Climate of Serbia

Climate of Serbia

Where is the country of Serbia located? Serbia, officially the Republic of Serbia, is a landlocked country in Southeastern and Central Europe. Serbia (Србија) is partly mountainous and according to the Köppen-Geiger classification has a temperate maritime climate (type Cfb). Some sources mistakenly believe that Serbia has a continental climate. Although the climate of Serbia certainly shows a grim character, which resembles the pattern of a continental climate or continental climate, there is enough influence from the Mediterranean Sea to be able to speak of a temperate maritime climate. The climate figures support this statement. During the winter months, the presence of the Mediterranean Sea has an inhibiting effect on the cooling of Serbia and in the summer months the same seawater can have a cooling effect, preventing the formation of extreme heat.

Code yellow for Serbia

Good news! From Thursday 24 June 2021, ‘code yellow’ will apply to Serbia. This means that you can travel to Serbia for a holiday. There is no negative travel advice for Serbia. There is no mandatory PCR test or vaccination to re-enter the Netherlands for the return journey . You do not have to quarantine when you return home, unless you have corona-related complaints. Then the normal rules apply: stay home and get tested. For the trip to Serbia, the rules of the country of arrival apply. They can vary and change.

Four Seasons

Serbia has four seasons. Winter lasts from December to February. During the winter months, the capital Belgrade has an average of about twenty days during which the temperature remains below freezing. On average, Belgrade snows almost thirty days a year(Beograd). Significantly more snow falls in the southern half of Serbia. Here you will find mountain ranges such as the Dinaric Alps, the Rhodope Mountains and the Balkan Mountains. Due to the higher altitudes, it is usually colder here in winter and there is more snow. Especially in the Dinaric Alps, in southwestern Serbia, there is a reasonable chance of a lot of snow (November to March). Much of the north of Serbia lies on the Pannonian Plain, a large plain in central Europe that was created when the Pannonian Sea dried up about five million years ago. This part of Serbia has less chance of snow. Due to the supply of cold air from the north, there is a chance of periods of extreme cold.

From March the chance of days with spring-like weather increases, in April there is a definitive switch to spring and the thermometers can regularly indicate twenty degrees or more. Spring lasts for a relatively short time, usually from the end of May the weather takes on a predominantly summery character. The months of June, July and August are the official summer months. In practice, September also has a large number of summer days before autumn really sets in in October. Autumn in Serbia means a fairly rapid drop in temperature. Within three months, the average afternoon temperature drops by as much as twenty degrees. In contrast to countries that are located directly on the sea, autumn in Serbia does not automatically equal a lot of rain.

Košava (wind)

The košava is a rapidly increasing wind from the southeast which is characteristic of Serbia. The wind is the result of a jet stream connection that is created by the presence of a considerable low pressure area over the Adriatic Sea and a powerful high pressure area in southern Russia. The wind is strongest in the morning, between 5 and 10 am. After that, the effect can wear off quickly. In the summer months, the košava is a dry wind that can carry a lot of dust. In autumn the košava ensures clear weather and in the winter months the košava blowing from the Carpathians can cause extremely cold weather with temperatures that can drop to -30 degrees Celsius.

Warm summers

The summer months in Serbia are warm and quite sunny. With average afternoon temperatures between 25 and 30 degrees and in July and August an average of nine hours of sunshine per day, Serbia can compete with many sunny destinations along the Mediterranean Sea in summer weather. But Serbia has no coastal area or beaches, which means that as a summer sun destination it will not be able to achieve the popularity that neighboring Croatia has, for example. If you visit Serbia in the summer, you can be confronted with extreme heat. If there is a high pressure area over southern Russia, hot air is drawn in from the south towards the Balkans. The afternoon temperatures in Serbia can easily rise to unpleasant values ​​of close to or even around forty degrees Celsius.

Climate figures

The figures below are based on long-term average climate statistics. The temperatures are displayed in degrees Celsius (°C).

Maximum temperature Minimum temperature Hours of sunshine per day Days of rainfall per month
January 4℃ -2℃ 2 12
February 6℃ -1℃ 3 11
March 12℃ 3℃ 5 12
April 17℃ 7℃ 6 12
May 22℃ 12℃ 7 13
June 25℃ 15℃ 8 12
July 27℃ 16℃ 9 9
August 27℃ 16℃ 9 9
September 24℃ 13℃ 7 9
October 18℃ 8℃ 5 9
November 11℃ 3℃ 3 12
December 5℃ 0℃ 2 13

Best time to visit Serbia

Do you want to know when is the best time to travel to Serbia? You can determine the best time to travel to a destination based on the weather and climate. In addition, there are other factors that are not directly related to the weather and that can influence the best travel periods for a travel destination. Think, for example, of holidays or festive periods, which makes traveling more interesting or not, because daily life comes to a standstill as a result. Anyone traveling to Serbia will have to deal with a climate that lies on the border of a moderate maritime climate and a more continental climate type. Winters are on the cool side, while summers are pleasantly warm. The weather pattern varies a bit per season. The winters are clearly grayer and more gloomy than the other seasons, while the sunniest months have the largest amounts of precipitation because they mainly involve heavy rain and thunderstorms.

Best months for Serbia

Looking at the weather in Serbia, the period from May to September is the best time to travel. You can count on average maximum temperatures of 20 to 30 degrees. The months of July and August are the hottest. The minimums in the middle of summer average about 14 to 17 degrees. Because Serbia has no coastal area, it can cool down a bit further at night than on the coastal areas of neighboring countries.

City ​​trips

If you want to make a city trip, for example to Belgrade, we would choose April, May, September or October. In these months you can enjoy good temperatures without it easily getting too hot. The amounts of precipitation are not too bad in the spring and autumn. June is the wettest month, so we have not mentioned June as the best time to travel.

Traveling around Serbia

If you want to make a tour through Serbia, you can do so throughout the summer season. We would prefer the month of September. It is then slightly less warm than in the middle of summer and it is drier than in spring. When you go to Serbia for a tour, always take changeable and unpredictable weather into account. Sometimes you can have to deal with large temperature differences within a week and sometimes large changes in the weather.