north of the South China Sea. Last year, the Zhujiang region’s activities in Dongjiang (“last year”), Xijiang (“last year”) and Beijian (“northern year” ) were filled and expanded.

Guangzhou climate
Kurhatkes Jan. Feb. March Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Year
Absolute maximum, °C 27,2 28,6 32,1 32,4 36,2 36,6 39,1 38,0 37,6 34,8 32,5 29,6 39,1
Average maximum, °C 18,3 18,5 21,6 25,7 29,3 31,5 32,8 32,7 31,5 28,8 24,5 20,6 26,5
Average temperature, °C 14,3 15,1 18,4 22,6 26,0 28,2 29,1 29,0 27,7 24,8 20,2 16,0 22,6
Average minimum, °C 10,3 11,7 15,2 19,5 22,7 24,8 25,5 25,4 24,0 20,8 15,9 11,5 18,9
Absolute minimum, °C 0,1 1,3 3,2 7,7 14,6 18,8 21,6 20,9 15,5 9,5 4,9 0,0 0,0
Yauym-toshom norms, mm 41 69 85 201 284 276 233 227 166 87 35 32 1736
Sunny days and hours per month
Month of the year Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Sun hour 133 76 74 78 127 150 220 198 186 192 177 167 1780

Sister Cities

  • Fukuoka, Japan(May 1979)
  • Los Angeles, USA (March 2, 1982)
  • Manila, Philippines (November 1982)
  • Vancouver, Canada (March 1985)
  • Sydney, Australia (May 1986)
  • Bari, Italy(November 1986)
  • Frankfurt am Main, Germany (April 11, 1988)
  • Lyon, France (November 1988)
  • Auckland, New Zealand (February 1989)
  • Gwangju, South Korea (October 1996)
  • Linköping, Sweden (November 1997)
  • Durban, Republic of South Africa (July 2000)
  • Bristol, UK (May 2001)
  • Yekaterinburg, Russia (July 10, 2002)
  • Arequipa, Peru (October 27, 2004)
  • Birmingham, UK (December 2006)

Guangzhou City Overview