Climate of Uzbekistan

Climate of Uzbekistan

Where is the country of Uzbekistan located? The Republic of Uzbekistan is a country in Central Asia that has no connection to a sea or ocean. Uzbekistan borders Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Uzbekistan is located in a relatively arid region, which is due to the fact that areas with rainfall are less likely to reach the region due to surrounding mountain areas. As a result, most of Uzbekistan has arid climates, such as cold desert climate and cold steppe climate. In the northeast, where the amounts of precipitation are slightly higher, there is a combination of a warm Mediterranean climate and a warm continental climate. The contrast between summers and winters can sometimes be very large, although the long-term averages do not always show this clearly. Especially in winter, when most of the country has to deal with temperatures just above zero during the day and a few degrees below freezing at night, Uzbekistan can occasionally record much lower temperatures.

Warm summers

The summer period, which usually starts in the second half of May, is warm, dry and sunny. As in the entire region, summers are relatively long. The summer weather usually lasts well into September. The average maximum temperature in the period from mid-May to mid-September is between 28 and 38 degrees Celsius. July is generally the hottest month, with normal daytime temperatures around or slightly above 35 degrees Celsius. When warm air is supplied from the Caspian Plain, the mercury can rise to above forty degrees. It doesn’t rain very often in the summer and when it does rain, the amounts of precipitation aren’t that impressive. Local drought for weeks in the summer is no exception.

Big differences within 24 hours

Due to the absence of seas or oceans within reasonable distance, the weather can be erratic, especially in the eastern half of Uzbekistan. In any case, there are already fairly large differences to be observed within 24 hours (on average there is about 12 to 20 degrees between the maximum and minimum temperatures), but a clear weather change can also be observed, especially in winter and to a lesser extent in the winter. other seasons cause significant changes in temperature and weather.

Climate figures

The figures below are based on long-term average climate statistics. The temperatures are displayed in degrees Celsius (°C).

Maximum temperature Minimum temperature Hours of sunshine per day Days of rainfall per month
January 6℃ -3℃ 4 14
February 8℃ -2℃ 4 12
March 14℃ 4℃ 5 14
April 22℃ 10℃ 7 13
May 27℃ 14℃ 10 10
June 33℃ 18℃ 12 5
July 36℃ 19℃ 13 3
August 34℃ 17℃ 12 2
September 29℃ 12℃ 10 3
October 21℃ 7℃ 7 8
November 14℃ 3℃ 5 10
December 9℃ 0℃ 3 13

Best time to visit Uzbekistan

Do you want to know when is the best time to travel to Uzbekistan? You can determine the best time to travel to a destination based on the weather and climate. In addition, there are other factors that are not directly related to the weather and that can influence the best travel periods for a travel destination. Think, for example, of holidays or festive periods, which makes traveling more interesting or not, because daily life comes to a standstill as a result. The Republic of Uzbekistan is located in the central part of Asia and is an increasingly popular tourist destination. The fascinating cities, fascinating landscapes and special culture ensure that people travel to Uzbekistan increasingly. From the Netherlands, it is mainly round trips that are booked. The weather is an important factor in this, because traveling under too hot or too winter conditions is not ideal. The extremes that you can encounter in Uzbekistan in summer and winter mean that people mainly travel to Uzbekistan in the (late) spring and early autumn.

Best months

The best travel time for a holiday in Uzbekistan is in the periods from April to mid-May and from mid-September to the end of October. This way you avoid the cold in the winter and the heat in the summer. In the months of July and August maximum temperatures well above thirty degrees are no exception. In winter it can freeze severely in Uzbekistan under the influence of cold from Siberia. Minimum temperatures of minus twenty degrees or even lower can cause appalling conditions. In the northwest, where the Aral Sea is located, it is downright cold in winter. There it can happen that the temperature does not rise above freezing for days or sometimes even weeks. With the Aral Sea, we see an example of what impact human intervention can have on nature. Since the desert areas around the lake are very dry, large-scale irrigation has taken place for years. This has ensured that the surface area of ​​the lake has decreased by more than sixty percent in half a century. Moynaq, once Uzbekistan’s only port, is now almost a ghost town where the former fishing boats are now on dry land. This creates an almost surreal landscape.

Winter sports

In the east of Uzbekistan are mountain areas with peaks above four kilometers height. Here the temperature drops the higher you go. Reasonable amounts of snow can fall here in winter. In winter, this ensures that you can participate in various forms of winter sports. Northeast of Tashkent, among others, you will find several ski areas where you can ski from December to March.