Climate of Denmark
Where is the country of Denmark located? Denmark is a Nordic country in Northern Europe. Denmark has a moderate maritime climate (Cfb climate), with not too warm summers and fairly mild winters. The influence of the seawater is less strong here than in the Netherlands, so that in the summer months the eastern part of Denmark becomes colder than the west and the summers are generally warmer on the east side.
On average, the weather in Denmark does not differ much from that in the Netherlands. The main difference is that high pressure areas are usually more steadfast than ours and affect the weather for longer, so it can sometimes be hot (in summer) or cold (in winter) over longer periods and showers outages are less likely to reach Denmark. This is particularly noticeable in the east and northeast, where the average annual sum of precipitation is around 500 millimeters, compared to 800 to 900 millimeters in the Netherlands.
On holiday to Denmark?
Denmark is a versatile country where many different types of holidays can be held. The ANWB offers various great holidays to Denmark. Think of beautiful round trips through Denmark where you will explore the highlights of Denmark, group camping trips through Denmark or cruises where you can see Denmark from different sides.
The summer months in Denmark are generally sunny. With an average of more than 700 hours of sunshine in the three summer months (June, July, August), this Scandinavian country is sunnier than the Netherlands (average slightly less than 600 hours of sunshine in summer). This is partly due to the fact that it is slightly longer during the day in Denmark, but mainly because there are periods every summer in which a steady high pressure area ensures sunny weather for days without a cloud in the sky. Because the temperatures can rise to a few degrees above the average of 20-22 degrees, it is nice and warm without becoming tropical. In the south of Jutland it can happen that the 30°C limit is reached, but compared to the popular sun destinations along the Mediterranean Sea, the chance is much smaller here. which makes Denmark very suitable for an active holiday or a holiday with (young) children. In the north and east it almost never reaches 30 degrees.
In the absence of a high pressure area, Denmark is quite sensitive to rainfall due to its location.
From October there can already be (night) frost and snow in the north of Denmark. The chance of frost or snow lasts until May. On average, there is considerably more snow than in the Netherlands and (depending on the location) Denmark is covered with a white layer about 30 to 60 days a year.
The winter months are generally quite gray and on the cool side. The sun is not very visible and the chance of fog is high, especially in the interior. On average, the temperature does not rise above freezing at all for 15 to 28 days a year, and there are ten to twenty days a year when the thermometer dips below -10 degrees. If the land is covered with snow, temperatures from -20 to even -30 degrees are possible.
Because Denmark is surrounded by seas, the country is quite sensitive to wind, especially in the autumn months. The wind force in the coastal areas can reach wind force 10 or 11 and in extreme cases hurricane force 12 is observed.
The figures below are based on long-term average climate statistics. The temperatures are displayed in degrees Celsius (°C).
|Maximum temperature||Minimum temperature||Hours of sunshine per day||Days of rainfall per month||Water temperature|
Best time to visit Denmark
Do you want to know when is the best time to travel to Denmark? You can determine the best time to travel to a destination based on the weather and climate. In addition, there are other factors that are not directly related to the weather and that can influence the best travel periods for a travel destination. Think, for example, of holidays or festive periods, which makes traveling more interesting or not, because daily life comes to a standstill as a result. Denmark is located in the large part of northwestern Europe with a temperate maritime climate. As a result, Denmark has four seasons, each with its own weather pattern. The winters are quite mild and can have some nasty winter days. Spring and autumn are fickle, with both cool days and pleasant warm days possible. Summer is moderate on average. What you do notice in Denmark is that both sunny warm summers and changeable cooler summers can occur. If you take all climate statistics into account, then the summer period is the best time to travel for a holiday in Denmark. The most pleasant travel period is from the end of May to the beginning of September. If you can choose, we would prefer the months of July and August for almost all travel purposes. This coincides with the Dutch summer holidays, making Denmark a travel destination that is mainly visited during the summer holidays.
Those who want to be active in Denmark should opt for spring and early summer. The relative drought in the period from March to June is pleasant in terms of weather, the temperature in June is the most pleasant for sports, hiking or other active activities. The summer months of July and August can sometimes be too hot, unless you’re into water sports. Then we would opt for these two summer months.
If you want to fly to Denmark for a city trip, the period from April to October is fine. We would prefer spring rather than autumn, which is mainly based on the greater chance of rain in the autumn. Because extreme heat in the summer does not occur so quickly, you should not avoid the months of July or August for a city trip to Copenhagen, Aarhus, Odense or another city.
Winter is the coolest season in Denmark. It is slightly cooler than in the Netherlands and therefore there is a slightly greater chance of winter precipitation. Snow security is limited and the landscape is almost as flat as in the Netherlands. There are some very small ski areas where you can ski or snowboard especially in January and February if you are lucky. In addition, there are some trails where you can go cross-country skiing. With sufficient frost, skating on natural ice is possible. This is most likely from the end of December to the end of February.
Best time to visit Copenhagen
Do you want to know when is the best time to travel to Copenhagen? You can determine the best time to travel to a destination based on the weather and climate. In addition, there are other factors that are not directly related to the weather and that can influence the best travel periods for a travel destination. Think, for example, of holidays or festive periods, which makes traveling more interesting or not, because daily life comes to a standstill as a result. If you travel to the Danish capital Copenhagen, you will have to deal with a temperate maritime climate. The weather is broadly the same as in the Netherlands. The only difference in the climate statistics is that Copenhagen is fractionally cooler. This is due to its more northerly location and the slightly cooler seawater near Copenhagen. In practice, it may be the case that reasonable differences in the weather pattern occur at the same time.
Copenhagen has four seasons, with winter being quite cool and gloomy. Summers are significantly warmer and sunnier, but also wetter. This is mainly due to the occurrence of summer (thunderstorms) showers. The intermediate seasons can go either way in terms of weather. For example, it can be freezing in April and occasionally warm in the summer. As spring progresses, weather fickleness usually eases. You do not have a guarantee.
Because the summers in Copenhagen don’t get too hot (with one exception), you can travel to Copenhagen for almost the entire summer season. The best travel time for a city trip to Copenhagen is from May to September, with April and October as excellent alternative travel periods. The chance of cooler weather is slightly higher in those two months.
In the summer months of June, July and August it is on average 20 to 22 degrees in Copenhagen in the afternoon. In July and August the chance of summer weather (at least 25 degrees) is around 30 percent. In June, that chance is slightly lower: about 15 to 20 percent.