Climate of Cameroon
Where is the country of Cameroon located? Cameroon is a country in Africa that borders Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria, Chad, the Central African Republic, and Congo-Brazzaville. Tropical Cameroon has large differences in height as a result of two mountain areas (Adamawa Mountains and Mandara Mountains) and the active volcano Mount Cameroon, which is the highest mountain in West Africa with a height of 4095 meters. The extreme northern tip of Cameroon has a warm steppe climate, changing into a warm desert climate against Lake Chad. The vast majority of Cameroon has three tropical climates: the tropical rainforest climate (type Af), the tropical monsoon climate (type Am) and the tropical savanna climate (type Aw according to the Köppen climate system).
Part of Cameroon is one of the wettest areas of the African continent. This mainly concerns the province of Littoral, which includes the coastal city of Douala, the largest and economically the most important city in Cameroon. In this low-lying area, an average of 3500 to no less than 5000 millimeters of rain falls per year. For example, the month of August alone is good for 600 to 900 millimeters of rainwater locally. During this period it rains almost daily and it can rain heavily for hours. More inland, the precipitation amounts fall, such as about 1650 millimeters annually in the eastern place Batouri and ‘only’ 400 to 600 millimeters in the north of Cameroon. For the whole of Cameroon, the period from November to March is relatively dry and there is a long rainy season,
The mainly tropical Cameroon has to deal with temperatures that belong to such a climate type. Large parts of Cameroon have a fairly constant temperature during the year of around or around thirty degrees during the day and 20 to 24 degrees at the end of the night. An exception is the north, where temperatures of 37 to 42 degrees are already reached in March and April. In the course of May you will see a slight change in the maximum temperature. In a number of steps, the long-term average drops to about 30 degrees in August, after which the mercury rises for a while once the rainy season has ended.
The figures below are based on long-term average climate statistics. The temperatures are displayed in degrees Celsius (°C).
|Maximum temperature||Minimum temperature||Hours of sunshine per day||Days of rainfall per month|
Best time to visit Cameroon
Do you want to know when is the best time to travel to Cameroon? You can determine the best time to travel to a destination based on the weather and climate. In addition, there are other factors that are not directly related to the weather and that can influence the best travel periods for a travel destination. Think, for example, of holidays or festive periods, which makes traveling more interesting or not, because daily life comes to a standstill as a result. Cameroon the country that is located in the ‘armpit of Africa’. If you look on a map where exactly the country is located within the African continent, you fully understand what this means. Cameroon is nicknamed “Little Africa”. This destination owes this to the great variety of landscapes. Nature here shows the different faces of Africa: tropical rainforest, dry deserts, rugged mountains and vast savannas. Of course, these different landscapes also have different climates. The savanna climate covers most of the country. In the south and southwest there is a mix of the tropical rainforest climate, the tropical monsoon climate and in some places a warm Mediterranean climate. The northern tip of Cameroon changes from a warm steppe climate to a warm desert climate.
Best time to visit
The best time to travel for a holiday in Cameroon is from December to February. This is the period in which it is dry to quite dry, there are the most hours of sunshine and the temperatures in many places are around or just above 30 degrees Celsius. In the dry and hot north it is already warmer in February. Maximum temperatures of 35 degrees are already normal. If you are going to make a tour of Cameroon that includes the north, you could take this into account in planning. The hot north is best done between mid-December and early February.
Beach holiday in Cameroon
Due to its location by the sea, Cameroon has several beaches such as Kribi Beach and Limbe Beach. However, Cameroon is not known as a beach destination. The number of European tourists flying to Cameroon for a seaside holiday in the sun is minimal. This is mainly because the country is especially interesting for a safari or tour. In addition, the coast of Cameroon is wet to very wet. This is the part of the country where the most rain falls. Think of annual precipitation sums of more than two thousand to about four thousand millimeters. If you want to celebrate a beach holiday in Cameroon, December to mid-February is the best time to travel. It is then warm, sultry, fairly sunny and quite dry. In the course of the second half of February, the chance of rain increases again.