Climate of Micronesia

Climate of Micronesia

Where is the country of Micronesia located? Micronesia is a country in the Pacific Ocean, belonging to the continent of Oceania. Micronesia is part of the Micronesia region. Sometimes the country of Micronesia is incorrectly called Micronesia because that region contains more countries such as the Mashall Islands, Palau and the Northern Mariana Islands. Micronesia consists of 607 islands, which are spread over an area of ​​​​no less than 2900 kilometers. In total, Micronesia has only 720 square kilometers of land area, with an impressive 6,112 kilometers of coastline. The islands range from mountainous volcanic islands to coral atolls and volcanic outcroppings that rise just above the water’s surface.


Micronesia has a tropical climate type, with large amounts of rainfall throughout the year, maximums that are always around 30-31 degrees Celsius and a night temperature that at the coldest moment is between 21 and 25 degrees Celsius. On average, the islands of Micronesia register no less than three thousand to more than eight thousand millimeters of rain per year. The eastern islands are the wettest. Both the amount of rain and the frequency of tropical showers decrease the further west you go. The states of Pohnpei and Kosrae are among the wettest areas on Earth.


On the islands of Micronesia, due to their small size, a clear sea breeze can often be felt. From December to the middle of the year there is almost always a trade wind that can be felt, usually blowing from the northeast. During this period there is also an increasing chance of tropical storms or even hurricanes on most islands of Micronesia. Most of the inhabited islands of Micronesia lie on the southern boundary of the hurricane zone, where hurricanes can occur from October/November through June.

Climate figures

The figures below are based on long-term average climate statistics. The temperatures are displayed in degrees Celsius (°C).

Maximum temperature Minimum temperature Hours of sunshine per day Days of rainfall per month Water temperature
January 30℃ 24℃ 5 21 28℃
February 30℃ 24℃ 5 19 28℃
March 30℃ 24℃ 6 20 28℃
April 30℃ 23℃ 6 20 29℃
May 30℃ 23℃ 5 21 29℃
June 30℃ 23℃ 5 19 29℃
July 30℃ 22℃ 5 22 29℃
August 31℃ 22℃ 6 22 29℃
September 31℃ 22℃ 6 20 29℃
October 31℃ 22℃ 5 21 29℃
November 31℃ 22℃ 5 20 29℃
December 30℃ 23℃ 5 21 29℃

Best time to visit Micronesia

Do you want to know when is the best time to travel to Micronesia? You can determine the best time to travel to a destination based on the weather and climate. In addition, there are other factors that are not directly related to the weather and that can influence the best travel periods for a travel destination. Think, for example, of holidays or festive periods, which makes traveling more interesting or not, because daily life comes to a standstill as a result. The Federated States of Micronesia is a country located in the Pacific Ocean. Micronesia is part of the Micronesia archipelago, which also includes island states such as Palau, Nauru, Kiribato and the Marshall Islands. The topographical location ensures that Micronesia has a tropical climate type. In this case a tropical rainforest climate because of the large annual precipitation sum and the fact that there is a fair amount of rain all months of the year. There is no island within Micronesia in which there is a month with less than a hundred millimeters of rain (based on the long-term average). Within the country there are differences in the total amounts of precipitation per year and per month. Most locations within Micronesia can count on between three thousand and four thousand millimeters of rain per year. The capital Palakir is a bit wetter: count on 4500-5000 millimeters of rain per year. The temperatures in Micronesia are as you would expect in a tropical destination: tropical heat with maximum temperatures of around 30-31 degrees Celsius are normal throughout the year. The minimum temperatures are not much lower: count on about 22 to 26 degrees as the lowest temperature within 24 hours.

Best months

The best time to travel to Micronesia is from January to April. This is the relatively driest time of the year. It is also the period in which the chance of a tropical cyclone is minimal. Hurricane activity may occur in the area from May through November. For the westernmost islands of Micronesia, the best time to travel is February to April. If you want to visit the centrally located or eastern islands, choose the period from January to March.