Category: Europe

Rila Monastery (World Heritage)

Rila Monastery (World Heritage)

The monastery complex dates back to the 10th century. After a major fire in the 19th century, it was rebuilt and advanced to the nucleus of the strengthened national feeling as well as the spiritual center of Bulgarian culture under Ottoman rule. The valuable wall paintings in the Church of the Mother of God are particularly worth seeing

Rila Monastery: Facts

Official title: Rila Monastery
Cultural monument: original monastery from the 10th century near today’s monastery, the appearance of which dates from the 19th century; valuable wall paintings with apostles, martyrs and floral decorations in the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin, 16,000 book library with 134 manuscripts from the 15th-19th centuries. Century
Continent: Europe
Country: Bulgaria
Location: east of Rila, south of Sofia
Appointment: 1983
Meaning: Legacy of St. Ivan Rilski (876-946) and a symbol of Slavic identity

Rila Monastery: History

10th century Founding of a hermitage by Iwan Rilski (Johannes von Rila)
14th century Destruction of the monastery complex by a landslide
1335 Construction of a 25 m high fortress tower
1343 Church building
1469 Transfer of the bones of Iwan Rilski to the monastery
1816 Start of construction of a three-wing monastery complex
1833 Destruction of the monastery complex by conflagration
1834-37 Reconstruction of the monastery complex with the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary (Sveta Bogorodiza)
1840-48 Wall paintings in the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin
1961 national memorial

A bulwark of Orthodox traditions

Located almost at the end of a long, deeply cut valley, the visitor is initially offered a less inviting view of the monastery complex. Almost 20 meters high, smooth stone walls, which appear even higher due to the struts, create the image of a small fortress. Two gates allow entry into this well-fortified monastery complex, which in the course of its history indeed had to defend itself from many attacks – and not infrequently also succumbed to the onslaught.

Today there are busloads of tourists who are hungry for education and interested in culture, but also numerous locals, for whose onslaught the monks have to prepare. And so it is above all in the early morning and late afternoon, when there is silence over the walls and only a few roam through the complex, where you can best experience the tranquil atmosphere of this otherwise secluded place.

Once you have entered the inner courtyard, a completely new world opens up, almost cheerful and playful to call it, compared to the craggy and repellent outer wall. First of all, it is the courtyard facades, forming an irregular square, that draw the eye. In front of the multi-storey residential wings are airy arcades, on the lower floors structured by stone arches of different heights, the top floor is closed off almost everywhere with rows of wooden arches. Bay windows and balconies interrupt the regularity of the rows of arches and thus give each wing its own character. The color scheme of the facades – the alternation of black and white, painted brick arches and many small ornaments and wall paintings – as well as the wide, open stairs complete the varied design.

The Church of the Nativity of the Virgin rises in the center of the monastery courtyard. With its numerous larger and smaller domes, its round shapes and its lively exterior shape, it harmonizes with the detailed shape of the buildings that surround it. The interior of the church, but above all the surrounding open colonnade, is adorned with colorful paintings, the hundreds of Old and New Testament scenes of which eloquently provide information about religious ideas of the time; but they also reveal the high artistic level of Bulgarian painters of the 19th century. After the previous church was destroyed, some of the best artists in the country worked on its reconstruction, which was regarded as a national project in Bulgaria, which was still not liberated according to computerminus.

Above all in the outside area of ​​the church there are numerous very vivid depictions of the torments of hell – a kind of visual ecclesiastical code of morals of the 19th century, in which wild, terrifying animals and fire-breathing mythical creatures next to the “ruler of purgatory” and the terrible tormented creatures exhort sinners to repentance. Many of these depictions overcome the medieval canon of orthodox painting by depicting contemporary people and scenes from everyday life. Rich citizens who were among the patrons of the monastery are also immortalized on the frescoes. The fact that many of the works were signed by the performing artists is unusual for Orthodox art and breaks through the anonymity of medieval art.

Next to the church rises the oldest surviving building in the monastery complex, the so-called Chreljo Tower from the 14th century. However, the history of the Rila Monastery points back much further into the past. It was the monk Ivan Rilski who, in the 10th century, had withdrawn into solitude as a hermit near today’s Rila monastery because of criticism of the mendacious morality of the official church. Soon other fellow believers gathered around him – the basis for a new monastery community was created. The monk, who was canonized soon after his death, enjoyed great veneration in the centuries that followed. The Rila monastery developed into the destination of numerous pilgrims who, due to their large number, had to be housed in several secondary monasteries.

Rila Monastery (World Heritage)

Augsburg, Germany City History

Augsburg, Germany City History

City foundation, antiquity

Augsburg’s name goes back to the Roman Augusta Vindelicorum. The name “Augusta” is explained by the fact that the city was built at the behest of the Roman emperor Augustus in 15 BC. Was founded. The settlement, which initially existed as a military camp, was also given the addition of Vindelicorum, which has to do with the tribe of the Vindeliker, who settled with them in that area. If one takes the already mentioned year 15 BC. as the city’s founding date, Augsburg would be Germany’s second oldest city. In any case, Augsburg was one of the largest Roman settlements north of the Alps after Trier.

In 121 the settlement of Augusta Vindelicorum was given Roman city rights by Emperor Hadrianus. From the end of the 1st century it even served as the capital of the Roman province of Raetia. The Germanic Juthung invaded Italy and Raetia in 260 ; they abducted thousands of Italians, but were crushed by the Roman governor on their march back. In 1992 the Augsburg Altar of Victory was discovered; this is invaluable evidence of this battle. In 271 the Juthung (as well as other tribes) invaded the province and the city again.

From the year 294 – after the division of the Raetia Province – Augsburg functioned as the capital of the Raetia Secunda Province. Since the 5th century there has been an increasing number of Alemanni incursions into this province. It is noteworthy in this regard that the settlement was not destroyed in the process. This fact is certainly related to the fact that at this time various pilgrimages to the grave of Saint Afra of Augsburg took place, which are mentioned, for example, in the Vita Sancti Martini by Venantius Fortunatus.
The martyrdom of Afra fell around the time around 300, when Augsburg had already been the seat of a bishop.

In the Middle Ages

According to intershippingrates, Augsburg gained in importance after Emperor Otto I, with the support of Bishop Ulrich von Augsburg, was able to defeat the Hungarians breaking through to the west near the city in the battle on the Lechfeld. In 1156 Augsburg was granted city rights again (this time by Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa) and in 1251 the right to tax citizens and to use a seal. 1276 was an even more important year for the city: The then King Rudolf von Habsburg granted Augsburg imperial immediacy, which meant nothing less than that the city was now allowed to have the status of a free imperial city.

As a result of this extended independence, however, there were violent conflicts with the bishopric, which was the secular domain of the prince-bishop. After the main episcopal residence was relocated to Dillingen (that is, to the Danube), a power vacuum was released, for which various patrician families were fighting. In 1368 there was an uprising of the urban craftsmen in this context. The result was the establishment of a guild constitution. After the guild constitution was introduced in Augsburg, which, by the way, was supposed to join the Swabian League of Cities in 1379, the influence of the guilds grew more and more. Until 1547 they were even involved in the city government.

At this point, reference should be made to the dictator Ulrich Schwarz, whose rule represented the climax of the guilds’ participation in government. He became mayor in 1469 and initially managed to give the guilds, which had not been given the opportunity to have a say, more influence in the city government. Augsburg’s debts could also be drastically minimized. But when the city patriciate got in his way, he made use of crude means: He had the patrician brothers Vittel executed and thereupon himself was given the death penalty (1478).

Augsburg, Germany City History

In the early modern times

The early modern period marks Augsburg’s most important historical phase. It was a time of political and religious decision-making and an economic rise of imposing strength.

After the rule of the guild was finally ended in 1547, Augsburg began its impressive development into one of the most influential trading and economic centers in the world. This was largely due to the wealth and influence of the famous Fuggers, the Augsburg merchant family who were able to steer the fate of Europe with their money and connections.

Decisions of unbelievable consequences were made in Augsburg in the following decades: At the Reichstag in Speyer (1529), the city belonged to the representatives of the evangelical minority. However, she did not take part in the famous protest, but demanded the unhindered expansion of the Lutheran denomination (= Confessio Augustana). This was formulated by Philipp Melanchthon at the Diet of Augsburg in 1530. That Confessio was nothing less than the creed and founding document of the Lutheran Church.

Another important event was the so-called Augsburg Synod of Martyrs in 1527: It was an international gathering of delegates from the Anabaptist faith. Its name hinted at the tragic fact that most of those who took part in the synod later died as martyrs.

The next important political decision was ordered by Emperor Charles V in 1548: the so-called Augsburger Interim was an imperial law that was intended to regulate the ecclesiastical and religious situation in the empire for a transitional period until a general council would finally determine the situation. The interim had to be withdrawn again in 1552. Before that, it had led to fierce opposition on both sides of the denominational spectrum.

The undisputed most important event in the history of the city so far was the establishment of the Augsburg Religious Peace, named after it, which was signed in 1555 at the Reichstag in Augsburg. Ferdinand I concluded this peace with the imperial estates – with the power of attorney from his brother Emperor Charles V. The most important provisions of the text of the treaty included: legal acceptance of Lutheran Protestants, princes’ right to choose their own religion, princes’ right of conversion (Ius reformandi), subjects’ right to emigrate (Ius emigrandi) and the establishment of the ecclesiastical property for the year 1552. The Augsburg resident Religious peace was an important stage victory for the princes over the central imperial power and the idea of ​​a universal Christian empire.

Augsburg suffered the conquest by the Swedes under Gustav II Adolf (1632) during the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648). The statue of Stoinerner Mo and the Schwedenstiege still remind of this dramatic event for the city.

Historical significance of Augsburg

Augsburg’s historical significance must be emphasized as an absolute specialty. Especially in the early modern period, political and religious decisions were made on a large scale in the city on the Lech. The city belonged to the representatives of the Protestant minority at the Reichstag in Speyer (1529). However, she did not take part in the famous protest, but demanded the unhindered expansion of the Lutheran denomination, the Confessio Augustana. This was formulated by Philipp Melanchthon at the Diet of Augsburg in 1530. That Confessio was nothing less than the creed and founding document of the Lutheran Church.

Another important event was the so-called Augsburg Synod of Martyrs in 1527: It was an international gathering of delegates from the Anabaptist faith. Its name hinted at the tragic fact that most of those attending the synod later died as martyrs. The next important political decision was ordered by Emperor Charles V in 1548: the so-called Augsburger Interim was an imperial law that was intended to regulate the ecclesiastical and religious situation in the empire for a transitional period until a general council would finally determine the situation. The interim had to be withdrawn again in 1552. Before that, it had led to fierce opposition on both sides of the denominational spectrum.

The undisputed most important event in the history of the city so far was the establishment of the Augsburg Religious Peace, named after it, which was signed in 1555 at the Reichstag in Augsburg. Ferdinand I concluded this peace with the imperial estates – with the power of attorney from his brother Emperor Charles V. The most important provisions of the text of the treaty included: legal acceptance of Lutheran Protestants, the princes’ right to choose their own religion, the princes’ right of conversion (“Ius reformandi”), the subjects’ right to emigrate (“Ius emigrandi”) and the establishment of the ecclesiastical property for the year 1552. The Augsburg Religious Peace was an important stage victory for the princes over the central imperial power and the idea of ​​a universal Christian empire.

Aschaffenburg, Germany History

Aschaffenburg, Germany History

Aschaffenburg: city history

In the records of the geographer of Ravenna (approx. 450 – 500) there is a mention of a settlement called Ascapha in the Alemannic Nordgau. Today’s Aschaffenburg. Aschaffenburg also formed the eastern center of the Electorate of Mainz for a large part of its history. Before that, the Romans ruled the area as the border region of their empire. The so-called ” wet Limes ” as the border of the Roman Empire at the Mainknie near Aschaffenburg is evidence of this era. The Romans were taken over by the Alemanni, the latter by the Franksreplaced as ruler. The Franks established the Franconian Empire here from the 8th century.

From 982 to 1814 Aschaffenburg was affiliated to the Electorate of Mainz, with its bishops as the highest authority. After Mainz, some bishops also took Aschaffenburg temporarily as their second royal seat. In 1144 the settlement developed into a market and was granted the privilege to mint 17 years later. From here began the most prosperous period in the city’s history, which lasted until the 16th century, when the city lost its coinage and other privileges as it took part in the Peasants’ War. The Thirty Years War (1618-1648) finally put an end to prosperity.

When the ecclesiastical Electorate of Mainz was dissolved in 1803, Aschaffenburg became the seat of the former Archbishop of Mainz and Elector Carl Theodor von Dalberg, who initiated the establishment of a university in Aschaffenburg in 1808, shortly before the city belonged to Austria for two years (1814-1816) and was then incorporated together with the Lower Maing area in Bavaria. Bavaria tried to find its new territories. In the German-German war of 1866, fighting between Prussia and Bavaria took place in the Aschaffenburg area.

At the end of the 19th century industrial companies began to settle in the city on a large scale. During the Second World War, the city was therefore also the target of several air raids by the Allied forces against Germany. After the war, the reconstruction began and at the same time the development as an industrial location continued.

Aschaffenburg: arrival and traffic

General

The most important traffic rules in Germany, which of course also apply in Aschaffenburg, can be found on thereligionfaqs.

Airport

The nearest airport to Aschaffenburg is the international airport in Frankfurt / Main, about 75 kilometers away.

Buses

The Aschaffenburger Verkehrsbetriebe has a modern fleet of buses that serve the city and the surrounding area with 17 lines.

Taxi

There are numerous taxis in the city. There are almost always waiting taxis to be found at the stations at the main train station and at Freihofplatz.

Boat

From the Aschaffenburg marina you can take harbor tours, lock trips and river loop trips.
Address: Ruhlandstraße 5

Bicycle

Aschaffenburg is not a downright bicycle city. But the city administration has tried to expand the paths in recent years. Today the cycle path network, including bus lanes (also allowed for bicycles), is 46 kilometers.

Sightseeing flights

Airfields for small planes and glider pilots are located in Obernau or in Großostheim.

Churches

The Collegiate Church
(St. Peter and Paul)

It is the oldest building in the city. It was built in the 10th century at the behest of Otto von Schwaben. The nave, as the oldest preserved section, dates from the 12th century and has pillar arcades that lead the view towards the high altar. The chancel is equipped with a canopy from 1771. The most important works of art are the Romanesque crucifix from the early 12th century, as well as the painting of the nave and the renaissance pulpit by Hans Junker from 1602. The “Resurrection of Christ” can be seen here by Lucas Cranach and the showpiece “The Lamentation of Christ” by Mathias Grünewald. The masterpiece by Grünewald (actually Mathis Gothart Nithart) is dated around 1520 and is exhibited in the first south side chapel. The outbuildings house the city’s museum.
Address: Stiftsplatz

Our Lady
Our Lady is the oldest parish church in Aschaffenburg. On one wall of the early Gothic tower there is a tympanum from the 12th century, which represents the Mother of God between John and Catherine.
Address: Schlossgasse

Sand
Church The Sand Church is a richly decorated rococo church from 1756. The church contains a Vespers image from the 15th century.
Address:
Würzburger Strasse

Church of the former Jesuit college
The church of the former Jesuit college was built in 1621. It consists of a nave and a semicircular apse. The municipal gallery now uses the church as a space for changing art exhibitions.
Address: Pfaffengasse.

St. Agatha Church
The St. Agatha Church was built in the 12th century. The choir dates from 1280. Only the choir and the tower are preserved. The rest of the church was built in 1964 according to Heinzmenn’s plans.
Address: Erthalstraße 2a

Johannisburg Castle

Johannisburg Castle is an impressive Renaissance castle that the Bishop of Mainz and Elector Schweickard von Kronberg had built from 1605 to 1614 on the right, higher bank of the Main as a sign of his power and influence based on the designs of the Strasbourg architect Georg Ridinger. The castle keep, the mighty tower in the castle courtyard, comes from the previous building, a fortification that was destroyed in 1552. Today the imposing square with the towers towering at the corners is the symbol of the city. The reddish sandstone of the region in particular gives the castle its own character. The castle burned down during the war, but was restored down to the last detail in the post-war years. In Europe it is considered to be one of the most important buildings of the Renaissance.
Address: Schlossplatz

Parks

Schönbusch
Seen from the palace, the Schönbusch park is on the other side of the Main. The English complex with a labyrinth, pavilions and lakes dates from the 18th century. It is one of the most beautiful parks of its kind in Germany. The Archbishop of Mainz and Elector von Erthal gave the order to build it. The executing architects were Emanuel Josep d’Herigoyen, who was also responsible for the theater, and Ludwig Sckell. The Schönbusch concerts take place here in summer.
Address: Schönbuschallee

Schöntal
The Schöntal Park is located in the center of the city. His magnolia home in particular is a destination for walkers and tourists. In the middle of the park are the ruins of the Holy Sepulcher Church, surrounded by a moat.
Address: Between Platanenallee and Würzburger Straße

Pheasantry
A little further east of Schöntal Park is the pheasantry with its lake. The park is mainly used by walkers and joggers. Other visitors only come because of the beer garden located here.
Address: Deutsche Strasse

Aschaffenburg, Germany History

Shopping in Hungary

Shopping in Hungary

DUTY-FREE SHOPPING

Overview

The following articles can be imported into Hungary duty-free when entering from non-EU countries:

When entering by land: 40 cigarettes or 20 cigarillos or 10 cigars or 50 g tobacco;

For entry by air: 200 cigarettes or 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars or 250 g tobacco (from people over the age of 17).

1 liter of spirits with an alcohol content of more than 22% or 2 liters of spirits with an alcohol content of not more than 22% or sparkling wine;

4 l table wine;

16 liters of beer (from people older than 17 years);

Gifts / other goods up to a total value of € 430 (air and sea travel) or € 300 (travel by train / car); Children under 15 years of age generally € 150.

Import regulations

Travelers who bring meat and milk products into the EU from outside the European Union must register them. The regulation does not apply to the import of animal products from the EU countries as well as from Andorra, Liechtenstein, Norway, San Marino and Switzerland. Anyone who does not register these products must expect fines or criminal penalties.

Prohibited imports

Animal products that are not canned (e.g. meat, milk and dairy products) (see also import regulations). There is a general import ban on live poultry, meat and meat products from third countries (with the exception of the Faroe Islands, Greenland, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland).

Import / export to the EU

The movement of goods within the EU is unrestricted for travelers, provided that the goods are intended for personal use and not for resale. In addition, the goods must not have been bought in duty-free shops. Proof of personal needs can be requested from travelers. Member States have the right to impose excise duties on spirits or tobacco products when these products are not intended for personal use.

The following maximum quantities apply as personal requirements:
800 cigarettes (people 17 and over);
400 cigarillos (people aged 17+);
200 cigars (people 17+);
1 kg tobacco (people aged 17 and over);
10 liters of high-proof alcoholic beverages (people aged 17 and over);
20 liters of fortified wine (e.g. port or sherry) (people aged 17 and over);
90 liters of wine (including a maximum of 60 liters of sparkling wine) (people aged 17 and over);
110 liters of beer (people aged 17+);
Perfumes and eau de toilette: No restrictions if it can be demonstrated that the amount is for personal consumption.
Medicines: amount according to personal needs during the trip.
Other goods: The movement of goods within the EU is unrestricted for travelers. However, gold alloys and gold plating in the unprocessed state or as a semi-finished product and fuel are excluded from this. Fuel may only be imported from an EC member state exempt from mineral oil tax if it is in the vehicle’s tank or in a reserve container carried with it. A fuel quantity of up to 10 liters in the reserve tank will not be rejected.

If additional quantities of these goods are carried, z. B. a wedding an event with which a bulk purchase could be justified.
Note: There are, however, certain exceptions to the regulation of the unrestricted movement of goods. They particularly concern the purchase of new vehicles and purchases for commercial purposes. (For more information on taxes on motor vehicles, see the European Commission’s guide “Buying goods and services in the internal market”).

Attention: 300 cigarettes (17+) can be imported from Hungary when entering Germany.

EU

Duty-free sales at airports and shipping ports have been abolished for travel within the EU. Only travelers who leave the EU can shop cheaply in the duty-free shop. When importing goods into an EU country that were bought in duty-free shops in another EU country, the same travel allowances and the same travel allowance apply as when entering from non-EU countries.

Shopping in Hungary

SHOP

Overview

Popular souvenirs are embroidered blouses and tablecloths, Herend and Zsolnay porcelain, woodwork and costume dolls. Bargain hunters should try their luck in Budapest at the Ecseri flea market or the so-called ‘Chinese market’ near the Kerepesi cemetery; There is a wide selection of antiques and knickknacks on both markets.

In Hungary you can find numerous foods and drinks that are ideal as souvenirs, such as sausages and spicy salami, tons of peppers, canned food with foie gras, caviar, wine and spirits. The best salami comes from Szeged in the south of the country. Caviar is relatively expensive and comes from Russia rather than Hungary. Paprika is available in seven different degrees of heat from mild to very hot and is offered in special gift boxes, which makes it a good souvenir for those who stayed at home. All of these goodies can be found in the markets in Budapest. The largest selection can be found in the Nagy Vásárcsarnok (Great Market Hall) in the center of Pest, which offers groceries and fresh produce on the ground floor and handicrafts on the upper floor.

Opening hours

Most shops open Mon-Wed, Fri 10 a.m.-6 p.m., Thu 10 a.m.-8 p.m., Sat 10 a.m.-1 p.m., grocery stores usually open Mon-Fri 7 a.m.-7 p.m., Sat 7 a.m.-2 p.m. Shopping centers are open Mon-Sat 10 a.m.-8 p.m.

Annotation

Tobacco products and spirits are sold in special shops without window displays; minors are not allowed in here.

Getting to Germany

Getting to Germany

GETTING THERE

Arriving by plane

Germany is served by over 100 international airlines. The national airline Lufthansa (LH) alone (Internet: www.lufthansa.com) connects Germany with more than 160 cities worldwide. Thanks to the global route network and coordinated flight schedules of the Star Alliance, travelers from Germany can reach more than 720 destinations worldwide.

From Austria: Lufthansa (LH), Eurowings (EW) and Austrian Airlines (OS)fly to German airports in regular service. From Vienna there are direct connections to Berlin, Munich, Düsseldorf, Hanover, Hamburg, Cologne / Bonn, Leipzig / Halle, Nuremberg, Stuttgart and Frankfurt / M. Additional connections: Linz – Düsseldorf, Salzburg / Linz – Berlin, Graz / Innsbruck / Klagenfurt / Linz / Salzburg – Frankfurt / M. as well as Linz – Leipzig / Halle.

From Switzerland: Lufthansa, Eurowings (EW) and Swiss (LX) offer scheduled flights from Zurich to Berlin, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Munich, Hamburg, Hanover, Cologne / Bonn, Leipzig / Halle, Nuremberg, Stuttgart and Frankfurt / M. at. Additional connections: Basel – Berlin, Basel – Dresden, Basel / Geneva – Frankfurt, Basel / Geneva – Düsseldorf, Basel / Geneva – Munich.

air Berlin flies from various major German cities to Vienna and Zurich, among others.

Flight times

Vienna – Frankfurt: 1 hour 25 minutes Zurich – Frankfurt: 1 hour

Arrival by car

A first-class road network connects Germany with all neighboring countries.

Long-distance bus: Numerous coach companies regularly travel to Germany. Ua Euro Lines (website: www.eurolines.com) and Flixbus (website: www.flixbus.de) drive from Austria and Switzerland to Germany.

Arriving by train

There are excellent rail connections between the Federal Republic of Germany and its European neighbors.

The most important train connections are listed below:

There are fast EuroCity and InterCityExpress connections from Deutsche Bahn (Internet: www.bahn.de) every 1 or 2 hours to, among others, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Warsaw, Prague, Brussels, Paris, Budapest, Vienna and Zurich.

The French high-speed train TGV (Internet: http://www.tgv.com/) connects Stuttgart with Paris (journey time: 3 hours 40 minutes) and Frankfurt with Paris (journey time: 3 hours 50 minutes).

ICE -Trains with tilting technology (ICE T) run from Zurich to Munich and Stuttgart.

The Austrian Railjet (Internet: www.oebb.at) runs five times a day, the ICE-T once a day between Vienna and Munich. The Railjet also connects Munich with Budapest via Vienna.
EuroNight trains run to Vienna, Budapest, Bucharest, Warsaw, Bologna, Florence, Naples, Rome and Paris, among others.

The Nightjet – night trains (website: www.oebb.at/de/angebote-ermaessigungen/nightjet) drive, inter alia, Austria and Switzerland to Germany:

Vienna – Linz – Frankfurt – Cologne – Düsseldorf;

Vienna – Linz – Hanover – Hamburg;

Innsbruck – Munich – Hamburg;

Innsbruck – Munich – Cologne – Düsseldorf;

Vienna – Dresden – Berlin and

Zurich – Basel – Berlin – Hamburg.

Thalys – high-speed trains (website: www.thalys.com/de/de) operate daily between Cologne and Aachen to Liege, Brussels and Paris. There are tiered tariff offers on Thalys trains as well as special offers for senior citizens and young people. There is a Thalys ticket sales point in Cologne Central Station, which also sells tickets for Eurostar, TGV, Lyria, Italo, Renfe and Elipsos trains.

From Brussels and Paris there are connections with the Eurostar (Internet: www.eurostar.com) through the Channel Tunnel to London.

The ICE International Amsterdamconnects Amsterdam (Netherlands) with Frankfurt / M. via Cologne and Amsterdam with Berlin via Hanover up to seven times a day every two hours. The ICE International Brussels connects Brussels (Belgium) with Frankfurt / M three times a day. in 3 hours 30 minutes.

Tickets and discounts for rail travel in Europe:
The most important economy / combination tickets and special offers for rail travel from Germany to other European countries are listed below. Detailed tariff / timetable information is available from the DB information centers.

InterRail: Children (4-11 years), young people (12-25 years) and adults (from 26 years) who have had a permanent residence in Europe, the former Soviet states or Turkey for at least 6 months can use InterRailuse.

The InterRail One-Country Pass is available for travel in almost 30 European countries including Macedonia and Turkey and is valid for 3, 4, 6, 8 days within 1 month in one country. Children aged 4-11 travel at half the adult price.

The InterRail Global Pass enables travel through several countries and is offered with different periods of validity. Either 5 days out of 10 days total validity or 10 out of 22 can be selected. A continuous period of 22 days or 1 month is also possible.

RAILPLUS:As an addition to the BahnCard, RAILPLUS enables a reduction of 25% on cross-border rail travel to 29 European countries, but not on purely domestic transport in the destination country.

SparNight: Limited offer for overnight trips through Germany, Denmark, Italy, Austria and Switzerland. Applies to travel on EuroNight trains.

Eastern Europe saver fare: Under certain conditions, you can travel with this offer to the following Eastern European countries at a discount: Latvia, Lithuania, Kazakhstan, Poland (not on the trains of the Berlin-Warszawa Express), Russian Federation, Ukraine and Belarus. Further information is available at http://www.bahn.de/p/view/angebote/international/sparpreis.shtml.

Motorail trains
A car train will connect Lörrach with Hamburg from May 2017 (Internet: www.urlaubs-express.de).

An ÖBB car train (Internet: www.oebb.at/de/leistungen-und-services/mehr-als-zug/auto-motorrad-am-zug) runs on the routes

– between Vienna and Hamburg, Düsseldorf and

– between Innsbruck and Hamburg, Düsseldorf.

Arrival by ship

The Danube (Internet: www.danube-river.org) connects Germany with the Danube countries. A wide variety of shipping lines offer regular ferry connections to Germany. The most important of these are:

Bodenseeschifffahrt (Internet: www.bodenseeschifffahrt.de): Romanshorn / Switzerland – Friedrichshafen; Bregenz / Austria – Constance.

Color Line (Internet: www.colorline.de): Oslo / Norway – Kiel.
Krantas Shipping (Internet: http://www.randburg.com/li/krantas.html): Klaipeda / Lithuania – Kiel.

DFDS Seaways (Internet: www.dfdsseaways. Com): Klaipeda / Lithuania – Kiel.

Scandlines(Internet: www.scandlines.de): Rødby / Denmark – Puttgarden / Fehmarn; Gedser / Denmark – Rostock; Trelleborg / Sweden – Rostock; Trelleborg / Sweden – Sassnitz / Rügen; Ventspils / Latvia – Rostock.

Stena Line (Internet: www.stenaline.com): Gothenburg / Sweden – Kiel.
TT-Line (Internet: www.ttline.de): Trelleborg / Sweden – Rostock; Trelleborg / Sweden – Travemünde.

Finnlines (Internet: www.finnlines.com): Lübeck / Travemünde – Rostock – Gdynia / Poland – Helsinki / Finland).

Further information is available from the Verband der Fährschiffahrt & Fährouristik eV, Esplanade 6, D-20354 Hamburg (Tel: (040) 35 09 72 33. Internet:www.faehre-vff.de).

Getting to Germany

ETA – Euskadi Ta Askatasuna

ETA – Euskadi Ta Askatasuna

Voters betray “ETA party”

The 2001 regional election was a major defeat for Euskal Herritarrok, who won about 10 percent of the vote and lost half of his 14 seats. After the election loss, some of EH’s leaders were replaced, and some veterans who criticized ETA’s methods were said to have left the party. At the same time, the party changed its name to Batasuna ( Unity ). Spanish media interpreted the changes as meaning that the party has now chosen a more radical separatist path.

The Nationalist Party strengthened its position in the election and PNV leader Juan José Ibarretxe was able to remain as the region’s president, now with a minority government supported by a couple of small parties in the Basque parliament. Note: Euskadi Ta Askatasuna is also known as ETA on abbreviationfinder.

The noose is tightened around ETA

When the fight against international terrorism came to the fore after the attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, the Spanish government was given opportunities to intensify the hunt for the country’s own terrorists. Spain was able to use the US electronic electronic interception system Echelon, which helped to trace important ETA cells.

In October, one of the organization’s most notorious support groups, the Donosti Command, was arrested in San Sebastián. In a joint operation in the border areas, Spanish and French police arrested one of ETA’s leading figures. In total, almost 200 ETA members had now been arrested since the ceasefire ended in 1999.

When the EU compiled a list of terrorist organizations after the terrorist attacks in the United States, Spain got through its demand to include ETA as well as some of the movement’s subgroups, including the support group for ETA prisoners, Gestoras Pro Amnistía . The left-wing guerrilla group Grapo was also declared a terrorist group. The decision meant a ban on supporting these groups in any way and it became possible to seize their financial assets.

ETA’s political branch is banned

The Spanish government wanted to go further and in June 2002 passed a bill in the Spanish Parliament banning parties that support terrorism. It was aimed at Batasuna, which was no longer allowed to engage in any open political activity.

The party had never condemned ETA’s acts of violence and the government considered itself to have sufficient evidence that it was in fact a front organization for ETA. The ban made it more difficult for members of Batasuna and other support organizations to raise money for ETA’s activities and to recruit new ETA members through Batasuna’s youth organization. The Supreme Court later decided to seize all of Batasuna’s bank assets after the party refused to comply with a call from the country’s leading investigating judge, Baltasar Garzón, to pay multi-million sums in compensation to the victims of ETA’s violence.

In March 2003, the Spanish Supreme Court decided to completely ban Batasuna as a party. It was the first time since the introduction of democracy that a political party was banned in Spain. Despite the ban on the party, many Batasuna members remained in political positions in several smaller towns and municipalities. The ban sparked protests in the Basque Country and ETA carried out new attacks.

ETA greatly weakened

The Spanish authorities estimated that ETA’s hard core in the years around the turn of the century consisted of only 30 to 40 members. But they, and an approximately equal group of activists closest to the inner core, were significantly decimated in the years 2002-2005. Many young ETA members were caught early in their careers.

At the end of 2003, the Spanish Minister of the Interior declared that ETA was now weaker than ever before. About 170 suspects were arrested in 2003 alone, partly as a result of both Spanish and French agents succeeding in infiltrating the organization.

Demands for a referendum on increased independence

The increasing pressure on the Basque separatists led to stronger nationalist currents in the Basque Country. The PNV-led regional government considered Garzón’s actions aimed at “a majority of the Basque people”. The Great Nationalist Party decided to make more far-reaching demands on Madrid. A main reason may have been that PNV also wanted support from the Basques who used to vote for Batasuna.

In the autumn of 2003, the region’s leader Ibarretxe presented a proposal for a Basque region in a “free union” with Spain, a free state with, among other things, its own legal system where the people have both Basque and Spanish citizenship. In a referendum, the Basques would have their say on the proposal.

The reaction in Madrid was strongly negative as the plan was contrary to the Spanish Constitution and the proposal was rejected by the Spanish Parliament.

The regional election in April 2005, where a yes or no to the Ibarretxe plan was seen as the most important issue, was a setback for PNV, which lost four seats. The newly formed Communist Party of the Basque Country (Ehak) received over 12 percent of the vote, probably from many Batasuna sympathizers.

ETA - Euskadi Ta Askatasuna

OSCE – Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe

OSCE – Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe

Disarmament

The main result of the OSCE’s disarmament work is the CFE Agreement (Agreement on Conventional Forces in Europe; see Progress). This agreement involved the scrapping of 50,000 major weapons systems in Europe. The millennial dream of forging swords into plowshares thus seemed to come true. The agreement did not initially concern all OSCE participating States, but only members of the former Warsaw Pact and NATO. According to abbreviationfinder, OSCE is known as Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe.

The CFE agreement involves a comprehensive exchange of military information and close surveillance of military forces, as well as radical cuts, especially in the former Soviet Union, of five categories of conventional weapons: tanks, artillery, armored vehicles, fighter jets and attack helicopters.

The agreement covers the entire European area from the Atlantic to the Urals. This originally meant that each side, formerly the Warsaw Pact and NATO, was not allowed to have more than 20,000 tanks, 30,000 armored vehicles, 20,000 artillery pieces, 6,800 fighter jets and 2,000 attack helicopters in this area. In addition, Russia must destroy or rework a large number of tanks, armored vehicles and artillery pieces, which the Soviet Union had moved to the area east of the Urals before the CFE agreement was signed. The cuts were completed on 15 November 1995. The CFE Agreement is valid indefinitely and, unlike the OSCE Agreements, is a legally binding treaty. The Treaty was later supplemented by a politically binding agreement, CFE 1a,

The CFE agreement has an efficient control machinery. Thousands of inspectors check that the agreement is complied with. This also gives the parties a significant insight into the other party’s military apparatus and knowledge of his thinking. So far, everyone has followed the demanding provisions of the agreement, with only minor deviations.

There is no doubt that the CFE agreement has made a significant contribution to European security. This benefits not only the parties to the agreement, but also other European countries. It is often said that there is hardly any OSCE State that does not describe the CFE Agreement as a “cornerstone” of European security architecture.

Despite this, various problems with the application of the agreement soon arose. Following the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact and the Soviet Union and later NATO enlargement with new member states from the former Warsaw Pact, the balance sheet thinking that permeated the CFE agreement faltered.

In 1996, it was agreed to revise and make some adjustments to the agreement in order to adapt it to the new security policy situation in Europe. That review was completed in 1999, and a new, adapted CFE agreement could be signed at the Istanbul Summit the same year. Even states that were not part of the original CFE agreement between NATO and the Warsaw Pact were given the opportunity to join if they so wished. However, Sweden is not included in the agreement.

A number of countries, mainly NATO members, never ratified the adapted CFE agreement. They considered that Russia was not fulfilling its commitments from the Istanbul meeting to withdraw Russian troops and military equipment from Moldova. Russia, in turn, suspended its implementation of the adapted CFE agreement in 2007 on the grounds that the agreement had not been ratified by NATO countries.

In March 2015, Russia also suspended its participation in the CFE Joint Consultative Group, a forum for discussing arms control, thus closing a communication channel to the West and completely terminating its commitments under the CFE. The move was seen as a direct result of the conflict between Russia and NATO that erupted after the Russian annexation of the Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea in March 2014 and later Russia’s support for separatists in eastern Ukraine. The events in Ukraine to some extent brought Europe back to the Cold War that prevailed until the early 1990’s.

In 2000, the OSCE Security Forum adopted a document on small arms. The countries have committed themselves to control the manufacture, sale, marking and possession of small arms.

The human dimension

The human dimension is a concept that first began to be used during the two-year Vienna meeting, which began in 1986. The term usually refers to issues relating to human rights, democracy and the rule of law.

The principle of respect for human rights was enshrined in the 1975 Final Act, and over the next two decades Member States adopted additional regulations and developed controls on their compliance. For the revolutionary transition to a democratic system of society in Eastern Europe in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s, the principles of human rights served as a catalyst. Not least important for cooperation in the human dimension is that all OSCE States now accept transparency and interference in each other’s affairs.

During the Vienna Summit, the control of respect for human rights was developed through the so-called Vienna Mechanism, a procedure for exchanging information on the human rights situation in the participating states. This gave one state the right to demand information from another state on human rights issues and the right to request a meeting. The requested state is obliged to respond and to appear at requested meetings. In addition, OSCE States have the right to disseminate information on human rights to other States Parties.

Another of the advances of the Vienna Summit was the decision to hold a conference on the human dimension, which, to the great surprise of the West, was based on a Soviet proposal. The conference on the human dimension was divided into three different meetings: the first in Paris in 1989, the second in Copenhagen in 1990 and the third, finally, in Moscow in 1991.

The Paris meeting was held in a chilly east-west climate and ended without any concrete results.

At the Copenhagen summit, the political situation in Europe had changed radically, and the results were therefore far-reaching. In addition to agreeing on commitments in a number of areas, the states also agreed that future societies would be based on democracy, the rule of law and human rights.

The conference in Moscow took place only a few weeks after the failed coup attempt against the then Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in the autumn of 1991. The meeting sharpened the former Vienna mechanism by introducing the possibility of using experts and reporters. Among other things, it became possible for a Member State to invite an expert group to assist in resolving an issue related to the human dimension. The organization was also given the right to send up to three rapporteurs to a state against its will, if it is considered that there is a serious threat to any of the commitments within the human dimension.

The monitoring of the human dimension also takes place in other forms. The mandate of the field missions often includes some form of monitoring and advice on human rights, the judiciary or democracy. The task of the minority commissioner to identify threatening hotbeds of conflict where minorities are involved is also of central importance.

There is also a special secretariat for democratic institutions and human rights, the ODIHR, which monitors the elections in various OSCE States and is democratic and fair, and which has a certain responsibility to monitor the implementation of the human dimension. During the first years of the 21st century, election observation became a source of controversy, especially between Russia and other member states, as OSCE observers criticized the electoral process in several former Soviet republics. Russia has accused OSCE observers of double standards and attempts to incite political upheaval in Georgia and Ukraine, among others.

The disagreement will concern such fundamental issues as the OSCE’s legitimacy as an organization, its activities and the values ​​on which it will be based.

The disagreement intensified in the following years. Russia, Belarus and several other countries of the former Soviet Union claimed that the ODIHR had a political bias and too quickly came up with accusations of electoral fraud instead of acting as a support for the host country. When Russia, in the run-up to its parliamentary elections in December 2007, only agreed to issue visas to 300 ODIHR election monitors, the organization chose not to send any at all.

Russia has called for a better balance between the OSCE’s three original “dimensions” – security, economic and human.

OSCE - Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe

The 10 top honeymoon destinations

The 10 top honeymoon destinations

A wedding is one of the most beautiful experiences you can have in your life. On this day you marry the love of your life and you promise it eternal loyalty, support and affection. But a wedding must also be planned so that it can be a wonderful day and of course the honeymoon also belongs to the wedding.

In order for the honeymoon to be unforgettable, you should talk to your future spouse as early as possible about what ideas you have about the honeymoon and what wishes you would like to fulfill. Sometimes you have to compromise, because not everyone has the same taste. But which countries or cities are particularly suitable for honeymoons? Would you rather go to the sun and the sea or is a city trip the perfect choice for a honeymoon? Below are the top 10 honeymoon destinations.

Hawaii, Pacific Ocean

The remoteness of this island is the perfect place to start your marriage.

Paris, France

It is not for nothing that Paris is called the city of love, because couples who are in love and newlyweds regularly get lost in this city.

Bali, Indian Ocean

In Bali you can also make yourself comfortable on your honeymoon on the white sandy beaches.

Venice, Italy

Venice is also a very romantic city that is often visited during honeymoons. You can sit in one of the gondolas with your spouse and glide through the canals or take a romantic night stroll through the narrow streets.

Greece

Greece has a lot of pages that are ideal for a beautiful honeymoon. You can spend your honeymoon, for example, on islands like Rhodes with their cute white houses and blue shutters, or you can visit a cosmopolitan city with a history like Athens.

Maldives, Indian Ocean

No place is better suited for a dreamlike and heavenly honeymoon than the Maldives.

Rome, Italy

If you read Roma the other way around, it’s called Cupid and that’s why this impressive city is also suitable for a honeymoon.

New York City, United States

If you love the big city flair, New York is the perfect honeymoon destination.

Caribbean

In the Caribbean, you can forget all your worries during your honeymoon and enjoy a few heavenly weeks by the sea.

Las Vegas, United States

Las Vegas is not only useful for a short-term wedding, but also for the subsequent honeymoon, because here you can test your fresh luck directly in a casino.

Las Vegas, United States

England Famous Philosophers and Theologians Part II

England Famous Philosophers and Theologians Part II

Wilhelm von Ockham (about 1285-1347)
English philosopher and theologian. Wilhelm von Ockham was born in Ockham around 1285 and trained in the Franciscan order. He studied theology at Oxford University. He left behind writings on natural philosophy and theological as well as works on logic and politics. Von Ockham is considered one of the leading exponents of nominalism.

Matthew Parker (1504-1575)
Archbishop of Canterbury and Reformer of England. Parker was born in Norwich in 1504. He studied at Cambridge and became a deacon, then a priest in 1527 and finally Archbishop of Canterbury in 1559. During his career he was strongly influenced by the so-called Cambridge Reformers, whose chaplain he was appointed after Anne Boleyn was put on the throne. Parker died in Lambeth in 1575.

Nicholas Ridley (c. 1500-1555)
Bishop of Rochester and Anglican martyr. Ridley was born into a distinguished family in Northumberland around 1500 and studied at Cambridge. As a priest-professor he temporarily moved to Paris and a few years after his return became the highest proctor of the University of Cambridge. In 1547, Ridley was ordained Bishop of Rochester. He was executed under Maria I in 1555 – along with Hugh Latimer.

Lord Robert Runcie (1921-2000)
Archbishop of Canterbury 1980-1991. Robert Runcie was born in Liverpool in 1921 as the son of an electrical engineer. He studied Ancient History and Literature at Oxford during World War II and volunteered for combat. Runcie became a priest in the early 1950s. In 1980 Margaret Thatcher named him Archbishop of Canterbury. Runcie wed the Prince of Wales to Lady Diana in 1981.

John of Salisbury (ca.1115-1180)
theologian, scholastic. John of Salisbury was born in England around 1115 and received his training from the famous Pierre Abélard in Paris, who made a significant contribution to making Salisbury one of the most popular theologians of his time. He is also seen as a thought leader in the English Enlightenment. One of his role models was Aristotle. Von Salisbury died in Chartres in 1180.

Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury (1671-1713)
moral philosopher, politician. Anthony Ashley-Cooper was born in London in 1671 and grew up in the famous Exeter House. As a philosopher, he played an enlightening role that contradicted Hobbe’s philosophy of egoism. The essence of harmony was of central importance in his views. Its influence on subsequent generations is enormous, so it was very well received by Leibniz, Herder, Diderot and others. Ashley-Cooper died in Naples in 1713.

David Sheppard (1929-2005)
Bishop of Liverpool. Sheppard was born in Surrey in 1929 and studied in Cambridge. At first he distinguished himself as a cricketer over many years. Sheppard was very active in his church career and was one of the pioneers of “Faith in the City”. In 1998 he received the honorary title of Baron Sheppard of Liverpool. Sheppard died in Liverpool in 2005.

William Tyndale (c. 1448-1536)
priest and scholar, translator of the Bible into English. Tyndale was born in North Nibley around 1448. He studied at Oxford and Cambridge. His translation of the Bible was most widely used to date, due to the invention of the printing press. He introduced entirely new words into his mother tongue. However, the work was banned in England. Tyndale was executed in Vilvoorde in 1536 for his translation.

Chad Varah (1911-2007)
clergyman and founder of the Samaritans (telephone counseling). Varah was born in Barton-upon-Humber in 1911, the first of nine children of a priest. He studied at Keble College in Oxford, among others. In 1953 he set up the Samaritans, a telephone counseling service on a non-clerical basis. Between 1953 and 2003 he was also the church leader of a London congregation. Varah died in Basingstoke in 2007.

Baroness Mary Warnock (born 1924)
philosopher and writer of existentialism. Warnock was born in Winchester in 1924, the youngest of seven children to a wealthy family. She studied at Oxford, then became an honorary member and taught philosophy at the university. In 2008 she was charged with campaigning for euthanasia in people with dementia. She also takes the view that religion cannot be the basis of political decisions.

John Bainbridge Webster (1955)
Anglican theologian. Webster was born in Mansfield in 1955 and studied in Cambridge. He worked as a chaplain and tutor at Durham University, and later as a professor in Oxford and Aberdeen. He writes recognized writings in the field of social, historical and moral theology.

William Wilberforce (1759-1833)
Protestant reformer, front fighter against the slave trade. Wilberforce was born in Kingston upon Hull in 1759 and studied at Cambridge University. He was elected to the British House of Commons. Later he dealt with India, freedom, religion and campaigned vehemently against the slave trade in Great Britain. Wilberforce died in Chelsea in 1833, days after British slavery was abolished after decades of struggle.

Thomas Wolsey (circa 1475-1530)
Cardinal and Archbishop of York and founder of Christ Church College in Oxford. Wolsey was born in Ipswich around 1475 and studied theology at Oxford. This was followed by ordination, doctor of theology, appointment as a Roman Catholic cardinal and finally the post of English Lord Chancellor. For a long time he was considered the most powerful man in England until he was charged with high treason. Wolsey died in Leicester in 1530.

John Wyclif (Wycliffe), (about 1330-1384)
philosopher, theologian and religious reformer. Wycliffe was born in Yorkshire around 1330. He studied at Oxford and later headed Balliol College. In his teachings he took the view “power only through grace” and denied the Pope his claim to political power. The people admired him, the rulers persecuted him. Wyclif died after suffering a stroke in 1284.

John Wyclif

England Famous Philosophers and Theologians Part I

England Famous Philosophers and Theologians Part I

Francis Bacon (1561-1621)
philosopher, writer, statesman and pioneer of empiricism. Bacon was born in London in 1561, studied various subjects in Cambridge from the age of 14 and lived with his brother Anthony, who later became a spy. He left behind many valuable philosophical and legal writings. The saying “knowledge is power” comes from Bacon. He died in Highgate in 1621.

Roger Bacon (1214-1292 or 1294)
Franciscan monk and philosopher. Bacon was born near Illchester in 1214 and studied at Oxford University, where he also briefly taught. He later went to Paris University to teach in Europe’s intellectual center. In history he is an advocate pioneer of empirical methods. Bacon became a Franciscan monk at an advanced age and eventually died in Oxford. He was called “Doctor Mirabilis” – “wonderful teacher”.

Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832)
philosopher, social reformer, lawyer. Jeremy Bentham was born in Spitalfields in 1748 to a lawyer and studied at Oxford. He was considered a radical and campaigned for women’s suffrage and also for freedom of the press. He also called for the abolition of the penalty for homosexuality and was a spearhead of utilitarianism. Democracy was also very important to him. Bentham, who usually thought far ahead of his time, died in London in 1832.

Lady Anne Conway (1631-1679)
The philosopher was born Anne Fich in London in 1631 and spent her childhood in what is now Kensington Palace. During her short life, she maintained an intensive philosophical exchange with the Platonist Henry More. Jewish Kabbalah, Quakerism and the teachings of Descartes shaped Conway’s views. With her debut and only work called “The Principles of the Most Ancient and Modern Philosophy” she exerted a significant influence on Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. Conway died in her native town in 1679.

Ralph Cudworth (1617-1688)
philosopher and theologian. Ralph Cudworth was born in Somerset in 1617, the son of a minister. After studying in Cambridge, he was given a chair in Hebrew studies and was henceforth titled Regius Professor. Cudworth belonged to the Cambridge Platonists and placed emphasis on human free will in his studies. His epistemology was based on the concept of relation. Cudworth died in Cambridge in 1688.

John Graham (1794-1865)
Bishop of Chester, English academic and tutor to Charles Darwin. Graham was born in Claypath in 1794 and educated at Cambridge. In the university town he was appointed deacon in 1818, later head of Christ College and from 1834 vice chancellor of the university. He was Charles Darwin’s tutor during his studies. In 1848 Graham became Bishop of Chester. He died there in 1865.

John Harvard (1607-1638)
English-American theologian. Harvard was born in London in 1607 and studied at Cambridge. Five years later he moved to America with his wife and became a Doctor of the Church. He died in Massachusetts in 1638 and bequeathed half his fortune and his library to an educational institution. Harvard University was named after him to show its gratitude for the donation, which in turn paved the way for the university system in the USA.

Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)
philosopher and state theorist. Hobbes was born in Westport in 1588, the son of a minister. Recognized as a child prodigy, he studied at Oxford University at the age of 17. Hobbes most famous work is “Leviathan”, which contains his theory of absolutism. He also dealt intensively with egoism and represented it. He died in Hardwick Hall in 1679.

Charles Kingsley (1819-1875)
Anglican clergyman, theologian, and writer. Kingsley was born in Devon in 1819. He studied in London and Cambridge. He later taught at Cambridge, was chaplain to Queen Victoria from 1859 and became a decade later to the canons of Chester and Westminster Abbey (1873). As a writer, he excelled in particular with the children’s book “Die Wasserkinder”. Kingsley died in Hampshire in 1875.

Hugh Latimer (ca.1485/1492-1555)
bishop and Anglican martyr. Latimer was born a farmer’s son in Leicestershire between 1485 and 1492 and later studied at Cambridge for his academic achievements. Latimer was appointed university minister in 1522. He was a radical advocate of the Reformation, supported the planned divorce from Henry VIII and made many enemies. Latimer was made Bishop of Rochester and Worcester, but was eventually executed under Mary I at Oxford in 1555.

JB Lightfoot (1828-1889)
Anglican Bishop of Durham and British theologian. Joseph Barber Lightfoot was born in Liverpool in 1828. He studied at Cambridge and later became a Fellow and Professor at Trinity College. In 1866 he became a Whitehall preacher, in 1871 a canon at St. Paul’s Cathedral in London and finally in 1879 Bishop of Durham. Lightfoot researched the Bible using new methods before he died in Bournemouth in 1889.

John Locke (1632-1704)
philosopher, psychologist, educator, father of liberalism. John Locke was born in Wrington in 1632. His father was a lawyer. Locke studied medicine and philosophy at Oxford and advanced to become one of the trend-setting representatives of empiricism in Great Britain. The member of the London Royal Society left behind several works, including “Two Treatises of Government” (1690) among the most important. Locke, who exerted great influence during his lifetime, including the American Declaration of Independence, died in Oates in 1704.

John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)
philosopher, sociologist, political economist. John Stuart Mill was born in Pentonville in 1806 as a descendant of the philosopher James Mill. Even as a teenager he dealt with a wide variety of doctrines such as logic and metaphysics. In his philosophy, the principle of experience plays the decisive role in gaining knowledge. The term dystopia (as opposed to utopia) also goes back to him. Mill became one of the most influential positivists of his century. Mill died in Avignon in 1873.

Henry More (1614-1687)
philosopher, poet. Henry More was born into a wealthy family in Grantham in 1614 and later studied at Eton. He led the group of the Cambridge Platonists. The core of his philosophy was the immortality of the soul. After intensive correspondence with the philosopher Anne Consway, he dedicated his book “Antidote against Atheism”, which came out in 1653, to her. Many other writings against materialism and atheism were published by him. More died in Cambridge in 1687.

Henry More

Kosovo Social Security

Kosovo Social Security

Proportion of literate adults: 91.9% (2007)

Major religions: Islam, Christianity (Serbian-Orthodox, Roman-Cat.)

Urban population: 38% (2012)

Life expectancy (female / male): 81.6 years (2016)

Gender Inequality Index: –

Birth rate: 2.0 (2018)

Infant mortality: 10.6 per 1000 births (2018)

In 2001, a three-pillar pension system was established in Kosovo under the supervision of the World Bank and USAID introduced. In 2015, the pension expenditure of all pension benefits amounted to 4.5% of GDP. The first pillar comprises a basic pension that covers all persons who are permanently resident in Kosovo and who have reached the retirement age of 65 years. The corresponding pension payments are set at a flat rate of € 75 and therefore do not have any reference to the career history of the pensioners. The so-called wage replacement rate, which is around 17%, can be calculated from the ratio between the basic pension and the average wage. The basic pension is financed from the public budget. In 2018, 127,000 beneficiaries received the basic pension, which corresponds to 7.1% of the total population. The second pillar of the pension system follows the individualized funded principle. This pension system is compulsory for all employees born after 1946 and formally employed. 10% of the earned income (shared equally between employer and employee) is invested in an individual asset account each month, which is dated from Kosovo Pensions Savings Trust is managed. Upon retirement, the accumulated assets are transferred to a pension insurance scheme from which pension benefits are granted once or monthly. The total number of active contributors in this pillar was around 244,000 in 2017. Less than 7% of the special assets that have accrued to date (€ approx. 1,500 million, 2017) will be invested in Kosovo. Between 2002 and 2015, the Kosovo Pensions Saving Trust generated an annual return of 2.17%. The third pillar comprises voluntary, individually made pension payments as well as additional employer-financed pensions. The relevance of these optional pensions is negligible.

According to THESCIENCETUTOR, the law on the status and rights of families of martyrs, invalids and members of the UÇK as well as of civilian victims of war regulates the various benefits in favor of war disabled persons, e.g. B. family, disability or survivors’ pensions, but also tax exemptions, employment benefits or easier access to educational institutions. Pension benefits range from € 40 for civil war invalids to € 534 for families with four or more members who belonged to the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) and are considered missing. 201813,138 relatives of martyrs and invalids received a corresponding rent, in total approx. € 40.8 million and 38,345 war veterans received a veteran’s pension, in total € 70.1 million – together these social expenditures make up 1.7% of GDP. The level of expenditure in this service category has risen sharply in recent years and is likely to continue to rise. The services are almost entirely concentrated on the Albanian majority.

The basic social security law covers two categories of benefit recipients. Category I defines families as beneficiaries in which all family members are temporarily or permanently unavailable for the labor market, e.g. B. Children up to 14 years, young people up to 18 years, if they are integrated into the education system, single parents with at least one child under 15 years, people with severe and permanent disabilities over 18 years, older people over 65 years. Category II comprises those families in which at least one family member is available to the labor market and in which at least one child younger than 5 years or an orphan younger than 15 years is cared for. The benefits from both categories are linked to strict means tests. The monthly benefit varies from € 50 for a single person to a maximum of € 150 for a family with seven or more members, which corresponds to a wage replacement rate of 11.2% (individual). In 2018, around 25,345 families with around 103,409 family members received social assistance, a proportion of the population of 6%. At around € 32.9 million, or a share of 0.5% of GDP, the total expenditure is low. In Kosovo there are two special institutions that specialize in the care of adults with mental illnesses (in Shtime) and in the care of the elderly (in Prishtina). In addition, five municipal facilities for people with intellectual disabilities and facilities for the elderly were recently opened. The institutions in Shtime and Prishtina have been repeated with in the past linked to human rights abuses.

The capacities of institutionally provided social services are very limited. In addition, only a few locally accessible outpatient services have established themselves so far. One of the reasons for this is that the municipalities are financially heavily dependent on transfer payments from the state budget. The demand for care services is significantly lower than elsewhere in Europe due to the specific demographic reality in Kosovo, but also due to the pronounced role of traditional family structures. However, the demand will increase in the medium term, especially against the background of falling birth rates and increasing life expectancy, socio-structural changes, but also with regard to the migration movements in Kosovo.

Kosovo Jashari monument, Prekaz

5 Attractions in Iceland

5 Attractions in Iceland

In recent years, our Scandinavian neighbor Iceland has become a very popular travel destination, and rightly so. Has this piece of sugar not yet caught your interest? Let me then tempt you with five sights that can turn the tables!

Yes, many of us long to be able to get on a bus, train or plane and get to a better place, without having to be dragged along with all the duties and challenges of everyday life. Sometimes we want to get away even when we can not afford it. While some choose to borrow for travel , others choose to wait to move. If you are going to make the decision to borrow money, it is of course very important to review the terms.

Black beach in Reynisfjära

According to Softwareleverage, Iceland is known for its beautiful landscapes and environments. One of the country’s most famous tourist destinations for those who want a sight to behold is the black beach in Reynisfjära. The coastal area has received a lot of attention around the world and major film productions such as Star Wars and Game of Thrones have been filmed there.

The blue Lagoon

Craving for natural and highly relaxing treatment for the body? The Blue Lagoon is what is called a “geothermal spa” and has become one of Iceland’s most visited tourist destinations. It is located in something as exotic as in a lava field. Next time I go to Iceland I will definitely make a trip there.

Skaftafell

No country that attracts tourists for the beautiful views and environments would be complete without a national park? Skaftafell was founded in the autumn of 1967 and consists of almost five thousand square meters of natural beauty. There is also a camping area for those who want to spend more in the park and have time to see everything it has to offer. Perfect for the family as the children do not learn to have a boring time there.

Húsey

If you, like many others, need to get a little closer to yourself and find inner peace, the Húsey area is right for you. There are great landscapes to walk on and a popular retreat center. It is also possible to ride an Icelandic pony.

Hekla volcano

The volcano is one of the coolest phenomena in the world, but it is very rare that we actually get the chance to see them in real life. In Iceland there are several volcanoes to witness and the coolest is probably Hekla, which is about 1500 meters high and one of the country’s most active. Just do not hope it gets an outbreak when you are there!

There we have it, five sights in Iceland. Do you get the urge to go?

5 Attractions in Iceland

Shopping in Barcelona

Shopping in Barcelona

Barcelona is the dream city for the most shopping-loving. The selection of shops is huge, all the well-known brands are represented, and you will also find local designs that can be absolutely phenomenal. Prices are generally somewhat lower than we are used to in Norway, but not necessarily when it comes to the most luxurious brands.

Shopping in Barcelona

Here you will find the best shopping:

  • Passeig de Gracia– This is one of the two most important shopping streets. Passeig de Gracia starts at Placa de Catalunya and goes uphill towards the mountains. Here you will find the most exclusive stores such as Gucci, Dolce & Gabbana, Prada and Jimmy Choo, as well as stores for watches, jewelry and accessories such as Swarovski, Bvlgari, Rolex, and others.
  • Portal del Angel– This shopping street also starts on Placa de Catalunya, and goes in the direction of the port and beaches of Barcelona. Here they go especially in the big chains such as Zara, H&M, Mango and Massimo Dutti, in addition to smaller shoe stores, as well as the occasional store with local design.
  • El Corte Ingles– This is the largest department store in Europe. Located on Placa de Catalunya, El Corte Ingles is set over 9 floors. Each of the floors is divided according to to make shopping easier, such as a separate floor for men’s clothing, one for children’s clothing, one for accessories, and so on. The department store contains not only fashion, although this dominates, but also electronics, furniture, and much more, in addition to one of the city’s largest supermarkets.

Five shopping centers:

  • Maremagnum– shopping center down at the harbor which is open on Sundays. The address is Moll d’Espanya 5.
  • Las Arenas– shopping center in a former bullring. The address is Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes 373.
  • El Triangle– small but good shopping center on Placa de Catalunya 1-4.
  • Diagonal Mar– Shopping center near Mar Bella Beach, and right next to the Hilton hotel. The address is Avinguda Diagonal 3.
  • Centro Comercial Glories– good shopping center if you need fashion clothes. The address is Avinguda Diagonal 208.

Looking for something special?

  • Calle Verdi (in the Gracia district) is the street to shop in if you are looking for local design.
  • Calle Tallers (in the El Raval district) is the street to shop in if you are looking for used and vintage.
  • El Bornis the district you want to go to if you want to go in fancy boutiques.
  • Calle Seneca 28 is the address you want to go to if you are looking for design from Lydia Delgado, Spain’s fashion queen.
  • La Roca Village north of Barcelona (half an hour by taxi, some more by train) is the place for outlet shopping (about 100 shops and brands). Great opportunities to save a lot of money!

Shopped a lot? Get some of your money back

Since we are not full members of the EU, we have the right to get the VAT back when we shop in Spain, among other places. This does not apply to drinks, food, accommodation, tickets and such, but merchandise such as clothing and electronics.

IVA (VAT in Spanish) is currently 21%, and you get it again when you shop in stores with the sticker in the window that says “Tax Free Shopping Service”. You must shop for more than 90 Euros, and the refund form must be completed correctly.

Allow yourself plenty of time at the airport, because that’s where you get your money back. You must first visit a separate counter for customs, and you may be asked to present the goods for which you require a refund. There you will then receive a check that you cash in at the exchange office next door. Remember that it can be long queues.

Five exciting festivals in Barcelona

In this city, it is almost always an exciting festival to join in. Thus, it does not matter when in the year you visit Barcelona. Nevertheless, we have selected five of the most exciting and fun festivals, all in very different genres. Maybe one of them is for you? Remember that both flights, hotels and festival tickets can be picked up quickly, especially if there are several events in the city at the same time. Start planning early!

  • La Mercè– This festival is held in honor of the Mare de Déu de la Mercè, Barcelona’s patron saint. La Mercè is held every year and lasts one week until 24 September. Here you can experience fantastic dancing, costumes and an insane fireworks show.
  • Barcelona Carnival– The Barcelona Carnival is a month-long event that takes place every year from the beginning of February to the beginning of March. The most important parades and parties, however, are the first week. The carnival in the city is a tradition that started as early as 1333.
  • Voll-Damm Festival Internacional de Jazz de Barcelona– The Jazz Festival lasts for a full two months, and is considered one of Europe’s finest of its kind. Here you can hear and see top bands and artists from all over the world, at concerts that take place all over the city. The concerts are often paired with other events, such as food or wine festivals.
  • Sala Montjuic– The film festival, where all the films are shown outdoors, usually lasts from the beginning of July to the beginning of August. The canvases are set up on Montjuic Hill, and everything from classics to indie films are shown. Sit outside in beautiful surroundings, have a drink, and enjoy a good movie after the sun goes down in Barcelona.
  • Festa de Sant Medir– The festival for those who have a sugar tooth! Tons of sweets are given away in the parade that takes place in the Gracia district every year on March 3. When all the candy is consumed, it all ends with fireworks and fun.
Shopping and Eating in Zurich, Switzerland

Shopping and Eating in Zurich, Switzerland

Zurich is one of the largest cities in the country of Switzerland.

Shopping in Zurich

Zurich’s main street is the world-famous shopping avenue Bahnhofstrasse. Here are a mile and a half with exclusive and expensive stores such as Bottega Veneta in No 25, Louis Vuitton in No 30, Chanel in No 39 and Cartier in No 47 in addition to all the chain stores. Here you can look at the price tags on the Rolex watches in the show windows and heaven with the eyes that someone is willing to spend 180000 kroner to pass the time, or you can go in and buy one. The Löwenstrasse parallel street is also one of Zurich’s leading shopping streets.

Most of us will probably feel more at home in the Niederdorf area of ​​Zurich’s Old Town, where there are a number of smaller shops.

Most of these have apparently existed since the 16th century. Niederdorfstrasse and down to Oberdorfstrasse and Limmatquai by the river are mandatory for shopping tourists, but be sure to look through the many side streets too! You can suddenly stumble across a small favorite store tucked away in an alley.

What to buy?

The most typical items tourists buy with them from Switzerland are undoubtedly watches, pocket knives and chocolates. Swiss watches have become synonymous with precision and quality, and there is almost no upper price limit for the most exclusive, such as Rolex and Omega.

Admittedly, you can find cheap wristwatches in Zurich defined by AbbreviationFinder, but if the price is under 40 Swiss francs, or 200 kroner, then it’s probably Asian imports. The most affordable Swiss watches are the well-known Swatch brand, and the M-watch.

The pocket knives, or Swiss Army Knifes as they are called internationally, are also one of Switzerland’s foremost inventions and merchandise. As the name suggests, they were made quite right for the Swiss army in 1891. You can buy these high-quality knives from Riethmüller AG at Bahnhofstrasse 31, or less expensive variants at the tourist shops. And don’t bring it with you in your luggage when you get home!

Swiss chocolate is considered one of the best in the world, and is a top seller in the tourist shops, or at the biggest grocery stores Coop and Migros, which have a huge selection on their chocolate shelves. The best of Swiss chocolate is found at the traditional Confiserie Sprüngli in Bahnhofstrasse 21, which is also Zurich’s oldest bakery. Alternatively, visit Teuscher in Storchengasse 9.

Shopping Centers

On Bahnhofstrasse are two of the city’s largest department stores. The traditional Jelmoli has existed since 1833, but today is in sharp competition with the modern Globus.

However, Zurich’s most popular shopping center is probably Shop Ville under the train station, which is one of the few places that is actually open seven days a week, from 0900 to 2100.

Markets

At Bürkliplatz at the south end of Bahnhofstrasse, and at Helvetiaplatz west of the train station, flower and vegetable markets are organized every Friday between 0600 and 1100. On Saturdays there are all kinds of groceries sold at Bürkliplatz from hundreds of small stalls.

Also check out the Arrivals Hall at the train station on Wednesdays, as the gourmet market with Swiss food products is kept in focus.

Generally about shopping in Zurich

The shop opening hours are usually from 0900 to 1830 or 2000 on weekdays, and from 0900 to 1600 or 1700 on Saturdays. On Sundays, most are closed, with the exception being Shop Ville.

Don’t forget that you pay 7.6% VAT and that on all purchases over 400 Swiss francs, or about NOK 2000, you can get a refund of the VAT on departure. Not all stores have a VAT refund scheme, so look for the Tax Free Shopping badge at the entrance to buy expensive products. Remember to bring a completed and stamped form and receipt.

Zurich Eats

Food in Zurich, Switzerland

Many associate Swiss food with fondue. Fondue is usually based on cheese, but is also offered with oil or chocolate. If you want to try this out, we can recommend Adler’s Swiss Chuchi, at Hotel Adler at the intersection of Niederdorfstrasse and Rosengasse. Prices start at around NOK 150 per person. Table reservation is recommended.

But the dish most typical of exactly Zurich is undoubtedly Zürigschnätzlets. This is veal in a sauce of cream and wine. As an accessory, try the roasti, a kind of thick mashed potato pancake. Rösti is also served as a main course, but is often seasoned with cheese, onions and bacon. And of course we should not forget the Swiss cheese, or Emmenthal, which has one of the places of honor in Swiss cuisine.

If you want to try something really local, then find the way to the old classic Rheinfelder Bierhalle in Niederdorfstrasse 76, which really meets all your expectations and prejudices about the Alpine country. Swiss food and cheap beer on the menu, and in the room there are white ceiling lights and long wooden benches that you would like to share with the sideman. So arch-Swiss that you almost expect a gentleman with a Tyrolean hat and the manager’s pants to pop up on the table every now and then.

Please note that this room can be quite smoky, at the time of writing the Swiss have not yet introduced any smoking law.

Another very Swiss but slightly nicer restaurant is Zeughauskeller in Bahnhofstrasse 28a, right on Paradeplatz. In a 15th-century building, this basement restaurant has been serving traditional Swiss food for 85 years, often prepared after centuries-old recipes. Among the city’s most fashionable restaurants is Sein, located in Schützengasse 5, just off the train station. Sein is known for a creative menu and they also have a good selection for vegetarians.
Zurich is also home to Europe’s first vegetarian restaurant. Hiltl opened as early as 1898 and is located at 28 Sihlstrasse.

If you are in the daring corner and want to try something completely out of the ordinary, then choose the restaurant Blindekuh, or at good Norwegian Blindebukk. Here, blind waiters serve you food made by blind cooks, and you sit in the steamy darkness eating something you have no idea what is or what it looks like. What does the interior look like? We have no idea! The address is Mühlbachstrasse 48.

Drink in Zurich

Switzerland may not be the country you first think of when it comes to wine, but there are several wine districts in the country. Most are located in the west of Switzerland, around Geneva and Neuchatel, and in Ticino in the south. You’ve probably never heard of any of the brands because it’s not exported out of the country, but Riesling X Sylvaner is a decent and popular white wine. The red wines aren’t the whole world. Read more about Swiss wine !

The Swiss are also enthusiastic about their Rivella, a locally produced soft drink with carbonated acid, but based on milk products, thus containing lactose.

Also try the chocolate milk drink Ovomaltine, which has a tradition of more than a hundred years in Switzerland and which is ever popular.

The largest brewery in Switzerland is Feldschlösschen, which among other things produces the mild pilsner beer of the same name. At the other end of the scale you have powder barrel Samichlaus, one of the world’s strongest beer brands at 14%. It is produced (fortunately) only for Christmas, hence the name called Santa Claus. We also have the sense of the bright Pilsen Unser Bier from Basel, and Appenzeller’s Natural Pearl.

Shopping and Eating in Zadar, Croatia

Shopping and Eating in Zadar, Croatia

Zadar is one of the largest cities in the country of Croatia.

Shopping in Zadar

Zadar, the capital of Croatia described on Countryaah is a big city by Croatian scale, so this is a place where you can shop most of the time. Of course, Zadar can’t compare to metropolises like London, Milan or Paris, but on the other hand, why not go here if the main goal is shopping of the latest fashion either?

Zadar defined by AbbreviationFinder is a happy summer holiday town, and of course also touristy, so it does not surprise anyone if you find Norwegian or Swedish newspapers in a newsstand. In any case, you can buy newspapers from Italy, Germany and the United Kingdom. Take a trip to Slobodna Dalmacija kiosk on the mainland side of the bridge leading to the Old Town.

What is worth bringing along are local delicacies, such as cheese and ham. Feel free to take a look at Croatian crafts and ancient antiques as well. Very nice to buy and at good prices. Most of the attention is given to the local lace arts. The price may seem high, but these are top-class crafts, and the number of hours behind is many! If you are looking for clothing, shoes or accessories, local brands will be cheap. International brands, on the other hand, have international prices too.

Lace and crafts products in Zadar

Studio Like is found in the street Don Ive Prodana 7 and it is open from 0900 to 1500 and 1800 to 2100 every weekday. Saturdays, only the morning session is held and Sundays are closed. Here you will find traditional lace products from the surrounding area and also other craft products from other places in Croatia, eg. Dubrovnik and Lepoglava. You will also find ceramics and glass noise here.

Antiques in Zadar

For antique shopping, head to the antique market located on the street Jurja Barakovića, in the old town. Open daily between 0900 and 1400, and 1500 to 2100. Here you will find a number of products made in the Dalmatia region, and if you are able to negotiate, you may be able to make a real bargain!

Shopping food and delicacies in Zadar

Pag cheese and Posedarski pršut are something you just have to buy. Pršut ham means just as much to the people of the Dalmatia region as Parma ham means to Italians. Of course you have to buy this with you. You get dry and salted or soft and mild. Whichever type of ham is good! Best enjoyed with olive oil, tomatoes and delicious red wine! Pag is sheep’s milk cheese, and in taste and consistency it may be reminiscent of Parmesan. The cheese is expensive but worth it. Look for outlets with signs that say “Paški sir”.

The Slavonica store is located in the City Gallery shopping center (in Murvička 1 street) and is a must visit for anyone who loves meat, ham and salami. Not least, you will find home-made Slavonic specialties here!

Shopping centers in Zadar

Callegro (We have been told that this center is closed! Please feel free to provide additional information at the bottom of our page).
In the heart of Zadar you will find a modern and quite special shopping center. It is called Callegro and is located on the street Široka ulica 18. Opening hours are 0730 to 2400 week throughout the high season. The inspiration for the Arctic tour is taken from Roman times, but the packaging is hypermodern. There are also dining, cinema and much more, as well as all kinds of shops.

City Gallery
In Murvička 1 street you will find this multicenter where spectacular architecture contains lots of shops and cultural activities. City Gallery is an attraction in itself. Open from 0900 to 2100 Monday to Saturday. Open 0900 to 1400 on Sundays. We could just as well have been in London or Berlin, but without such great beaches nearby! NB On Sundays, the supermarket, cafes, the local (green) market and the cinema are open. Ordinary stores are closed.

Eating in Zadar

Food in Zadar, Croatia

There is plenty of delicious food waiting for you in Zadar and Croatia. Homemade pasta has long traditions. And different areas of Croatia have their own specialties. Such pasta is often combined with lamb. Certainly followed by cherry liqueur, which is also a local specialty in and around Zadar. This drink dates back to the 16th century.

You will also be able to eat a lot of good seafood. Croatia has the Adriatic coast from north to south. Otherwise, a lot of meat is eaten, often pork and bacon.

You do not “have to” give tips in Croatia, but it is common with up to 10% drink in restaurants if you are well satisfied with the service.

Pizza is probably the most popular dish in Croatia as in the Western world otherwise. Why not eat your pizza in Zadar’s oldest Pizza Restaurant. It’s called Tri Bunara and logically located on Trg Tri Bunara, and has kept you going since the 1920s. Open for dinner from 1900 to 2400 every day.

Local food in Zadar

Want local food is a classic in the Zadar restaurant Albin. Albin uses its own olive oil and is more than a little known for its fish soup. The address is Put Dikla 47, and opening hours are 1800 to 2400.

Lamb meat is a specialty on the Dalmatia coast You cannot be on the Dalmatia coast without eating lamb, and then preferably lamb from the island of Pag. A good choice in Zadar is Tamaris in the street Zagrebačka 5. If for some strange reason you do not like lamb, you can of course eat other local food. Positive also that the restaurant has a lot of good wine to offer. The restaurant is open for dinner from 1900 to 2400.

Nightlife in Zadar

There is plenty to do in Zadar after the restaurant visit. There are several nightclubs and discos in the city. And like many holiday resorts, the atmosphere is friendly and characterized by people of all ages using the establishments. The Old Town is popular to visit in the evening, as are nightlife options at Borik and Diklo. To enjoy the wonderful sunset in Zadar, a tip is to visit the Mango bar located about 5 km outside the city center, north of the city along the coast. The address is Krešimirova obala 12, by Diklo. The place is popular and is open from 2000 until 0400.

If you are the type of combination pub and disco then try Maya Pubin Liburnska obala 6. Here is a little Ibiza style with Shiva figure on the wall and terrace with sea view. At night, this becomes a very cool club. There are often live bands, often local artists. Open from 1900 to 0300.

The most beautiful is perhaps The Garden, started by the former drummer in the band UB40. The address is Bedemi zadarskih pobuna bb at the top of the Venetian fortress wall. The Garden hosts the festival in early July. Many claim this is the best lounge on the Adriatic coast. At least on the east coast of the Adriatic.

Shopping and Eating in Wroclaw, Poland

Shopping and Eating in Wroclaw, Poland

Wroclaw is one of the largest cities in the country of Poland.

Shopping in Wroclaw

There is a nice price level in Poland, and this benefit you bring with you as a tourist in Wroclaw defined by AbbreviationFinder. But you do not come here to shop well-known western brands. Not that you won’t find everything from Armani to Donna Karan here, but it’s not much cheaper than home.

On the other hand, it is much cheaper to find when it comes to locally produced products, whether it is food and drink, craft products, clothing and jewelry, or antiques.

The most expensive shops can be found in the streets of Odrzanska and Mikolaja. Here are boutiques you might as well find in Paris or Milan. Another such street is Kielbasnicza. By the way, this is a street those of us who like to look in cozy antique shops also go to.

Most tourists probably shop no matter more in the area around the square in the center of Old Town, and especially in the streets of ulica Swidnicka and ulica Olawska. Here it is formally packed with all kinds of shops, and the whole family will probably find something that suits their own style and wallet.

Markets in Wroclaw

Not far from the train station you will find Wroclaw’s largest market. It’s called the Zielinskiego Market and it’s located at Plac Zielinskiego, which you will find at the corner of Piaskowa and Sw. Ducha. This is an attraction you should bring even if you are not primarily in Wroclaw to shop. Here you get everything! Open all days except Sundays. Weekdays from 0700 to 1800 and Saturdays from 0700 to 1500.

You can find another market in the street ul. Piaskowa 17. It is called Hala Targowa and was once the leading market in Wroclaw. Today, the selection is still very good, although it is probably a little less popular than the Zielinskiego market. Open from 0800 to 1830 every weekday, and Saturdays from 0900 to 1500. Closed Sundays.

Shopping centers in Wroclaw

There are many great shopping centers in Wroclaw, but the fact is you basically only need to know about one of them. It’s called Magnolia Park and it’s the biggest and best. Almost as an adventure center to count. You can just take a taxi to Magnolia Park since it is located in ul. Legnicka 58, a little outside the city center.

If you do not want to leave the city center, you have Arkady Wroclawskie in the street
ul. Powstanców Slaskich 2-4, not far from the train station. Here are more than 100 well-known brand stores including H&M and Benetton in addition to restaurants and cafes. Aquariums and other children’s entertainment are also on site.

Souvenirs in Wroclaw

If you are one of those who consider postcards, plastic clocks or a cup with the Wroclaw City Hall on, as a souvenir, then know that “junkies” selling such are everywhere. But do not think that it is a Polish product you buy. Most likely, the cup is from China.

Of other more “real” souvenir products, it is primarily amber, and then in the form of jewelry, which is most popular. And amber jewelry can be really beautiful. Just make sure you bring a real one. For example, go to Galeria Art Amber in the street ul. Szewska 68 / 1a to avoid being fooled. Galeria Art Amber is well known outside Wroclaw.

Alternatively, beverages are a decent souvenir. Poland is the real homeland of Vodka, and not Russia as you might have assumed? Buy with a bottle of Chopin. Or how about a bottle of Goldwasser ? You know the liqueur with 22 to 23 carat leaf-gold in!

Eating in Wroclaw

Like many other cities, Wroclaw is heavily influenced by its history in terms of food and nightlife. With its German history you will find several beautiful beer gardens and beer halls in the city, not least Bierhalle Zwizki. This happy tourist trap can be found in the street Ratusz 24-27. Here are beers in large glasses, waitresses in colorful uniforms with big rings, and German-inspired food. And all at nice prices.

Wroclaw also has Jewish restaurants as a result of the city’s historically strong Jewish enclave. One of the best Jewish restaurants is Sarah in the street ul. Wlodkowica 5, not far from the synagogue, west of the old town. And they have more to offer than kosher food. Open from 1200 to 2200.

You can also eat international food in Wroclaw. Good restaurants with cuisine from Italy, Greece, India or Mexico are just as common here, as in well-known cities in the West. Unfortunately, or perhaps fortunately, there are also the same fast food chains here that you also know from other big cities, e.g. TGF or “Fridays” as it is now referred to as in daily speech.

So-called green restaurants are also spreading, and Vega Bar Weganski is probably the oldest vegan variety in Wroclaw with its start in 1987. The food is made from scratch, and you also get fresh fruits, vegetables, soups, nuts, herbs and you name it.

Vega Bar Weganski is open from 0800 to 2000 (2100 Fridays and Saturdays) every day. The address is Rynek 27a.

Polish food has no reputation for being the best in the world in terms of haute cuisine, but the portions are large, the drink strong and the influence of Germany and Austria palpable. It is certainly pleasant to spend an evening at a Polish restaurant, and the food is better than you think.

Some select restaurants in Wroclaw

Food in Wroclaw, Poland

The restaurant Cesarsko-Królewska in the street Rynek 19 tries to recreate the grandeur of the past in cities like Vienna. The restaurant has several magnificent dining rooms, literally, and the menu consists of delicious game dishes as well as other classic European cuisine. You will also have the opportunity to taste delicious vodka here.

Capri
This Italian trattoria offers pasta and other well-known Italian dishes, and is just as good as a restaurant in Italy. Opening hours are from 1200 to 2400. The address is ul. Wiezienna 21 in the old town.

Gallo Nero
Take the trip to Pl. Teatralna 4, in the basement of Teatr Lalek, you will find (yet another) Italian restaurant that gets good feedback. Previously, this was the very special restaurant Restauracja Teatralna where the world was literally turned upside down.

There is still something unique about eating in these premises. Both exclusive and popular at once.

Nightlife in Wroclaw

In Poland, it is often the case that the bars only close when the last customer leaves the scene, and it is no different in Wroclaw. At least around the market square in the old town.

You will also find good night spots west of the main square, ie in ul. Ruska and ul. Wlodkowica. The former street is the youth’s favorite with many clubs and bars. Many travelers and residents alike make the trip to the old train station at Plac Orlat Lwowskich.

Itinerary Tips!

What should we do, we who enjoyed the very cozy music bar / restaurant Ragtime? Well we suggest the bar right next door, more specifically at Pl. Solny 11. The place is called Cocktail bar by Incognito and it is a good old fashioned cocktail bar which offers first class drinks in a safe and relaxed environment. What more could one want?

Shopping and Eating in Warsaw, Poland

Shopping and Eating in Warsaw, Poland

Warsaw is one of the largest cities in the country of Poland.

Shopping in Warsaw

Poland, after its membership in the EU, has noticed that prices have increased, but you still get very good value for money in Warsaw, the capital of Poland described on Countryaah. Imported goods are of course not particularly cheaper than at home, but all of the locally produced goods have generally very reasonable prices.

Like almost everywhere else in Eastern Europe, amber jewelry and crystal products are the most common souvenirs that tourists come home with. You will find these in hundreds of street stalls virtually everywhere in Warsaw defined by AbbreviationFinder.

The main shopping streets are Nowy Swiat and the Chmielna cross street, where you will find everything from shoes, music, clothes and books.

Shopping malls and outdoor markets in Warsaw

There are plenty of great shopping centers and department stores in Warsaw. The largest and most central is the Galeria Center in Marszalkowska in the center. Further north, in Muranow, is the equally large Arcadia in Jana Pawla II 82, and not far away in Okopowa 58/72 is the Klif shopping center.

Those who thrive in markets have something to look forward to when they come to Warsaw. And this despite the huge “Russian market” that has long been located at the Dziesieciolecia Stadium in Praga is now gone.

This once was an endless maze of stalls selling obscure items such as pirated CDs, DVDs, clothing, shoes, vodka, software, fishing rods, cosmetics, cigarettes and books, and also Russian uniforms, statues of Hitler, Iron Cross and infrared binoculars, has been removed by the authority. If you asked the right seller, you could probably have bought plutonium, panda bears, Munch paintings, crocodiles or a bazooka here as well. Where all these sellers have now taken the road is the question everyone asks.

Kolo Bazar in Warsaw

Kolo Bazar is a great option for those who love to go in search of “fleas” and rarities. With opening hours from 0600 to 1800 every weekday and to 1600 Saturdays and Sundays this is an accessible market where you can buy all sorts of weird products. Here, of course, you do not pay the retail price, but negotiate as best you can. The address is ul. Obozowa 99.

Tax Free Shopping in Warsaw

Do not forget that you pay VAT and that on all purchases over 200 zloty you can get refunded VAT on departure. Not all stores have a VAT refund scheme, so look for the Tax Free Shopping badge at the entrance to buy expensive products. Remember to bring a completed and stamped form and receipt.

Eating in Warsaw

Food in Warsaw, Poland

Few of us have any exact associations with the term “Polish food”, but if you have been to the Czech Republic, you have some idea of ​​what awaits you. Like the rest of Eastern Europe, traditional Polish food is based on ingredients such as pork, bacon, sausages, sauerkraut potatoes, and thick, brown sauces. In addition to all the soups. The food is usually served in large, saturating portions.

An archetypal Polish dinner will usually consist of the appetizer smalec (fried kebab with bread) or the soup Zurek (a sour rye soup with potatoes and sausage) followed by the unofficial national dish bigos. This is a hunter’s garden consisting of meat, onions and sauerkraut that has stood and “compensated” for a few days, and it is probably only the country’s own residents who supply themselves twice. For dessert, the cheesecake is often served sernik. Everything is washed down with bare vodka or beer. Na zdrowie!

Warsaw is far from the coastline, so fish and other seafood are not as common here as it is further north in the country, even though the Vistula River flows through the center.

Some select restaurants in Warsaw

You will find many restaurants in the center of Warsaw serving traditional Polish cuisine, such as the Honoratka Cafe in Miodowa 14. This is one of the city’s oldest eateries, and Frederic Chopin, who lived in Warsaw for 20 years, was a regular guest here. The venue is in a medieval cellar, and the menu matches, with dishes such as wild boar in juniper sauce with mead to drink. Afterwards you have a short distance to the many nightlife in the Old Town.

Taxis in Warsaw have a starting price of 6 zloty, and then about 10 kroner per kilometer in the evening / night time, so you are not ruined by spending a taxi home to the hotel afterwards.

Also Restaurant Przy Zamku serves Polish cuisine and is very popular with tourists, not least because of its location vis a vis the castle. The address is plac Zamkowy 15/19.

For a coffee or lunch, try the semi-legendary Blikle Cafe on Nowy Swiat 33.

If you want to try something more fun, we can suggest Kompania Piwna in Podwale 25, just west of the Barbican. This is actually a large beer hall, but they serve large dining areas with thick beer additives, and there is a generally cheerful atmosphere here and in the garden outside. The place is suitable for both families and couples. Afterwards you have a short way down to the Old Town nightlife.

If you prefer to eat Japanese, Indian, French, Italian, Mexican, Brazilian or Chinese, there are plenty of options for that as well.

Nightlife in Warsaw

Vodka can be considered the national drink in Poland, and the Poles claim that it was they who invented it. Here, the vodka should be drunk bar in small glasses, and preferably swallowed in one sip. However, there is no tradition of wine in Poland, and no wines are produced here either. Wine is of course available at restaurants and shops, and the Hungarian wines are considerably less expensive than Western European ones.

Beer, on the other hand, drinks a lot of poles, but beer is not necessarily served cold as with us. The most popular are the bright pillar brands Zywiec, Okocim and Duitsie. Try the microbrewery at Bierhalle in Nowy Swiat 2. A pint usually costs about 25 kroner at a pub or cafe.

Shopping and Eating in Vilnius, Lithuania

Shopping and Eating in Vilnius, Lithuania

Vilnius is one of the largest cities in the country of Lithuania.

Shopping in Vilnius

You do not go to Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania described on Countryaah primarily for shopping. Granted, the prices are low, but the selection is not very different than in Norway when it comes to shoes and clothes.

But you will still have fun by visiting some of the many craft and souvenir shops. The most typical souvenir you can take home from Vilnius is undoubtedly amber jewelry. You will find plenty of market stalls selling this along the Pilies Gatve pedestrian street in the Old Town, and in Vilnius’ oldest street, Ausros Vartu Gatve. Here you can also buy crafts such as religious statues, wooden dolls and toys, woven baskets and the classic eggs with one grandmother (or Russian president) after another inside each other.

In many places you can also come across objects from the Soviet era, so if you wanted a Red Army hat, Soviet banknotes and coins, framed Stalin pictures or a small hammer-and-sickle to the fireplace shelf, you have come to the right city.

Gedimino Prospectus – the shopping street in Vilnius

The main shopping street in Vilnius is without doubt the new and beautiful Gedimino Prospectus. Here you will find most fashionable clothing chains such as Zara and Marks & Spencer.

Markets in Vilnius

You can also have great fun by visiting the morning market in Kalvarijos, in the district of Snipiskes north of Neris. Here it is high tempo and an equally high noise level, while vegetables, fruits, fish, meat and flowers are sold over hundreds of dishes.

Shopping centers in Vilnius

If you prefer shopping centers, you have the Europa Tower in Snipiskees just north of Neris and the Old Town, and a few kilometers further north is the Baltic’s largest shopping and entertainment center, the Acropolis, where you will also find cinemas, bowling alley and ice skating rink. The designer shops selling Armani, Dior and Escada can be found in front of Vilnius City Hall.

In general about shopping in Vilnius

Most shops in Vilnius defined by AbbreviationFinder are open from 8am. 1000 to 1800 on weekdays, and to 1500 on Saturdays. Sundays are mostly closed everywhere, except for the most persistent souvenir shops. Don’t forget to pay VAT, and on all purchases over 200 litas, or approx. 500 NOK, you can get a refund of the VAT on departure. Not every business practices this scheme, so look for the Tax Free Shopping badge at the entrance if you are going to buy some more expensive items and bring a completed and stamped form and receipt.

Eating in Vilnius

Food in Vilnius, Lithuania

Like the rest of Eastern Europe, traditional food in Lithuania is characterized by meat and potatoes, cabbage and fatty, brown sauces. It should be honestly admitted that Vilnius’ restaurants are not world class in terms of food or service. But the quality is decent enough, while your wallet comes out relatively well from the meeting, even at the best restaurants in town.

A main course at a good restaurant is around a hundred pieces. As tourism grows, ethnic restaurants have of course emerged, so you have plenty of options if you prefer to eat Indian, Argentine, Chinese, Turkish or Swedish.

If you intend to take a bar-to-bar lap in Vilnius, at least you will not wear out your shoe soles until it is time to go home. The dining places are close to the Old Town, and you do not have to go far, no matter where in the city you are when the thirst begins. Beer is the main drink in Lithuania, with vodka notched in the heel.

The beer is often served with bars of deep-fried garlic bread, while the vodka is served bar. Wine has no tradition in Lithuania. Of course, you can buy wine at most restaurants and bars, but it is always imported and relatively expensive compared to the options.

Of the restaurants in Vilnius, the itinerary of personal experience can recommend these:

Sue’s Indian Raja
Odminiu 3.
This Indian restaurant with an outdoor table by the cathedral square has a sister restaurant in Riga that was recently named one of Europe’s best.

Lokys
Stikliu str 8.
In a basement room in the Jewish quarters is this atmospheric medieval restaurant where you can choose boats, beaver, wild boar and bear from the menu. The less ambitious can choose fish or bird. Entrance via a steep and very narrow stone staircase.

El Gaucho Sano
Pilies gatve 10.
In the Old Town’s main street, this Argentine restaurant is at the heart of the Atrium Hotel room. The specialty is tender, juicy steaks, served on planks with lots of accessories.

Shopping and Eating in Vienna, Austria

Shopping and Eating in Vienna, Austria

Vienna is one of the largest cities in the country of Austria.

Shopping in Vienna

Vienna, the capital of Austria described on Countryaah is not a cheap shopping city. Historically it has always been expensive in Vienna, not least because of the wealth of aristocracy and its demand for the exclusive and refined. However, you will find flea markets and street markets where you can make discoveries. In addition, Vienna offers top quality handicraft products and of course, trendy clothes and jewelry.

There are always many people shopping between the Opera House and St. Stephen’s Cathedral, and the most exclusive shopping areas can be found around Kärtner Strasse, Graben and Kohlmarkt. Around the last two streets there is a lot of good when it comes to antique shops and art galleries. If you see stores labeled KUK, this stands for Kaiserlich Und Königlich, which means that the store is the official court supplier. You can also assume that the goods in the store are expensive.

If you are looking for cheaper products, try the shopping centers in the south of Vienna or the shops around Favoritenstrasse and Meidlinger Hauptstrasse.

Window shopping in Vienna

Window shopping in Vienna defined by AbbreviationFinder is very nice. Strolling around the narrow and charming streets of the city center (Inner Stadt) and looking at the range of designer shops and providers of arts and crafts is an experience in itself.

Vienna’s longest shopping street is probably Mariahilferstraße (see picture first in the article). Here you will find a rich variety of shops, not least the Gerngross shopping center, which is known for value-for-money items. Gerngross is on five floors and also has restaurants if the hunger turns up. The address is Mariahilfer Straße 38-40. You will find the street in District 6, southwest of District 1.

Markets in Vienna

One of the most famous markets in Vienna is the Naschmarkt. This market has a large selection of fresh vegetables and fruits in addition to a lot of specialty foods. The market opens at 0600 in the morning and does not close until 1800 on weekdays and 1700 on Saturdays. The market is located just off Karlsplatz.

One market for those looking for rarities and spin-offs is the Alt Wiener Flohmarkt, located in Kettenbrückengasse. The flea market is open from sunrise to 7 p.m. 1700 on Saturdays. Here you will find everything!

At Christmas, Vienna has several Christmas markets. The most famous one is right next to the town hall and is called Christkindlmarkt.

Tax free shopping in Vienna

A tip for happy visitors from outside the EU: You can claim a refund of 20% VAT. on values ​​exceeding 75 euros. You can do this at the airport when you go home. The person who purchases (or demands the money refunded) must be over 18 years of age and purchases are counted per day. That means you have to shop for at least 75 Euro in one day.

Eating in Vienna

Food in Vienna, Austria

Over the past 30 years, Vienna’s eateries have had a real boom. Generally, a lot of beer is drank in Austria, and besides, good wine is produced. In particular, Austrian white wine is of high quality. You will find many good cafés and local restaurants in Vienna, as well as a growing number of Asian and Indian restaurants.

The local food is naturally influenced by countries such as Hungary, Italy, Turkey and Germany. The fish food is rarely of the highest brand, naturally enough since the country does not have its own coastline. Of course, you must try the Wienerschnitzel while in Vienna. There is breaded veal with lemon. There are many sausage stalls, and they have good supper. These stalls are called Wurstelstand.

We must also mention Vienna’s many pastries that are worth trying. Relax with a coffee and Austrian apple cake and you will feel like the world is good. There are also many fine coffee houses. Try the Cafe Museum which opened in 1889 and is located in Friedrichstraße 6 / Operngasse 7 near Karlplatz.

The local bars, where you can also dine, are called Beisels and are everywhere. These are usually family owned restaurants where the owner even pours beer and prepares the food.

Some recommended eateries in Vienna

Figlmüller in the street Wollzeile 5 at Stephansplatz is the flagship restaurant of Figlmüller. Here you will find Vienna’s largest Vienna schnitzel. Figlmüller is usually open from 1100 to 2330 every day of the week.

Schweizerhaus in the street Strasse on 1 May 116 (2nd district) is a typical Viennese restaurant. The restaurant also has a garden and the prices are pleasantly low.

The Swiss House offers typical German / Austrian cuisine and atmosphere. Here, of course, we talk a lot of beer, not only in glass, but also in food. We think, for example. at Biersuppe and Budweiser Bierkraut. Otherwise, a lot goes into meat. Try Hintere Schweinsstelze or Krautfleisch Nach art des hauses.

Schweizerhaus is mostly open from 1100 to 2300. NB! Reasonable prices considering large portions of food.

Pizzeria Osteria da Giovanni
In Sigmundsgasse 14 you will find one of several good Italian restaurants in Vienna. Like Italian restaurants it is informal and has nice prices. The menu offers traditional Italian dishes such as pizza, but also some specialties. Good wine selection.

NB! Not open for lunch on weekdays. Opens 1600 and closes approximately 2300.

Cafes and patisseries

Patisseries and cafes must be tried several times while in Vienna. And not just brown varieties. Many of the cafés and patisseries in Vienna are architectural masterpieces. And there are also the pastries here too. And we should not hide that you can also have a lot of fun drinking. A local specialty of the coffee houses is Mocha sprinkled. It’s black coffee with brandy!

Cafe Central in Vienna

Cafe Central is located in Herrengasse 14 in ” Inner Stadt “, and then you understand that you are in District 1. Cafe Central is located in Palais Ferstel and opened as early as 1876.

Cafe Central quickly became a meeting place for the intellectuals in Vienna and here both Freud, Stalin, Hitler and Trotsky have eaten, drunk and discussed. In the premises of Central, revolutions have been planned and scientific theories have been produced, discussed and rejected.

Cafe Central is popularly known as the “chess school” since the 2nd floor has often been used for board games. Cafe Central is as good and bad as a tourist attraction like a Café these days, but it’s hard to avoid a visit here during your trip to Vienna.

Also visit……

Old Bakehouse is the patisserie / cafe which is also a museum. The address is Lange Gasse 34 (District 8). Alternatively, try Zartl in Rasumofskygasse 7 (District 3). Here, there are often concerts and poetry reading in the evenings. Café Zartl is usually open from 0700 to 2200.

Demel is one of the best pastry shops in Vienna and is located in Kohlmarkt 14 (1st district). Here you will find everything even calories.

Shopping and Eating in Venice, Italy

Shopping and Eating in Venice, Italy

Venice is one of the largest cities in the country of Italy.

Shopping in Venice

Shopping in Venice defined by AbbreviationFinder can be a costly affair. After all, this is Italy’s most expensive city. Venice offers quality and exclusivity that is not left behind for Paris and Milan. The fashion conscious will find products from all the major designers like Armani, Versace and Prada in the shops around St. Mark’s Square.

The best shoe and clothing stores are located in Torre dell Orologio, the street that leads from St. Mark’s Square to the Rialto Bridge. Here are also some antique shops, another Venice specialty, although the few tourists have a holiday budget that makes shopping possible.

Venetian specialties

Many tourists tend to end up with typical Venice souvenirs such as small wooden or plastic gondola models that street vendors have put on them. Rather focus on real Venetian glass art. You can buy it directly from the factory outlets on the island of Murano, where the glass factories were located after a city fire in the 13th century.

In Murano, you can watch as the glass artist picks up a red-hot lump from the stove and with some quick grips with pliers pulls out four legs, one head, one tail, and flip: a stealing glass horse! Be sure to pack your purchases well for the return trip!

Lace is another local specialty. On the colorful island of Burano, the art is kept alive at its own lace school, which produces the island’s most important export item. It is incredibly fascinating to look at black-clad old wives who sit silently in the doorway and conjure up the most intricate details of their craft.

Carnival masks are perhaps the most archetypal you can bring home. They are most often made in cardboard masks and are available in all sizes, shapes and colors, from refrigerator magnets to heavy feathers and head ornaments. Look for this in the markets of San Polo right across the Rialto Bridge.

Those who prefer large shopping malls and arcades should probably (fortunately) find themselves on a trip to the mainland. Nearest town is Mestre.

In general about shopping in Venice

The stores are usually open from 10am. From 0930 to 1330 and from. 1530 to 2000, but this varies. Most shops are closed on Sundays, although there are exceptions.

Tax Free Shopping in Venice

Don’t forget that you pay 20% VAT and on all purchases over approx. You can get a refund of NOK 1500 on departure. Not all businesses have this scheme on their sale, so look for the Tax Free Shopping badge at the entrance if you are going to buy some more expensive items and bring a completed and stamped form and receipt.

NB! It might be tempting to buy a copy of a brand from one of the many African illegal immigrants that you are sure to come across. But be aware that in many places Italian police have given up trying and fining the sellers, as they often have neither money nor ID papers. But it has YOU.

Civilian-clad policemen are therefore keeping a close eye on street vendors, and if they see that you are buying a pirate copy of, for example. a Louis Vutton case or Rolex watch at a fraction of the price, you should expect to receive a staggering fine of the order of $ 25,000-30000.

Eating in Venice

Food in Venice, Italy

In Venice, there are hundreds of restaurants serving typical Italian food such as pasta and pizza. Beyond these dishes is the seafood that dominates the menus. As elsewhere in Italy, the pasta is relatively inexpensive, while the seafood varies in price.

You can get cheap fish at a simple restaurant or specially made squid for astronomical bucks. If you want to eat quality food, we recommend leaving the most touristy San Marco area and looking for eateries further into the city center of Venice.

Most eateries have both lunch menus and tourist menus that are less expensive than evening meals, but they are rarely as satisfying.

Featured restaurants in Venice

Da Fiore
One of the most exclusive and most expensive restaurants with a very good reputation is Da Fiore in Calle dei Scaleter. The specialty is traditional Venetian seafood. Pre-booking is absolutely necessary. Here you can have lunch or dinner from 1900 to 2230. Closed Sundays and Mondays.

Le Bistrot de Venise
Le Bistrot de Venise at St. Mark’s Square is another highly special restaurant based on local seafood, but with recipes from the 14th to the 17th century. A wide menu provides good food regardless of your taste. The address is Calle dei Fabbri and opening hours are 1200 – 1500 for lunch and 1900 to 2400 all seven days of the week.

Trattoria Alla Madonna
In the street Calle della Madonna, 594, just off the Rialto Bridge, you will find a pleasant and charming restaurant. Trattoria Alla Madonna serves both lunch and dinner. Opening hours are 1200 to 1500 and 1845 to 2245. Closed Wednesdays.

It is a traditional Italian restaurant with a wide menu. There is a lot of good seafood here too. Near the Rialto Bridge are many overpriced tourist traps. So not with Trattoria Alla Madonna. It is not cheap, but neither is “open street robbery” as is often the case around Venice.

Taverna la Fenice
Not far from St. Mark’s Square you will find Taverna la Fenice. The address is Campiello Fenice, 1939. It’s not cheap to eat here either, but the food is often mentioned with great words and positive adjectives. And the restaurant itself is lovely. Also, the location is in the middle of the buttery eye and you can watch people sipping a drink.

NB! Sometimes things take time at this restaurant. So remember; the one waiting for something good… etc Open from 1200 to 2400 every day.

Hard Rock Cafe Venice
Yes, Venice has both McDonald’s and the other fast food chains. It’s just that it feels so unnecessary to visit them here. The exception is (perhaps) the Hard Rock Cafe which you will find at St. Mark’s Square (Bacino Orseolo). Only Hard Rock Cafe where you see gondolas “parked” outside.

Hard Rock Cafe Venice is open from approximately 1130 to 0030 every day of the week.

Algiubagio Restaurant
Among the travel plan’s favorite restaurants, we recommend Algiubagio Restaurant, located at Fondamente Nove in Cannaregio, right at the vaporetto stop that brings you over to Murano. Here you will receive excellent service from knowledgeable waiters, and not least some of the most tasty food we have tasted in all of Italy.

Nightlife in Venice

Although the Italian Peroni beer is light and tasty, we still prefer the Italian wines for the food in Venice. And here is so much quality to choose from that we refrain from recommending one brand ahead of another. As mentioned, Venice’s nightlife is not much to boast about unless you know where to go. There are minimal nightclubs or discos here, but in the Dorsoduro district there is at least a good selection of wine bars and cafes that are open until late at night.

If you find Campo Santa Margerita you will also find a pleasant night out!

Harry’s Bar, which was Hemingway’s favorite place and birthplace of the Bellini drink, is world-renowned, but reports say that the quality of food and service in recent years has been at par with the price level.

Anyway, this is a tourist trap that you just have to fall into, if only for a Bellini drink. The address is Calle Vallaresso 1323, south-east of St. Mark’s Square and down by the sea. Open from 1030 to 2300 throughout the week.

The celebrities opt out of Harry’s Bar and rather go to the Dorsoduro restaurant Antica Locanda Mondin, in Fondamente Eremite 1147. Among the celebrities who have eaten here we can bring up David Bowie, Jimmy Carter, Modigliani, Brad Pitt, Peggy Guggenheimer, Mick Jagger, Yoko Ono and Robert DeNiro.

Caffé Bar Ai Artisti
Ready for a prosecco or maybe a panini? Caffé Bar Ai Artisti in Calle Lunga S. Barnaba is a safe choice. Nice place that provides value for money. Caffé Bar Ai Artisti is usually open from early to 2200 every day of the week.

Caffé Florian
At Piazza San Marco 57 (St. Mark’s Square) you will find perhaps Venice’s most famous café. Caffé Florian goes for being the world’s oldest café. Caffé Florian was established in 1570 and has an interior that you will not easily forget.

Devil’s Forest Pub
On the street Calle dei Stagneri O de la Fava you will find one of the few “genuine” pubs in Venice. Right on the east side of the Rialto Bridge you can enjoy a small pub with selected beers, wine or drinks. It is also possible to get something easy to eat at Devil’s Forest Pub. Open from 1100 to midnight every day of the week.

Shopping and Eating in Valencia, Spain

Shopping and Eating in Valencia, Spain

Valencia is one of the largest cities in the country of Spain.

Shopping in Valencia

Valencia offers the best shopping opportunities on the entire Costa Blanca coast. Here you will find most major chains, and the Spanish department store El Corte Ingles has several shops in the city, including a huge 7-storey department store just off Ciutat de les Arts in de les Ciències. You will find another large El Corte Ingles center at Plaza Alfonso el Magnanimo in the center east. El Corte Ingles is not very cheap, but the chain takes pride in selling only huge quantities of quality products.

Also, take the time to look at Valencia’s traditional and huge 1928 Mercado Centrale, where you will find close to a thousand stalls offering everything from fresh produce such as fish and meat, fruits, vegetables and flowers. There is always a buzzing life here, and even if you do not plan to buy anything, it is worth the experience, the smells, the sounds and the atmosphere.

Souvenirs in Valencia

You can also visit the small square of Plaza Redondo in Valencia’s old town, where you can buy traditional local crafts and souvenirs such as ceramics and leather products, clothing and wooden figures. This square is not so easy to find, but it is located about a hundred meters southwest of Plaza de la Reina.

In general about shopping in Valencia

The stores are usually open from 0930 to 1330 and from 1630 to 2000, but this varies. Most of them stay closed on Sundays, although some local businesses may consider staying open. The larger shopping centers, on the other hand, do not have siesta, but keep open continuously from 1000 to 1900 or 2000, El Corte Ingles to 2200.

Do not forget that they have VAT in Spain and that on all purchases over a certain number of euros, (at the time of writing about 90 euros) you can be refunded the VAT on departure. Not all stores have a VAT refund scheme, so look for the Tax Free Shopping badge at the entrance to buy products that cost a little money. Remember to bring a completed and stamped form and receipt.

Eating in Valencia

Food in Valencia, Spain

Valencia’s residents are immensely proud to be home to Spain’s most famous dish, paella. If you haven’t tasted it before, Valencia defined by AbbreviationFinder is the right place to debut. And if you have, find out here how it should really taste.

Please note that paella is really a lunch dish in the Valencian region. Many restaurants do not serve paella as dinner in the evenings. And if they do, there are often heated remnants from earlier in the day.

The word paella is valentian for frying pan, and tells a little about how this dish is cooked. It is based around meat or fish, cooked in a pan with vegetables, added rice, olive oil and saffron. And the dish “shall” be cooked with a wood stove, and not with electricity or gas.

Paella is traditionally eaten on Sundays and cooked in large quantities in connection with festivals. If you want to try making paella yourself, you can find a recipe in English here.

In general about eating in Valencia

Remember that in Spain people eat dinner late at night. Lunches are often between 1400 and 1600, which is why dinner is usually served as late as between 2100 and midnight, and many of the restaurants do not open until the evening before 1900 or 2000. However, the most touristy areas open for dinner earlier, when the travelers often have different dining habits than the locals in Valencia.

You will find several good eateries in the pedestrian streets around Passeig Russafa just north of the train station and bullfight stadium, around Plaza de la Reina, Plaza de la Virgen and in Calle Caballeros.

Some select restaurants in Valencia

If you want to try a better dinner in slightly surreal and beautiful surroundings, try the submarine restaurant Submarino on Oceanographic, where the fish swim around you while eating their relatives. It is far from cheap, but it is an experience you will remember.

Submarino is open every day of the week and offers both lunch and dinner. NB! Dinner is served between 2100 and 2230.

As a contrast to Submarino, it is cheap to dine at one of Valencia’s oldest dining establishments, Bodega Casa Montaña dating back to 1836. It is located on Calle Josè Bennliure 69 street in the harbor quarter of Cabanyal east of the city center, and serves fabulous tapas at prices you get in a good mood in an atmospheric room.

The opening hours of Bodega Casa Montaña are 1300 to 1600 for lunch and 1930 to 2330 for dinner. The restaurant is open every day of the week.

La Riuà
Few restaurants offer as rustic charm as La Riuà in Valencia. Also, the food is high quality. The family-run La Riuà restaurant is constantly winning awards as the best paella restaurant and offers well over ten different versions of the dish.

The address of La Riuà is Carrer del Mar, 27 in the historic center of Valencia. Opening hours are 1400 to 1615 for lunch and 2100 to 2300 for dinner. La Riuà is closed Mondays.

Special tips for lunch in Valencia

La Pepica
A beach visit is always tempting, and a trip to Playa la Malvarrosa should and should be combined with paella at La Pepica.

If you are lucky enough to get a seat at the famous La Pepica, you will have the opportunity, in addition to the Mediterranean views, to eat delicious seafood palais or the vegetarian variety. Here at La Pepica, Ernest Hemingway himself has spent days and evenings. The address is Paseo Neptuno 6. Opening hours are 1300 – 1530 for lunch 2030 – 2200 for dinner, seven days a week.

Nightlife in Valencia

To sample Valencia nightlife and local beverages, head to Barrio del Carmen. Here you will find everything from fashionable designer bars to punk clubs. In the streets of Calle Quart and Calle Caballeros, which go west from Plaza de la Reina, the vast majority will find a place they enjoy. The most popular beers at the bars, and the most common brands are San Miguel and Cruzcampo. Wine is consumed for almost every meal, but the Valencia region is by no means among Spain’s foremost wine producers.

Shopping and Eating in Thessaloniki, Greece

Shopping and Eating in Thessaloniki, Greece

Thessaloniki is one of the largest cities in the country of Greece.

Shopping in Thessaloniki

Of course, Thessaloníki defined by AbbreviationFinder is not like Milan or Paris, but the city is by no means a bad resort for those who like to shop. And in many ways it feels more shopping-like here than in the bigger fashion cities.

Fashion clothes and other trendy items are purchased at Proxenou Koromila, Mitropoleos and Tsimiski. Along the Tsimiski Street you will find shops such as Zara and Marks & Spencers. Here you will also find the city’s most famous jewelry store, Mil – Or in number 24.

For affordable clothing then go to Egnatia Street. If you are looking for food then the place is still the Modiano Market. At one time the market was owned by a wealthy Jewish family, ie the Modiana family. At that time it was mainly meat sold here, and the Modiano market was the city’s only food market. Today it is no longer so. The market is a multitude of goods, and you can buy fish, fresh olives and much more.

Otherwise, the streets of Venizelou, Ermou and Mitropoleo are good shopping streets. And not least Agias Sofias who also offers cozy breaks for a cappuccino or similar.

Mega Outlet is the name of – yes, precisely – a mega outlet store. You will find it south of Kalamaria, towards the airport, about 3 km outside the center of Thessaloniki. Here you will find a number of well-known brands with up to 50% discount spread over 15000 square meters of shops.

Puma also has a mega outlet store in the center of Thessaloniki. You will find the shop between the major streets of Aiou Dimitriou and Egnatias.

Mediterranean Cosmos

Mediterranean Cosmos [see image first in article] opened in October 2005 and at that time went on to be the largest center in southeastern Europe. And of course there is more than shopping on the poster. Here are coffee houses, restaurants, bars, a church (Greek Orthodox as such), amphitheater and multiplex cinema!

The center is 5 kilometers from Thessaloniki International Airport, not far from the suburb of Kalamaria.

In general about shopping in Thessaloniki

The stores are normally open Tuesdays and Thursdays (and some Fridays) from about 0900 to 2000. And Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays from 0900 to 1500. Larger centers and department stores have extended opening hours.

Remember that if you have to in the bank then they normally close early, ie at 1400 week through.

What is cheap to buy are usually leather products, jewelry made by local artisans and antiques. Some markets have cheap clothes and shoes, and sometimes you will also be able to make good purchases at the well-known brand stores.

Eating in Thessaloniki

Food in Thessaloniki, Greece

Greek cuisine is starting to become reasonably familiar to most of us, since Greek tavernas are practically found in every small town in Norway. But for those unfamiliar with it, prepare for lots of delicious seafood, delicious dressings and top quality vegetables. And not least grilled meats of all kinds.

In Thessaloniki has naturally also influences from Macedonia, and besides, the city influenced by Asian cuisine.

Octopus, grilled sardines and other deep-fried seafood are available at all tavernas. For food you drink water, wine and ouzo. In Greece you have a good time at the dining table, and the main meal is a social celebration for everyone who participates.

Ladadika, the old Jewish quarter down by the harbor area and the Leof road. Nikis is an area of ​​Thessaloniki where you will find a whole slew of local food restaurants. And bars and clubs. So here you can be all evening. Along with the said Leof. Nikis and its parallel street offer countless opportunities to make the evening a success.

If you go to Ana Poli and on to the Greek Orthodox Church of David, you will be by the Byzantine walls. There are also several nice restaurants and many overlooking Thessaloniki. A good restaurant is the Wall Wall restaurant or Τοίχο Τοίχο. It is located in the street Stergiou Poliderou No. 1, not far from Alysseos Tower. Wall Wall is open throughout the week from 0900 to 0300. An unpaved Mediterranean restaurant with good prices and good feedback.

Manitari Magiko Bit Bazaar is an eatery with soul and atmosphere. Often live music and a good selection of drinks for the food, both ouzo and tzipouro. The address is Prosfigikis Agoras 32-34 at the Venizelou – Olympou and Tositsa arcades.

And the area around Venizelou and Olympou and Tositsa (with the Tositsa arcades) is well stocked with restaurants, cafes and bars. Also, it is just off the Roman Forum and its associated museum.

Several selected dining options in Thessaloniki

Kitchen Ba r is a combination of restaurant and bar, located in the port area of ​​Thessaloniki. The outdoor area of ​​the Kitchen Bar offers sea views, and inside the restaurant you get an attempt to recreate a genuine feeling of being in a dock.

Kitchen Bar is the place for a casual meal with e.g. hamburger, pasta or simple barbecue. Affordable and nice. The Kitchen Bar is located right next to the contemporary museum at the far end of the pier, in the street Navarchou Votsi. Kitchen Bar is open from 0900 to 0200.

Skyline Bar
If you’re not too excited about the bill, head to the Skyline Bar in the OTE Tower (formerly ‘Purgos Ute’) and the city’s best views. The restaurant rotates 360 degrees to give you a panoramic view of Thessaloniki from all directions during one and a half coffee cups. The address is Egnatia 154. The place is open from 1000 to over midnight throughout the week.

Feel free to visit an ouzeri, also to eat. Perhaps the best is by Aristotelus square and is called Odos Aristotelous. The address is Aristotelous No. 20. You can also try some of the Croatian restaurants, but replace ouzo with raki when you are at one of these.

Of course, there are also restaurants with an international menu, but most of them hold maximum quality, and often cost more than it tastes.

Some specialties in Thessaloniki

A good and special salad is the politki which consists of shredded cabbage and jam. Otherwise, Greeks in general, and people in Thessaloniki in particular, are very fond of sweets. You will find cakes and sweets all over the city. Definitely worth tasting some local specialties.

For snacks or a delicious unhealthy snack, eat a Bugatsa pie. [see picture first in article] Available with different fill, so find your special favorite.

Nightlife in Thessaloniki

If we talk about nightlife it is almost not dangerous where you go, because in Thessaloniki there are bars and clubs everywhere.

The harbor promenade and the large town square Aristotelous are two very popular places. Let us also propose the Ladadiki district and for that matter the pedestrian street Iktinou.

Shopping and Eating in Tenerife, Spain

Shopping and Eating in Tenerife, Spain

Tenerife is one of the largest cities in the country of Spain.

Shopping in Tenerife

The Canary Islands are practically a duty-free area, and an absence, or a sharp reduction in VAT and other taxes, often means that you find goods significantly cheaper at Tenerife than at home in Norway. This applies not least to products such as alcohol and tobacco, as well as perfume and other “luxury products”. You do not bargain on Tenerife prices, except if you are in special markets. Street sales are not allowed and we advise you to stay away from this trade. And of course you have no right to complain if you still buy something on the street, and you find something wrong with the product afterwards.

The general opening hours are from 1000 to 1330 and from 1700 to 2000. The break is due to a siesta that most still hold. However, many stores are open until late in the evening, so at 2000, there should be no last bar to shopping.

Popular to shop on Tenerife

Some of the most popular things to do on Tenerife defined by AbbreviationFinder are video and digital cameras, mobile phones and video games. Electronics are very affordable. But be critical of the stores that offer these products. Not a few people have come home with a “Casio” instead of a “Casio”. If you have been deceived and you have been shopping in a store and not on the street, contact the organization OMIC which has its offices at Centro Culturel in Los Christianos. This is a consumer organization that protects consumer rights. Remember the receipt and the product.

Specialties in Tenerife
The pearls in Tenerife are both well known and recognized. Take a trip to Armenime south of the island, specifically Ctra. General del Sur, where thousands of square meters are dedicated pearls and pearl jewelry. Armenime is open seven days a week, starting at 0900. Free admission. If you are staying at Costa Adeje, Las Americas, Los Cristianos, Playa Paraíso, Callao Salvaje, Playa Arena, Puerto Santiago or Los Gigantes, you can get a free shuttle to Armenime and Tenerife Pearl.

In general about shopping in Tenerife

All the major tourist resorts south of Tenerife have centers and shopping areas where you get plenty of opportunities to let your credit card run smoothly. If you do not want to shop in the tourist area you live yourself, you usually go to the center of Los Cristianos. The pedestrian streets of Los Cristianos have many quaint shops, just remember the siesta in the middle of the day when many of them are closed. Compared to prices we are used to from home you can really find some price bargains on clothes, if that’s what you want to shop on Tenerife. The stores Mango and Zara are popular and with good prices compared to similar stores in e.g. Norway. You will find a Mango store in San Eugenio and one in Playa de las Americas, just off the Metropolis nightclub, where there are many other clothing stores as well. Zara has several shops around the island.

The capital of Santa Cruz de Tenerife probably offers the best shopping in Tenerife. You will find most shops concentrated around the streets of Villalba Hervás, El Castillo, Doctor Allart, Bethencourt Alfonso and San José, and in and around Plaza de España and Plaza de la Candelaria. Santa Cruz is also the hometown of the well-known
African market, (read more about this in the article below), and this is where you will find the El Corte Inglés department store. Most specialty shops in Santa Cruz follow the tradition of siesta, while the major centers are open all day.

Tenerife Charter Airport, Reina Sofia airport, has duty-free shops, but the prices here are no lower than what you pay in the Santa Cruz store. On the other hand, shopping at the airport is safer, and expensive perfume we would certainly have chosen to buy at the airport, thus avoiding a bad surprise at home when using the new perfume for the first time.

A selection of shopping centers in Tenerife

Centro Comercial Plaza del Duque
Centro Comercial Plaza del Duque is located south of Tenerife, at Playa de Fanabe, and has about 40 stores selling exclusive fashion brands. Both Spanish and international brands. This center is also excellent for those looking for a better dinner. The restaurants Bliss and Catavinos are located here.

El Corte Inglés
El Corte Inglés is an institution in Spain, and the magazine of Tenerife can be found in the capital of Tenerife, more specifically in the street Avenida de Tres de Mayo. Here you shop shoes, perfume, clothing, accessories, music and much more.

Carrefour Tenerife
Want to visit a hypermarket? Then you have the chance at this great Carrefour center, located about 6 km from Santa Cruz, at the Autopista del Sur. This center was formerly called Continente Centro Commercial and there are about 150 stores, in addition to the aforementioned large hypermarket. Open Monday through Saturday from 1000 to 2200.

Center Gran Sur
Shopping Center Center Gran Sur has quickly become a popular place for tourists. Not only can you buy all kinds of goods here, but you can also eat good food, go to the movies, some of the movies are not dubbed in Spanish! The center is open from 1000 to 2200, while the cinema is open until midnight. Even on Sundays the shops are open. You will find the center at the Fanabe, more specifically on the TF-1 motorway.

Centor Comercial Parque Santiago
Parque Santiago, 3 at Playa de las Américas, (38660, Adeje) is a tourist resort with a huge shopping mall with more than 150 stores. The center has a wide variety of types of products and suppliers, and you will find different price variations.

Alcampo la Villa Shopping Center (Centro Comercial Alcampo)
This giant shopping center is located in La Laguna, not far from Santa Cruz de Tenerife. In addition to a number of regular stores, you will also find various outlet stores at Alcampo where you can buy designer clothes for a reasonable amount of money. The address is San Cristóbal de la Laguna and opening hours are 0900 to 2200.

Markets in Tenerife

In local markets it is okay to bargain. Torviscas The market (Saturdays) and the market in Los Christianos (Sundays) are the largest markets south of Tenerife. They are touristy, but they are still worth a visit. Here are lots of sales stalls and also often fashion shows and similar entertainment.

Golf Del Sur Market (Friday morning)
This is one of the newest markets in Tenerife and is popular, perhaps most because of its location at the new marina. The market is much smaller than eg. Sunday market in Los Cristianos.

Los Abrigos Night Market (Tuesdays)
This small market is held in the square in front of the church in Los Abrigos every Tuesday night. It’s not that big, but nice enough, at least if you plan to combine your visit with a late dinner at one of the many restaurants in Los Abrigos.

Sunday market in Guaza
If you love old books and used clothes, CDs, DVDs and the like, then you go to Guaza and the market which is open on the first Sunday of each month. Here you may be able to find exactly the one you have been looking for for a long time!

The African Market in Santa Cruz
The famous Mercado Nuestra Senora de Africa is a local Canary Island market that functions as a bazaar with more than 300 sales stalls selling most, especially local vegetables and fruits. The market is a short walk from the Santa Cruz bus station. Look for a pink bell tower and show up early for the best items! Usually open all days from 0600, but best Sunday morning! In the African market you can buy flowers, fruits, vegetables, cheese, fish, meat, spices and herbs.

Eating on Tenerife

Food in Tenerife, Spain

One of the most fun things about traveling is experiencing the local food. In any case, most people think so. But you can, if you like, eat Norwegian meat cakes, burgers and tacos in Tenerife. This is easy to get at, on and around the biggest tourist hotels for Scandinavian (and British) charter tourists.

In any case, we think you should try more than the tourist traps and tourist bars, and eat your dinners at one of the many “proper” restaurants in Tenerife. Most of the island’s restaurants serve Spanish cuisine, and of course you will find countless tapas bars.

Tapas favorites in Tenerife:

  • Boquerones (small filleted fish)
  • Camembert frito (fried camembert cheese)
  • Chipirones (small octopus, oiled and fried in pan on hot plate)
  • Chopitos Fritos (squid snacks)
  • Croquetas (bread, mixed with potato and / or fish)
  • Empanadas (pie stuffed with tuna and tomato)

In general about food in Tenerife

The local food in the Canary Islands is not at all an unusual diet for most of us. Here, most grilled meats are eaten, such as pork, lamb, chicken or cattle. But the location naturally indicates that fish are also popular, often served to salty fried potatoes, (papas arrugadas).

Why not take the trip away from the bathing destination where you live, e.g. Playa de las Americas, and rather visit an island’s quaint little towns for good food and pleasant nightlife?

Eating in Puerto de la Cruz

There are probably 300 restaurants in Puerto de la Cruz, and it is wonderful to wander around and look for a suitable eatery. New restaurants are opening continuously so it’s hard to say where and what to eat.

But anyway, head east to the Plaza del Charco main square, along Calle San Felipe, to get to the city’s old fishing district, better known as La Rinalla. This is the heart of the restaurant district. The restaurants around the cobbled streets are a find for anyone who knows how to enjoy food and city life. Here you will find your restaurant, whether you prefer vegetarian, Mediterranean, classic Spanish cuisine, seafood, traditional Canary food or Italian restaurants.

Perhaps the best part is that the prices are still very nice for us tourists. We suggest the following specials for a successful dinner: Conejo en salmorejo (rabbit stew), gambas a la plancha (grilled shrimp) or cherne con papas arrugadas y mojo (a kind of sea bass with boiled potatoes and “spicy” sauce).

Two selected restaurants in Puerto de la Cruz

Casa Pache

Simply a lovely restaurant in the heart of Ranilla district. Charming rooms consisting of small rooms each with their own style. Creative chefs bring you delicious Spanish food. Also a plus for lots of delicious wine and tapas specialties. The address is Calle de la Verdad 6.

La Clave – Tapas Y Pintxos

A slightly trendy tapas restaurant, not unlike the ones you find in Barri Gotic in Barcelona. The address is Calle Puerto Viejo, 18.

Eating in Santa Cruz on Tenerife

When in Santa Cruz, head towards the gray stone tower at Iglesia de la Concepción to get to the lively Old Quarter of the Noria district. Here you will find a number of exciting and good restaurants, not least in the trendy Calle Antonio Dominguez Alfonso street.

One recommended restaurant is Bulán, which offers the best of Middle Eastern cuisine. The address of Bulán is Calle Antonio Dominguez Alfonso, 35. Another alternative is the Catalan restaurant El Porron Tasca.

If you are looking for tapas bars, visit Calle Imeldo Seris Street for a selection of ‘ montaditos ‘ (small pieces of toast with various accessories) and a tortilla Español. You will also find good tapas bars along the Parque García Sanabria and Calle Dr José Naveíras Street. And then you can have a romantic walk in the park after dinner.

Eating in Los Cristianos

There are of course several good restaurants in Los Cristianos as well. If you want to eat something Spanish, namely paella, then we suggest Raymond 1, in the street Calle General Franco, not far from Hotel Andreas. Reasonable prices and good paella make this a good choice.

Nightlife on Tenerife and Santa Cruz

The Noria district is the center for nightlife in Santa Cruz. You will find a variety of bars and pubs offering everything from rock to jazz. Saturday and Sunday are the most important nightlife here. Do you still have the power when the bars close at 0300, so know that there are clubs that keep going until the shops open.

In general about food and restaurants in Tenerife

Drink is not normally included in the bill. Does IGIC know so well that this is the Canary Islands ‘VAT’ which should be 5% (at the time of writing). You do not need to drink if you are not satisfied or if you only take a sandwich. Otherwise, we suggest you give about 10% for restaurant visits. Lunch is served around 1400 if not siesta, which is still common in Tenerife. Adults tend to have dinner at approximately 2100.

Shopping and Eating in Tampere, Finland

Shopping and Eating in Tampere, Finland

Tampere is one of the largest cities in the country of Finland.

Shopping in Tampere

You probably do not travel to Tampere in Finland solely for the sake of shopping. Then you would probably have chosen Milan, London or Paris. But on a Nordic scale, Tampere is not a bad city for shopping. Some shops are open every day of the week. But both opening hours and opening days vary from one store to another, so check out more closely.

On national holidays, almost all shops are closed, with the exception of a few small kiosks.

You will find most department stores and specialty stores if you stay along or near the main street Hämeenkatu. Here’s the bustling crowds, and there are also plenty of night spots where you can cool off, or warm up, depending on the season and temperature of Tampere defined by AbbreviationFinder.

Alcohol stronger than 4.7% and not served at the bar is bought at the wine monopoly just like in Norway. But in Finland the wine monopoly is called “Alko”. You can find e.g. one of these at the hypermarket Prisma Laelva. Beer can only be purchased in stores between 0900 and 2100.

Department stores and shopping centers in Tampere

There are some really great department stores in Tampere. The three dominant ones are:

  • Stockmann with street address Hämeenkatu 4. Stockmann is known worldwide for its quality products.
  • Sokos is another giant department store. The location is in the main street, just beyond Stockmann, more specifically Hämeenkatu 21
  • Anttila is also a very large department store. You can find Anttila in Puutarhakatu 10.

Tampere also has some really good shopping centers. The very best is probably called Ideapark and is located about 12 kilometers south of the city. Of course, buses run directly from the center to this solid shopping center.

If you want to stay in the city center we suggest instead Koskikeskus in the street Hatanpään valtatie 1 or Tullintori just off the railway station in the street Tullikatu 6.

Markets in Tampere:

When you visit Tampere you must also visit some of the many markets. Probably the most well-known is Tampereen Kauppahalli or the “Market Hall” in Tampere, which goes on to be the largest market in the Nordic region. Built as early as 1902. The address is Hämeenkatu 19 / Hallituskatu 10. Open Monday to Friday from 0800 to 1800. Saturdays it is open from 0800 to 1500.

Also visit the market held on the Keskustori square on the first Monday of each month. Open from 0600 to 1800. Here is also the Christmas market in December.

Also remember to visit a real hypermarket, ie a super gigantic supermarket. We suggest Prisma Kaleva in the street Sammonkatu 75.

Eating in Tampere

Food in Tampere, Finland

There are plenty of eateries in Tampere, we can at least mention a few hundred options for you. So there’s plenty to choose from. And the choices range from fast food to gourmet, from Finnish home cooking to international menus. Many of the eateries, and nightlife in general, can be found in and around the main street Hämeenkatu. The price level is nice with eyes from Norway.

If you need something small to eat in the middle of the day, know that Tampere has a place that sells world-famous donuts. You buy these in the Pyynikin Nakotornin Kahvila café by the observation tower in the Pyynikki Park, (read more about this under Tampere attractions). Alternatively, visit the tiny cozy café Vohvelikahvila. Here you will get absolutely delicious waffles. Vohvelikahvila is located in Ojakatu 2 street which is also really cozy.

For hot dishes, we suggest the following restaurants:

Do all cities with respect for themselves have an Italian restaurant called Pizzeria Napoli ? Our experience is that these are often of high quality, but in Tampere it is usually good. Fair prices and nice quality, in a casual atmosphere. Great as a lunch restaurant too. The address is Aleksanterinkatu 31.

If you love peppers, the place is Bodega Salud. Of course, they have other dishes too, and the food usually tastes absolutely delicious here. It is mostly meat lovers who make the trip here. Some even say that Bodega Salud is Tamperes very best restaurant. It costs, but that’s how it is now when you want quality. The address is Tuomiokirkonkatu 19.

Tuulensuu is the name of a so-called gastropub, ie a pub that has a large selection of beers and also offers good quality food! Not a stupid concept at all, and here at Tuulensuu in the street Hameenpuisto 23 you get the most. The beer selection is substantial and we must also mention the “honey wine” Sima. And everyone finds something good to eat here. Great place to stop by with your flock of friends!

Special restaurant in Tampere !
Whether you are traveling with children or planning a romantic evening with your loved ones, Restaurant Näsinneula will be the place to be. This rotating restaurant is 124 meters above ground level and is by far the highest point for dinner in Finland. Of course, the Näsinneula restaurant offers fantastic views. And the added plus is when the food also holds high quality. The round trip takes 45 minutes. Then maybe it’s time for a drink? The address is Laiturikatu 1, in the very north of the city center.

In general about food and pub in Tampere!

Several of the city’s more expensive restaurants offer Finnish specialties. For those of you traveling on budget and who want to combine food and nightlife, know that there are plenty of Irish and English pubs in Tampere. Nice atmosphere, reasonably priced food and plenty of drinks!

Shopping and Eating in Tallinn, Estonia

Shopping and Eating in Tallinn, Estonia

Tallinn is one of the largest cities in the country of Estonia.

Shopping in Tallinn

Shopping in Tallinn, the capital of Estonia described on Countryaah is for many a delight. A little humorous it is said that for every new store or shopping center that is established, there is an old one that expands and renews. It is still cheap in Tallinn and you will find a nice combination of goods from the east and west.

When it comes to shopping in Tallinn, many will be looking for craft products. You will find plenty of good quality glass and leather, as well as countless quantities of Soviet-era souvenirs. There are several outdoor markets that specialize in this type of product.

If you want to be sure that the craft products are of good quality, then it is better to buy them in special stores in the old town, and not in the cheaper outdoor markets. We suggest the area around Katariina Käik street for this type of product.

Beverages in Tallinn

Many people consider the possibility of buying cheap Russian champagne when in Tallinn defined by AbbreviationFinder. Russian champagne is of high quality and usually costs only 50 kroner per bottle. Also try Vana Tallinn, the city’s favorite liqueur. Specialty alcohol stores can be found in several downtown locations.

Shopping centers in Tallinn

There are many major shopping centers in Tallinn. Most malls offer a combination of well-known fashion brands in addition to local products. The malls are scattered around Tallinn and you have to go outside the old town to visit the best ones. Here is a selection of good shopping malls and department stores:

Stockmann
Stockmann, Finland’s most renowned department store, has a large center in Tallinn. The address is Liivalaia 53. Stockmann has good quality clothing, cosmetics, shoes, bags and leather goods, electronics and much more.

Viru Center The
Viru Center, located in the street Viru vålakak 4/6, is new and trendy. This large center has everything from shops and famous brands as well as a number of fast food restaurants and cafes. You can find maps for the shopping center on their website.

Tallinna Kaubamaja
Perhaps the most interesting shopping center in Tallinn is Tallinna Kaubamaja (Gonsiori street 2). Tallinna Kaubamaja used to be a typical Soviet department store, but it still stays in the competition for newer and more fashionable centers. This center is just off the Viru Center, so you will have no trouble visiting both.

Markets in Tallinn

Visit Keskturg on the street Keldrimäe 9. This is a traditional square hall where everything from berries to meat is sold. You also buy cheap clothes and souvenirs in this market. The market is open until 10 p.m. 1600 every day, except Sundays, when it closes at. 1300.

Eating in Tallinn

Food in Tallinn, Estonia

Most likely you will eat at a restaurant in the city center or in the old town, but remember that there are good and exciting alternatives also a little off the beaten track. And here it is often even more affordable. The Estonian cuisine is naturally inspired by Russia and Germany. Meat, potatoes, simple vegetables and beer are important ingredients in local food. Large portions and reasonable prices are other characteristics.

If this doesn’t tempt you, then you should know that Tallinn has a great variety of restaurants. You will find Italian, Chinese, Greek, Indian and Thai restaurants, as well as all the famous fast food chains found in modern metropolitan cities around the world.

Saturdays and Sundays it can be difficult to get dining at the most famous restaurants, so reserve tables earlier in the day. Prices are significantly lower than in Norway, at least if you compare restaurants of the same type of quality. Our advice is to treat yourself to at least one visit to one of Tallinn’s better restaurants for a good meal and a pleasant evening.

Restaurant tips in Tallinn,

Cold Nosu Kõrts

For local food we suggest the restaurant Kuldse Nosu Kõrts, which is located in the old town, more specifically in the street Dunkri 8. The restaurant is also called “The little piggy inn”. You will find a charming and relaxed environment in this restaurant which serves good local food. The restaurant is run by Schlossle Hotels.

Buon Giorno

Italian cuisine is often the favorite choice for the whole family. A good rule of thumb is to see where the Italians eat themselves, and it’s often at the Buon Giorno restaurant, located on Müürivahe 17 street.

This is a so-called spagetia. The restaurant is informal and popular. Get ready for Italian TV, homemade pasta and the best coffee. For table bookings call 640-6858. Buon Giorno is open from 1100 to 2200 every day of the week.

Pizza Americana

A good pizza restaurant is Pizza Americana. The address is Müürivahe 2, not far from Alexander Nevski Cathedral. Opening hours from 1130 to 2230 every day of the week.

Special restaurants in Tallinn,

Brick house

The address of this restaurant with the somewhat special name is Pühavaimu 13/15. It is located in the Schlössle Hotel; phone 699-7780.

Stone house has it all! From luxurious cutlery and lighting on the tables to premium dishes and excellent wine. Stenhus is one of Tallinn’s very best restaurants.

Olde Hansa

Olde Hansa is located at Vana turg 1 [see picture above] and has phone 627-9020 for reservation. The restaurant is normally open from 10am. 1100 to 2400. This is one of the best-preserved medieval restaurants in the entire Baltic.

The building, candles, the restaurant’s benches and chairs as well as the background music all have an authentic medieval style. The food is excellent and it comes with a historical explanation for all dishes. Beer and snaps served as drinks are also authentic medieval.

Shopping and Eating in Szczecin, Poland

Shopping and Eating in Szczecin, Poland

Szczecin is one of the largest cities in the country of Poland.

Shopping in Szczecin

We do not joke when we say that shopping in Szczecin is good. Of course, it’s not like London, Paris or Milan, nor Berlin, a city that is no further away than being able to get back and forth on a day trip. But you should have dark color on the shopping belt if you leave from Szczecin unhappy.

Shopping in Szczecin is enjoyable for your wallet. The prices are a great deal cheaper than you are used to at home, especially for handicraft products. Brands that you find in all international cities are traditionally “similar” in price, although we also find good bargains on these types of products.

Street markets in Szczecin

There are many street markets in Szczecin defined by AbbreviationFinder, and although no one is of such a character that you have to bring it with you, it can be nice enough to look at the public and maybe buy fruits, vegetables and craft products, not least amber jewelry, (amber in English).

Real amber, which is petrified resin, is at least 30 million years old, and something the region of West Pomerania is known for. Often you can see amber stones that encapsulate insects or e.g. pine needles. Such “stones” are often worth more, but remember that if you get an offer that is too good to be true, then it is often just that!

If you are afraid of being fooled by the market, then visit one of the many good jewelery shops around the Old Town.

Shopping centers in Szczecin

As everywhere in Poland, the people of Szczecin love big and beautiful shopping centers. The two best ones are probably Galeria Kaskada [see photo first in article] and Galaxy. Both are located on the “left” side of the river Oder.

Galeria Kaskada’s address is Aleja Niepodleglozci 60, just off Brama Portowa in the Old Town. The Galeria Kaskada is usually open 7 days a week from 0900 to 2100, except Sundays where it opens 1000 and closes 2000.

The galaxy has the address Aleja Wyzwolenia 18 which is about 1 kilometer just north of the Galeria Kaskada and right next to the famous Stefana Zeromskiego Park. This huge center also has cinema, bowling, restaurants and much more exciting. Opening hours from 0900 to 2100 every day, except Sundays (1000 to 2000). The supermarket has even longer opening hours than the center otherwise.

Special shopping tips in Szczecin

One tip is to buy glasses, provided you need it then. Glasses are cheap and the quality just as good as in Norway. Visit an optician in Szczecin. You don’t buy this at the street market:-)

Eating in Szczecin

Food in Szczecin, Poland

Despite its proximity to Germany, Szczecin does not shame our statement that eating in Poland is cheap. And considering that the portions are usually the size of what you find in the US, it just gets even cheaper!

Szczecin offers a wide variety of dining options, and you will find a kitchen from a range of countries and not least different regions of Poland. And the local food is recommended. After World War II, people came from all over Poland and settled in and near Szczecin, creating a food tradition no longer similar to what Western Pomerania was traditionally known for.

Russian pirates in Szczecin

Szczecin is “notorious” for its many bakery sales. And you should definitely test a fried yeast baking specialty that is baked with meat or vegetables. A popular variety is with cabbage, cheese and mushrooms. Not “cowardly”. The dish is good! Crisp on the outside and soft and tasty inside. And so you recognize it, the dish is served “rolled” like a spring roll.

It is all influenced by Russia and the court can best be described as Russian pirates! To buy “Russian pasties”, take a trip to one of the “bakery outlets” in the streets of Wyszynskiego or Vojska Polskiege Aveny. This is where you will find the original outlets that have helped get these dishes on a list of protected specialty products.

Featured restaurants in Szczecin!

Chief
The perhaps best-known and respected restaurant in Szczecin is briefly named Chief, and it serves only seafood. The interior is naturally strongly influenced by the maritime. It all gives the Chief a nice folk feel. The address of the Chief is Generała Ludomiła Rayskiego 16.

Avanti
Italian restaurants are always popular, and a good choice in Szczecin is the Avanti restaurant, which, in addition to a variety of pizza varieties, offers other well-known dishes from Italy. Avanti’s address is Aleja Papieza Jana Pawla II 43. www.anvanti.szin.pl

Brama Jazz Café
Not many restaurants boast a location like the Brama Jazz Café does. You will find it “in” the royal portal from the early 18th century. In other words, you can literally sit at the table “inside” in a tourist attraction. Brama Jazz Café is a great place for a lunch or a drink break. The address of the Brama Jazz Café in Szczecin is Pl. Keep Prusklego 1.

Café 22
Maybe Café 22 is the eatery with the best view in Szczecin? The name refers to the number of floors in the Pazim building where Café 22 is located. The address is Pl. Rodła 8, ie just off the Galaxy shopping center.

Bombay
Indian food is always tasty, and Szczecin has its Indian restaurants, of course. Restaurant Bombay is India good as something and offers good quality food. The address of the Bomay restaurant in Szczecin is ul. Partyzantow 1.

Drink in Szcecin

In Poland, it goes with Vodka and beer. The beer you drink in Szczecin is called Bosman and it is sold in two variants, green and red. Green is a special version, while red is the “original”.

When it comes to vodka, the brand name is ‘ Starka ‘. It is not just people in Szczecin who claim this is the best vodka in Poland. Taste a glass and find out for yourself!

Polmos Vodka distillery

For those of you who want to become more acquainted with vodka than you get at a bar, we can recommend a visit to Polmos Vodka distillery in the street Jagiellonska nr 63/64. Here you will find stored vodka from the early 1920s and giant barrels holding 40,000 liters.

Own tours are organized which include information and tastings of some of the best distillery has to offer. Meet up for registration!

Special Tips for Szczecin: Colorado Pub!

The Colorado pub is a kind of tourist trap that you can easily be fooled into. There is live music several days a week, and the atmosphere is as cowboy-brown as the name suggests. The interior has probably been the model for most Egon branches in Norway.

Best of all, the food is not left behind for a steak house in the US. We should also not forget that the Colorado pub is open till late into the night, at least Fridays and Saturdays. The address is Wały Chrobrego 1A (www.coloradupub.pl)

Shopping and Eating in Stockholm, Sweden

Shopping and Eating in Stockholm, Sweden

Stockholm is one of the largest cities in the country of Sweden.

Shopping in Stockholm

There are thousands of shops in Stockholm, the capital of Sweden described on Countryaah and the city is perhaps the best place to do public sports shopping throughout the Nordic region? Stockholm has a large number of great shopping arcades, shopping malls and department stores. There is international “swing” over the offer to shoppers in Stockholm defined by AbbreviationFinder!

Exclusive fashion and design are traded in Norrmalm, City or Östermalm. Here you will find shopping arcades such as Sturegallerian and department stores such as NK (Nordiska Kompaniet), Pub [see picture first in article] and Åhléns. These are all very well known and good department stores. You will also find the flagship of H&M on Hamngatan. To make it easy for yourself, go or take a taxi Sergels Torg. Then you have all this within a short reach.

If you are looking for antiques of the more expensive kind, you will find them at Östermalm. Many tourists naturally go to the Old Town. Here there are many charming shops with antiques, souvenirs and not least second hand shops and shops with all kinds of rarities. Another area with affordable antiques is Vasastan. Vasastan is also the place for music and clothing.

For the trendiest, Södermalm is recommended. Check out the shops in Gøtgatsbacken and Brunogallerian, which is a shopping gallery. Here you will also find a street market – Street. It’s open on weekends.

Some other selected stores in Stockholm are:

Ahlens in Klarabergsgatan 50.
Here you will find everything from books, food, cosmetics and clothing.

Nitty Gritty in Krukmakargatan.
This is a lifestyle store for you with the sense of the little something special. The street also has many other good shops.

The south halls on Medborgarplatsen.
For those who like food and delicacies. Here you get everything, not least from Italy and Asia.

118 Second Leather in Odengatan 86.
Everything in second hand clothes.

Science Fiction Bookstore in Västerlånggatan 48.
Wide range of everything within the science fiction genre. Go in and you might be bitten by the basil you too?

We recommend the Destination Stockholm website for more detailed information on shopping in Stockholm. See also our link page for more about shopping in Stockholm.

Eating in Stockholm

Food in Stockholm, Sweden

Over the last 15-20 years, Stockholm’s restaurant world has evolved to be really good. You will find eateries in all price ranges and throughout the city. All the world’s cuisine is represented, from the natural Swedish to the most exotic you can imagine. Stockholm has several restaurants represented in Guide Michelin, which is remarkable for a city with less than one million residents.

For those of you who want affordable options, we can tell you that there are many fairly cheap night spots in Stockholm. Especially hot lunches are reasonably priced, and salad buffets, drinks (mineral water and / or coffee) and bread are often included in the price.

Stockholm has many inns, and each district has its own soul and atmosphere. The inns are often personally designed and often offer home cooking and traditional Swedish food. An example of such an inn is Zum Franziskaner, Skeppsbron 44 (in the Old Town). NOX is a restaurant dating back to the 13th century. Here, typical Swedish and German dishes are served in large portions. The address is G rev Turegatan 30, Stockholm, (+46 (0) 8 545 824 00). Vasastan and the street Rörstrandsgatan are perhaps the area where you will find most quarter pubs with soul and charm.

You will find trendy eateries first and foremost at Östermalm and Södermalm. Mellqvist in Hornsgatan 78 [see image at the top of the article] may not be so trendy, but this is the place Stieg Larsson loved and is featured in the action in the novel Men Who Hate Women…

Kungsholmen also has several trendy restaurants. Examples of such restaurants are GQ at Östermalm and Marie Laveau at Södermalm.

Personally, we are charmed by the Old Town. Try a walk along Västerlängatan. It has many nice restaurants and pubs as well as shops.

Exclusive restaurants in Stockholm

Edsbacka Wärdhus
Perhaps the best restaurant in the Nordic region was Edsbacka Krog. Two stars in Guide Michelin say everything about the quality (and the price). Today the Michelin hunt is over, but you should still treat yourself to an excursion combined with a visit to the inn.

The restaurant is located a little outside the center of Stockholm, more specifically at Sollentunavägen 220, see map below. The Edsberg Park, where the restaurant (the inn) is located, is beautiful in its own right, while it houses a number of beautiful buildings.

Operakällaran
Operakällaran is the classic in Swedish restaurant and nightlife. Operakällaren has long been considered one of the best restaurants in Sweden. You can find it at Karl XII square. Book a table on tel. 08-676-558 00.

F12
This inn is named after the address, Fredsgatan 12. It is the flagship of TV celebrity and owner, Melker Andersson. Here it is elegant and modern.

Special restaurants in Stockholm

Stadshuskällaren
At Stadshuskällaren you can eat a meal prepared by the same chefs who make the Nobel dinner itself. The Swedish Nobel celebration is pompous and magnificent. You get the menu here. The address is Stadshuset on Hantverkargatan 1.

The theater grill
Near Norrmalmstorg you will find the very famous theater grill. If you have read Jens Lapidus (or watched the movies) about Life Deluxe, you know what we are talking about. The theater grill opened in 1945 and the staff, the interior and the food all give you something almost unique in Stockholm.

The theater barbecue is open until 0100 every day (not Mondays where the restaurant closes 2400). The restaurant is closed on Sundays. The address for the theater grill is Nybrogatan 3.

Nightclubs and bars in Stockholm

The nightlife in Stockholm is reasonably good every day of the week. People come late to the popular places. Many of the trendiest night spots have long queues on Fridays and Saturdays. It is easy to find pubs and taverns in Old Town.

Around Stureplan, Berzeli Park and in City you will find the best and hippest nightclubs. Some suggestions are Berns, StoureCompagniet, Spy Bar and Café Opera. The younger ones often apply to Södermalm and Vasastan.

Special bars in Stockholm

Icebar
Icebar, located in the Nordic Sea hotel (Vasaplan 7), is a special experience, but somewhat cold. The bar is made only of ice blocks, and the drink menu offers many different types of drinks based on Absolute Vodka. The temperature in the bar is approx. minus eight degrees, and you are given warm clothes to wear. Remember to book in advance. The bar is just 50 meters from Arlanda Express arrival.

In addition to an exclusive restaurant, F12 Terrassen
Fredsgatan 12 also has Stockholm’s perhaps most stylish nightclub. Here is party music, beautiful people and Stockholm’s coolest terrace. Need we say more?

Shopping and Eating in St. Petersburg, Russia

Shopping and Eating in St. Petersburg, Russia

According to AbbreviationFinder, St. Petersburg is one of the largest cities in the country of Russia.

Shopping in St. Petersburg

It is strange to think that a few years ago there was almost nothing to buy in St. Petersburg, and the residents had to stand in one queue for milk, another queue for vegetables and a third queue for hygiene items. In recent years, there has been a much better selection of goods, and now you find the same international chains in St. Petersburg as you do in most western metropolitan areas.

Souvenirs

Tourists often buy products such as balalaika, samovar, porcelain, icons, fur hats and varnish cabinets. But the biggest favorite is probably food scraps, these hollow wooden dolls of ever smaller size inside each other. Traditionally, dolls represent babooshchkas, old wives, but in recent and modern variants, Russian presidents, footballers, Simpsons or Harry Potter figures are just as common.

There is a large souvenir market with about thirty stalls just north of Spas Na Krovi Church, and a smaller one in front of St. Isaac’s Cathedral, where you can buy everything you need from Russian gift items and souvenirs. And remember that it is both allowed and smart to bargain as best you can.

It may be tempting to buy real Russian caviar with you while in Russia, but keep in mind that there are clear limits on how much caviar you can take with you out of the country, and that caviar is a fresh product. If it has been in the sun at a souvenir shop on the street, you have no guarantee that it is edible before you are home. If you find the caviar for something less than 250-300 NOK for a box (usually 112 grams), it is probably either out of date or a synthetic caviar copy. If you want to be sure, buy fresh caviar from a supermarket on your departure day.

Shopping centers in St. Petersburg

Of course, if you prefer shopping under one roof, there are several shopping centers and department stores in such a large city as St. Petersburg. On the main street of Nevsky Prospekt, at No. 35 with its own metro station, lies one of the world’s oldest, which dates back to 1757. Bolshoi Gostiny Dvor stretches over 53,000 m², and despite its age, is one of Eastern Europe’s most modern and fashionable shopping malls. The website is only in Russian, but there are plenty of clothing stores for men, women and children, toy stores, sports shops, jewelers and booksellers.

In the same street, Nevsky Prospekt 48, is the Passage Trading House, with many stores selling fashion clothing, antiques, household goods, jewelry, souvenirs and electronics. And apropos of antiques, you must be aware that it is virtually impossible to get items older than a hundred years legally out of the country. But if you visit the store with the “original” name Antique Shop (in the backyard of Nevsky Prospect 51), you can at least bring with you props from the Soviet era, such as icons, statuettes, posters and the like.

In general about shopping in St. Petersburg

Please note that in most cases the price level of imported articles is not much lower than in Norway. Not all stores take credit cards either, so it may be okay to bring enough cash on your shopping trip.

The opening hours of the shops vary, but several stores in the center are open from 1000 to 2000 every day. Some are open even longer. The shops close earlier on Sundays. For the vast majority of goods there is a 20% sales tax, but in Russia there is no system for refunding VAT at the airport as in Western Europe. Admittedly, there are some duty-free shops for tourists in the city center and at the airport, but it must be said whether it is actually any less expensive for that reason.

Eating in St. Petersburg

Food in St. Petersburg, Russia

Although St. Petersburg is the city in Russia that is most influenced by Western cultures and is only two hours by plane from Norway, the city seems exotic and alien with amazing churches with loop domes and Cyrillic letters. There are no modern skyscrapers here, but hundreds of bridges over idyllic canals.

St. Petersburg is a very young city, which recently celebrated its 300th anniversary. The city was the main seat of the Russian Tsars, and from here they ruled their vast empire. As the cultural capital of Russia, St. Petersburg has a very dramatic history that we strongly recommend that you familiarize yourself with before traveling. The story includes intrigues, murders, sieges and revolutions.

St. Petersburg is not an easy city to be a tourist in, since most of the information and street signs are written in Cyrillic letters, as well as unscrupulous taxi drivers without a taximeter. But if you take the challenge, you will undoubtedly have many memorable experiences in Russia’s imperial city.

Shopping and Eating in Siena, Italy

Shopping and Eating in Siena, Italy

Siena is one of the largest cities in the country of Italy.

Shopping in Siena

There are many unique and special shops in Siena defined by AbbreviationFinder. And as always when visiting Italy you find outlets that are different from what you are used to from Norway. Fortunately now we say!

Best shopping streets in Siena

The main shopping streets in Siena are Via Dei Montanini, Via di Citta and Banchi de Sopra. Here are clothing stores, shoe stores, antique outlets, bookstores, food outlets and everything else you can think of.

The best antique shop in Siena is said to be Antichita Monna Agnes. It is located in Via di Citta no. 60.

It is not possible to visit Siena without shopping for food, drinks or sweets. Lovers of Italian cuisine are recommended to go to a shop that has been running since 1871. The sale we are talking about is called Antica Drogheria Manganelli and is located in Via di Citta no. 71-73.

A favorite store for food is Consorzio Agrario, (see picture first in the article) a kind of supermarket for local food and which has a range of products so wonderful that you want to pick so much with you. Consorzio Agrario also has its own bakery where you can enjoy a snack. Consorzio Agrario’s address is Via Giuseppe Pianigiani 9.

Souvenirs from Siena

Apart from food and drink, there are ceramics that people bring as souvenirs from Siena. A shopping alternative in this regard is Sonia’s Shop in Via Fusari, just off the cathedral.

Other souvenirs are tabs and symbols from the city’s famous palio, the traditional horse race that takes place in Siena twice a year. Otherwise, there is some krim-krams that tells you that you have visited Piazza del Campo that most tourists buy with them. And it is precisely at Piazzo del Campo that you will find most of the typical souvenir ships.

Clothes and shoes in Siena

Buying clothes or shoes in Siena is not stupid at all. There is a lot of smart Italian fashion to be found around the city. And a little special tip. The nicest Bennetton store in the world is probably to be found in Siena. The address is Via Banchi Di Sopra. 56/57/58. Usually open every day of the week from 1000 to 2000. Attention! This means that the closure begins approx. 1945:-)

Also remember to do some window shopping. Take a trip to Piazza del Campo, 30/31 and the Cortecci shop. Prada and Gucci are some of the less expensive brands you’ll find here. If you can afford to shop at Cortecci we would like to have you as our travel companion. If you can’t afford it, then try Aloe & Wolf, a stylish utility store with many brands in the street Via Porrione, No. 23. There is a street just off Piazza del Campo.

Markets in Siena

There is a large outdoor market located at La Lizza, near Piazza Gramsci, which is open every Wednesday from 0800 to 1300. Here you will find fruits and vegetables, cheeses and various clothing and household items.

Every third Sunday of the month there is a large outdoor market at Piazza del Mercato in Siena. Not least, there is a lot to look at for those who love antiques.

Special Tips for Shopping in Siena

The months of January / February and July are sales months in Siena. Then most stores have sales and you can save a lot of money on most items.

Eat in Siena

Food in Siena, Italy

If you go to Siena you are definitely aware that the city’s location is in Tuscany. Few areas in Italy are more known for their food and wine than just Tuscany.

The food tradition in Tuscany comes from ” cucina povera “, that is from the time there were poor conditions in the Italian countryside, and the chefs had to be creative in the use of the simple ingredients available.

Even though the restaurant menus in Siena today do not account for any of what you experience in far larger cities, it is still olive oil, bread, cheese, ham and salami that form the basis for almost all meals.

Specialties in Siena

Siena is known for its special pasta called pici and its flavorful cake called panforte. This cake has ingredients of nuts and candied fruits and is available everywhere in town.

Wine and Tuscany are synonyms. Here are two tips. South of Siena lies the district of Montalcino and from here come good wines in a row. We must also mention the Chianti district which probably everyone in Norway already knows. Chianti is located between Florence and Siena and is another well-known region for quality wines.

Ice cream is a specialty in Italy, and Siena is no exception. Many Italians we know look up to the Nannini family, not least because of the ice cream production. You can find a worthy outlet for the Nannini ice cream on Via Banchi di Sopra, 24, (see photo first in the article).

Some select restaurants in Siena

Il Pomodorino

The best pizza restaurant in Siena is probably Il Pomodorino in Via Camporegio 13. The pizzas are baked in the same way as in Naples, and the restaurant’s window table also offers great views of the bargain.

Cacio e Pere

If you are young, at least at heart, visit Cacio e Pere on Via dei Termini 70. This place is a kind of gallery / bar / restaurant / concert house combination and offers decent food in a relaxed and pleasant atmosphere, different from much else in Siena.

Osteria Da Divo

Not many meters from the Cathedral of Siena you will find the Osteria Da Divo restaurant. This is the place where you can relive the old Tuscan atmosphere with strong Etruscan guides.

The wine menu is large and literally covers the whole of Italy and much of the world by the way, and holds high quality. The food is something you will remember for a long time and the menu naturally includes Bistecca (famous Tuscan / Florentine T-bone steak).

The price level is at the Norwegian level, but you get a quality and atmosphere for the money you are looking for long at home. The address of Osteria Da Divo is Via Franciosa 25/29.

Shopping and Eating in Sicily, Italy

Shopping and Eating in Sicily, Italy

Sicily is one of the largest cities in the country of Italy.

Shopping in Sicily

If you love shopping you will love Sicily defined by AbbreviationFinder. Although the island is dominated by agriculture and fishing, as well as tourism, and self-assertion stands strong among its citizens, it is not to come from that you are in Italy. Fashionable clothes, stylish shoes and designer goods of all kinds are of top Italian quality and the prices just as nice.

Of course, Palermo is the best place to visit for this kind of product. We suggest the fashion street Viale della Libertà. Also the town of Taormina with its street Corso Umberto and the island’s second largest city Catania with the Via Etnea street are excellent options.

Souvenirs from Sicily

Most people who come home from holidays in Sicily bring wine and / or food. It’s no wonder. There are hardly any other places you get better and cheaper. One tip is to buy the island’s specialties, e.g. marzipan or almond wine Vino al la mandorla. Otherwise, there are many wonderful cheeses and olive oils you can buy. Do you visit famous cities such as Corleone you could be buying with you a mafia memory. Eg. a liqueur labeled “Godfather” or equivalent. But for this type of product, quality is probably less important than the imagined product brings.

An alternative to souvenirs is papyrus. Souvenir shops throughout the island offer this specialty that has been produced in Syracuse from the “Morning of Time”. Siracusa in the south-east of Sicily is also the place where you can buy copies of ancient Greek coins, and the city also has a very nice flower market.

You may want to bring some great pottery jars home with you. Visit San Stefano di Camastra just east of the very famous tourist town of Cefalù for the best editions.

Outdoor shopping in Sicily

Do like the Sicilians! Do your shopping outdoors. Markets are everywhere, and the quality is often very good, although Sicily also has its dose of copy goods from China and elsewhere in the East, and is sold more or less everywhere tourists travel. If you visit Agrigento, you know the city with the archaeological excavations, know that this is also the region for leather products. The markets here also have excellent food products, e.g. olive oil, cheeses and wines. In Sicily, outdoor markets have been a tradition since the 8th century, when the island was under Arab control.

The inland village of Ragusa in the south of Sicily is an impressive city known for its beautiful buildings and rich culture. Visit the streets of Via Roma and Corso Italy for many great shops. Le Massarie in the street Via a Grandi and Centro Commerciale Ibleo on the street Viale delle Americhe are both major shopping centers. On Sundays, there are food markets in several places in the city, and a large Wednesday market takes place just outside the city’s football stadium.

Catania has its famous Piazza Carlo Alberto market in the square just off Via Umberto and Corso Sicilia. A popular fish market can be found at Piazza Duomo. The markets often close early in the evening and remain completely closed on Sundays.

Palermo has a number of markets spread around the city. Just off the church of Martorana and Quattro Canti you will find the Ballarò market. It extends from Piazza Ballarò and across Via Ballarò all the way to Corso Tukory. Also visit the Capo Market just off the great Teatro Massimo.

The tourist favorite is for many the Vucceria market which starts at Piazza San Domenico and goes along Via Maccheronai to Piazza Caracciolo, parallel to the main street Via Roma. Most markets are open every day from morning to evening, except for Sundays where many are closed.

Mafia-free shopping in Sicily

Palermo and other cities in Sicily offer some pizza-free shops. Check for signs and you support local traders who will not pay protection money to the mafia.

Eating in Sicily

Food in Sicily, Italy

Sicily is an agricultural region and all over the island you will find farms that produce fruit, vegetables, meat and wine. And of course, along the coast there is plenty of fishing villages.

As you can see, there is no point in obtaining the highest quality raw materials, almost everywhere in Sicily. And in every village and town you will find good restaurants that offer food of the best brand at good price. You can of course get pizza and pasta in Sicily too. But the restaurants offer so much more.

Local cuisine in Sicily

Sicily is perhaps best known for its seafood. A specialty of Sicily is grilled swordfish. This is actually possible to get at several restaurants around the island. If you are just a little hungry or are considering a good appetizer then try a local pizza variant called Sfincione. Ingredients are anchovies and of course onions and tomatoes, and especially without cheese. Or is Caponata popular. Caponata is a tasty salad with celery, eggplant and olives, among others.

Another typical small dish for Sicily is Involtini. Involtini are small, filled rolls of swordfish baked or deep fried.

Are you fond of meat so white that in Sicily you are good with lamb and goat dishes. The most commonly recommended dish is Vitello alla marsala, (calf marsala). In general you can say about the main courses in Sicily that the steaks are big and tender, the fish fresh, the salad refreshingly good and the wine delicious.

If you do not usually eat dessert then introduce yourself to this habit when you are in Sicily. Try a Cannoli which is a baked sweet ricotta that tastes different. But it is certainly not negatively intended. The reason the taste is different here than from the rest of Italy is due to the use of local sheep’s milk. Alternatively, eat a Cassata. It is a cake that contains lots of cream and caramelized fruits.

As a dessert wine, for example, choose a Passito which is a sweet (naturally) wine from the island of Pantelleria southwest of Sicily. If none of the aforementioned desserts are tempted then you just have to get some ice cream. Italian ice cream is the best in the world, and the ice in Sicily is perhaps the best in Italy!

When to eat in Sicily?

Lunch in Sicily begins at 1300 and lasts until 1500 or 1600. Dinner begins around 2000 and lasts almost all night. The lunch can be as extensive as dinner. And the appetizers (antipasti) are often more delicate than many of us are used to. For example, try Arancine which is saturating and good rice balls. The main course or primo piatti are usually pasta or rice dishes. Secondo is the main course and as mentioned earlier it is often fish or lamb meat. Often the main course should be followed by a contorno which is a side right, e.g. salad. Drink is almost always water and wine.

Most people associate Italian food with pizza and pasta, but the Sicilian cuisine also offers some very different culinary experiences. Local restaurants and chefs believe that the reason is the good supply of top quality ingredients.

Good restaurants in Sicily

Palermo and Cin-Cin
Don’t look the dog on your hair when looking for Palermo’s best restaurants. They are often in side streets with worn facades. Cin-Cin is one such restaurant. You can find it in Via Manin 22, not far from the English Garden (Giardino Inglese) and the Opera House.

With its many small rooms that allow for some private surroundings, this is not at all an A-typical restaurant in Sicily. But the kitchen prepares delicious food, and the house ricotta is legendary. Add to that the restaurant is open year-round and has a long and tasty wine list so you understand that you have a winner.

Are you in Palermo and looking for a good pizza? Visit Corvo dei Beati Paoli at the Piazza Marina square not far from the castle of Steri Castle Garibaldi Gardens. Choose from 30 pizza varieties, e.g. a delightful Sicilian capricciosa. If you are more than pizza-hungry, you can get delicious dishes of lamb or seafood. The address is Piazza Marina 50 and you can choose whether you want to sit outdoors or indoors.

Taormina Granduca
restaurant Granduca is widely known and an institution in Taormina. This is primarily a restaurant for those who love good seafood. But there are plenty of other dishes for you who prefer meat or pasta. The street-level stairs take you up to the restaurant’s terrace, which offers wonderful views. More on the bar is excellent service and a great wine list. As mentioned, the town is Taormina just off Messina east of Sicily, and the address is Corso Umberto 172.

Catania and Al Gabbiano The
restaurant Al Gabbiano (the gulls) probably has more with the location and preference for seafood than birds on the menu. The restaurant is a great choice if you are in Catania (east of Sicily, and just south of Taormina and Messina). You can find it in the old town, more specifically in Via Monsignor Ventimiglia, 182. NB! The restaurant is closed in August.

Cefalu and Vecchia Marina
The tourists’ favorite city of Cefalu naturally offers some great restaurants. One of these is Vecchia Marina. Here is the atmosphere and history of buckets and buckets. Enjoy delicious pasta dishes and grilled seafood. Great value for money and then we have not even included service of the best brand. Veccha Marina is normally closed between November and January. The address is Vittorio Emanuele 73.

Agrigento and Manhattan
Maybe you also visit the city of Agrigento in southwest Sicily? If so, it is said that the best place to eat their food is at the Manhattan restaurant. Maybe not exactly a name you associate with excellent Italian food? And at least not in Sicily. But then one can make mistakes. The address is Salita Madonna degli Angeli.