Category: Africa

Sudan Recent History

Sudan Recent History

In the presidential elections in April 2010, Bashir was confirmed in office with around 68.2% of the votes, according to the election commission. The NCP won around 73% of the votes in the parliamentary elections that were held at the same time. In South Sudan, S. Kiir Mayardit was elected President with around 93% of the vote. In July 2010, the International Criminal Court also issued an arrest warrant against Bashir on charges of genocide. In January 2011, in a referendum in South Sudan, 98.8% of voters were in favor of independence. President Bashir promised to accept the referendum result. Inspired by the Arab Spring protestsand in response to rising food prices, the end of subsidies and the secession of the South, riots broke out in Khartoum and other cities in mid-January 2011. The police broke up the demonstrations with tear gas and rubber truncheons. In the period that followed, there were disputes with the south about the future course of the border. Troops from the north advanced into the disputed region of Abyei between North and South Sudan and also captured the city of Abyei on May 21, 2011. The residents of the southern Sudanese tribe of the Ngok-Dinka were expelled.

On July 9, 2011, South Sudan became independent. On September 8, 2011, Sudan and South Sudan agreed to withdraw their troops from the Abyei area, their positions were taken by Ethiopian soldiers of the UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA). In the provinces of South Kordofan and Blue Nile, fighting broke out between government troops and suspected members of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM / N) from June and September 2011. In early September 2011, the military occupied the capital of Blue Nile, Damazin, and deposed the provincial governor there, a member of the SPLM / N. Darfur was also the scene of clashes between the government in Khartoum and rebel groups. In May 2011, peace talks between various rebel factions and the government took place in the Qatari capital Doha. However, Khartoum only reached an agreement with the relatively insignificant group Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM). Various rebel and opposition groups from Darfur, Blue Nile and South Kordofan, including JEM, SPLM / N and SML / A, formed the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) in November 2011.

According to loverists, the main problem for relations with South Sudan remained a mutually acceptable division of oil revenues and the associated amount of transit costs from the south to the port of Port Sudan. In January 2012, Sudan confiscated South Sudanese oil as compensation for allegedly lost transit fees, whereupon South Sudan stopped oil production. After military clashes with South Sudan over the Heglig oil field in April 2012, negotiations took place in Addis Ababa with the mediation of the African Union. On September 27, 2012, a cooperation agreement to solve the disputed problems (oil production and drawing of boundaries) was signed, but its implementation remained difficult. In the meantime, fighting between government troops and rebel units continued in the two states of South Kordofan and Blue Nile. The summer of 2012 saw the largest protests in Khartoum since the Arab Spring spread to Sudan in early 2011. The first, consistently resolved demonstrations in mid-June 2012 came from students in Khartoum who complained about nepotism at their institutes. Given the sharp rise in the cost of living as a result of the government cutting subsidies on gasoline and sugar to offset the drop in revenue following the collapse in oil exports, other population groups joined the protests. There were protests in September 2013 as well, resulting in numerous deaths. At the beginning of January 2013, Sudan and South Sudan agreed on the rapid implementation of the agreement signed in 2012. In March 2013, Sudan signed another agreement with South Sudan to resume oil production. Relations between the two states, however, remained prone to failure. The violent clashes between rebels and government troops as well as between different ethnic groups in Darfur also cost numerous lives in 2013/14. In January 2014, President initiated Bashir initiated a “national dialogue” for political reforms, but important opposition forces stayed away from it. In October 2014, the ruling NCP party elected incumbent President Bashir as the top candidate for the 2015 presidential election, which took place in mid-April 2015 together with the parliamentary elections. The elections were boycotted by most of the opposition parties. Well over a hundred people were killed in violent clashes. Bashir emerged from the election as the winner with over 94% of the votes. The ruling NCP won the parliamentary elections clearly and won 323 of the 426 seats. Despite an arrest warrant from the International Criminal Court for war crimes and genocide in the western Sudanese region of Darfur, the President traveled unmolested in mid-June 2015 to the summit of the African Union in South Africa, which, as a member state of the International Criminal Court, would have been obliged to execute the arrest warrant. In October 2016, Bashir stated the »National Dialogue« started in 2014 is over. As a result, the office of Prime Minister was established in 2017, 65 members of parliament were appointed from among the forces involved in the dialogue process and a government of national consensus was formed. To this end, it was decided to draft a new constitution. In order to stabilize the conflict hotspots in Darfur, South Kordofan and the Blue Nile, the government and the rebel groups agreed on a so-called roadmap for a peace solution in 2016 with the mediation of the African Union. However, implementation proved difficult.

When the government tripled the price of bread in December 2018, it triggered prostates against the 30-year rule of O. al-Bashir. During the demonstrations, people were neither provoked nor intimidated by the police and secret services, although an estimated 70 deaths have been counted and there have been over 2,500 prisoners since the beginning of the protests. After months of protest, the military took long-term rule into custody on April 11, 2019 and seized power for the next two years. The constitution was suspended, borders and airspace were closed. After the coup, the secret service announced that it would release all political prisoners.

Sudan Recent History

Malawi Economy

Malawi Economy

ECONOMY: GENERAL INFORMATION

Malawi inherited from the colonial era an essentially commercial agriculture whose large plantations, started by white settlers, were on their property. pedological (almost 30% of the national surface is uncultivated and unproductive), Malawi was able, once it achieved independence in 1964, to somehow implement development programs only thanks to massive foreign aid and investment. The marked dependence on foreign capital inevitably conditioned the government’s economic policy; little changed the economic monopoly of the white minority, it was indeed widely benefited by a clearly liberal economic line, which in practice aimed to create the most suitable conditions to encourage foreign investment. The strong dependence of the economy on climatic conditions, as well as the lack of crop diversification (it exported sugar and coffee), the variability of their prices and the high transport costs (in addition to the lack of sea outlets) forced the country to resort to the aid of IMF and to radically restructure the economy through privatization and fiscal consolidation programs. In 1992 Malawi was hit by the very serious drought that hit all of southern Africa, which caused a sharp decline in agricultural production despite the adoption of fertilizers and hybrid seeds which had led to a significant increase in productivity; moreover, in the same year, due to constant violations of human rights, Malawi suffered the withdrawal of all non-humanitarian aid. Faced with these difficulties, the government adopted rigorous stabilization measures: supporting and encouraging the liberalization of the economy and the participation in the economic process of all those agents who in the past had been excluded from it; ensure a more important role for small landowners; privatize some state-owned enterprises; guarantee greater social equity and greater diversification of production. In the first decade of 2000, Malawi’s economy was still heavily dependent on international aid and foreign investment with inflation at 8.7% (2008), GDP growing by US $ 4,268 and GDP per capita among the lowest in the world of US $ 313 (2008). Visit clothesbliss.com for Malawi – the warm heart of Africa.

ECONOMY: AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK AND FISHING

A large part of the active population is employed in the agricultural sector (which contributes for almost 31% to the formation of the national income and which does not differ much from the situation in which it was found during the colonial period), mostly devoting themselves to pure activities. subsistence, from which generally rather modest productions are obtained: environmental conditioning is also sensitive, and in particular the state of instability of the territory, impoverished by unsuitable cultivation operations. For local needs, maize and other cereals (sorghum, rice) are grown mainly, then potatoes and cassava etc. The main plantation products, largely destined for export, are tobacco, cotton grown mainly in the south of the country, tea, sugar cane and peanuts. § Approx. one third of the national territory is covered by forests with precious woods, such as teak, mahogany and cedar; the timber is processed in various sawmills, such as in Blantyre and Zomba; forestry exploitation could be greatly enhanced. § As for livestock breeding, it is an activity of a certain consistency only in the high and medium-sized lands of the Center and North; goats and cattle prevail, as well as poultry. § Fishing is also discreetly important, on the contrary it registers a certain increase; it is mainly practiced in Lake Malawi and to a lesser extent in the other Chilwa and Malombe lakes, as well as in the Chire River. forestry exploitation could be greatly enhanced. § As for livestock breeding, it is an activity of a certain consistency only in the high and medium-sized lands of the Center and North; goats and cattle prevail, as well as poultry. § Fishing is also discreetly important, on the contrary it registers a certain increase; it is mainly practiced in Lake Malawi and to a lesser extent in the other Chilwa and Malombe lakes, as well as in the Chire River. forestry exploitation could be greatly enhanced. § As for livestock breeding, it is an activity of a certain consistency only in the high and medium lands of the Center and North; goats and cattle prevail, as well as poultry. § Fishing is also discreetly important, on the contrary it registers a certain increase; it is mainly practiced in Lake Malawi and to a lesser extent in the other Chilwa and Malombe lakes, as well as in the Chire River.

ECONOMY: INDUSTRY AND MINERAL RESOURCES

Despite the very serious underlying problems, the industry has nevertheless recorded encouraging developments: manufacturing activities, thanks to some incentives promoted by the government, in 2007 supplied over 17% of the national product. Blantyre is the largest industrial center in the country. However, the more traditional processes related to the transformation of agricultural products prevail, such as sugar refineries, oil mills, tobacco factories, breweries, etc. There are also cement factories, sawmills, as well as small companies that produce clothing items for the domestic market. § The development of the economy is strongly held back by the almost absolute lack of mineral resources, limited in practice to small quantities of coal, bauxite, uranium and precious stones (rubies and sapphires).

ECONOMY: TRADE AND COMMUNICATIONS

The trade balance is constantly passive. Mainly tobacco and tea, sugar, peanuts and rice are exported, while imports are mainly represented by fuels, means of transport, machinery, industrial products in general. § As it is without access to the sea, the problem of communication routes appears particularly serious for Malawi. The situation in the central and northern areas of the country is rather lacking, while the Chire valley and the region of the southern highlands, crossed by the railway that connects Salima, are better served.in Balaka. The road network developed for approx. 15,450 km in 2001, connecting with that of Zambia, Tanzania and Mozambique. Boat services serve the main centers of Lake Malawi and travel long stretches of the Chire River. Air services play a good role; the major airports are the international ones of Blantyre / Chileka, Lilongwe / kamuzu and Mzuzu.

Malawi Economy

Zambia History

Zambia History

From quite remote times Bantu migrations moved southwards in successive waves, resulting in complicated processes of mixing and an unusual diversity of tribes and languages ​​ (ca. 80). The most consistent and reliable invasions came in the century. XVII from the southern regions of the Congo basin, and in the century. XVIII from East Africa. They were followed, at the beginning of the century. XIX, Arab invasions from the north, and Ngoni from the south. The Kalolos, coming from Basutoland, also settled in Barotseland, ruled by the Lozi people. The first Europeans to reach the country were, in 1789, the Portuguese Lacerda and, in the following century (1851-73) D. Livingstone. The British penetration to the North began mainly through the work of C. Rhodes, which intended to control – through the British South Africa Company (BSAC) established in 1889 and equipped with a Royal Charter – the copper deposits of those regions. Rhodes came into contact in 1890 with local leaders by negotiating various agreements intended to place them under the protection of the Company and therefore of England. The most important treaties were signed with Lewanika, king of the lozi of the upper Zambezi (1890, 1900). Towards other peoples, such as the bemba to the S of Tanganyika and the Ngoni to the E of the Luangwa River, the British imposed themselves with arms. In 1911 the authority of the Company was by now recognized throughout the territory. As a result of increasing pressure from European settlers, in 1924 the powers of the BSAC were transferred to the Colonial Office, which established a Legislative Council, from which Africans were excluded. The intense exploitation of mineral resources (discovered in 1931), the rapid industrial development, the massive use of African labor at pure subsistence wages led to the formation of worker and political associations among Africans, and the emergence of authoritative nationalist and trade unionist leaders. After the Second World War, the British Labor government authorized the establishment of trade unions and in 1948 the Northern Rhodesia Congress was born from the aforementioned associations, the first African party in the area. Meanwhile the European subjects were demanding the cessation of the colonial government and the annexation to Southern Rhodesia. In 1953 the British government, again led by Labor, created a federation (Central African Federation) between Northern Rhodesia (Zambia), Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) and Nyasaland (Malawi). According to a2zcamerablog, Zambia is a country located in Africa.

Around 1958 a radical African movement was formed, led by K. Kaunda, which gave birth to the United National Independence Party (UNIP). It was following the energetic political action of UNIP that the British government adopted in 1962 the first constitutional reforms for the launch of the territory to independence, which was proclaimed on October 24, 1964. Kaunda became the head of the new state, which took the name of Zambia. Starting in 1972, UNIP became the only legally recognized party in the country. The following year, following the entry into force of a new Constitution, Kaunda was re-elected head of state (reconfirmed in 1978, 1983 and 1988). On the inter-African level, the Kaunda government was characterized by a firm anti-colonial and anti-racist attitude. Inside, however, the discontent against Kaunda grew stronger and stronger, with strikes and protests against the austerity policy imposed by the government to deal with the serious economic situation in the country. Induced by this widespread discontent and by the change in the international political climate, the head of state in 1990 adopted constitutional amendments aimed at introducing multi-partyism (December), also favoring later, through an in-depth confrontation with the opposition, the promulgation of a new Constitution (2 August 1991), with which they made possible presidential elections, which took place the following October under international control. The result of the popular vote decreed the end of Kaunda’s power and awarded the victory to the opposition candidate, following October under international control. The result of the popular vote decreed the end of Kaunda’s power and awarded the victory to the opposition candidate, following October under international control. The result of the popular vote decreed the end of Kaunda’s power and awarded the victory to the opposition candidate, F. Chiluba, leader of the Movement for Multi-Party and Democracy (MMD), who took office on November 2, 1991. The fragile new structures of Zambia were subjected in the following years to political tensions and subversive attempts: the 1996 elections took place despite the boycott carried out by the opposition and F. Chiluba was reconfirmed as head of state. In December 2001, new elections for the renewal of Parliament and for the designation of the President of the Republic saw L. Mwanawasa prevail. (MMD), who became the third president of Zambia, against the UNIP candidate, but also for these consultations the accusations of fraud and irregularities by the opposition were repeated, to which was added the condemnation of international observers. Despite this, the Supreme Court validated the election results. Mwanawasa, who in his first term led the country through a slow process of democratization and condemnation of the Kaunda regime, was reconfirmed in the 2006 presidential elections and in the subsequent legislative elections the MMD again won the majority of seats. In August 2008, President Mwanawasa died of a heart attack and was succeeded by Rupiah Banda (MMD). In November, presidential elections were held which saw Banda himself and Michael Sata as challengers; the incumbent president was reconfirmed, creating strong protests from the opposition candidate. In the 2011 elections Sata was elected president, until his death in October 2014. Guy Scott became president ad interim, while in 2015 Edgar Lungu was elected.

Zambia History

Questions and Answers for Travelling to Morocco

Questions and Answers for Travelling to Morocco

Is it safe to travel to Morocco?

Due to the current circumstances, we strongly recommend that you keep up to date with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ travel instructions in connection with COVID-19. You can read more about how we handle cancellation, travel guarantee and much more in relation to coronavirus right here . Below you will find our general recommendations for the destination.

Yes, it is relatively safe to travel to Morocco. Millions of tourists visit the country every year and crime is relatively low. On the whole, you go a long way in taking your precautions as a tourist and showing respect for local customs.

What is the climate like in Morocco?

According to Zipcodesexplorer.com, the climate in Morocco generally offers sun and heat, but can vary depending on where you are in the country. In the interior as well as the southwestern part of the country, the climate is affected by the Sahara desert, where temperatures can approach 45 degrees in summer and freezing point at night when it is winter. Temperatures along the coasts are lower due to the cooler sea breezes and more reminiscent of a typical Mediterranean climate.

Where to go in Morocco?

There are experiences for all tastes in Morocco. Where you should go depends entirely on the type of experience you want. Are you, for example, trekking in the Sahara on camelback, mountaineering in the Atlas Mountains, or do you want to experience the 1001 night atmosphere at the market square in Marrakech? Finally, contact our travel experts if you want inspiration for your next trip.

Should I apply for a visa to Morocco?

If you have a Danish passport, you are visa-free in Morocco for up to 90 days. Your passport must be valid for at least 3 months in addition to the duration of the trip. We recommend at all times that you stay up to date with the current passport and visa rules for Morocco on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ website .

What currency is used in Morocco?

The currency in Morocco is called the Moroccan Dirham and is abbreviated MAD. It is a good idea to exchange from home, but several places are gradually accepting credit cards, and if you run out of cash, you can find ATMs in most major cities.

What is the time difference between Denmark and Morocco?

The time difference between Denmark and Morocco varies depending on whether it is summer or winter time in Denmark. If you travel during Danish winter time, the time is the same in Morocco. If it is summer time in Denmark, you must set the clock back one hour when you land in Morocco.

Do you need to be vaccinated when you go to Morocco?

Both climate and hygiene conditions in Morocco are different than at home, so therefore you should research what vaccinations you should get before your departure. You can do this either at your own doctor or at the Statens Serum Institut .

What language is spoken in Morocco?

The official language of Morocco is standard Arabic, but a trained ear will hear that it is the Moroccan variant of Arabic, Maghreb that is spoken on the streets and in private homes. Berber, which is the language of the indigenous North African people, is spoken by approx. 40% of the population. In addition, French is the second language of Morocco, as the country is a former French colony.

Can you drink tap water in Morocco?

No, we do not recommend that you do. Buy bottled water instead.

How is the price level in Morocco?

The price level in Morocco is much lower than in Denmark. You get a lot for your money as a tourist, and a good meal food at a restaurant can be obtained for reasonable money. If you go shopping in the nearest souk, be prepared to haggle over the price – nothing has a fixed price here. It is customary for tourists to give tips, which are often given to eg guides, piccoloes and other service staff as well as in bars, cafés and restaurants (approx. 10%).

Can you go to Morocco with children?

Morocco is a suitable destination for the whole family, and a fairytale world with snake tamers, belly dancers and camels is not very far away. There is virtually no time difference, so you avoid jet lag, which can otherwise be disruptive to the smallest sleeping times. In addition, Morocco is a budget-friendly destination, making it an obvious place to go if you are a slightly larger family.

Questions and Answers for Travelling to Morocco

Places to Visit in Morocco

Places to Visit in Morocco

Sahara Desert

On a trip to Morocco, you should not deceive yourself for an overnight stay in the barren desert landscape of the Sahara. Here the blue sky stands in stark contrast to the huge, golden sand dunes that stretch as far as the eye can see.

The world’s largest desert Sahara has a daytime temperature of around 40 degrees. Incredibly, the night hours can offer freezing temperatures. The Sahara is one of the driest places on earth, and the landscape is therefore almost completely devoid of vegetation.

The trip to the Sahara takes place on camelback, so you can have the unique experience of traveling in a caravan through the desert. We travel through a local Bedouin camp and admire the sunset, which bathes the soft sand hills in a beautiful pink glow.

Dades Valley

In the majestic Atlas Mountains is the Todra Gorge, which is created by the Dadès River that runs through the mountains. The Todra gorge is spectacular nature, with the 150 meter high rock walls, which for millennia have been smoothly polished by the river water.

Along the river in the Dadès valley, the terrain is very lush, thanks to the river, which provides good opportunities for plant life. In fact, the valley is known as the ‘Valley of the roses’, as large quantities of roses are grown here for the production of rose water.

The lush landscape along the river stands in stark contrast to the dry and rocky mountain landscape that otherwise characterizes the area. The life-giving Dadès River is to the great delight of both the surrounding fauna, as well as the local people.

Dades Valley

Toubkal

According to Topb2bwebsites.com, Jebel Toubkal is the highest point in the North African mountain range Atlas Mountains. Here you can trek all the way to the top of the 4,167 meter high mountain. On the way there, there is an unbelievably beautiful view of the Moroccan landscape.

In the winter months from December to April, the summit is covered in snow, which makes the trip to the summit a little more challenging. However, Toubkal is an achievable goal for most, as no special mountaineering equipment is required.

The trip can thus be completed on foot. Along the way you can stay in the small shelters along the route. The trip up the Toubkal is unusually beautiful, and also gives an insight into the local Morocco when we stop in the small villages along the way.

Souken in Marrakech

In many Moroccan cities, one can visit local marketplaces, also called souks, where one can buy everything from ceramics and leather goods to all kinds of foods. The souk in Marrakech in particular is known for its large size and for its abundance of goods. You will find this souk in the center of the old medina.

This is a covered marketplace with characteristic narrow paths and small stalls. Clothes, food, spices, beautiful rugs and much more are sold here. The souk in Marrakech is to that extent an experience for all the senses, due to the many scents, shouts from sellers and the large selection of merchandise.

The Minarets of Marrakech

Marrakech is a city that for centuries has been influenced by the Islamic architectural tradition of magnificent mosques, which are densely populated with colorful handmade tiles.

When looking out over Marrakech, the gaze automatically falls on the city’s minarets, which tower over the city. The Moroccan minarets are tall, often square towers, which are used to call the inhabitants of the city to prayer several times a day.

The minaret of the Koutoubia Mosque in particular has a special significance. Like the mosque, the tower is built of sandstone, and points a full 77 meters into the air. The mosque was completed in the year 1195, and has since called citizens to prayer.

Popular animals you can experience in Morocco

Morocco is a large country with different climate types, which means that the country’s fauna is very diverse. On your holiday to Morocco, for example, you may be lucky enough to meet Berber monkeys who live in the Atlas Mountains. However, the monkeys’ existence is threatened by tree felling, and the species is therefore described as vulnerable.

Dromedaries are among Morocco’s larger animals, which for millennia have been of great importance to the local population as they have been used as a means of transport. Most dromedaries in Morocco are tame and are still used for practical purposes. In addition, the North African country is home to wild boars, hyenas, gazelles and desert foxes, among others.

Climate in Madagascar

Climate in Madagascar

When is the best time to visit Madagascar?

It is difficult to determine a single best travel time for Madagascar . Due to the size of the island and the hilly structure, different weather conditions prevail depending on the region. The climate in Madagascar is tropical. But the characteristics are different in the highlands than in the coastal regions. As a result, there are different best travel times for Madagascar for the north , the south , the highlands and the coastal areas . There are no seasons like in this country on the island. A distinction is made between dry and rainy seasons. From January to March there is an increased risk of cyclones on the entire island. Plan her a round trip through Madagascar? The months of April, May, September and October are ideal for this. The high season in Madagascar is between July and October . In order to get cheap accommodation and cheap flights, you have to book well in advance for this period. In this article you will find detailed information about the climate and the best travel time for the individual areas of Madagascar. So you are well prepared for your trip to the island in the Indian Ocean.

Best travel times for Madagascar by region

North April to November
South all year rou
West Coast all year rou
East coast July to November
central highlands April to October

What is the climate like in Madagascar?

While moderate temperatures prevail in the interior, vacationers in the coastal areas can expect a tropical climate . There is a rainy and a dry season in Madagascar . The rainy season lasts from November to April. During these months, tropical cyclones can hit Madagascar. These arise in the north and migrate over the entire island to the south. The dry season in Madagascar is from May to October. A trade wind blows over the east coast all year round. This brings moist air from the Indian Ocean with it. The north and west coasts are influenced by dry easterly winds and monsoon winds. The average temperature on the island is 28 degrees Celsius. The water temperatures are pleasant all year round. With minimum temperatures of 24 degrees Celsius and maximum temperatures of 30 degrees Celsius, the Indian Ocean is always suitable for a beach holiday. The weather on the island differs depending on the region. In general, it rains less in the west, at higher altitudes and in the south than on the coasts and in the northwest. The southwest is the driest region in Madagascar. In the following I will tell you which climatic conditions prevail in the different areas.

Indian Ocean water temperatures

North 28-30 degrees Celsius
East 24-28 degrees Celsius
West 24-30 degrees Celsius
South 24-27 degrees Celsius

Climate in the north

According to shoppingpicks, the mountains in the north of the island weaken the trade winds coming from the east , which means that there is less rainfall in this region than on the rest of the island. The dry and rainy seasons are more pronounced here than in other areas of Madagascar. With the help of the climate of the city of Antsiranana, I will show you what weather awaits you in the north of the island during your trip.

Climate table for Antsiranana

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 31 31.5 32 32 32 31 30 29 30 30.5 31.5 32
Min. Temperature in ° C 24 24 24 24 23 22 21 21 21 22 24 24
Hours of sunshine per day 6 6 7 8.5 9 9 9 9 10 10 9.5 8
Rainy days per month 16 15 12 6 4 3 4 4 2 3 5 10
Precipitation in mm 291 280 192 48 12 17 19 17 9 15 56 145

In the north of Madagascar, vacationers expect warm summer temperatures all year round . The maximum temperatures are on average 29 to 32 degrees Celsius. The minimum values ​​of 21 to 24 degrees are also pleasant. The sun shines 6 to 8 hours a day in winter. In spring it shines for 7 to 9 hours a day. Summer and autumn bring 9 to 10 hours of sunshine with them. Travelers expect the least rainfall in September with 2 rainy days per month. The best time to travel to the north is from April to November. During this time, the least rain falls on 2 to 4 days a month. The highest value with the most precipitation is reached in January.

Climate on the west coast

The west coast of Madagascar has a semi-arid climate. This means that pronounced dry phases alternate with periods of heavy rainfall. The dry season takes six to three quarters of a year. The annual average temperature here is 26 degrees Celsius. Clouds cannot pass the adjacent highlands and therefore do not penetrate to the west coast. This makes the west the driest region on the island. This can also be seen in the vegetation. This part of Madagascar is lined with dry and thorn savannahs. The flora is adapted to the special climatic conditions of the west coast. Resistant succulents, including cacti, grow here. Baobab forests (African baobabs) are also typical of the west coast. During the rainy season, clouds are blown over the high plateau by the stronger east wind. Then here too, nature blooms in lush green. As an example for the climate on the west coast, I provide you with a climate table for the city Morondava available.

Climate table for Morondava

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 32 32 32 31 29 28 27 28 29 30 31 32
Min. Temperature in ° C 24 23.5 23 21 17.5 15 14 16 18 20 22 23
Hours of sunshine per day 9 9 9.5 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 10
Rainy days per month 11 10 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 8
Precipitation in mm 250 211 115 15 6 5 1 1 5 8 24 133

The weather on the west coast is very warm all year round . Temperatures are a minimum of 14 degrees Celsius in July and a maximum of 32 degrees from December to March. Compared to the east coast, there is much less precipitation on the west coast. It rains most frequently during the rainy season from November to March. If you look at the whole island, the dry season is most pronounced on the west coast. Here it rains an average of 1 day a month between April and October. With 9 to 11 hours of sunshine per day, this part of the island state is sunny all year round. Due to the optimal climatic conditions, the west coast is suitable for a vacation all year round. The best travel time for Madagascar’s west coast is therefore from January to December. The beautiful beaches in the west are ideal for a beach holiday. The water is calm and if you are lucky you can see dolphins and whales swim by.

Climate on the east coast

The climate on the east coast is influenced by the trade wind all year round. This brings hot air with it during the summer months. Due to the nearby mountains, it rains more often on the east coast compared to the rest of the island. The trade winds hit the mountains from the southeast and bring rain and hot air with them. Using a climate diagram for the city of Toamasina, I will show you the typical weather conditions on the east coast.

Climate diagram for Toamasina

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 30 30 29 28 27 25 24 24 25 27 28 30
Min. Temperature in ° C 23 23 23 22 20 18 18 17 18 19 21 22
Hours of sunshine per day 7 7 6 6.5 6.5 5.5 5.5 6 7 8 8 8
Rainy days per month 19 17 21 18 17 18 22 20 15 13 14 17
Precipitation in mm 392 390 488 311 253 260 265 210 124 105 175 291

The best travel time for Madagascar’s east coast is from July to November. During these months there are pleasant temperatures of a maximum of 24 to 28 degrees Celsius. The lows are between 17 and 23 degrees Celsius. The number of hours of sunshine varies only minimally and is between 5.5 and 8 hours per day. The climate diagram shows that the highest level of precipitation occurs during the rainy season between December and March. The most rainy days per month are in March, July and August. The months of September, October and November are the driest. The Indian Ocean reaches between 24 and 28 degrees Celsius over the year. A bathing holiday on Madagascar’s white sandy beaches is therefore possible all year round. It is true that the east coast is lined with one fantastic beach after the other. However, you have to note that there is no protective reef here.

The Indian Ocean is therefore rougher on the east coast than on the west coast and sharks swim closer to the shore. You can find safe stretches of beach, for example, at the Bay of Ramena and the Fort Dauphin peninsula. The climate also has a great influence on the flora. The tropical, humid weather favors the cultivation of rice, fruit, vegetables and cassava.

Climate in the central highlands

In the highlands there are pleasant temperatures all year round . The average temperature is 20 degrees Celsius. Compared to the other regions of Madagascar, it is milder during the day in the highlands. Many travelers find this pleasant. However, holidaymakers have to be prepared for cooler temperatures here at night. Due to the altitude, the humidity is also lower. Using a climate table for Antananarivo, I’ll show you what weather you can expect in the highlands of Madagascar. Because Antananarivo is not only the largest city in the island state. It is also the capital of Madagascar and is 1,400 meters high in the island’s mountainous region.

Climate diagram for Antananarivo

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 28 26 25 25 23 21 20 20.5 23 25 26 26
Min. Temperature in ° C 16.5 17 16 15 13 11 10 10 11 13 15 16
Hours of sunshine per day 6 7 6 8 7 7 7 8 8 9 7.5 7
Rainy days per month 18 17 17 9 6 6 8 9 4 8 14 20
Precipitation in mm 270 257 183 50 20 7 11 15 9 67 170 304

Compared to the climate on the east coast, it is only slightly cooler during the day in the highlands. The maximum average temperatures are between 20 and 28 degrees Celsius. The minimum temperatures are on average 10 to 17 degrees Celsius. Most precipitation falls in Antananarivo in the months of December, January and February. It rains a little less in March and November. These two months mark the beginning and the end of the rainy season. The best time to travel to Madagascar’s highlands is from April to October . During these months you will spend a nice holiday on the island with the most optimal climatic conditions. Due to its volcanic origin, the highlands are the most fertile regions the island and is therefore used for the cultivation of coffee, sugar cane and vanilla.

Climate in the south

In the south , the climate is pleasant all year round and therefore easy to travel to every month. This part of Madagascar has very little rain. Even during the rainy season, there is little rainfall. From May to July, travelers expect warm temperatures without heat waves during the day. Temperatures drop at night. The climate table for Tolagnaro shows you the typical weather for the south.

Climate table for Tolagnaro

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 29 29 28 27 25.5 24 24 24 25 26 28 29
Min. Temperature in ° C 22 22 21 20 18 17 16 16 17 18 20 21
Hours of sunshine per day 7 8 6 8 8 7 7 8 8 8 8 8
Rainy days per month 11 12 12 12 11 10 10 8 7 8 11 11
Precipitation in mm 201 166 224 128 132 125 130 103 65 98 105 124

The rainy days per month fluctuate only minimally in the south. It rains on an average of 7 to 12 days. The number of hours of sunshine is also quite balanced. The sun shines between 6 and 8 hours a day in the south of Madagascar. The average temperatures are at maximum values ​​of 24 to 29 degrees Celsius. It gets coldest in July and August with 16 degrees. Due to the constant warm weather, this area is suitable for a holiday all year round. Therefore, the best time to travel to the south of the island is from January to December . Do you want to sail the Onilahy River? Due to the water level, this is only possible from November to February.

The best time to travel to Madagascar differs from region to region. If you look at Madagascar holistically, you can speak of a tropical climate. At higher altitudes, however, the weather conditions are more moderate than on the coast. Madagascar has the rainy season from November to March . This is different. In the east it rains a lot all year round. In comparison, on the west coast there is only half as much precipitation during the rainy season as on the east coast. At the beginning of the year, the cyclone risk is between January and March the highest. Roads can be impassable due to heavy rainfall. Avoid this period so that your trip does not fall into the water. If you want to save money, book your vacation during the rainy season. The optimal travel time for a round trip is in April, May, September and October. During these months there is a pleasant climate all over the island.

Now you know everything about the best time to travel to Madagascar. Book your flight and your hotel and let yourself be enchanted by the second largest island nation on earth. Enjoy the unique flora and fauna. Try the local cuisine and experience the culture of the Madagascans. I promise you: a trip to the multi-faceted island is highly recommended! I wish you good weather and an unforgettable time during your Madagascar vacation.

Madagascar Attractions

Shopping and Eating in Marrakech, Morocco

Shopping and Eating in Marrakech, Morocco

Marrakech is one of the largest cities in the country of Morocco.

Shopping in Marrakech

In the narrow streets north of Djemaa el-Fna are the souks where you are offered everything, be it gold jewelery, radios, chickens, Bedouin clothes, pirate CDs, drums, handmade rugs, shoes, swords or flowers. Here, you can walk around randomly for days without taking anything with you, and it’s easy to get lost. Merchants are very active and will not let you down until you buy something in Marrakech defined by AbbreviationFinder. Don’t ask for the price of something you can’t imagine buying. And remember that not everything that glitters is gold.

It should be mentioned that most Moroccans are considerably more relaxed than other North Africans. If you have previously been intimidated by the badger tactics (bite until it crunches…) to merchants in e.g. Egypt, Morocco is a breeze because here it is usually respected a specific and friendly no.

Also, don’t take it for granted that everything is reasonable in Morocco. Like everywhere else in the world, you have to pay for quality, and for an untrained eye it may not be easy to see the difference between a masterpiece and a masterpiece. For example, the best rugs can take 12-16 months to make, with hundreds of thousands of knots, and the seller can understandably be offended if you offer him a price equivalent to a cheap machine-woven rug. Having an authorized local guide can be worth your money, both to keep the most current salespeople away, to tip you on quality stores and assist you in haggling.

Handmade Rugs
Among the best bargains you can make as a tourist are handmade rugs. And you should actually be very determined and dismissive to avoid getting into a sales situation. If you first invite you to a carpet shop, sit down and have a cup of tea and a long pleasant chat with the proprietor who probably has a cousin at your exact home, it is very difficult to say no to an offer afterwards, traveling Go and go. Before you know it, you sit and discuss the price of a hundred-dollar blanket that you had no intention of buying at all. And when you finally get lured into saying a price you think the rug is worth, he says, “Agree!” These guys are scary salesmen!

If you do not have the patience or feel confident enough to embark on the mandatory bargaining in the souks, there are places where you can trade Moroccan products at fixed prices. Maybe a little more expensive than in the souks, but considerably faster, and you know you won’t be fooled. In the indoor market Bouchaib you have a good selection of crafts, textiles, pottery and baskets, sables and furniture, jewelry and bags. Returns can of course also be arranged. Bouchaib is located in 7, Derb Baissi Kasbah, Boutouil.

Most shops are open from 0930 to 1300, and from 1600 to 2000. Many shops are closed on Fridays. During the fasting month of Ramadan the opening hours are approx. 1000 to 1500.

Currently, there is no Tax Free Shopping scheme or VAT refund in Morocco.

Eating in Marrakech

Food in Marrakech, Morocco

The Moroccan cuisine is a delightful blend that reflects both the complex culture of the country and the location at the intersection of the European, Arab and African world. You can taste traces of Arabic, Berber, African, Portuguese, French, Spanish and Jewish food culture.

You will most likely be served chicken and beef during your stay. Most locals prefer lamb, but this is also the most expensive. Spices are actively used in cooking, and here is the saffron king. Mint leaves and lemongrass are also distinctive flavors you will come across. For many meals you will be served couscous, which most have tasted before. Couscous originates from the Berber, but has spread throughout the centuries to the whole of North Africa and the Middle East.

One of the most typical Moroccan dishes is the tajine, which is also the name of the clay pot in which it is both cooked and served. Commonly used lamb with almonds and raisins, but also kefta (meatballs and tomato) and mqualli (chicken and lemon) are popular tajine dishes.

Most people will love Moroccan food and will not feel the need for anything else while visiting the country. In Marrakech there are a few Italian and French restaurants, but otherwise the city is almost devoid of the otherwise ubiquitous international fast food chains. You can enjoy a few bucks at the many food stalls at Djemaa el-Fna, where the selection is huge. Many people may have concerns about eating here, but the food comes fresh from the roasting dish, so it will usually be perfectly safe. As always, it’s wise to steer clear of unprepared salads and meats.

Drink in Marrakech The
Moroccans are very happy in their tea, and this is served almost everywhere, at all times of the day and, in small cups. This is usually green mint tea with a lot of sugar, which is poured into the cups from high altitude.

Coffee is also very widespread, and is most often served with milk.

Although Morocco is a Muslim country, it produces both beer and wine, both red, rosé and white. But it is relatively expensive, unless you manage to find one of the local bars, where you as a tourist are sure to wake up and be in the company of almost exclusively Moroccan men. If, however, you sit in a bar at one of the better hotels, you should be prepared to pay around 40-50 kroner for a 0.33 liter bottle of beer, and considerably more for a drink.

Shopping and Eating in Cape Town, South Africa

Shopping and Eating in Cape Town, South Africa

According to AbbreviationFinder, Cape Town is one of the largest cities in the country of South Africa.

Shopping in Cape Town

Shopping in Cape Town, the capital of South Africa described on Countryaah is not as cheap as it once was, and especially not in the more tourist-oriented districts. In the Waterfront stores, you probably pay ten times as much for African craft souvenirs as you would at a local retailer in the districts. However, some products may be profitable to buy. In particular, gold and diamonds are reasonably priced compared to Scandinavia. For example, try Afrogem at 64 New Church Street. They are open daily until 2 pm 1700, except Sundays.

African wooden masks are excellent souvenirs and gifts. You can find these almost everywhere in Cape Town, and of all sizes. But such souvenirs are considerably less expensive in the markets than in the tourist shops. Examples of such “local” markets are Greenmarket Square, Downtown African Market and Green Point Sunday Market. If you are good at bargaining, you will be able to get goods at a very good price. Among regular shopping malls, Gardens Center in Orange Street is among the largest and best in downtown.

If you are going to visit the wine districts, you will definitely be offered a box of wine, which the farms can export home for you. Remember that you can be refunded on departure.

Eating in Cape Town

Food in Cape Town, South Africa

South Africa gives you an excellent opportunity to taste meat that you would not normally find on the menus in Europe. Here you can test your taste buds on giraffe, crocodile, antelope, buffalo or spring goat.

If you prefer seafood, you can indulge in king prawns, oysters, shark and lobster as well as countless varieties of fresh fish. For example, try Mama Africa in Long Street (photos and location, menu and opening hours can be found here. Or try Africa Cafe at 108 Shortmarket Street. See the Africa Cafe website here.

You will also find plenty of Italian, Chinese, Dutch, Thai, Japanese, Portuguese and French restaurants here, and most of the fast food chains you know from Europe have long since entered Cape Town. Five Flies Restaurant in 14-16 Keroom Street is well worth a try.

It is difficult to point out any particular food tradition that originated in Cape Town, since over the years the city has been influenced by so many cultures and nations, all of which have left traces behind. Cape Town’s more cash-strapped residents are frequenting restaurants more often than in any other African city, and this helps ensure that the city has a large selection of restaurants.

Wine in South Africa

The South African wine needs no further introduction for the wine enthusiast. Products from Western Cape’s wine districts are available virtually all over the world and are considered among the finest. The wines from Constantia, Wellington, Paarl, and not least Stellenbosch, are the most famous and popular.

Shopping and Eating in Cairo, Egypt

Shopping and Eating in Cairo, Egypt

Cairo is one of the largest cities in the country of Egypt.

Shopping in Cairo

There are plenty of supermarkets and shopping malls in Cairo defined by AbbreviationFinder where you can buy most of what you find in European stores, but not much cheaper, at least not the imported goods. There is also a chaotic system in many of the centers. You will first get a coupon for the item you choose, then you will have to pay in another disk, get a receipt and pick up the item in a third place.

Good and distinctive Egyptian items include gold and silver jewelry, papyrus paintings, rugs, leather goods and hookahs. But always double check that it is genuine goods and not cheap imitations that break once you leave the country.

In addition, you will surely be offered hundreds of times cheap and fun little souvenirs such as camel figures, pyramids, pharaoh key rings, small Tut-ankh-Amon masks, etc.

The most fun and distinctive place to shop is, of course, Cairo’s huge Grand Bazaar, Khan al-Khalili. Here are hundreds of small stalls with intensely present proprietors offering all kinds of goods, in exotic-smelling labyrinthine alleys with a buzzing background noise of music, voices, mopeds and animals.

In Heliopolis, the most western part of the northeast, you will find most fashion boutiques and European chains, or Arabic fashion clothing if tempted. Especially in Horreya Street you should be able to do some bargaining on clothes.

Eating in Cairo

Food in Cairo, Egypt

In Cairo, the capital of Egypt described on Countryaah you will find both cheap local cafes and kitchen trolleys serving Egyptian cuisine on the streets and markets, Asian restaurants and modern, exclusive business restaurants with the finest French cuisine. But for you as a tourist in Cairo, it is of course the North African food that is most interesting.

Much of the food is already well known in Europe through the tens of thousands of retail outlets selling kebabs. In addition to kebabs, lamb with beef skewers, meatballs and falafel is common. Seafood is more unusual, and since it is a good distance to the sea, probably the fish on the menu is taken from the heavily polluted Nile.

Egypt is a Muslim country, so don’t take it for granted that the restaurant you choose has alcoholic beverages. Wine and imported beer are mainly found in the western tourist hotels, but try the Egyptian Stella beer, a light and tasty beer beer. If you choose water for your food, make sure you get a bottle, as the tap water should definitely not be drunk.

Among the better and more famous and popular eateries in Cairo, we can suggest two restaurants at each end of the price range. Paprika Restaurant in 1129 Corniche el-Nile lives up to its name with a variety of paprika-based dishes in addition to traditional Egyptian cuisine, and is very popular with Cairo’s media elite. Table booking is recommended.

The less expensive Felfela is located in 15 Sharia Hoda Shaarawi and is a long hall with a variety of Egyptian dishes. Here you can also serve beer for food, with birds in cages and aquariums with turtles and fish around you.

Shopping and Eating in Agadir, Morocco

Shopping and Eating in Agadir, Morocco

Agadir is one of the largest cities in the country of Morocco.

Shopping in Agadir

Eating in Agadir, Morocco

We already inform you here and now that you have a limit on how many kilos of luggage you can carry on the plane. It’s easy to forget when visiting Morocco. The market in Agadir defined by AbbreviationFinder, which is the city’s big souk, is a popular place to shop for tourists. No wonder, considering all the gift options the product range here offers. Besides, it’s a pretty pretty bazaar.

If there is anything merchants in Morocco can do, then it is to negotiate price. Don’t think you are a world champion in “haggling”, he usually stands on the opposite side and should sell you his products. On the large souk you can trade everything from jewelry to carpets. Add everything from spices, ceramics and leather goods so you understand what kind of product range the market has.

An alternative is the smaller Medina Souvenirs shop which offers Moroccan handicraft products and souvenirs. The laughter is often decorative wood carvings, small rugs and jewelry. You will find Medina Souvenirs near the large souk, more specifically in Massira Street. If you are unsure of the road, talk to one of the city’s many taxi drivers.

Of other major shopping centers in Agadir we suggest the Marche Municipal and Agadir’s Central Market. The prices at Marche Municipal are usually slightly above what you can negotiate on the souk. But the whole thing is a little more tourist friendly. You will find the Marche Municipal between the avenues Des Far and Sifi Mohammad.

Also visit the Le Medina d’Agadir Cocco Pollizzi shopping arcade. It is also called just Medina Cocco Pollizzi and offers many great products. The architect behind this shopping arcade is fromItaly.

General about shopping in Agadir

There are many shops in Agadir and it seems that most are there for tourists. The sellers of us who come from the north ofEurope canSeems very active, but don’t take it personally. Since many are trying to find happiness in “fooling” tourists, you should be a bit skeptical of the quality of the craft products. And don’t pay the price they ask for the first time. Price you must negotiate!

When it comes to small practical products you need for life on the beach, there are plenty of shops that offer such. For general retail, and if you want wine or similar, visit the Uniprix store, located in the “Moroccan” part of town. Right next to this you will also find a bookstore (Crown English Bookshop) that sells English-language books, if you need reading material.