Tag: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina Overview

Bosnia and Herzegovina Overview

Bosnia and Herzegovina, officially Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) [- hεrtsε-], state in Southeast Europe (2018) 3.3 million residents; The capital is Sarajevo.

In the south the country has a 20 km long stretch of coast to the Adriatic Sea.

Military

After the amalgamation of the sub-armies, the total strength of the armed forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina is 10,600 men. In place of compulsory military service, there has been a four-month general service obligation. The army (around 9,200 soldiers) is divided into 3 mechanized infantry brigades, 1 combat support brigade and 4 logistics battalions. The air force and air defense has around 900 men.

In 2006 Bosnia and Herzegovina joined NATO’s “Partnership for Peace”. US military aid to Bosnia and Herzegovina amounts to US $ 4 million (2015).

Education

There is general compulsory schooling between the ages of 6 and 15. The school system is divided into a nine-year primary level, which is followed by a structured system of four-year secondary schools. These lead to the (technical) Abitur and, in addition to grammar schools, include vocational secondary schools with different specialist areas (technical, commercial, medical, educational, artistic). The languages ​​of instruction are in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, depending on the ethnic majority of the students, Bosnian or Croatian, in the Serb Republic of Serbian. This means that the school system is linguistically / ethnically split up, with ethnically integrated teaching only in the Brčko district. According to educationvv, the universities (standard period of study: 4 years) in Sarajevo (founded in 1949) form the basis of higher education, Mostar (founded in 1977), Tuzla (founded in 1976) and Bihać (founded in 1997) as well as around 40 higher education institutions, some of which are comparable to German universities of applied sciences (standard period of study: 2 years).

Media

The media landscape in Bosnia and Herzegovina is diverse, but primarily shaped by the ethnic division of the country. Governments and political parties are very influential.

Press: The most important daily newspapers are »Dnevni Avaz«, »Oslobodjenje« and »Jutarnje Novine« in Sarajevo, »Nezavisne Novine« and the government newspaper of the Serbian Republic »Glas Srpske« in Banja Luka as well as »Dnevni List« and »Večernji List« in Mostar. Also of importance are the independent political weekly newspapers “Slobodna Bosna”, “BH Dani” and “Start” (both in Sarajevo) and “Novi Reporter” (Banja Luka).

News agencies: Federalna Novinska Agencija (FENA, state) and Nezavisna Novinska Agencija (ONASA, private) in Sarajevo and Novinska Agencija Republike Srpske (SRNA, state) in Banja Luka.

Broadcasting: The public broadcasting system of Bosnia and Herzegovina is divided into three parts: Radio-Televizija Bosne i Hercegovine (BHRT, Sarajevo) broadcasts a radio (»BH Radio 1«) and a television program (»BHT 1«), »Radio- Televizija Federacije Bosne i Hercegovine “, RTV FBiH) two radio and television programs and” Radio Televizija Republike Srpske “(RTRS) one radio and one television program. Private TV channels include “NTV Hayat”, “OBN Televizija”, “Hema TV” (all Sarajevo) and the Serbian “BN TV”. There are also a large number of private radio stations; “Antena Sarajevo” and “RSG Radio” from the RSG Group are among the largest.

Tourism

South of Sarajevo is the formerly most important winter sports center of Yugoslavia (site of the XIV. Olympic Winter Games 1984), there are also some health resorts and spas with mineral and thermal springs, especially in the Bosnian highlands.

Bosnia and Herzegovina has tourist potential primarily due to its mountains with several national parks and old, historically interesting cities (Sarajevo, Mostar [ Mostar Bridge, destroyed in 1993; rebuilt in 2004; UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2005] and Jajce).

As a result of the war damage, the uncertain political framework and the sluggish investment in the tourist infrastructure, tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina did not play a significant role for a long time. Only since the beginning of the 2000s has the number of holidaymakers increased significantly again (2013: 529,000 foreign visitors).

Transportation

The traffic grows big problems from the extremely complicated relief conditions (mountain ranges stretching from northwest to southeast). The routes of the traffic routes are connected with a large number of complex traffic structures. The only significant railway line of 601 km (with viaducts of a total of 8 km and tunnels of almost 40 km in length) runs through the Bosna and Neretva valleys and represents the most important traffic axis in the country; it opens the access to the navy lowlands on the one hand and to the Adriatic Sea (Croatian port of Ploče) on the other hand. The road network (22,900 km) is extensive and the roads are largely poorly developed. Sarajevo Airport is of international importance in air traffic; There are important regional airports in Tuzla, Banja Luka and Mostar.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Country Overview

Shopping and Eating in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Shopping and Eating in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sarajevo is one of the largest cities in the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Shopping in Sarajevo

Of course, Sarajevo defined by AbbreviationFinder cannot be compared to neither Paris nor Milan when it comes to shopping. But then we don’t think many people come here to look at clothes and fashion either. But the comparison is not completely foolish, because in this region there are few cities, if any, that can compare with Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina described on Countryaah when it comes to shopping. There are several large department stores and shopping centers in the city, but it is probably the more exotic markets and bazaars that attract tourists.

One fashion tip you should follow is to visit Bata, one of the world’s leading – and largest – shoe manufacturers. Among other things, they have sales in the streets of Ćemaluša 3 and Kurta Šorka 7. Great shoes for women, and the prices are difficult to match elsewhere. We also recommend a trip to Oviesse, an outlet store that sells Italian fashion clothing for women, men and children. You can also get some interior products here.

Souvenirs and Craft Products

Many tourists and barracks seek the trip to the street Kazandziluk bb. This street is known for its many copper outlets. These are the best brands. Buy antiques and handmade souvenirs here. The street is the best in the old town for this kind of goods. The location is just off the famous Baščaršija market area.

Baščaršija in Sarajevo

Hookahs and craft products are sought after souvenirs. Feel free to buy some local art with you too. Sarajevo is still cheap for Western tourists.

Baščaršija, or Başçarşı as it is called in Turkish, is one of the main streets of Sarajevo and an important landmark through its “Turkish” market. The word Baščaršija means, freely translated, the main market. The street is in the old town of Sarajevo and contains among other things a bazaar with all kinds of goods. The market dates back to the 16th century.

This popular market area is surrounded by many narrow alleys, all offering countless specialty shops selling rugs, antiques and handicrafts. Here are also more traditional souvenir shops. The area is more than a little exotic and gives you a memorable shopping experience. You will also find cafes and mosques everywhere in this part of the city.

Major markets in Sarajevo

There are several other major markets in Sarajevo. Visit the Ciglane market, which is a mix of fruits and vegetables mixed with typical flea market products. Or maybe the Otoka market with the food and clothing combination fits better? We also include the Markale Market which is an Eldorado for those who want to see, taste and smell the fruits, vegetables and flowers.

Shopping centers in Sarajevo

No one is over and no one is next to BBI Centar when it comes to shopping malls in Sarajevo. We’re talking about more than 40,000 square feet of stores. The center is impressive both inside and out. Opening hours at BBI Centar are from 0900 to 2200 and Sundays from 0900 to 2100. Here it is also nice to stop by for a hot summer day to cool off with the city’s best air conditioning system. The address is Trg Sarajev.

Bookstore in Sarajevo

Do you need something to read, a good map or maybe you are interested in Bosnian writers, or rather want to get to know one? Take a trip to the Buybook on the street Radićeva 4 for English-language literature. And a host of other languages. This is a bookstore as there are far too few of home in Norway! Open from 0900 to 2200 every day, except Sundays where the opening hours are from 1000 to 1800.

Eating in Sarajevo

Food in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

If you love meat food then you love Sarajevo. This is a fact! In Bosnia and Herzegovina, traditional meat is on the table. Of course, you as a vegetarian can also visit the city and still get food interesting enough. But it is the meat eaters among us who get the best Sarajevo has to offer.

During your visit to Sarajevo you must visit a buregdzenica and eat one of the famous pita dishes burek, zeljanica, sirnica or krompirusa. This has been the traditional meal since the Ottomans ravaged here. Burek is a type of meat pie, Zeljanica consists of spinach and cheese, Sirnica is made from homemade cheese, while Krompirusa is made of spicy potatoes.

You will probably be asked if you want the pavlaka on top. Pavlaka is a type of cream that fits perfectly with pita. Alternatively, you buy beverages that you take for your pita meal. It is very rare that eateries that sell this type of food also serve alcohol. The countless eateries that sell burek usually sell the meat by weight, or the number of slices. The price is very reasonable from our point of view.

Those who are fond of meat must stop by an omnipresent rostiljnica, a type of restaurant that serves all types of grilled meats. Here you get chicken, lamb, pig or cattle. The meat comes from the mountains around Sarajevo, and in almost all cases the meat is from free-range animals without hormone supplements or other modern pigs.

Some typical meat dishes in Sarajevo are:

  • Cevapi, sausages made of lamb or mixed meat, served with onions and pita bread.
  • Teletina is veal
  • Jagnjetina is grilled lamb
  • Musaka is a meat pie
  • Suho Meso is dried meat from either pig or cattle
  • Prsut is dried ham, similar to prosciutto in Italy

Sarajevo is the place for cheese lovers

Cheese is also a specialty in Sarajevo and in the rest of the country. The variations from one cheese to the other are great, so be “brave” and curious, and taste your favorite. Travnicki is a white fetal-like cheese from the Travnik district in central Bosnia. The cheese has a slightly salty taste. Vlasicki is a cheese from the Highlands and is very similar to Travnicki.

Mladi Sir is, as the name implies, a young cheese. Freely translated, that is what Mladi Sir means. The cheese is soft and unsalted and is often served with a creamy sauce. The cheese is considered to be healthy. An entirely different type of cheese is Livanjski. This is a dry cheese reminiscent of cheeses you get on the Dalmatia Coast in Croatia. Very flavorful and also a precious cheese seen from the eyes of Sarajevo residents.

Some select restaurants in Sarajevo

Buregdžinica Bosna
Buregdžinica Bosna is a restaurant that is germane. Here you come to eat pita dishes. Air conditioning a staircase up if it is hot. Opening hours from 0700 to 2200. The address is Bravadžiluk 9

Avlija
Perhaps the city’s most famous restaurant? Avlija is located in a garden, protected from the outside world. Eat a pepper steak with fried potatoes or a muckalicka which is a spicy beef steak. Opening hours are from 0800 to 2300. Closed Sundays. The address is Sumbula Avde 2.

Dr Food
Dr Food is known for serving Sarajevo’s best food. Lobster salad, tuna salad, large tender steaks and much more are what the restaurant has to offer. Also add location on the Miljacka River, nice waiters and good wine menu. Can you ask for more? The address is Obala Kulina Bana 10. Opening hours are from 1100 to 2400. Closed Sundays.

You can also dine at typical international restaurants. Be it Italian, Mexican or other countries cuisine. Two renowned restaurants are:

Cabalero
Caballero is a Mexican restaurant located close to the embassies of France and Austria. The food is not at all a bad copy of what you get in Mexico. Choose from enchiladas, tostadas and burritos. Many options for vegetarians as well. The restaurant has a Latin bar which is also suitable for a Corona beer or two. Opening hours from 0800 to 2300.

Hot Wok
Feel free to try the Hot Wok restaurant in the street Totova 12 for the closest you get to real Thai food in Sarajevo. It serves mango chicken, noodles and other well-known Thai dishes. Probably you have the company of diplomats and bureaucrats in the restaurant, as it is known to an international clientele. Opening hours 1000 to 2300 all week except Sundays.

In general about food and nightlife

Remember that in Sarajevo you smoke everywhere. You have to search for a long time before finding a non-smoking restaurant. But many restaurants and cafes have patios that are comfortable options if the heat is not too crowded. Breakfast in Bosnia and Herzegovina is not necessarily exactly what you are used to from home. But dishes with eggs, such as. Omelettes are available at most hotels and restaurants.

For a beer in the evening, visit Sarajevo Brewery located just off the Latin Bridge. The large bar offers a variety of beers, all brewed on site.

Shopping and Eating in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Shopping and Eating in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Mostar is one of the largest cities in the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Shopping in Mostar

Mostar defined by AbbreviationFinder is tempted by narrow streets with small shops, and it’s like being set back in time. Crafts made from ancient traditions in the form of rugs, jewelery and paintings are exciting memories to take home. It’s easy to see why people have come across the Neretva River for hundreds of years to shop.

On the west side of the river are several restaurants along the riverbank with great views of the old bridge. The area is called Kujundziluk, after the many brass smiths (kujundzije) who lived here, together with artists, tanners, tailors and other craftsmen. The stores in the stone houses are still dominated by these professions, and here you can do a bargain on the jewelry front.

On the eastern side of the bridge lies a network of several idyllic stone-paved streets that swirl between natural stone houses with restaurants, small shops and cafes, over rivers and under bridges.

If you prefer to shop at the mall you can also do this.

Biosphere shopping center in Mostar

The best shopping mall in Mostar is the Biosphere shopping center, and is a modern shopping center of high standard.
The center is to the left of the Neretva River, a few hundred meters from the old bridge.

In addition to shopping, the center offers SPA and wellness center, restaurants, and rooftop bar should you need a break from shopping.

Eating in Mostar

Food in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Mostar’s traditional cuisine is close to Turkish cuisine, but has also been influenced by Central Europe. Some of the typical dishes are börek (stuffed dough – often with cheese, feta, vegetables or meat), moussaka (gratin dish with either meat or vegetables) and dolma (stuffed wine leaves).

A selection of eateries in Mostar

Affordable restaurants in Mostar
Jami Burek – in the old town, offer a local bar at a reasonable price.
adr: M.Balorde

Palma, A. Santica – just outside the old town, close to the Neretva River offers bright goods, affordable cakes and ice cream. The place also has air-conditioning if you need some cooling air on a hot day.

Medium price of restaurants in Mostar
Dado, 7rg 1 Maja bb, Good traditional Bosnian food. Great prices on 3 courses including wine.
phone +387 36 552 043.

Hindin Han, Yusovina bb,
phone +387 36 581 054.

Expensive restaurants in Mostar
Veranda, the restaurant in the Biosphere Shopping Center